It is true that James, the brother of Jesus did not believe that Jesus was Messiah of the world -
John 7:5 - For even His own brothers did not believe in Him.
However, with James at least, that changed because by Acts 15, it appears that James had become one of the leaders of the early church; see Acts 15:13-18, Gal 1:19. Further, the NT book of James ...
Besides showing spiritual blindness as Dottard answered, it showed Paul when he received the truth by when he regained his sight.
So Ananias departed and entered the house. And laying his hands on him he said, “Brother Saul, the Lord Jesus who appeared to you on the road by which you came has sent me so that you may regain your sight and be filled with the ...
The only precedent for Paul's blindness (Acts 9) that comes to my mind is the Jesus' pointed remarks following His conversation with the man cured of blindness as recorded in John 9:
39 Then Jesus declared, “For judgment I have come into this world, so that the blind may see and those who see may become blind.”c
40 Some of the Pharisees who were with Him ...
As usual, my answer will be totally different from everyone else's.
I've previously explained in detail in Keeping the Sabbath and Colossians 2:16 and elsewhere that Colossians is totally misinterpreted by most people.
The Colossians were generally a non-Jewish non-Christian community, mostly practicing asceticism, vegetarianism, and other pagan religions ...
The reason why the council gave the instructions to follow the Laws of Noah was because the gentiles were meeting in synagogues, and the condition for gentiles to be allowed to enter the Synagogue was to be "god-fearing", e.g. follow the commandments given to Noah.
In Acts this was explicitly stated as the justification - v21:
For Moses has those ...
The Col. 2:16 directive was an encouragement to Gentile Christians to stand boldly on their new-found faith in Christ. They had been liberated from legalism, so that they did not need to be circumcised and (consequently) keep all the Mosaic laws and customs. Paul was not stating a law. It was an exhortation. He was encouraging them to experience what it ...
Paul seemed to agree with the Jerusalem Council decision.
For it has seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay on you no greater burden than these requirements: 29 that you abstain from what has been sacrificed to idols, and from blood, and from what has been strangled, and from sexual immorality. If you keep yourselves from these, you will do well. ...
Let us be quite clear that the eating of bloodless meat was not originally part of the Mosaic covenant but part of the Noahide Covenant as recorded in Gen 9:4 which was given to all mankind and animals (V9-12, 16, 17). However it was repeated in the Israelite Covenant in several places.
The bloodless meat requirement (from the Noahide Covenant) was repeated ...
Did Paul allow believers to eat meat of strangled animals in Colossians 2:16?
Therefore do not let anyone judge you by what you eat or drink, or with regard to a religious festival, a New Moon celebration, or a Sabbath day.
Under the Mosaic Law, the Israelites were required to commemorate these special occasions, such as "Festival of ...
Paul's life was turned upside down in
8 “ ‘Who are you, Lord?’ I asked.
Paul asked his 1st question.
“ ‘I am Jesus of Nazareth, whom you are persecuting,’ he replied. 9My companions saw the light, but they did not understand the voice of him who was speaking to me.
10“ ‘What shall I do, Lord?’ I asked.
Paul asked his 2nd question.
“ ‘Get up,’ ...
The book of Acts contains three accounts of Paul's conversion on the road to Damascus that are all slightly different; each has unique features.
Acts 9:1-18 which simply says that Paul was immediately baptized
Acts 22:6-16 which has the question of Ananias, "And now what are you waiting for? Get up, be baptized, and wash your sins away, calling on His ...
We are not told the answer to the question but here are some other instances of what may have happened.
Acts 18:9 - One night the Lord spoke to Paul in a vision: “Do not be afraid; keep on speaking; do not be silent.
Acts 23:11 - The following night the Lord stood near Paul and said, “Take courage! As you have testified about Me in Jerusalem, so also you ...
Acts 25:10 Paul replied, “I am standing before the judgment seat of Caesar, where I ought to be tried. I have done nothing wrong to the Jews, as you yourself know very well. 11If, however, I am guilty of anything worthy of death, I do not refuse to die. But if there is no truth to their accusations against me, no one has the right to hand me over to them. I ...
What is the meaning of the author of life?
ΠΡΑΞΕΙΣ ΤΩΝ ΑΠΟΣΤΟΛΩΝ 3:15
1881 Westcott-Hort New Testament
15 τον δε αρχηγον της ζωης απεκτεινατε ον ο θεος ηγειρεν εκ νεκρων ου
ημεις μαρτυρες εσμεν
Acts 3:15 KJV
15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead;
whereof we are witnesses.
The Greek word "ar-khe-gos" "αρχηγον &...
26The  kings of the earth rise up
and the rulers  band together
against the Lord
and against his  anointed one.
14They are demonic spirits that perform signs, and they go out to the  kings of the whole world, to  gather them for the battle on the great day of  God Almighty.
I have numbered and highlighted the ...
