At birth, what titles did Jesus already possess?
Luke 2:11 & 21 (NKJV)
"For there is born to you this day in the city of David a Savior, who
is Christ the Lord."
"And when eight days were completed for the circumcision of the Child,
His name was called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was
conceived in the womb."
We are not told. Jesus' brothers (and sisters!) are mentioned several times:
Matt 13:55 - "Isn't this the carpenter's son? Isn't his mother's name Mary, and aren't his brothers James, Joseph, Simon and Judas?
Mark 6:3 - Isn't this the carpenter? Isn't this Mary's son and the brother of James, Joseph, Judas and Simon? Aren't his sisters here with us?&...
In a sense, it's not wrong, but it's perhaps a bit anachronistic. The actual Greek in that verse says:
ὃν καὶ πιάσας ἔθετο εἰς φυλακήν, παραδοὺς τέσσαρσιν τετραδίοις στρατιωτῶν φυλάσσειν αὐτόν, βουλόμενος μετὰ τὸ πάσχα ἀναγαγεῖν αὐτὸν τῷ λαῷ.
meta to pascha means "after Passover", but the same term, Pascha, is used for Easter in most languages. ...
The answer to your question is in the text of scripture in verse 10 :
Be it known unto you all, and to all the people of Israel, that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth ... etc [Acts 4:10 KJV]
The 'scholarly source' you request is Peter, the chief apostle, as recorded by Luke.
This name is a name which many persons are ashamed to confess and to live ...
The simple answer is that the phrase addresses the nature of the authority behind the establishment of the times and seasons just mentioned. It tells us that these have come from God Himself.
A more complete answer follows from a careful examination of the Greek.
The original Greek for that expression says:
ἐν τῇ ἰδίᾳ ἐξουσίᾳ
The first word "ἐν" ...
These are the sons of Mary and they are true brothers to Jesus.
It would not just be ambiguous to say :
These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brethren. [Acts 1:14 KJV]
it would actually be misleading to say it, if these were not his true brethren, also born of his mother, ...
First, "Moses and the prophets", or sometimes, "the Law of Moses and the prophets", is a common hendiadys meaning what we now call the OT Hebrew scriptures. John 1:45, Luke 16:29, 31, 24:44, Acts 13:15, 26:22, 28:23, Rom 3:21, etc.
There are many examples of where the NT writers quoted the OT to show that Jesus fulfilled OT prophecies ...
From the book The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption, and Restoration by Metzger and Ehrman, chapter 1, The making of ancient books, page 11-12:
In the Greco-Roman world, literary works were customarily
published in the format of a scroll, made of papyrus or parchment.
The papyrus scroll was made by gluing together, side by side, ...
This argument about the Holy Spirit being "pourable" is specious because it is based on an idiom with which we are unfamiliar. Note the following that discusses other people being "poured out":
Lam 2:19 - Arise, cry out in the night from the first watch of the night. Pour out your heart like water in the presence of the Lord.
Ps 22;14 - ...
Did Saul see Jesus or a bright light?
Answer: A bright light.
This is an interesting question, because the explanation appears not only in Acts 9, but also Acts 22 in which we read:
Acts 22:6-11: “But it happened that as I was on my way, approaching Damascus about noontime, a very bright light suddenly flashed from heaven all around me, and I fell to the ...
Hebrews 8:13 Now in saying a new, he hath made the former old. And that which decayeth and groweth old, is near its end.
Since the New Covenant abrogated the former one (by its mere being commanded by God), there ought not be expected any change in the way the Jews who followed the Messiah saw themselves per se, except for that in their following the New ...
The jerusalem council dealt with a specific set of believers, ones who at the time were "God-fearing" gentiles meeting in Jewish synagogues (since the early church always met in synagogues). In these synagogues, gentiles who were on the path to coversion could meet provided they met the Law of Noah, and so this council told them to (effectively) ...
There are other instances:
There he found a man named Aeneas, who was paralyzed and had been bedridden for eight years.
Then should not this woman, a daughter of Abraham, whom Satan has kept bound for eighteen long years, be set free on the Sabbath day from what bound her?"
These mentions of numbers of years assure that the ...
The separation from the Jewish leaders and synagogues was gradual, but when you use the term OT Jewish faith, the apostles saw themselves aa following the faith and the Jews who did not follow Christ as departing from it.
They believed theirs was the faith that fulfilled the Scriptures (see Appendix).
However, Peter saw Gentile Christianity separating from ...
