Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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6answers
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How should Ezekiel 3:19 be translated, "delivered your soul" or "saved your life"?

I'm trying to understand the "Watchman" passage in Ezekiel 3:16-21 (largely repeated in 33:1-9). Excerpting from 3:18-19 (ESV): If....you give him no warning....in order to save his life (ləḥayyōtô)...
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In Romans 8:19, what is the meaning of κτίσεως?

I have come across a very interesting re-reading of Romans 8:19 For the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed. Roberts argues that κτίσεως, usually translated ...
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Why was prohibition against consuming grapes and raisins included in the Nazirite vow?

Wine and fermented drink contain alcohol, and one easily gets drunk when consuming them. Grapes and raisins, on the other hand, don't make you drunk, do they? So, why the prohibition? Does it have to ...
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What does Paul mean by "Christ is the end of the law for righteousness" in Rom 10:4?

KJV Rom 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. Is this scripture in regards to righteousness? Is this speaking of Christ as the limit, end or total ...
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1answer
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Translation of the Greek Word διάφορος

The Greek word διάφορος (diaphoros) is translated twice as “different” or “various” and twice as “superior.” Is it only context or is there some other reason for the slightly different translations? ...
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In Genesis 6:3 is it "is flesh" or "is also flesh"?

This is a translation issue which the meaning changes greatly on, depending on how it is rendered. For a Christian reader this matter of spirit or flesh (or both) would be highly relevant. Some texts ...
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In John 11:26 what is the meaning of "die"?

John 11:26 (version-A) and whoever lives by believing in me will never die. Do you believe this? The translation of this verse in my native language, in English will be like this : John 11:26 (...
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Why is "bloods," translated as "blood," in Genesis 4:10?

When trying to understand the meaning of "the cry of Abel's blood," as recorded in Genesis 4:10,I found this interesting article which reads, In our lesson, taken from here , we look into an ...
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In Numbers 15:37-39 do the "tzitzith", (ציצית) fringes, extend from "the four corners", or "the hem" of their garments?

In Numbers 15:37-39 the Israelites are commanded make tzitzith (fringes, strings, tassles) on their garments The Lord said to Moses, 38 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘Throughout the ...
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What is a "quickening spirit" (1 Cor 15:45) and how is it different from a "living soul"?

1st Corinthians makes a distinction between the first Adam and Jesus Christ and it also distinguishes between the soul and the spirit. What does the expression a "quickening spirit" mean here and how ...
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In 2 Samuel 23:20 who were the "Lion Men of Moab"?

I have stumbled upon a passage in Scriptures (KJV) that spoke about a couple of "lion men" of Moab or specifically, "Ariels" that were killed along with a lion in 2 Samuel 23:20: [...
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What is the meaning of "Lechem Oini" "לֶחֶם עֹנִי"?

Deuteronomy 16:3 לא תֹאכַל עָלָיו חָמֵץ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים תֹּאכַל עָלָיו מַצּוֹת לֶחֶם עֹנִי כִּי בְחִפָּזוֹן יָצָאתָ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם לְמַעַן תִּזְכֹּר אֶת יוֹם צֵאתְךָ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם כֹּל יְמֵי ...
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What does it mean "to quench" in 1 Thessalonians 5:19?

In 1 Thessalonians 5:19 we read: Quench not the Spirit. (KJV) According to Strong's, "Quench" is the word 4570 σβέννυμι, which means "I extinguish, quench, I suppress, thwart." The dictionary ...
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In Romans 6:7, why is δεδικαίωται translated "freed" in many English versions?

Romans 6:7 invariably discusses a believer's freedom from sin in most English translations: NET © (For someone who has died has been freed from sin.) NIV © because anyone who has died has ...
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4answers
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Does Psalm 72:13 mean "lives" or "souls?"

Young's Literal Translation and KJV say in Psalm 72:13 that Solomon will save the "souls" of the needy. Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition, NIV say Solomon will "save the needy from death." ...
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3answers
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What does "all" mean in Romans 6:10?

"For the death he died he died to sin, once for all," ESV. All what? "all time" -Romans 5:19 "one man's obedience" does not need repeating. "all people"-...
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Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος?

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος? Why did Jerome translate the Greek word κεχαριτωμένη into Latin as gratia plena (full of grace) in Luke 1:28? καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, ...
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What is the logos in Heb 4:12?

Heb 4:12 For the word (logos) of God is living and active, and sharper than any two-edged sword, even penetrating as far as the division of soul and spirit, of both joints and marrow, and able to ...
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Does the expression "Commandments of God" in Revelation 14:12 refer to the ten commandments on stone tablets given to Moses?

Does the expression Commandments of God in Revelation 14:12 Here is a call for the endurance of the saints, those who keep the commandments of God and their faith in Jesus.( ESV ) refer to the ...
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Matthew 16:24 & Hebrews 12:2 > What are the possible interpretations of the σταυρός (cross) in Greek in the Bible?

Matthew 16:24 Then Jesus told his disciples, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his σταυρὸν and follow me. Hebrews 12:2 looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our ...
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What would be a good translation of 'poiēma'?

Two verses use the Greek ποίημα (G4161): For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has ...
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What does λῃστής [= lēstēs] mean in Mark 11:17?

Mark 11:17 reads (NET emphasis mine): καὶ ἐδίδασκεν καὶ ἔλεγεν αὐτοῖς· οὐ γέγραπται ὅτι ὁ οἶκος μου οἶκος προσευχῆς κληθήσεται πᾶσιν τοῖς ἔθνεσιν; ὑμεῖς δὲ πεποιήκατε αὐτὸν σπήλαιον λῃστῶν. Then he ...
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Why is עֲרוּמִּ֔ים (Gen 2:25) translated "naked," and in the very next verse its singular form, עָר֔וּם (Gen 3:1), is translated "crafty/shrewd?"

I am curious as to why the Hebrew word for "crafty/shrewd," עָרוּם, used to characterize the serpent in the Garden in Genesis 3:1 is the same word in Genesis 2:25, describing Adam and Eve, yet ...
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What did Satan mean, when he replied to God, "Skin for Skin"?

In the Book of Job, after Job has went through his first test from Satan there is another gathering in Heaven and, once again, Satan is there (Job 2:1-3). The result of this gathering is that Job will ...
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1answer
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Does the qal in Amos 3:6 automatically imply causation?

I am looking at Amos 3:6 and I expected a permissive rather than causative verb but I found a perfect qal. Does this qal actually mean cause here? Amo 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and ...
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1answer
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In 1 Corinthians 6:19 is the word σῶμα (sōma) intended to be singular or plural?

In the TR of 1 Corinthians 6:19, Paul says ἢ οὐκ οἴδατε ὅτι τὸ σῶμα ὑμῶν ναὸς τοῦ ἐν ὑμῖν ἁγίου πνεύματός ἐστιν οὗ ἔχετε ἀπὸ θεοῦ καὶ οὐκ ἐστὲ ἑαυτῶν The following is how some of the major English ...
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Zechariah 11:12-13 - What's the significance of casting silver to the potter?

"Then I said to them, “If it seems good to you, give me my wages; but if not, keep them.” And they weighed out as my wages thirty pieces of silver. Then the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the ...
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What exactly is meant by "works" in John 14:12?

John is, in my honest opinion, one of the most fascinating books of the Bible. This fascinating aspect of John often comes attached with a difficulty of interpretation as well. My concern starts with ...
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1answer
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Hebrews 12:2 "for the joy" or "instead of the joy"?

Hbr 12:1-2 keeping our eyes fixed on Jesus, the pioneer and perfecter of our faith. For the joy set out for him he endured the cross, disregarding its shame, and has taken his seat at the right ...
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Does the Hebrew word “olam" mean “forever" in Leviticus 23:41?

Several passages refer to keeping a feast as a statute forever. For instance, Exodus 12:14 reads: “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; throughout ...
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To what do the "parchments" (and tangentially the "books") refer in 2 Tim 4:13?

The Scripture in Question In 2 Timothy 4:13 it says this (NKJV): Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come—and the books, especially the parchments. The Greek is the ...
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Difference between ῥῆμα Θεοῦ, vs., λόγον Θεοῦ

What is the difference in meaning between the NT's use of these two phrases, both translated "Word of God" (if any)? λόγον Θεοῦ (only the singular not plural), Matt 15:6, Mark 7:13, Luke 5;...
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What does "overlooked" mean in Acts 17:30

Paul, after reasoning about idolatry in Athens, states: Therefore, although God has overlooked such times of ignorance, he now commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has set a day ...
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How might Matthew 16:22 in the Codex Vaticanus be best translated to reflect the etymology of the text?

