Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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What does the sentence "their grapes are filled with poison" in Deu 32:32,33 (NIV) mean?

Sodom is known for having been more decadent than Israel. And judging on the below Bible verses, their decadence seem to have had something to do with their drinking culture. Was their grapes ...
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What is the “Light” of Genesis 1:3?

In Genesis 1:3 (ESV), it is written, And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. The Hebrew word which is translated into English as "light" is אֹור (or) (Strong's H216). Is this "...
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Why were the destitute in the dunghill?

The metaphor of lifting the poor from a dunghill (Psalm 113:7, 1 Sam 2:8) or sending the proud to the dunghill (Lamentations 4:5) is quite the visual. In most verses, אַשְׁפֹּת seems to be used more ...
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What is the status of the word "because" in 1 Peter 2:8? ESV

"They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do". ESV There are other questions on this site which go into this verse without, I think, quite settling this point: ...
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Acts 1:5 versus Acts 2:4: Being baptized versus being filled with the Holy Spirit

Luke uses βαπτισθήσεσθε (NASB: “you will be baptized”) in Acts 1:5 and then uses ἐπλήσθησαν (“and they were filled”) in Acts 2:4. Is there a reason for the change in verbs used to describe the baptism ...
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270 views

In John 11:33 what does ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν mean in this context?

How you translate the verbs in ἐνεβριμήσατο τῷ πνεύματι καὶ ἐτάραξεν ἑαυτὸν in 11:33 affects how you interpret the surrounding verses, especially when answering the question why did Jesus weep (11:35)....
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What are "dominions" as the word appears in Colossians 1:16?

"For by him all things were created in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities.." E.S.V. Possible areas for consideration: Do we need to ...
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What is the meaning of "the truth" in John 14:6?

"Jesus said to him, "I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me". E.S.V. Here are three ideas which might be used in an answer to take it from a single ...
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Is the word "begotten" in John 3:16 of Authorized Version a problem that creates confusion when establishing the Deity of Christ?

The Authorized Version has the word "begotten" in John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have ...
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What is the "Sabbath-rest for the people of God" in Hebrews 4:9-11 referring to

Hebrews 4:9-11 New International Version (NIV) 9 There remains, then, a Sabbath-rest for the people of God; 10 for anyone who enters God’s rest also rests from their works,[a] just as God did from ...
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Are the luminaries of Gen. 1:14-15 the same as the stars of Gen. 1:16?

Young's Literal Translation of Gen. 1:14-15: "14 And God saith, `Let luminaries be in the expanse of the heavens, to make a separation between the day and the night, then they have been for ...
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In Genesis 6:3, could הוּא בָשָׂר be understood as “he is carnal”?

In Gen. 6:3, the Hebrew text states, ג וַיֹּאמֶר יַהְוֶה לֹא יָדוֹן רוּחִי בָאָדָם לְעֹלָם בְּשַׁגַּם הוּא בָשָׂר וְהָיוּ יָמָיו מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה which the King James Version translates into ...
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What does the phrase "son of the morning" mean?

Isaiah uses the phrase "son of the morning" to describe someone here Isaiah 14:12 (KJV) 12  How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ...
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In Luke 4:19, what does "acceptable year of the Lord/LORD" mean and to what year does it refer?

Acceptable to whom? To God? To the Jews? To everyone? To what year does this refer? [Luk 4:19 YLT] (19) To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.' [Luk 4:19 MGNT] (19) κηρύξαι ἐνιαυτὸν κυρίου ...
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4answers
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What is the correct English translation from Greek and meaning of Hebrews 1:6?

What is the correct English translation from Greek and meaning of Hebrews 1:6 ? A few translations are: ( AKJV ) And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And ...
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1answer
129 views

How do we know that gârash H1644 can mean ‘divorced’?

Gârash generally means driven out, but in the case of a woman, it is commonly translated ‘divorced’. Why is it not translated ‘driven out’, ‘sent away’, ‘separated from her husband’? eg Lev 21:7 (...
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Is the spirit of man a created thing?

According to the book of Genesis, God created man apparently by two ingredients: (1) dust of the ground (2) the breath of God Then the Lord God formed a man from the dust of the ground and ...
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234 views

Are the words Tartan and Rabshakeh Assyrian titles or proper names in Isaiah?