[NHEB Luke 20:27-40]
27Some of the Sadducees came to him, those who deny that there is a resurrection. 28They asked him, "Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man's brother dies having a wife, and he is childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up children for his brother. 29There were therefore seven brothers. The ...
The odd verse out of this batch is Luke 20:38 the final pronoun is simply dative: αὐτῷ = for him, to him, by him, etc.
The context of Luke 20:38 is what happens at the (future) resurrection of the saints as Jesus' return. The BSB provides a better translation here:
He is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for to Him all are
Thus, the ...
What is the meaning of the author of life? How can the author of life be killed? Isn't that a contradiction in terms?
He actually became the author of life and salvation after the cross. They just didn't know who he really was. Of course we know it was actually through his laying his life down like a lamb to be slaughtered that a new title was given to him ...
This concept of Jesus being the 'author of life' is made made plain by the text when we assemble the various teachings referencing this matter. There need be no mystery at all.
The first interpretation might be to assume 'Author of life" refers to all life. This is a popular concept, but is not supported by the scriptures. Let's see what the bible does ...
Luke selected the story of Eutychus (Acts 20) as an illustration of the following principle:
Mark 16:20 - And they went out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked through them, confirming His word by the signs that accompanied it.
Heb 2:4 - and was affirmed by God through signs, wonders, various miracles, and gifts of the Holy Spirit distributed ...
In the phrase "author of life" (Ἀρχηγὸν τῆς ζωῆς) the word ἀρχηγός means (according to BDAG):
one who has a preeminent position, leader, ruler, prince, eg, Acts 5:31, 3:15
one who begins something that is first in a series, instigator
one who begins or originates, instigator, founder, eg, Heb 2:10, 12:2
Thus, according to BDAG, the phrase Ἀρχηγὸν ...
The author of life means the source, the creator of life.
The killing is called substitutionary atonement.
He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed. 25 For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.
(1 Pet. 2:...
Don't sit in upper story windows. The serious message was it gave authenticity to the truth of Paul's message. It showed that he was indeed the Apostle to the Gentiles.
Galatians 2:7 (HCSB): On the contrary, they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel for the uncircumcised, just as Peter was for the circumcised, ...
He gave up his right as a Levite to the Apostles. Only the Levites could collect tax but because of this act , spiritually he transferred his right to the apostles that is Why it is allowed for preachers today to collect tithes.
How does the Holy Spirit speak in Acts 13:2?
The question implies personification in the speaking thereof. The personification of the Holy Spirit (capitalizations not mine), while widely accepted in the Christian hierarchy (and then down through) is, however, not the implication here, nor is it the implication in most other instances for that matter if the ...
The best answer to this is exactly the same way that the OT prophets were also spoken to, or carried along by, or influenced by the Holy Spirit -
2 Peter 1:19-21 - And so we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts. But ...
The Holy Spirit is the spirit of the Father. So said the disciples/Apostles who should know what they write about.
for the Holy Spirit will teach you in that very hour what you ought to say." Luke 12:12
for it will not be you speaking, but the Spirit of your Father speaking through you. Matthew 10:20
These man were taught by Jesus all that they ...
When did the apostles clearly see themselves separate from the OT Jewish faith?
Jesus inaugurates a new covenant with his faithfull apostles after the Lord's Super. (Luke 22:20)
Luke 22:20 NET
20 And in the same way he took[a] the cup after they had eaten,[b]
saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant[c] in
Jesus on the ...
The question (strangely) assumes that Paul did not declare his Roman citizenship before or during the beating.
Only a single sentence is given to several hours during which we can assume much was said by all concerned. It's just that those events are not recorded in Acts.
So I think the question should be: "Did Paul declare his citizenship to those who ...
Why didn't Paul and Silas declare their citizenship before they were punished?
At the beginning of Acts 16 the Holy Spirit gives Paul specific directions two times as to where not to go preach the gospel and then gives him a vision as to where he was to go to preach the gospel.
They were kept from entering Asia.
The spirit would not let them enter Bithynia.
We are not told the answer to this question. However, considering the rough state of justice, and the rather hurried way in which that brutal punishment was metered out, it is entirely possible that despite protests from Paul and Silas, they were not permitted to speak and ignored when they did.
I note that they asserted they Roman Citizenship before being ...
A milestone incident of this divergence from the traditional Judaism to the Messianic Judaism (the emerging Christianity) is described in Acts 13:
14And from Perga, they traveled inland to Pisidian Antioch, where they entered the synagogue on the Sabbath and sat down.
Paul preached in this traditional synagogue about Jesus the Messiah.
38Therefore let it ...
Absolutely not! The angel of the Lord in the Old Testament is the pre-incarnate Jesus Christ and he first appears as the angel of the Lord at Genesis 16:7 to Hagar. Please read the rest of the chapter from vs 7 to vs16 and notice what she says at vs13.
His primary purpose in the Old Testament was to be a mediator to Israel, guide them and protect them. ...
Jesus said to Thomas in John 20:27
“Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe.”
This was Jesus in resurrected bodily form.
