5

The NT certainly asserts, using the precedents of the OT that Jesus existed before His incarnation. We see this many times in the Bible, especially in the Gospel of John, such as: John 1:1-3 - In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through Him all things were made, and without Him ...


4

NASB Philippians 4:13 I can do all things through Him who strengthens me. [Christ] who τῷ (tō) Article - Dative Masculine Singular Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the. The word "Christ" is not found in the best MSS. That's one answer. How ...


4

The answer to the OP's question is at the other end of the same sentence which begins in 1 John 1:1 and continues (in the Greek) until the end of V3. The "that" is actually identified as: "the Word of life" (v1) "life eternal" (V2) This is consistent with other writings of John where he says: John 1:4 - In Him was life, and ...


4

Passages about Jesus as God's right shows he is now in heaven, but does come from heaven and from the Father mean he was literally in heaven before he was born? This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses. 33 Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out ...


3

So also it has been written, became the first man Adam [unto eis] living soul; the last Adam [unto eis] quickening spirit. [EGNT (1) 1 Corinthians 15:45.] Howbeit that was not first which is spiritual, but that which is natural; and afterward that which is spiritual. The first [humanity] is of the earth, earthy: the second [humanity] is the Lord from heaven....


3

ἁρπαγμός (harpagmos) Phil 2:6 The latest research on the meaning of this hapax legomenon is conveniently summarized in BDAG. But I also note that the KJV rendering of "robbery" is not possible neither from theological nor semantic grounds. BDAG has these comments for ἁρπαγμός: a violent seizure of property, robbery ... which is next to ...


3

I shared some thoughts in another post about the context preceding this passage--Paul is talking about the spirit of the law. Spirit (pneuma) is that which gives life, and it is the new testament through Christ that gives life, progress, and purpose to the covenants, old and new; He gives life to the ordinances, He gives life to the plan & the people it ...


3

What does it mean that Jesus is before all things (Colossians 1:17)? 17 And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. [ESV] 1/ Rewarded with the gift of immortality The first one described in the Bible as rewarded with the gift of immortality is Jesus Christ. That he did not possess immortality before his resurrection by God is seen ...


3

The phrase, "He is before all things" (αὐτός ἐστιν πρὸ πάντων) has been interpreted in two broad ways: Christ exceeds all things in moral and authoritarian dignity Christ temporally preceded all things The Greek preposition "pro" (before) could sustain either meaning. To decide between these two we must examine the context of Paul's ...


3

A straightforward rendering of Paul's statement here is that he is making a reference to what the Jews called Sheol. Usage of the Greek word ἄβυσσος (rendered in English as "abyss") includes: the abyss, unfathomable depth, an especially Jewish conception, the home of the dead and of evil spirits (see here) Sheol Soldarnal offers an excellent ...


3

If Jesus was trying to deny equality with God then He would have done it explicitly as was done in other places such as Acts 10:26, etc. Further, if Jesus is denying equality with the Father in John 5, then he is very confused: V19 - For whatever the Father does, the Son also does. Jesus says He can do all things that the Father does (wow!!) V21 - For ...


3

As with many of the questions that were asked of Him, Jesus didn't directly answer the question. We might say that Jesus answered the question they should have asked. Rather than providing a discourse on equality, Jesus gives a sermon on identity. The next 26 verses provide not a dissertation on the nature of Deity, but a description of Jesus' relationship ...


2

The very common word πνεῦμα (pneuma) has eight meanings according to BDAG, including "breath", "part of human personality", "mental attitude", "non-corporeal being", "evil spirit", etc. In the case of Luke 24:37 (I will get to V39 shortly) we have: They were startled and frightened, thinking they saw a ghost....


2

Question 1 I would not go so far as to say that middle knowledge is required by this text, but the text is certainly consistent with middle knowledge. Stating the predicate of a counterfactual (e.g. if ~X then ~Y) would either require: A. Tremendous familiarity with the people/circumstances involved B. Middle knowledge, which is just a special case of A ...


2

In Philippians 2:6, the apostle Paul begins with the acknowledgement that Jesus is God and provides us with a revealed analysis of his redemptive function. Paul does not begin his discussion of Jesus from the vantage point of the incarnation, but from that of eternity. What Paul stresses in the first part of this chapter is the example of humility that Jesus ...


2

I confess some uncertainty about Paul's intended meaning, but here's what I derive from the context. -- Old & New Covenants As Dave already pointed out, Paul is contrasting covenants--that is the focus of nearly the entire chapter. The last mention of spirit prior to the passage in question is in verses 6 & 8: 6 Who also hath made us able ministers ...