A recent argument involved two passages from Iasiah, 20:1 and 36:2: When looking at the most modern translations and comparing them with older ones there is – as a tendency I presume – a glaring ...
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Why עשה instead of ברא in Genesis 1:7?

Genesis 1:7 ויעש אלהים את־הרקיע ויבדל בין המים אשר מתחת לרקיע ובין המים אשר מעל לרקיע ויהי־כן׃ And God made the firmament, and divided between the waters which were under the firmament and between the ...
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What did the penitent thief mean by the word "deeds" (πράσσω)?

“Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 And we indeed justly, for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds (πράσσω); but this man has done nothing wrong....
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In 2 Corinthians 6:15, who or what is "Belial"?

2Co 6:15 What harmony exists between the Messiah and Beliar, or what do a believer and an unbeliever have in common? "Belial aka Beliar" is a Hebrew word meaning something like "worthlessness one":...
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Two words in Greek meaning "shame" - are they related?

I have a question regarding two words found in the Book of Revelation, that are both translated as "shame": Chapter 3 verse 18: συμβουλεύω σοι ἀγοράσαι παρ᾽ ἐμοῦ χρυσίον πεπυρωμένον ἐκ πυρὸς ἵνα ...
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Are the divine name and its contracted form somehow unique or are they truly inter-changeable?

According to Strongs H3050, there are 48 occurrences in the Hebrew Bible where God's name is rendered as יָהּ (Yah). Most of these are found in the Psalms. This suggests it is a poetic form. ...
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What is the meaning of John 4:24?

See this question on Christianity.SE for some background. I am trying to understand how the bible uses the word spirit in a few locations as it relates to God and angels. John 4:24 (KJV) God is a ...
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'Turn" or "return" in Songs of Songs 6:13?

The MT version reads, שׁוּבִי שׁוּבִי הַשּׁוּלַמִּית, שׁוּבִי שׁוּבִי וְנֶחֱזֶה-בָּךְ; מַה-תֶּחֱזוּ, בַּשּׁוּלַמִּית, כִּמְחֹלַת, הַמַּחֲנָיִם. The Hebrew word שׁוּבִי is repeated several times ...
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What did Jesus imply in John 11:9,10?

"Jesus answered, “Are there not twelve hours of daylight? Anyone who walks in the daytime will not stumble, for they see by this world’s light. It is when a person walks at night that they stumble, ...
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Was Leah 'unloved' (Genesis 29:31)?

The Wycliffe (1382) Coverdale (1535) Matthews (1537) Great Bible (1539) Geneva Bible (1560) and Bishop's Bible (1568) all say 'despised' regarding Jacob's disposition towards the 'tender-eyed' woman ...
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Romans 12:1, what is the accurate translation of (λογικὴν)?

Romans 12:1, what is the accurate translation of (λογικὴν)?: Spiritual. Reasonable. Logical. Intelligent. Romans 12:1 (GNT): Παρακαλῶ οὖν ὑμᾶς, ἀδελφοί, διὰ τῶν οἰκτιρμῶν τοῦ Θεοῦ, ...
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What is the meaning of "Let" in the phrase "Let there be light"?

Genesis 1:3 (KJV) And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. What's the meaning of the word "let"? Is the meaning closer to: cause/effect, i.e. physics-related; or allow/permit (cf), ...
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Genesis 23 -- Why does the Bible change the spelling of Ephron's name?

In Genesis 23, we learn that Sarah has died and Abraham is looking to acquire a grave for her. He approaches the children of Heth and meets Ephron the Hittite who, initially, offers his land (which ...
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Who is the Word in John 1:1 [duplicate]

John 1:1 states “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.” (John 1:1) and is translated also to: John 1:1 Goodspeed “…and the Word was divine.” John 1:...
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In John 4:24, what does it mean to "worship in Spirit and truth"?

John 4:24 says "God is Spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth." How do we know we are worshipping in Spirit and in truth?
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What did Hosea mean when he said, " the children of Israel will be without an image? "

I was reading an answer to a question which was recently asked and there is a reference to the book of Hosea (KJV) and the text reads, Hosea 3:4 King James Version 4 For the children of Israel ...
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How do the two sorts of "new" in Colossians 3:10 relate to each other?

