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14 votes
Accepted

Same term used for Noah's ark and Moses's basket

The Hebrew word תֵּבָה (tebah) occurs 28 times in the OT and simply means (literally), chest, box, coffin, etc. That is, a box-like container used to house and protect some contents that are (by ...
Dottard's user avatar
  • 105k
13 votes

Why did God specifically target the firstborn in the 10th plague (Exodus 12:29-36)?

The symbolism of the death of the firstborn is explained at the very beginning as corresponding to Israel being God's firstborn son. Pharaoh refused to release God's firstborn son, therefore Pharaoh's ...
b a's user avatar
  • 3,756
12 votes
Accepted

How did they keep warm on the Sabbath day?

It says "Don't kindle a fire," not "don't allow a fire to be burning." The prohibition is on the act of lighting a fire, not of having a fire be lit. Having a fire burning to ...
Binyomin's user avatar
  • 425
10 votes
Accepted

What does "before me" in Exodus 20:3 mean?

Exodus 20:3 לֹֽ֣א יִהְיֶֽה־ לְךָ֛֩ אֱלֹהִ֥֨ים אֲחֵרִ֖֜ים עַל־ פָּנָֽ֗יַ* Literally: Not|shall-you-have|to-yourselves|gods|other|before|the-face-[of-me] Thus, Thou shalt not have other gods ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
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10 votes
Accepted

Did Pharaoh not recognise Moses after forty years?

The scriptures tell us quite simply that Moses fled to the land of Midian after killing that Egyptian. Then, after that Pharaoh had died, came God's calling to Moses (40 years later) to go to the [...
Anne's user avatar
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10 votes

Since the Israelites had flocks and herds & a very large number of livestock in Chapter 12 of Exodus, why did they complain of hunger in Chapter 16?

It is rather fundamental that if there is nothing (by way of plant food) to feed the humans, there is nothing to feed the livestock. Ancient peoples rarely ate meat - livestock was used for milk, wool ...
Dottard's user avatar
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9 votes

Did God command the making of graven images, in Exodus and Numbers?

No, God did not contradict Himself, since He never forbade all kinds of images to begin with, that, going on to command images to be made, He could be said to contradict Himself. Something is always ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
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9 votes
Accepted

Why does Deuteronomy 29:5-6 say they ate no bread for forty years?

The manna is called לֶחֶם, which can mean bread, but also refers to any meal: for example, the daily sacrifice of meat is also לֶחֶם (Numbers 28:2). So when the manna is called לֶחֶם (Exodus 16:4, etc....
b a's user avatar
  • 3,756
9 votes

What deity was Reuel a priest of?

It was to Midian that Moses fled after slaying an Egyptian and where he married Zipporah the daughter of Jethro—also known as Reuel (Exod 2:11-22). Some speculate that worship of Yahweh originated in ...
Jeffrey Fisher's user avatar
9 votes

If God is no respecter of persons, how to explain Exodus 11:7?

When it is written that “God is not a respecter of persons,”1 it means that salvation is for all who believe, whether Jew or Gentile,2 hence Jude refers to it as “the common salvation.”3 However, the ...
Der Übermensch's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

Is Jesus against or in favor of the law of retaliation ("eye for eye, tooth for tooth")?

"Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them." (Ex. 21:1, KJV) The opening statement of the chapter sets the context within court proceedings, ie. judgment. So, the ...
Gina's user avatar
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9 votes

At John 5:18, did Jesus break the Sabbath?

The Pharisees had rules that were much stricter than God's rules. They interpreted "work" to include almost every physical activity. Even today, orthodox Jews consider turning on a light ...
Ray Butterworth's user avatar
9 votes

What is the meaning of the word translated as "steal" in the commandment "thou shalt not steal"? (Exodus 20:15)

Benson comments as follows: Exodus 20:15. Thou shalt not steal — This command forbids us to rob ourselves of what we have, by sinful spending, or of the use and comfort of it, by sinful sparing; and ...
Dottard's user avatar
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8 votes

What did Jesus likely say in John 8:58?

Professor of Religious Studies , Jason David BeDuhn of Northern Arizona University in his book "TRUTH IN TRANSLATION Accuracy and Bias of the New Testament" compares ten major English ...
Ozzie  Ozzie's user avatar
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8 votes

What is the significance of cooking the passover lamb by fire rather than boiling?

They were to eat the lamb roasted over fire because it was quick: the same reason they were to eat it with their cloak tucked into their belt, their sandals on their feet and their staff in their ...
Grace's user avatar
  • 686
8 votes
Accepted

If the Exodus and conquest of Canaan took place around 1446 BC, why are there so many references to iron in that period's writing?

The iron age does not refer to the invention of iron smelting. As Wikipedia says: It is defined by archaeological convention, and the mere presence of cast or wrought iron is not sufficient to ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
  • 3,004
8 votes

Did the Hebrews spend time in Egypt for 400 or 430 years?

Abraham was 75 when he left Haran. This was The Promise, and the start of 430 years to the Exodus. 25 years later, Abraham is 100 years old and Isaac is born. We are now 25 years from The Promise 5 ...
Bible Explorer's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

What deity was Reuel a priest of?

The midianites were children of Abraham through his concubine called Keturah KJV Genesis 25:2,4-6 And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah... And the sons ...
One Face's user avatar
  • 502
8 votes

Why did the Egyptians view shepherds as detestable and why did they refuse to eat with the Hebrews?

Is there some link between the Egyptians refusing to eat with the Hebrews and the fact they were shepherds? - Yes. Khnum (𓎸𓅱𓀭) Sacrifice of rams, sheep & goats was detestable to the Egyptians, ...
חִידָה's user avatar
  • 8,415
8 votes

Is the 9th commandment the same as "You shall not lie"?

The problem is that many come to this commandment and apply a ‘modern/western’ dictionary definition to it. No. It means exactly what it says, it does not say what many want it to say. EXODUS 20:16 ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 8,100
8 votes
Accepted

What was the pillar of fire and cloud?

Yes, the pillar was BOTH cloud and fire on that occasion, as the earlier verses in chapter 14 explain. And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honor upon Pharaoh, upon ...
Polyhat's user avatar
  • 6,164
8 votes

At John 5:18, did Jesus break the Sabbath?

Based on Exodus 31:14-15, Jesus did not violate Shabbat in [John 5] - However, Jesus did violate Shabbat rules of "Pikuach Nefesh" in [John 5] by healing a patient without terminal illness. *...
חִידָה's user avatar
  • 8,415
8 votes

Are toys a form of idolatry accordingly Exodus 20:4-5?

It depends on your religious tradition. I am sure there have been many splinter religious groups that saw things this way. But a graven image is an English translation of the Hebrew פֶּסֶל. It is ...
user33515's user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

THE burning bush: why the definite article?

Although the Hebrew article is frequently used in a manner that is similar to the English definite article, there are certain contexts where this parallel breaks down. One such case when the Hebrew ...
Susan's user avatar
  • 26.4k
7 votes

Why is "Mitzrayim" translated "Egypt"?

Is "Egypt" an accurate translation of "Mitzrayim"? Yes. Ashraf Ezzat is making a bizarre claim. Here's the relevant information from the Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, volume 8, p. 520:
Dɑvïd's user avatar
  • 24.7k
7 votes

Were women allowed to attend the annual feasts?

OP (bold added): Exod 23: 17 Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD. According to Exodus only males were allowed to appear before the Lord in the annual feasts,so how ...
Dɑvïd's user avatar
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