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12

Frankly, I also searched for but couldn’t find much of others addressing the parallels of Ruth and Elisha. Walfish was almost always the writer. What I did find were mostly studies of one book that had cross references to the other(s) (e.g. Ruth noting a Kings book or vice versa). For some other material I found, see the comment at the bottom of this ...


12

Regarding "key differences": When one battles, one has also encountered - no issue. When one engages, one has also met - no issue. When one is said to have been killed "by" a commander of troops, that does not mean one was necessarily killed directly by that commander. It can just as easily have been by the troops that were under his command. For example, ...


11

Before anything, though, I must say that no, king Joash would not know that he must strike the ground five or six times. But, he really should have did that. All verse emphasis mine. First of all, we would have to look at the reason why Elisha would be angry at an answer to a seemingly minuscule command, 2 Kings 13:14 (NKJV) 14 Elisha had become sick with ...


11

The Idea in Brief According to the Hebrew Bible, there are at least two people who have ascended into heaven: Enoch and Elijah. In the Christian New Testament, Jesus made the emphatic statement that no one (οὐδεὶς) had ever ascended into heaven with the exception of the one who had descended from heaven: that is, Jesus himself, who was to be "lifted up" ...


11

וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֵלָיו אִישׁ בַּ֣עַל שֵׂעָ֔ר וְאֵזוֹר עוֹר אָזוּר בְּמָתְנָיו The Hebrew of interest here is baʿal śēʿār, a "lord of hair". This falls into the use of baʿal described in HALOT 4, s.v. בַּעַל:1 status word: בַּעַל indicates the owner of an object which embodies his manner, his character or his occupation The use of the term "owner" seems to ...


8

The New American Bible, in note 4 to 2 Kings chapter 3, does initially attribute this triumph to the god Chemosh. However, the New American Bible then suggests an alternative, monotheistic explanation, which inevitably recognises the polytheistic beliefs of the early Israelites and their belief in the efficacy of child sacrifice: The wrath against Israel:...


7

The “Book of the Law” is a common phrase that refers to the book of Deuteronomy as an expansion of the Moral Law, or Covenant Law based around the 10 Commandments. “Book of the Law” is referenced in Deut 28:61, 29:21, 30:10, 31:26, Josh 1:8, 8:31, 34, 24:26, 2 Kings 22:8, 11, 2 Chron 17:9, 25:4, 34:14, 15, Neh 8:1-3, 8, 18, 9:3 (and 17:18). The Book of ...


6

There’s a lot more to the Elisha case than meets the eye. First, they weren’t children in the sense we think of children. There was no classification of ‘teenagers’ way back then. The youths who ganged up against this solitary man were a mob. Forty-two of them at the least. They came from the town that was the royal cult centre of the northern kings, in ...


5

16So Jehu rode in a chariot, and went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there. And Ahaziah king of Judah was come down to see Joram. 17And there stood a watchman on the tower in Jezreel, and he spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said, I see a company. And Joram said, Take an horseman, and send to meet them, and let him say, Is it peace? ... 21And ...


5

This question is an exact replica of the same question on Got Questions. The answer is - also - on Got Questions, after the question. So I have just copied the answer to here : Jehoram is anointed king of Judah (2 Kings 1:17), ruling with his father, Jehoshaphat, for the final 5 or 6 years of his father’s reign. Elijah is translated to heaven (2 Kings 2:1–...


4

I found some interesting conenctions between the two: Both Ruth and Elisha are forceful and determined. Ruth "clung" to Naomi ("At this they wept aloud again. Then Orpah kissed her mother-in-law goodbye, but Ruth clung to her". Ruth 1:14, NIV) and is determined to go with her ("When Naomi realized that Ruth was determined to go with her, she stopped urging ...


4

It is clear that this is a single protracted seige with the "ninth year of his reign" of 2 Kings 25:1 refers to Zedekiah. The immediate context is 2 Kings 24:20 (last bit of last verse of preceding chapter): Now Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. OP includes 2 Kgs 25:2 in the quotations in the question, which itself provides the answer: ...