2

In 2 Corinthians 3 Paul is contrasting covenants. Contrasting the Law, to what is now that Jesus has died. In fact this is a constant theme for Paul, in all his letters. Because it needs to be! The Law was for ‘flesh’. But now the Jews would need to change their view. And ‘learn’ about the “spirit” side of their relationship with God. To understand ‘spirit’, ...


2

There are different senses in which a person can be “known”. I can know that you exist and I can know something of your theological beliefs due to what you post here, and your responses to me. But I do not know you in the biblical sense of God, Christ, and the Holy Spirit know-ing people. I have never met you, never even seen a photo of you, nor do I know ...


2

Preliminary note: The Greek does not contain any article before either "Lord" or "spirit" and reads: ἀπὸ κυρίου πνεύματος = "from Lord spirit". First, the passage in 2 Cor 3:12-18 is about the mental fog that Judaizers have in understanding the New Covenant. Note V15, 16 - And even to this day when Moses is read, a veil covers ...


2

την ζωην .. την αιωνιον .. ητις ην .. προς τον πατερα [1 John 1:2 TR - undisputed] the life .. the eternal .. which was .. with the father [Literal] 'The life the eternal which was with the Father', is that which is revealed. Manifested : audible, visible and handleable. If eternal, then Deity. If with the Father eternally, then Son. The eternal Son of ...


2

That Jesus is the speaker (through His chosen representative) in the seven letters in Revelation is evident by comparing the letters. Note especially: The greeting to the church in Smyrna: These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive; (Revelation 2:8) The greeting to the church in Thyatira: These things saith the Son of God, (...


2

Short answer: When Jesus says,  " the Son can do nothing of his own accord, but only what he sees the Father doing. For whatever the Father does, that the Son does likewise," He is basically just saying," I must be about My Father’s business” (Luke 2:49 KJV).  Long answer: "When reading this in  21st century English, it looks like monkey ...


2

This claim of Jesus confirmed the conviction of the Jewish religious leaders that Jesus was a blasphemer as claiming His divinity, for they plainly say "we do not want to kill you for good deeds, but because being a man you make yourself God" (John 10:33), and "God" here does not mean a) any created being, even as elevated as angel or ...


2

Philippians 4 and 2 Corinthians 11 In Philippians 4, Paul opens a line of reasoning in verses 4-7 that presents us with a formula for psychological soundness. He begins by linking one's potential for psychological soundness to the unseen. “Rejoice in the Lord always; again, I will say, rejoice! Let your gentle spirit be known to all men. The Lord is near. ...


2

I would translate Phil 4:13 as: I have strength [for] all things in the One strengthening me. Let us notice several things about this verse succinct (very Pauline) remark: the name "Christ is absent but implied the grammar demands that the "all things" here are those things that God requires Paul to do. That is, "God's biddings are ...


2

Most definitely and unequivocally, Jesus says that He existed in Heaven and descended from there, without, though, leaving the Father, for it is said that while He has descended He simultaneously has remained with the Father in Heaven (John 3:13) ("the Son of the Man who is in Heaven"). It is eternal and changeless theological 'momentum' that God-...


2

In the exchange with Jesus, Luke records the words of the demons “And they begged him not to command them to depart into the abyss.” ‭‭Luke‬ ‭8:31‬ ‭ It’s the same Greek word αβυσσον It is also described/mentioned in the book of Revelation. Did Paul believe in Biblical cosmology? That there was a deep abyss under the earth? Of course he did. He didn’t ...


2

Did Paul believe in a place called "[the] abyss" that houses the [spirits] of the dead (Rom. 10:17)? Answer: Absolutely. It seems very unlikely that anyone -- especially the apostles, were unfamiliar with the flames of Hades; this appears to be exactly what Romans 10:17 refers to: Romans 10:17: “But the righteousness based on faith speaks as ...


2

The dialogue between the Jews and Jesus that starts in John 5 continues (with a few breaks) right through to John 10. The answer to the OP's question is found later in John 10:33 - “We are not stoning You for any good work,” said the Jews, “but for blasphemy, because You, who are a man, declare Yourself to be God.” Thus, I fully agree that the well-versed ...


2

Today” is considered by some scholars and commentators to be a reference to what is called “the eternal generation of the Son.” The assertion behind this opinion is that “Today I have begotten you,” does not reflect upon Jesus’ humanity but upon his eternal existence. Origen (184–253), believed that “today” refers to that timeless ever-present, eternal day ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible