There are three Herods in scripture.
1 The one that killed the infants at the time of Jesus' birth - 'Herod the Great'.
2 The one that killed John the Baptist - 'Herod Antipas'. (Also 'the Tetrarch'.)
3 The one that killed James, the brother of John - 'Herod Agrippa'.
(See Young's Analytical Concordance under 'Herod'.)
Wikipedia - Herod Antipas agrees ...
Here is an extract from Wikipedia about the Herodian family (source):
Herod the Great (born c. 74 BC, ruled 37–4 BC), client king of Judea who built the Second Temple (in Jerusalem) and in the New Testament orders the Massacre of the Innocents
Herod Archelaus (born 23 BC, ruled 4 BC–AD 6), ethnarch of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea
Herod Antipas (born 21 BC, ...
Short Answer: Yes, it is definitely possible for John's chronology to be reconciled with that of the Synoptics. As the following chart shows, the sequence of Passion events recorded in John is in perfect harmony with the sequence in the Synoptics. When John's terminology is properly understood, it becomes clear that John's chronology does not contradict that ...
OP: Is it possible, through the interpretation of scripture, to determine approximately when this event happened?
Yes, I believe it is.
Luke 10:18 in Greek (SBL GNT), with the New American Standard Bible, reads this way:
εἶπεν δὲ αὐτοῖς· Ἐθεώρουν τὸν Σατανᾶν ὡς ἀστραπὴν ἐκ τοῦ οὐρανοῦ πεσόντα.
eipen de autois, Etheōroun ton Satanan ōs astrapēn ek tou ...
Short Answer: Abram did indeed depart from Haran after his father died, as the Old Testament indicates, and as the New Testament explicitly claims. (Terah was 130 years old when Abram was born.)
Good question. (This happens to be one of the most commonly asked -- and addressed -- "discrepancies" in Scripture.)
The problem is in the modern Western reading ...
"Anachronism" is not a distinctive technical term in biblical hermeneutics, nor does it have a nuance which would distinguish it from its meaning in English more broadly. The Wikipedia article catches it nicely: "anachronism" is
...a chronological inconsistency in some arrangement, especially a juxtaposition of person(s), events, objects, or customs from ...
Leviticus 23 begins with the definition of the Sabbath day, and then equates the Sabbath with the "appointed times," which are the holy convocations (or the feasts and festivals). In other words, most (but not all) of the Jewish feasts and festivals were declared automatic Sabbath days in the Law of Moses, which means that even though they may not fall on ...
At the outset let me state that I am Jewish, not Christian. That being said, Gal 3:16-17 is line with the Oral Tradition (that Orthodox Jews believe provides authoritative interpretation of the Old Testament). Abraham is told that his children will sojourn in "a land that is is not their own" for 400 years (Genesis 15:13). Egypt is not specified and neither ...
OP: So, can the Bible's relative chronology be translated into absolute dates?
In a word, no. The converse, however, is possible, and I take it this is what is intended from the way the question proceeds:
OP: What I am looking for are key biblical events that are verified by independent, extra-biblical sources. From such 'anchors', are we able to ...
Tertulian (being a Roman) would have used a Roman calendar system of dating reigns of emperors. So, the part year of AD 14 would have been considered Tiberius' accession, and AD 15 would have been year 1, and so on. Hence the Lord would have been revealed in AD 26. It would have referred to his baptism in the year that John began baptising, and by the time ...
I propose that the variations seen in the genealogies of Genesis arose from an effort to praise or villify certain patriarchs. Specifically, there is evidence of a motivation to praise the first five generations from Adam to Mahalalel, and to villify Jared, Methuselah, and Lamech. I refer to the Wikipedia chart given above in ...
Short Answer: The Israelites were enslaved in Egypt for 400 years. There is nothing in the chronologies that indicates anything different.
Here's the chronology as provided in the Hebrew Scriptures:
The easy calculations:
When Abe was 100 he had Isaac
When Isaac was 60 he had Jacob
When Jacob (Israel) was 130 he and his sons went to Egypt
NOTE: Jacob was ...
Contextualizing a text is fraught with all kinds of pitfalls. Distancing ourselves (the act of distanciation) from our preconceived ideas of what words mean to us today whenever interpreting a text from ancient history is at times difficult, but it pays rich rewards in the hermeneutical process. Think what happens, however, when we fail to do so.
Think of ...
The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.”
44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida
Jn 2:1 On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there.
2 Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples.
On the third day after Jesus departed for Galilee there was a ...
The texts in question
In Act 9:20-28 we read:
Acts 9:20 Immediately he preached the Christ in the synagogues, that
He is the Son of God. 21 Then all who heard were amazed, and said, "Is
this not he who destroyed those who called on this name in Jerusalem,
and has come here for that purpose, so that he might bring them bound
to the chief priests?" ...
Context, Context, Context
When reviewing this passage, it is important to remember three facts
Most scholars believe that this book of the Bible is written to a gentile, "Theophilus"
So it seemed good to me as well, because I have followed all things carefully from the beginning, to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus
32 While they were going out, a man who was demon-possessed and could not talk was brought to Jesus. 33 And when the demon was driven out, the man who had been mute spoke. The crowd was amazed and said, “Nothing like this has ever been seen in Israel.”
34 But the Pharisees said, “It is by the prince of demons that he drives out demons.”
The disciples (James, John, Peter and Andrew) were called personally by Jesus after they, like many others, went from Galilee down to Judaea to repent and be baptised under John's ministry.
They must have temporarily laid aside their family businesses to focus on the spiritual events taking place near the River Jordan.
Whilst responding to John's ministry, ...
The way the date is given is perfectly in keeping with how dates are cited in Biblical Hebrew:
first the year (described in relation to a significant figure), then the month and day.
So for example, Haggai 1:1, "In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month." It is clearly not the sixth month/first day of Darius' ...
I looked at your chronology charts from the other question to understand the context of your question here. There is certainly no linguistic or exegetical reason that v.6 could not be a "summary" statement about the age of Noah during the flood. Verse 6 simply states a fact:
Noah was six hundred years old when the floodwaters were on the earth.
He may ...
One thing is sure – Augustus died in AD 14 and Tiberius succeeded him. From that anchor point, we must resolve the ‘contradiction’ between Luke and Tertulian by concluding that:
Either Luke or Tertulian was mistaken, (or)
Both are right, but they begin counting from different start-points.
I believe the latter option - Tertulian counts from AD 14, and ...
Howard Marshall addresses this concept well in his NIGTC commentary on Luke. Based on correlations with Aramaic, the best aspect for the imperfect used here might be a simple past tense. However, Luke could have chosen the imperfect to indicate an on-going process begun in the past.
Marshall points out that the concept here is very active in Jewish ...
The 6th century BC is when some scholars believe the story of David and Goliath was written, not when it actually took place. For example, Jacob L. Wright, Associate Professor of Hebrew Bible at Emory University, has written that the most popular legends about David, including his killing of Goliath, his affair with Bathsheba, and his ruling of a United ...
At that time of Spring, (the Vernal Equinox), the hours of the day would have corresponded with each other - regardless of the System used.
Temporal vs. Fixed Hours:
The first problem in using the day is to decide when it begins and ends – its phase – so that events may be assigned to a day without ambiguity. Some nations decided to begin their ...
The passage is in Aramaic and is more accurately translated as the plural, "gods:"
He answered and said, “But I see four men unbound, walking in the midst of the fire, and they are not hurt; and the appearance of the fourth is like a son of the gods.” (Daniel 3:25) [ESV]
The majority of translations have either the plural, gods, or a divine being. The ...