20 votes
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How old was David when he fought Goliath?

The only Biblical answer I can find is that the men were at least 20 to be in the army. So David would have been less then twenty if he was considered too young to fight. Num 1:3 from twenty ...
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15 votes
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Why does להבריאכם mean "to make yourselves fat" in 1 Samuel 2:29

The OP questions why translators take the root ברא (brʾ) here in the sense "to be fat" rather than the homonym "to create", which is more common in the Hebrew Bible. I see several good reasons. The ...
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13 votes
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How many children did Hannah have?

The phrase "seven children" in the poem is almost certainly poetic and not intended to indicate that Hannah actually bore seven children. The number seven was a number of completion in the ancient ...
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  • 35.5k
11 votes

Can we harmonize the two meetings of David and Saul?

Interacting with Frank Luke's response, I like the theory proposed by E.W. Bullinger, however it does not seem to fit with what immediately follows in Chapter 18. First of all I believe that ...
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11 votes

How old was David when he fought Goliath?

This information is in further support of an answer close to Joshua Wilson's (which was not really much other information that the original link you posted), though leaning toward the older end of his ...
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9 votes
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How old was Samuel when Hannah took him to the temple?

The World Health Organization reports that the average weaning age is 4.2 years worldwide at present, however the weaning age has declined in modern times and the weaning age would have been higher in ...
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  • 7,381
8 votes
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

The "chabod" part of the name Ichabod (אִיכָבוֹד) comes without doubt from the word כָּבוֹד, which is the word for glory in the latter portion of the verse. The "I" (אִי) has been interpreted ...
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  • 3,650
8 votes

Why did David take the livestock of the cities he raided, when Israel was told to devote everything to destruction?

In fact, David was obeying the law in 1 Sam 23:5 & 27:9 when he destroyed the cities and carried off the livestock. The Torah was quite clear about this: there were two cases to consider: ...
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7 votes
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Does 1 Samuel 15 disprove the "Ancient Near East Warfare Rhetoric" theory?

Does 1 Samuel 15 disprove the "Ancient Near East Warfare Rhetoric" theory? In short, no. Nothing about 1 Samuel 15 disproves the Ancient Near East Warfare Rhetoric. The concept within such rhetoric ...
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  • 417
7 votes
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Did Eli rebuke his sons?

Eli's Failure Somewhat regardless of whether the word כָּהָה (kāhâ) should mean "rebuke" or "restrain," at the point which the sons refused to obey their father Eli (1 Sam 2:25), Eli should have had ...
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  • 19.6k
7 votes

Were women allowed to attend the annual feasts?

OP (bold added): Exod 23: 17 Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD. According to Exodus only males were allowed to appear before the Lord in the annual feasts,so how ...
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7 votes
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What does the phrase "to cover his feet" refer to in 1 Samuel 24:3?

According to the BDB Lexicon the Hebrew translated to "cover his feet" by the KJV (literal translation of לְהָסֵ֣ךְ אֶת־רַגְלָ֑יו) is a euphemism for emptying the bowels: Hiph. Impf. 3 ms. יָ֑סֶךְ ...
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  • 16.5k
7 votes

1 Samuel 16:12 Describes David as Ruddy ( Does that mean King David had red hair? )

Ruddy, in this instance, refers to David's complexion. The word means having a healthy reddish colour usually from leading an outdoor life. David was a shepherd and so his complexion had a healthy, ...
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6 votes
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Was the brutality of David's raids unusual by the standards of ancient warfare?

The short answer is: No, it was not the norm to kill men and women and children in war. The standard practice in ancient warfare was to offer peace when besieging a city, of course the peace terms ...
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5 votes
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Can there be any eschatological claim made from 1 Samuel 28:19, concerning Saul in the afterlife?

If we want to understand the text, we have to read the text as it was written in the context of what it says, and not superimpose our own later theological concepts upon it. In Hebrew, there is no "...
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  • 114
5 votes

Did Eli rebuke his sons?