4

This is a more complicated question than the binary alternative posed by OP's title question would suggest. In fact, the KJV here does a good job of reflecting an ambiguity in the Hebrew that almost all other translations obscure (including the NJKV). Translation? Here is the Hebrew text of 2 Kings 8:11 with a literal gloss: וַיַּעֲמֵ֥ד אֶת־פָּנָ֖יו ...


4

Excellent question. The problem is further confounded by the fact that in 2 Kings 10:30 Jehu is even rewarded for his action in Jezreel, so how can Jehu be both rewarded and punished for the same act? Some commentaries suggest that though Elijah prophesied that this will happen to the house of Ahab, it still does not vindicate the perpetrator from his ...


4

The real intent of king Ahaziah was to defy Elijah, considering him only a man, and not a ‘man of God’, really. The first two captains tried to fulfill this kingly purpose along with all their arrogance. Interestingly, the prophet in this instance performed a word-play (or, word pun) between the two Hebrew terms we translate ‘man’ and ‘fire’, respectively, ...


4

There is some uncertainty as to whether this actually means "dove's dung" or not (More on this below). I am inclined to accept as is because Josephus reports that in one of the Roman sieges, the citizens were reduced to eating excrement. Note this quote from Josephus, Wars, V, 13, 7. And they told him further, that when they were no longer able ...


4

First off, keep in mind that dove's dung was pretty common in the olden days as they raised doves in columbaria. Doves were common since they were used as sacrifices, among other purposes. A natural byproduct of raising doves is large quantities of dove dung, or guano. While dung could be used as fertilizer, or as fuel for fire, it would normally be very ...


3

There is no problem here. Jesus is speaking to Nicodemus. Jesus knows that Nicodemus has great knowledge of the scriptures. Jesus pulls from Proverbs 30:4 to speak of the lack of understanding Nicodemus is having. 4 Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has ...


3

Synchronisms between the reigns of the northern and southern kingdoms (Israel and Judah) are all affected by an apparent discrepancy of a few years. The case of Joash’s 23rd year is particularly affected, but the basic reason is the same as other kings. It relates to whether a kingdom uses the 'accessional' or 'non-accessional' method of dating. In both ...


3

Then the king of Moab took his oldest son, who would have been the next king, and sacrificed him as a burnt offering on the wall. So there was great anger against Israel, and the Israelites withdrew and returned to their own land. (2 Kings 3:27, NLT) I'd interpret this as saying that the king sacrificed his son which then fuelled the rage of the Moabites - ...


3

In Keil and Delitzsch's Commentary,(2 Kings 2) The request of Elisha is evidently based upon Deu 21:17, where בּ פּי־שׁנים denotes the double portion which the first-born received in (of) the father's inheritance, as R. Levi b. Gers., Seb. Mnst., Vatabl., Grot., and others have perceived, and as Hengstenberg (Beitrr. ii. p. 133f.) in our days ...


3

Note that when it comes to literal versus figurative use of language, it does not matter what the language is. In other words, there is nothing inherent in the Hebrew language versus the English language that helps determine if a word, phrase, or clause should be taken literally or figuratively. Rather, context of a statement, in any language, is primarily ...


3

Cases for a 'kingly' identification There are 24 kings linked using a single phrase, and 24 'elders'. Therefore there may be a correlation between the two. They elders have 'crowns' and are sat on 'thrones', which may suggest a royal disposition. Cases against a 'kingly' identification The author expressly describes the men as elders and not kings, and we ...


3

The Book of Kings was written in Judah during the monolatrous period of the late monarchy and is consistently critical of the monarchy during the early monarchy. Each king of the former northern kingdom, Israel, was (correctly) described as worshipping more than one god, a practice that the Deuteronomist, author of Kings, viewed with abhorrence. Each ...


3

There is quite a lot to be said about name and the changing of names in the ancient world, generally speaking. Quite a lot of philosophy and religious thinking, all mixed up. In order to understand why an overlord would change the name of his vassal king we should look a little bit outside the pages of the Bible and see some ancient customs and ...


3

Jotham reigned for sixteen years, so twenty years after his reign began, is the same as the fourth year of his son Ahaz's reign. Benson Commentary 2 Kings 15:30. Hosea made a conspiracy against Pekah, and smote him — It is probable that the people were provoked at him for leaving them exposed to a foreign enemy, while he invaded Judah; and that Hosea ...


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