15 votes
Accepted

What evidence is used to support the claim that Isaiah was written before the reign of King Cyrus?

Prima Facie evidence The primary evidence is that the text claims to have been written by Isaiah the son of Amoz, and that his career spanned portions of the reigns of Kings Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
10 votes

Arguments for early/late date of authorship of Daniel

The most important arguement for a late date is that if Daniel were written in the 6th Century BC, it would mean that predictive prophecy had occurred, an astounding thing. Other less significant ...
Allen Shepherd's user avatar
10 votes

Would 1 Peter Be The Oldest Letter In The New Testament?

Since in the Question, we are presuming the authenticity of 1 Peter, we should also presume the timeline of Peter and Paul's lives as given in Acts. In that account, Paul is active in Asia Minor at a ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
7 votes

When (and where) was the Didache written?

Many scholars think the Didache was written in Syria in a Jewish-Christian community there. Scholars suggest that the document evolved over time and that at least two layers are present in the ...
Bill Benninghoff's user avatar
6 votes

What is the earliest manuscript of Amos?

Amos is represented among the Dead Sea Scrolls, in particular: one of the so-called "Minor Prophets" scrolls, 4Q82 = 4QXIIg; 5QAmos = 5Q4; and a tiny fragment, purportedly from Cave 4, recently ...
Dɑvïd's user avatar
  • 24.7k
6 votes
Accepted

Is Mark 12:13-17 a reference to the Fiscus Judaicus?

Unfortunately OP provided no references, and I am only aware of Zeichman making this claim - which is not accepted by the majority of scholars (I even doubt Udoh would accept it) and is a minority ...
Robert's user avatar
  • 8,422
6 votes
Accepted

Would 1 Peter Be The Oldest Letter In The New Testament?

John A. T. Robinson, in "Redating the New Testament" offers arguments for dating 1 Peter to "somewhere around the end of April 65" (p169), because of the signs that it was being ...
Stephen Disraeli's user avatar
6 votes

Would 1 Peter Be The Oldest Letter In The New Testament?

If we accept that the early church was correct in its attributions of the authorship of the New Testament epistles (we'll set Hebrews aside as a special case), it is very unlikely that 1 Peter is the ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
5 votes

Arguments for early/late date of authorship of Daniel

Here are a few excerpts from “The Book of Daniel Confirmed by the Dead Sea Scrolls,” by Gerhard Hasel arguing for an earlier date of authorship for the book of Daniel than what is commonly accepted by ...
bach's user avatar
  • 7,242
5 votes

What evidence is used to support the claim that Isaiah was written before the reign of King Cyrus?

From biblicalarchaeology.org Just south of the Temple Mount, in the Ophel excavations, archaeologist Eilat Mazar and her team have discovered a small seal impression that reads “[belonging] to Isaiah ...
AncientGiantPottedPlant's user avatar
5 votes

When was Deuteronomy written?

Deuteronomy was probably written during the reign of King Josiah (c. 640-609 B.C.E.). While this view is rejected by those who hold to biblical infallibility, it is accepted not only by skeptics but ...
Dan Fefferman's user avatar
4 votes

Dating the New Testament

One of the most important indicators of the date of a manuscript is the presence of any references to chronologically known events. In the case of the New Testament, a major event is the destruction ...
Dieter's user avatar
  • 1,564
4 votes
Accepted

When was Deuteronomy written?

I am of the view that Moses wrote the entire Torah, with a few exceptions and caveats to be noted shortly. However, this does not mean that Moses wrote these five books of the Pentateuch in the same ...
Dottard's user avatar
  • 104k
3 votes
Accepted

Does Hebrews 10 indicate the temple was still standing when Hebrews was written?

Does Hebrews 10 indicate the temple was still standing when Hebrews was written? In short - Yes! Although it is not absolutely certain that Hebrews was written by Paul, or indeed that it was written ...
Olde English's user avatar
  • 2,643
3 votes
Accepted

Dating Babylonian Destruction of Jerusalem w/ Only the Bible

The short answer is no, because all Biblical dates that we can convert to modern calendars come via either astronomical observations that we can back-calculate OR by conversion to the *Julian calendar....
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
3 votes

When is the Septuagint containing manuscript "Codex Sinaiticus" dated?

That's the Codex Sinaiticus, and following the link labelled "About" at the top of the page you'll see that it was written in the middle of the fourth century. It was indeed written after the NT, and ...
curiousdannii's user avatar
  • 3,004
2 votes

Arguments for early/late date of authorship of Daniel

164 BC, let's see: 1) Was the covenant confirmed 2) Did Jesus die 3) did the sacrifice and oblation cease 4) Was Jerusalem and the sanctuary destroyed 5) Did Jesus die for himself 6) have the Jews ...
JRE's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes

Revelation: Before or after AD70?

A piece of numismatic evidence from the time of Domitian goes a long way, in my view, of dating the Apocalypse. See here: The coin seen above depicts Emperor Domitian's wife, Empress Domitia, on the ...
The Votive Soul's user avatar
2 votes

What time of the year did Jesus raise Lazarus?

The best indication is that late winter early spring from the reading of the text. The average March temperature in Jerusalem is mid 50's Fahrenheit and April is 60F. A Morgue on the other hand is ...
Micah Gafford's user avatar
2 votes

When was Psalm 83 composed?

The many references to events mentioned in Judges don't necessarily mean that the psalm was composed contemporaneously with Judges - quite the opposite, if it follows closely the order of events in ...
b a's user avatar
  • 3,746
2 votes

Are the words Tartan and Rabshakeh Assyrian titles or proper names in Isaiah?

Maybe, the following details can be useful for LangLangC. The Chicago Assyrian Dictionary (CAD) is helpful to give some light on this subject. As regards Tartan, we read in it: "TURTANU (tartanu, ...
Saro Fedele's user avatar
  • 2,630
2 votes
Accepted

Which Thessalonian epistle came first?

Which Thessalonian epistle came first? The posted question does find a key to determining a possible answer. In the topic "Thessalonians, Letters to the" in the Insight on the Scriptures, ...
agarza's user avatar
  • 4,307
2 votes
Accepted

When was the Book of Micah written?

Some preliminary remarks: I am rather conservative about such question for several reasons such as: the canon of the OT was clearly selected with extreme care - much literature was excluded, even ...
Dottard's user avatar
  • 104k
2 votes

Is Mark 12:13-17 a reference to the Fiscus Judaicus?

This pericope reads as clever satire with multiple layers of duplicity. The plot opens with the Pharisees and Herodians insincerely flattering Jesus before the crucial question is asked, but he sees ...
Martin Klatt's user avatar
2 votes
Accepted

Is the textual evidence to the missing ending to Mark evidence of Mark being the earliest Gospel?

For sake of responding to the question as posed, this post will adopt the premise that the original ending of Mark's Gospel has been lost. A more extensive discussion of evidence for and against this ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
1 vote

Does Song of Solomon 8:1 suggest that kissing before marriage was "despised" in Bible times?

Affection, especially public displays of affection in the eastern societies, are divided into two categories as this verse makes clear: sibling, familial and friendship affection such as between ...
Dottard's user avatar
  • 104k
1 vote

How historical-critical biblical scholars calculate the 490 year prophecy in Daniel 9?

I will start my answer by disagreeing with this statement in the question: The author of Daniel is pretty clear that we are to begin to reckon the 490 years (most critical scholars agree that the ...
Johannes's user avatar
  • 1,035

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