The Idea in Brief Eli had done nothing to "tone down" his sons, or to mitigate their behavior. So while on the one hand he had rebuked them in Chapter 2, there is nothing in the text to suggest that ...
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“I have lent him to the LORD"

The commentators all note the significant place that the root š.ʾ.l has in the opening chapter of Samuel. Because of the punch-line ("he is lent (šāʾûl) to the LORD") in v. 28, many also are minded to ...
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5 votes
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A Temporal Use of כה in 1 Samuel 25:6?

To take OP's main question in two stages, starting with the latter: [OP] ... could כה לחי mean something like "now to next year"? No, I don't think so. The main reason for this is already implicit ...
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5 votes
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Did Saul lie to Samuel in 1 Samuel 15:7?

Dr. Berel Lerner has provided an answer to this question here. In short, the KJV translation of 1 Samuel 15:7 is inaccurate. The Hebrew reads: וַיִּתְפֹּ֛שׂ אֶת־אֲגַ֥ג מֶֽלֶךְ־עֲמָלֵ֖ק חָ֑י וְאֶת־...
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5 votes

Did David not break his oath when he handed Saul's descendants to the Gibeonites in 2 Samuel 21?

Saul and Ahinoam - 6 children: Jonathan -> Mephibosheth - Mica - etc. Ishui (Abinadab) Melchishua Ishbosheth (Eshbaal) Merab (f) (eldest) - [five children by Adriel] Michal (f) - wife of David ...
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  • 1,553
5 votes
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Why were the bodies of Saul & his sons cremated - 1 Samuel 31:11?

Excellent question. Indeed, cremation was not the accepted burial rite in Ancient Israel, and this was definitely an unusual practice by Israelite standards and almost unheard of in the ANE (The only ...
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5 votes

In 1 Samuel 28:15 did the witch at Endor actually bring up the spirit of Samuel from the land of the dead?

It was actually Samuel that came up. Most people are of the opinion that Samuel had died and so it was not possible for him to meddle in the affairs of the living. The dead do actually live although ...
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5 votes

Why does the 1 Samuel 10:27 paragraph found in 4QSamª not appear in other texts?

The Masoretic Text of the Hebrew has 1 Sam 10:27 as per most Bibles. A few Bibles such as NLT have decided to add some text based on 4QSam(a) from the dead sea scrolls. The text of Biblia Hebraica ...
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5 votes
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Does the Holy Spirit produce anger?

The operative word translated "anger" in 1 Sam 11:6 is אַף = "nostril" or "nose". To understand this, one must recall that Hebrew has no abstract nouns like "anger&...
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5 votes

Does the Holy Spirit produce anger?

Anger is not listed as the fruit (singular) of the Spirit that Christians cultivate, namely: Love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness and self-control (Galatians 5:22). ...
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  • 7,918
4 votes

How old was Samuel when Hannah took him to the temple?

If you further read the text in 1 Samuel 2:5, AFTER Hannah leaves Samuel with Eli and when she is praising the Lord she says, "She who was barren has borne seven children, but she who has many sons ...
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4 votes
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What happened with the translation of 1 Samuel 1:24?

The Masoretic text of the phrase translated "young as he was" (NIV) and "the child was very young" (VDC) translates literally as "and the boy [was] a boy." This phrase is והנער נער. Both translations ...
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  • 21.8k
4 votes
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What does "an evil spirit from the Lord" mean?

The Hebrew expression given in the KJV as "from the LORD" is מֵאֵ֥ת יְהוָֽה. It occurs 36 times in the Hebrew Text of the Old Testament (WLC). For example: Genesis 19:24 - brimstone and fire "from ...
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  • 4,785
4 votes

What is the appropriate translation for מַעֲדַנֹּ֑ת in 1 Samuel 15?

The same exact word is found in Job 38:31, and over there it is clearly rendered as "bundles" "chains" or "shackles"--"Can you bind the chains[b] of the Pleiades?". This is the basis for the ...
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