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How might Matthew 16:22 in the Codex Vaticanus be best translated to reflect the etymology of the text?

While translating Matthew 16 today, I ran across what the NET Bible calls a "highly elliptical expression" in verse 22: καὶ προσλαβόμενος αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾶν αὐτῷ λέγων· Ἵλεώς ...
7
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1answer
62 views

Why might the KJV and YLT translations of James 2:1 ('Lord' of glory) differ?

This is a question about the KJV and the TR Greek text. ... του κυριου ημων ιησου χριστου της δοξης [James 2:1 TR - Stephens, Beza, Elzevir, Scrivener - identical] ... our Lord Jesus Christ, the ...
7
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1answer
3k views

Who prophesied in 2 Kings 3:16-19, Elisha or the musician?

The Context In 2 Kings chapter 3, the Kings of Israel, Judah, and Edom are gathered together (v.9a) to go against Moab (v.5-6). But in the hunt with their armies, they were running out of water (v.9b)...
7
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2answers
363 views

Is the “four hundred years” the equivalent of the “four generations” in the Gen. 15:13-16 prophecy?

Gen. 15:13 Then the Lord said to him, “Know for certain that for four hundred years your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own and that they will be enslaved and mistreated there. ...
6
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0answers
119 views

Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end

Anyone know why Σιλωάμ in John 9:7 has the μ at the end. The Hebrew New Testament (Bible Society of Israel) has הַשִּׁלּוֹחַ (apparently qal passive participle) with no ending m sound from the Hebrew ...
6
votes
1answer
259 views

Psalms superscripts: completion or choirmaster?

Many (56) of the Greek Psalms begin (in what is the superscript in English on most chapters, not represented at all in a few): Εἰς τὸ τέλος. This is a mystery to me. The NETS translates it, ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

μέν … δέ with trailling καὶ

In English, it is idiomatic to have the word 'and' before the last item in a list, such as "I like coffee, tea, and beer" (with or without the last comma!). In Ephesians 4:11, there is a &...
5
votes
2answers
196 views

Was Papias the scribe who wrote the Gospel of John?

It was very common practice in antiquity for the author of a book or letter to use a scribe/amanuensis (see descriptions in letters of Cicero, for example), and the use of a scribe is attested or ...
5
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3answers
96 views

Was Jacob's dream an answer to prayer? Genesis 35:3

How can Jacob's claim that God answered him (Gen 35:3) when there is no record of Jacob petitioning or praying to God in Genesis 28? Genesis 35:3 "Then come, let us go up to Bethel, where I will ...
5
votes
3answers
89 views

What are the banner-bearers in Songs 6:4 and 6:10, and why is the word feminine?

In Song of Songs 6, verses 4 and 10, the woman is described as כַּנִּדְגָּלֽוֹת אֲיֻמָּ֖ה, "awesome as the banner-exalting [ones]", with the participle "banner-exalting" being ...
5
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1answer
100 views

In Leviticus 23:20 did they wave the bread of firstfruits along with the lambs?

Leviticus 23:20 (KJV, emphasis added): And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits for a wave offering before the LORD with the two lambs: they shall be holy to the LORD for ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Date of appearance of the New Testament in Syriac (Peshitta)

I was reading a book [pdf] that defends the translation Reina-Valera 1960 and the Textus Receptus (its base text for the New Testament). One argument says that the version Peshitta used as base text ...
5
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3answers
108 views

Is “grown to love” a reasonable understanding of אהבת in Genesis 22:2?

One of the more perplexing statements in Genesis is God saying Isaac is Abraham's only son: 1 After these things God tested Abraham and said to him, “Abraham!” And he said, “Here I am.” 2 He said, “...
5
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1answer
88 views

'Turn“ or ”return" in Songs of Songs 6:13?

The MT version reads, שׁוּבִי שׁוּבִי הַשּׁוּלַמִּית, שׁוּבִי שׁוּבִי וְנֶחֱזֶה-בָּךְ; מַה-תֶּחֱזוּ, בַּשּׁוּלַמִּית, כִּמְחֹלַת, הַמַּחֲנָיִם. The Hebrew word שׁוּבִי is repeated several times ...
5
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4answers
204 views

Who is far from the sanctuary in Ezekiel 8:6?

Ezekiel 8:6 is translated in the ESV: And he said to me, "Son of man, do you see what they are doing, the great abominations that the house of Israel are committing here, to drive me far from my ...
5
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6answers
2k views

In Matthew 13:44, who is the man in the parables of the hidden treasure and the pearl of great price?

In Matthew 13:44 the kingdom of heaven is likened to a man finding treasure hidden in a field: KJV Mat 13:44  Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a ...
4
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2answers
42 views

What is the force of τε as used in Hebrews 4:12 [TR]?

... μερισμου ψυχης τε και πνευματος αρμων τε και μυελων και κριτικος ενθυμησεων και εννοιων καρδιας [TR - Beza, Stephanus, Elzevir and Scrivener all identical] ... dividing asunder of soul and spirit,...
4
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1answer
134 views

Genesis 17:24 and 17:26 — Who circumcised Abraham?

In Genesis 17, it is written, 24 Abraham was ninety-nine years old when he was circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin. 26 That very same day Abraham was circumcised, and his son Ishmael; NKJV, ©...
4
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2answers
73 views

Does the LXX translate חוללתי as γεννάω to create an allusion to Genesis 4?

In various places Proverbs personifies Wisdom as a woman. In one she deviates from teaching to speak about herself. She starts by announcing her "קָנָה" at the beginning: 22 “The Lord possessed me ...
4
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4answers
355 views

Why does Matthew use the Greek word 'seismos' in Matt. 8:24 instead of the 'lailaps' which is used in Mk 4:37 and Lk 8:23?

Matthew uses the Greek word 'seismos' (σεισμὸς) in 8:24. This word is used 9 times in the NT and 8 of the 9 times it is translated as "earthquake." In Matthew 8:24 most translations ...
4
votes
2answers
70 views

Interpretations and translations of Moses' speech

I study Latin and I don't understand this sentence "absumat ebria sitientem", found in Deuteronomy 29:19 Context (just before the sentence): because when such a person hears the words of ...
4
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1answer
64 views

Emphasis in Isaiah 50:11

Does the phrase here translated - "this you shall have of mine hand" - refer to the the previous portion of the verse, or does it refer to the latter portion of the verse? Is 50:11Behold, ...
4
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5answers
208 views

Who is the second child in Ecclesiastes 4:15?

YLT - 4:13 Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king, who hath not known to be warned any more. YLT - 4:14 For from a house of prisoners he hath come out to reign, for even in his ...
4
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1answer
350 views

Was there rain and thunder when they crossed the Red Sea as alluded in Psalms 77:15-20?

This Psalm seems to point out that there was rain and thunderstorm during the night they crossed the Red sea Psalms 77:15-20 NASB 15You have by Your [j]power redeemed Your people, The sons of ...
4
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1answer
522 views

How were the birds arranged in Abraham's sacrifice in Genesis 15:9-10?

Genesis 15:9-10 NKJV 9 So He said to him, “Bring Me a three-year-old heifer, a three-year-old female goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtledove, and a young pigeon.” 10 Then he brought all these to ...
4
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1answer
156 views

Are the swarming things in Leviticus 11:29-38 the only creatures that defile other articles besides human beings?

After describing about five groups of unclean animals/creatures in Leviticus 11 it seems only the swarming creatures have the effect of defiling other vessels like stoves,ovens and pots besides human ...
4
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1answer
206 views

1 Samuel 20:18: How was the First of the Month / New Moon Determined?

Closely Related: • Judaism.SE/How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen? • Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law • Astronomy.SE/How Soon Could a Waxing Crescent Moon Be ...
4
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1answer
166 views

What are the statutes and the commandments and the rules in Deuteronomy?

In Deuteronomy there is a repeated triad that appears in its full form first in 5:31:* ‏וַאֲדַבְּרָה אֵלֶיךָ אֵת כָּל־הַמִּצְוָה וְהַחֻקִּים וְהַמִּשְׁפָּטִים and I will tell you the whole ...
4
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0answers
171 views

Exegesis of Matthew 13

I have read Robbins and Witheringtons different understanding of socio-rhetorical criticism and have better understood Ben Witherington III's method. But I need to better understand his method or ...
4
votes
3answers
61 views

In Psalm 90:2 is “from age to age” a restatement of “in generation after generation”?

[Psa 90:1-2 YLT] (1) A Prayer of Moses, the man of God. Lord [ADONAY], a habitation Thou -- Thou hast been, To us -- in generation and generation, (2) Before mountains were brought forth, And Thou ...
4
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1answer
215 views

Was the “Agag” of Num. 24:7 a specific king, or a title for the kings of Amalek?

...“Their king will be greater than Agag;their kingdom will be exalted." (NIV) 1 Sam. 15:8-9 speaks of specific king "Agag" whom Saul defeated: " And he took Agag the king of the ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Is there a first person verb with a plural subject in Hebrew?

I am aware of singular verbs with plural subjects in the third person, masculine, singular. Such as Exodus 4:29, but I am wondering if there is a 1cs that has a plural subject? Feel free to add or ...
4
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1answer
59 views

Who put forward, prayed, and drew lots in order to choose the twelfth apostle?