"and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator". Colossians 3:10 ESV "new" -neon. "renewed"-anakainoumenon. If the new ...
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How might the NLT justify putting "diakonon" as "deacon" in view of John 2:9?

NLT Romans 16:1 "I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea." Another question on this site looks at diakonon being male, here I want to take another focus....
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What are the "elements" in "the elements will melt with fervent heat"? NKJV. 2 Peter 3:10

Here are 3 possibilities: c.2000 years ago in Greek culture the elements were fire, earth, water, metal and wood. To the modern scientific mind, as when the N.K.J.V. was written, elements may ...
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

A new-born son was named 'I-chabod' by the dying mother. She said, ‘The glory has departed from Israel’ but the word also seems to infer a question, ‘Where is the glory?’ I note from a commentary that ...
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Fourth plague in Egypt--what was it?

This is how the fourth plague is described in Exodus chapter 8:20-21 (טז) וַיֹּאמֶר יְדֹוָד אֶל משֶׁה הַשְׁכֵּם בַּבֹּקֶר וְהִתְיַצֵּב לִפְנֵי פַרְעֹה הִנֵּה יוֹצֵא הַמָּיְמָה וְאָמַרְתָּ אֵלָיו ...
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What does the word 'idols' mean in 1 John 5:21 and what exactly is idolatry?

'Little children, guard yourselves from idols' (1 John 5:21). What was John's meaning? Did he mean, "Be careful not to end up in the local pagan temple" or does he intend to convey another type of ...
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522 views

What does "Blessed" mean in 1 Peter 1:3?

" Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the ressurrection of Jesus Christ from the ...
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Perfect love that casts out fear vs Fear of God - Are 1 John 4:18 and 2 Corinthians 7:1 talking about different concepts of fear?

1 John 4:18 (ESV): There is no fear in love, but perfect love casts out fear. For fear has to do with punishment, and whoever fears has not been perfected in love. 2 Corinthians 7:1 (ESV): Since we ...
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What does "Destroy" mean in John 2:19?

"Jesus answered them, "Destroy this temple , and in three days I will raise it up." ESV. "Destroy" from "lysate" an imperative. Here I am not trying to discern the meaning of this word to those who ...
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In Ephesians 2:2 is Paul speaking of "the course" of the world or "Aeon of the world"?

NIV Eph 2:2 in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. MGNT 2:2 ἐν αἷς ...
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Then who will save a woman those who are not bearing child?

God demands holiness, faith and love, and self-control from all mankind. I don't understand in what point Apostle Paul have said this Yet she will be saved through childbearing-if they continue in ...
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In Genesis 9:20-24 why is Ham, the second born, referred to as the "younger son"?

Genesis 9:20-24 NKJV And Noah began to be a farmer, and he planted a vineyard. Then he drank of the wine and was drunk, and became uncovered in his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the ...
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What does the word "prototokos" mean in Colossians 1:15?

What does the Greek word "prototokos" mean in English as used in Colossians 1:15? Col 1:15 The Son is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn [prōtotokos] over all creation. [NIV] ...
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What did the label "abomination" indicate in Egyptian society?

The word תּוֹעֵבָה (tôʿēbâ, "abomination") is very common in the Hebrew Bible, usually designating breaches of covenant stipulations which are tôʿēbâ in the sight of YHWH. These uses are concentrated ...
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Does calling the Sabbath a "sign" (אות‎) between God and Israel mean it was given to distinguish Israel from other nations?

In various passages, God calls the Sabbath a "sign" (Hebrew, אות‎) between Him and Israel (all NKJV, emphasis mine): "Speak also to the children of Israel, saying: 'Surely My Sabbaths ...
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447 views

Why is peirazo "tempts" in James 1:13 but "test" in John 6:6?

"and he himself tempts no one". from James 1:13 ESV "He said this to test him,..." John 6:6 ESV tempts/peirazei James 1:13. test/peirazon John 6:6. Was Philip tempted?
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What is the difference between **power ( כֹּחַ )** and **might ( חַיִל )** in Zechariah 4:6?

What is the difference between power ( כֹּחַ ) and might ( חַיִל ) in Zechariah 4:6? I was studying the verse with interlinear bibleand got these words power - koach ( כֹּחַ ) which means --> a ...

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