Peter, Paul, and John provide some rather concise answers:
1 Corinthians 15:1, 3-4
1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I
preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;
3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received,
how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
that he ...
While Paul eventually would be called and chosen later on in Acts, and he would at that point likewise begin to preach and teach as an apostle of God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ, I think to best answer the original question regarding exactly what the Apostles Doctrine was, as of Acts 2:42, it is important to stick with the Twelve before moving on to ...
The "Apostles' Doctrine" is what the apostles kept repeating. This was summarized in what is believed to be the first creed as recorded in 1 Cor 15:3-7 -
For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that
Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, that He was
buried, that He was raised on the third day according to the
In keeping with my initial question of, "Why did the high priest at the trial of Jesus ask Him if He was the Son of God? It's been my experience if you ask someone, "Who is Jesus Christ" they will say 9 out of 10 times, "He is the Son of God." If you ask "What does that mean" they usually say God chose Jesus to die for the sins of the world. In short, most ...
First, "whether" doesn't mean only "which of the two," but expresses inquiry (i.e. here, a trial) "if [it be true that]." (ει συ ει: "if you are [really]"). Second, "the Christ, the Son of God" are one person and claim: there is no "or" or "and" anywhere here.
As to why they consider it blasphemous: it's clear from the entirety of the New Testament that ...
God's intent was for Samuel to go to Bethlehem where he'd find the new king (Saul’s replacement) and anoint him, hence the horn (1 Samuel 16:1).
We don't really know how the communication between Samuel and God happened but we do know it happened and that Samuel knew who God wanted because in 1 Samuel 16:8
Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass ...
There was no anointing "in a horn" but "with" a horn of oil. That is what the word "anoint" means - to "consecrate with oil" for a special task or function. The horn was simply the container that held the sacred anointing oil.
In the case of 1 Sam 16, the prophet Samuel anointed David as future king of Israel by ...
Samuel used a flask of olive oil to anoint Saul in
1 Samuel 10:1
Then Samuel took a flask of olive oil and poured it on Saul's head and kissed him, saying, "Has not the LORD anointed you ruler over his inheritance?
God specifically told Samuel to use a horn in
1 Samuel 16:1
The LORD said to Samuel, "How long will you mourn for ...
Let's see the context, 2 Kings 4:
18 And when the child was grown, it fell on a day, that he went out to his father to the reapers. 19And he said unto his father, My head, my head. And he said to a lad, Carry him to his mother. 20And when he had taken him, and brought him to his mother, he sat on her knees till noon, and then died. 21And she went up, and ...
There are probably two referents in Jesus' comment in matt 12:6. The first is the Messianic prophecy in Hag 2:9 -
The latter glory of this house will be greater than the former, says
the LORD of Hosts. And in this place I will provide peace, declares
the LORD of Hosts.”
I believe that in Matt 12:6 Jesus also refers to His remark in John 2:19-21 -
The Birth or The Resurrection?
The Prologue (1-18) is seen as describing the Word who was with God, coming to earth, and returning to the Father and so the Word became flesh is easily understood as referring to the birth of Jesus. This "movement" of the Word was first described in Isaiah:
8 For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ...
This is not just a repeat of verse nine. John now emphasizes the mode by which the Word came into the world. The Word had not just simply come into the world. He had done this before on many occasions as seen in the OT theophanies. He is not merely appearing AS flesh as he did to Abraham in Genesis 18 and to Jacob in Genesis 32. This time he becomes flesh ...