While translating Matthew 16 today, I ran across what the NET Bible calls a "highly elliptical expression" in verse 22: καὶ προσλαβόμενος αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾶν αὐτῷ λέγων· Ἵλεώς ...
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What does the word "world" mean in John 3:16, in the light of John 17:9?

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only ...
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What is the meaning and best translation of μονή in John 14:2?

The word μονή in John 14:2 has been translated in multiple ways: My Father's house has many rooms; if that were not so, would I have told you that I am going there to prepare a place for you? (NIV) ...
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Can "Yom" in Genesis 1 be translated as an "aeon/age"?

Can Yom in Genesis 1 be translated "aeon" meaning "an age"? What is its semantic range? I have read a few translations which translated days as: "From darkness to light, the sixth creation phase" and ...
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1 Corinthians 13:10 - What does "The Perfect" Refer to?

1. Question: In 1 Cor 13:10, what does "The Perfect, (τὸ τέλειον)" refer to, and how would it have understood at the time it was written - not 500 years later? 1 Cor. 13:10, NASB - 10 but when "...
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Is Jesus' "I am" statement in John 8:58 equivalent to God's "I am" statement in Exodus 3:14?

Is Jesus' "I am" statement in John 8:58 equivalent to God's "I am" in Exodus 3:14? What is the meaning of "I am" in John 8:58 and what is the meaning of "I am" in Exodus 3:14?
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What is the difference between hope and faith?

Since the words "faith" and "hope" are used side-by-side and in ways that faith (πίστις) is built on hope (ἐλπίς), they shouldn't have the same meaning. 1 Corinthians 13:13 And ...
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What did "ekklesia" mean in the Classical Greek and later the Septuagint, and did the meaning change when it was translated in the KJV bible? [closed]

I have a scholarly friend who believes if you examine the meaning of the word "ekklesia" in the original Classical Greek and later in the Septuagint it had the meaning of a "meeting"(an event in time) ...
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How should κοπιῶντες be translated in Matthew 11:28?

The word κοπιῶντες in Matt. 11:28 is translated differently in the NASB and the ESV: NASB: “Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. ESV: Come to me, all who ...
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Ephesians 6:1 - Are Adults Commanded to Obey Their Parents?

I understand that children, τέκνα, is not a term that is age limited. Therefore, does a faithful reading of Ephesians 6:1 require adult Christian children to obey their parents? Ephesians 6:1 ​ ...
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What is the significance of specific words used in Ephesians 6:12 to describe who our struggle is against?

We wrestle against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places.” ‭‭ Ephesians‬ ‭6:12‬ ‭NKJV‬‬ Who ...
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Usage of an uncommon Hebrew word for "shone" in Exodus

In Exodus 34:29 (KJV): And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin ...
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What are God's voice, charge, commandments, statutes & laws that Abraham kept?

What are God's voice, charge, commandments, statutes & laws that Abraham obeyed & kept Genesis 26:4-6 and I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy ...
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How Should "Mammon" be Interpreted - Linguistically?

Closely Related: - In Luke 16 : Are the Uses of "Mammon" Contradictory, in the Same Context? 1. Question - Historical Interpretation And Lexical Semantics : How is "Mammon" ...
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Understanding of Matthew 25:31

I am reading from the book of Matthew at chapter 25:31 in the NIV bible and the heading is called "The Sheep and the Goats" and reads When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels ...
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Exo. 4:16 - "And you shall be to him for [an] elohim" (וְאַתָּה תִּהְיֶה לֹּו לֵאלֹהִים)

In Exo. 4:16, it is written, And he shall speak for you to the people, and he shall be --- he shall be to you for a mouth, and you shall be to him for [an] elohim [אֱלֹהִים] וְדִבֶּר הוּא לְךָ אֶל ...
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What are the "stones of fire" in Ezekiel 28?

An interesting phrase occurs in Ezekiel 28:14: You were an anointed guardian cherub. I placed you; you were on the holy mountain of God; in the midst of the stones of fire you walked. and again in ...

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