Acts 1:23-26 23 So they put forward two men, Joseph called Barsabbas (who was also called Justus), and Matthias. 24 And they prayed and said, "You, Lord, who know the hearts of all men, show which ...
3
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1answer
30 views

1 Peter 3:15 - Collective Plurals or Distributive Plurals?

But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear: [1 Peter 3:15 KJV] In 1 Peter ...
3
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2answers
76 views

Blessed Vs Happy: Which translation is more accurate in beatitudes Matthew 5?

Most early literal translators chose Happy instead of Blessed in the beatitudes, Matthew 5. Even the earliest English versions used Eadige meaning Happy, and then in the 14th century, Wycliffe seems ...
3
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2answers
73 views

What is the κατεχον and who is the κατεχων at 2 Thess 2:6-7?

The expression "mystery of iniquity" (more common, "hidden power of lawlessness" - Greek: μυστήριον τῆς ἀνομίας; Lat: mysterium iniquitatis) comes from the Second Letter to the ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Were there two tabernacles in David's time?

During the time of David and Solomon, the original Tabernacle of the Lord made by Moses was located in Gibeon (ex. 1 Ch 16:39, 21:29). But in 2 Sam 6:17 and 1 Ch 16:1, it said David moved the ark into ...
3
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0answers
39 views

Do the New Testament “sin no more” and “your sins are forgiven” have likely Hebrew models that restrict their interpretation?

The Egerton papyrus has a version of Jesus's healing of the leper that adds further information at the beginning and end: Egerton 1 recto (35) -- And behold, a leper came, saying, “Rabbi Jesus, I ...
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0answers
67 views

What evidence is there that Mark could have been dependent upon Luke?

There are approximately 106 pericopes shared by Mark & Luke (see Synoptic Abstract by Tyson & Longstaff). Most hold to the view that this shared material - and the frequency of its common ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Gospel of Thomas, What is Putting a 'Foot in Place of a Foot?'

I've wondered about this for years, what does Thomas mean? The passage is below, Thomas 1:22: Jesus said to them, "When you make the two into one, and when you make the inner like the outer and ...
3
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1answer
42 views

In Matthew 12:10-13, why does Jesus equate a withered (ξηράν) hand (χεῖρα) as a pit (βόθυνον) to be saved from?

We read in Matthew 12:10-13, that Jesus equates having a withered (ξηράν) hand (χεῖρα) to being trapped in a pit (βόθυνον) : Matthew 12:10-13 [KJV] [10] And, behold, there was a man which had his ...
3
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3answers
86 views

Genesis 18:12 Origin of “Smooth Flesh” translation

Not a Hebrew scholar here but a Rabbi and I read our versions of Genesis 18:12 and I noticed a difference in wording. When Sarah laughed, his version rendered roughly “shall I have smooth skin” and ...
3
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3answers
73 views

Is there a chronological issue in Exodus 17,18 and 19?

In Exodus 17 we meet the Israelites camped at Rephidim after leaving the wilderness of sin Exodus 17:1 NASB 17 Then all the congregation of the sons of Israel journeyed by [a]stages from the ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Is “the bread is in effect common” (1 Samuel 21:5) as translated by the NKJV accurate?

The MT reads: וַיַּ֩עַן֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶת־הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ כִּ֣י אִם־אִשָּׁ֤ה עֲצֻֽרָה־לָ֙נוּ֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם בְּצֵאתִ֕י וַיִּהְי֥וּ כְלֵֽי־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים קֹ֑דֶשׁ וְהוּא֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ חֹ֔ל ...
3
votes
0answers
400 views

Where, if anywhere is Psalms 22:16 in Qumran Dead Sea Scroll 4Q88/4QPs?

Regarding Psalm 22:16 By Psalm 22:16, I mean "Dogs surround me, a pack of villains encircles me; they pierce my hands and my feet." (v17 in the jewish verse numbering) Is Psalms 22:16 missing ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

What are the “fruits of your righteousness” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10?

What are the fruits of your righteousness mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

Is there a Quotation from Judith in 1 Corinthians?

Overview Reading Judith, I came across very familiar-sounding words 'murmured, and were destroyed by the destroyer, and perished by serpents:' Judith 8:22-25 (DRB) They must remember how our father ...
3
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5answers
3k views

In Luke 2:35 what is meant by “so that thoughts from many hearts may be revealed”?

ESV Luke 2: 28he took him up in his arms and blessed God and said, 29“Lord, now you are letting your servant depart in peace, according to your word; 30for my eyes have seen your salvation ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Does John place the Bread of Life Discourse at the time of Pesach Sheni?

John places the feeding of the 5,000, Jesus walking on water, and the Bread of Life Discourse which follows at a time before Passover: Now the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was at hand. (John 6:...
3
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0answers
281 views

Where does Dispensationalism differ from traditional Biblical Theology when interpreting a text?

Wikipedia summarizes a traditional "Biblical Theology" approach to interpreting the Bible as follows: Biblical theology seeks to understand the progressive unfolding of God's special revelation ...

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