Questions about the audience to whom a text is written or intended

Audience is a key piece of the context of a passage--in some cases we know who the author had in mind while writing, and in some cases we do not.

Knowing the audience--as well as the circumstances--can clarify what a passage does or does not mean. Taking a passage out of this context can produce conclusions the author never intended.

A number of Biblical documents are letters, some of which (e.g. 1 Corinthians) are written (in part) in response to questions the audience had asked to the author.