I don't think there is any evidence in scriptures that the apostles considered their faith separate from the Old Testament jewish faith, just as the adherents of rabbinical judaism don't consider their faith to be a break from old testament judaism.
In some sense the debates between Christ and the Pharisees continue to the present, with the disciples of each ...
Previously (before 21:4) Paul said the following. He was not unaware of what the people were saying.
22 And now, behold, I am going to Jerusalem, constrained by the Spirit, not knowing what will happen to me there, 23 except that the Holy Spirit testifies to me in every city that imprisonment and afflictions await me. 24 But I do not account my life of any ...
Peter said in Acts 15:
10 Now therefore, why do you test God by putting a yoke on the neck of the disciples which neither our fathers nor we were able to bear? 11 But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved in the same manner as they. (NKJV)
This is interpretted widely by the commentaries:
Matthew Henry: the law of ...
24 Now a Jew named Apollos, a native of Alexandria, came to Ephesus. He was an eloquent man, competent in the Scriptures. 25 He had been instructed in the way of the Lord. And being fervent in spirit, he spoke and taught accurately the things concerning Jesus, though he knew only the baptism of John. 26 He began to speak boldly in the synagogue, but ...
The "Spirit of Jesus" is also called (as per Acts 16:7) is also known as the "Spirit of God" and the "Spirit of Christ" and the "Holy Spirit" and also just the "Spirit". Observe the following:
Rom 8:9 - You, however, are controlled not by the flesh, but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And ...
Did Stephen see the Father?
No, not technically.
New International Version
No one has seen the Father except the one who is from God; only he has seen the Father.
Human eyes and brain are incapable of seeing and perceiving the original form of the Father.
In another sense, Stephen did see the Father according to John 14:9b
Anyone who has seen me ...
Peter, Paul, and John provide some rather concise answers:
1 Corinthians 15:1, 3-4
1 Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I
preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;
3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received,
how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
that he ...
This is another of the inexplicable inconsistencies of the KJV. The NKJV has corrected this obvious anomaly.
The Greek word πάσχα (pascha) is uniformly translated "Passover" with the conspicuous exception of this verse in the KJV. It perpetuates the odd practice of William Tyndale, 1526, who translated "ester" which was copied by ...
The stoning of Stephen, the execution of James (the brother of John) and the seizing of Peter with a view to his, also, execution ; all happened in the aftermath of Jesus' crucifixion at the hands of the Romans, facilitated by the Jews, and in the aftermath of Jesus' death as he voluntarily expired.
Until then, they feared the people (who would have urged ...
They may well have considered trying again to stone him
Some consider Sanhedrin 43a to preserve an arrest warrant for Jesus, in which it is indicated that Jesus was to be arrested for sorcery and put to death by stoning. Historian Paul Maier examines the evidence here and suggests this was originally written before Jesus' death (since afterwards it was well-...
Your are pre-supposing that a Paul was supposed to only go to the gentiles. You are saying Jesus told Paul he was an apostle to the gentiles. He was according to ‘theology’ the apostle to the gentiles - but we need to look a little closer..
ROMANS 11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles; inasmuch as I am an apostle to the Gentiles
Here Paul is calling himself an ...
τοῖς ἀπὸ τῶν ἐθνῶν ἐπιστρέφουσιν ἐπὶ τὸν θεόν,
(Acts 15:19, NA28)
The masculine dative plural article τοῖς goes with the present active participle ἐπιστρέφουσιν that is the object of μὴ παρενοχλεῖν, the infinitive to cause hardship. ἐπιστρέφουσιν is neither past tense or passive voice, so should not be translated turned.
The phrase can be translated:
As Perry Webb well explained above, the Spirit says the same things to Agabus and Paul, but Agabus (probably) and the people present there definitely think that Holy Spirit's revelation about Paul's arrest means that Paul should not go to Jerusalem, which is logical in human terms, like it is logical in human terms for Peter to urge the Lord to avoid His ...
First, by its own admission, the NWT is a translation of the Wescott and Hort Greek text. However, in Acts 5:31, there is no difference between W&H vs any other such as UBS5, NA28, Byzantine text and TR etc. UBS5 shows no variations in the text at Acts 5:31. NA28 does list some minor variants but none that changes the sense and all MSS have the same ...
Although as Dottard's answer shows that ultimately the savior is God the Father (whose proper name is the Tetragrammaton) acting through His Son incarnate Jesus of Nazareth, and although Peter himself in his Acts 2:14-47 sermon quoted Joel 2:28-32 which DOES refer to the Tetragrammaton:
And it shall be that everyone who calls on the name of the Lᴏʀᴅ will be ...