A few years later, Saul met Jesus in Acts 9:
3 As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. 4He fell to the ground and heard a ...
Jesus never came to change anything but continue. He was Jewish, circumcised etc... and never stated that he was sent to the gentiles or that he made a new religion / convent etc... The changes came after by others, such as Paul
Matthew 15:24 - 24 He answered, “ I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”
Matthew 5:17-20 - 17 Think not that ...
Never, for the New Covenant is the faith or religion of the Jews. Jesus is the Jewish Messiah. The inclusion of Gentiles into the Jewish religion does not imply that Jewish religion became Gentile or the Jews cease to have their Jewish faith. They are the primary heir of the covenants and promises. The Jew first.
John 4:22-23: You worship that which you do ...
By no means does the text indicates the angel was Jesus. The mention of Lord by Cornelius, reflects more on his personality than on the angel. This is evident in the fact that Cornelius showed extreme respect to Peter
“When Peter entered, Cornelius met him and fell down at his feet and worshiped him. But Peter lifted him up, saying, “Stand up; I too am a ...
τοῖς ἀπὸ τῶν ἐθνῶν ἐπιστρέφουσιν ἐπὶ τὸν θεόν,
(Acts 15:19, NA28)
The masculine dative plural article τοῖς goes with the present active participle ἐπιστρέφουσιν that is the object of μὴ παρενοχλεῖν, the infinitive to cause hardship. ἐπιστρέφουσιν is neither past tense or passive voice, so should not be translated turned.
The phrase can be translated:
The phenomenon might have been a mixture of both xenoglossy and glossolalia.
1When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. 2Suddenly a sound like the blowing of a violent wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting.
The phenomenon began with sound and sight.
3They saw what seemed to be tongues ...
There is no question that ἐπιστρέφουσιν is a plural verb in the present continuous and thus must be translated, "[many] are turning".
The plural is the key because of who is addressed:
For a single individual, one must turn and served the Lord after which it is said that the person has turned - singular perfect tense.
For a large group (gentiles ...
I don't think there is any evidence in scriptures that the apostles considered their faith separate from the Old Testament jewish faith, just as the adherents of rabbinical judaism don't consider their faith to be a break from old testament judaism.
In some sense the debates between Christ and the Pharisees continue to the present, with the disciples of each ...
We cannot be sure of the answer to this question. Among the possibilities are:
Gamaliel was not a member of the Sanhedrin during Jesus' trial (I think this is very unlikely, especially in view of Acts 22:3)
Gamaliel was not present at Jesus' Trial. This is quite probable as many others of the 70 men were absent such as Joseph of Aramathea, Nicodemus and ...
The separation from the Jewish leaders and synagogues was gradual, but when you use the term OT Jewish faith, the apostles saw themselves aa following the faith and the Jews who did not follow Christ as departing from it.
They believed theirs was the faith that fulfilled the Scriptures (see Appendix).
However, Peter saw Gentile Christianity separating from ...
Hebrews 8:13 Now in saying a new, he hath made the former old. And that which decayeth and groweth old, is near its end.
Since the New Covenant abrogated the former one (by its mere being commanded by God), there ought not be expected any change in the way the Jews who followed the Messiah saw themselves per se, except for that in their following the New ...
The Jewish tradition about the Messiah was the Messiah would lead a revolt and free Judah from Rome. The high priest and Sadducees were in league with Rome and sought to execute anyone who called himself the Messiah to protect Judah from Rome.
So the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered the council and said, “What are we to do? For this man performs ...
In the book "New Testament in its world", by Michael Bird and N.T. Wright, one can read that ‘Theophilus’, whose name means ‘friend of God’, could be symbolic for everyone who seeks such friendship. But this is the hypothesis that they point as more likely
Yet it is more likely that Theophilus is actually Luke’s patron, sponsoring his literary ...
From the book The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration by Metzger and Ehrman, chapter 1, The making of ancient books, page 11-12:
In the Greco-Roman world, literary works were customarily
published in the format of a scroll, made of papyrus or parchment.
The papyrus scroll was made by gluing together, side by side, ...
Your question is lent new meaning in light of this Covid-19 pandemic! I know I now pray differently because of the danger to human life even in the very act of breathing.
Years earlier, I learned to pray differently with regard to my heart-beat after I suffered a heart-attack that damaged my heart moderately. I could have died but for medical interventions. ...
The idea that God both gives life and sustains life is very common:
Job 33:4 - The Spirit of God has made me; the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
Acts 17:25 - And he is not served by human hands, as if he needed anything. Rather, he himself gives everyone life and breath and everything else.
Isa 42:5 - This is what God the LORD says— the Creator of ...
In Acts 17:28a Paul cited the
Cretan philosopher Epimenides:
For in him we live and move and have our being.
Ancient Hebrew wisdom literature expressed similar ideas in Job 27:3
as long as my breath is still within me and the breath of God remains in my nostrils
Does our next breath depend on God?
Yes, and therefore our next heartbeat, motion, and life ...