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Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a specific Biblical text or collection. This can include etymology, morphology, and usage as the word appears in text. This should not be exhaustive for all uses through the entire Bible or testament for frequently used words.

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What is the logic used in Romans 7:1-2 to help us know our relationship with the Law?

Romans 7:1-2 Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth? 2 For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the ...
Siju George's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
508 views

Acts 1:5 versus Acts 2:4: Being baptized versus being filled with the Holy Spirit

Luke uses βαπτισθήσεσθε (NASB: “you will be baptized”) in Acts 1:5 and then uses ἐπλήσθησαν (“and they were filled”) in Acts 2:4. Is there a reason for the change in verbs used to describe the baptism ...
Walter Ray Nutt's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
2k views

What does "My Father" mean in John 5:17?

But Jesus answered them, "My Father is working until now". ESV. Other questions on this site look at aspects of John 5:18 but here I would like to focus on "My Father" in John 5:17....
C. Stroud's user avatar
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In John 4:18 is Jesus accusing the woman at the well of fornication or of adultery?

John 4:18 reports Jesus saying οὐκ ἔστιν σου ἀνήρ. Does the οὐκ govern σου or ἀνήρ? If the former, does it mean he’s a man but he’s not yours; and if the latter, does it imply he’s not a man, since ...
Justin Griffith's user avatar
4 votes
4 answers
642 views

In Ephesians 2:2 is Paul speaking of "the course" of the world or "Aeon of the world"?

NIV Eph 2:2 in which you used to live when you followed the ways of this world and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air, the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient. MGNT 2:2 ἐν αἷς ...
Ruminator's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

What is the correct translation of the Greek word “parousia,” is it “presence” or “coming”?

“Presence” is over a period of time and “coming” is an instant in time? The Greek word rendered “coming” in Mat 24:30 differs from the Greek word in Mat 24:3 rendered “presence/coming.” Presence:- ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
277 views

What are the differences and similarities in the meanings of "light" in 2 Corinthians 4:6 and "brightness" in Hebrews 1:3?

What are the differences and similarities in the meanings of light ( φωτισμός, οῦ, ὁ ) in 2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, ...
Siju George's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

In Romans 16:1 does the fact that "deacon" is masculine suggest an "office" or simply "servant"?

In Paul's reference to sister Phoebe the KJV renders the masculine word διάκονος as "servant": [Rom 16:1-4 KJV] 1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church ...
Ruminator's user avatar
3 votes
5 answers
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What does "by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they" mean in Hebrews 1:4?

What does "by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they" mean in Hebrews 1:4 being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than ...
Siju George's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
298 views

Is "the bread is in effect common" (1 Samuel 21:5) as translated by the NKJV accurate?

The MT reads: וַיַּ֩עַן֩ דָּוִ֨ד אֶת־הַכֹּהֵ֜ן וַיֹּ֣אמֶר ל֗וֹ כִּ֣י אִם־אִשָּׁ֤ה עֲצֻֽרָה־לָ֙נוּ֙ כִּתְמ֣וֹל שִׁלְשֹׁ֔ם בְּצֵאתִ֕י וַיִּהְי֥וּ כְלֵֽי־הַנְּעָרִ֖ים קֹ֑דֶשׁ וְהוּא֙ דֶּ֣רֶךְ חֹ֔ל ...
bach's user avatar
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2 answers
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Why is it that in John 3:3 the ESV translates "be born from above" to "is born again"?

I was told that ESV uses the oldest Greek manuscripts to translate the scripture literally from Greek into English. So why is it that in John 3:3 the ESV translates "be born from above" to "is born ...
Siju George's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
419 views

Does kôkābîm (כוֹכָבִים) in Book of Daniel refer to any bright objects in the sky?

In Daniel 8:10 we read: : It grew great, even to the host of heaven. And some of the host and some of the stars it threw down to the ground and trampled on them. [English Standard Version] Its power ...
kenorb's user avatar
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3 votes
8 answers
792 views

In 2 Cor 5:14 what is the meaning of "one has died for all"?

In 2 Cor 5:14, "For Christ's love compels us, because we are convinced that one died for all, and therefore all died." NIV v11 "we" =people in the church. v12 "We","us",and "you" are all people in ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
205 views

Is it possible to disambiguate the meaning of the words "rich", "poor" and "poverty" in the context of 2 Corinthians 8:9?

2 Corinthians 8:9: 9 For you know the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, that though he was rich, yet for your sake he became poor, so that you by his poverty might become rich. [ESV] 9 For ye know the ...
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3 votes
4 answers
966 views

In Genesis 1:1 why בראשית instead of בראש?

Genesis 1:1 בראשית ברא אלהים את השמים ואת הארץ׃ Question: Why did the Author of Genesis choose the word בראשית instead of בראש? I am pretty sure that the word ראשית is derived from ראש, but I am not ...
Pascal's Wager's user avatar
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3 answers
3k views

What did Jesus mean when he said "The Father who dwells in me"? John 14:10

John 14:10: 10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. [ESV]...
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3 votes
3 answers
181 views

Are the words "beginning" and "word" mentioned in 1John 2:7 the same as those found in John 1:1?

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God; John 1:1 (YLT) Brethren, a new command I write not to you, but an old command, that ye had from the beginning -- the ...
Alex Balilo's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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In Romans 12:1 - What is "Therefore" there for?

Question: In Romans 12:1 - What is "Therefore" there for? Is "therefore" there to indicate that Paul is concluding an argument? If so, what was the justification that Paul gave ...
elika kohen's user avatar
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3 votes
5 answers
785 views

Outside of John 8:58, how is the term 'genesthai' used by the author John when it comes to timing of what the verb is describing?

There is significant debate over the proper meaning of John 8:58. A typical translation is "Truly, truly, I tell you," Jesus declared, "before Abraham was born, I am!" Indeed, ...
Only True God's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why the Pauline discrepancy between Ephesians 4:8 ("gave gifts unto men") as against Psalm 68:18 ("received gifts among men")? [duplicate]

Psalm:68.18 You have ascended on high, You have led captivity captive; You have received gifts among men... The hebrew laqach is the word used in Psalm 68:18. It means to receive, acquire etc. ...
user20490's user avatar
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3 votes
11 answers
4k views

What is the most accurate translation of μονογενὴς Θεὸς in John 1:18?

This question wants to determine the most accurate translation of μονογενὴς Θεὸς in John 1:18 under the assumption that it is the correct reading.* θεὸν οὐδεὶς ἑώρακεν πώποτε· μονογενὴς θεὸς ὁ ὢν ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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In John 2:10 is the meaning of μεθύω "have finished drinking" or "are drunk"?

King James Bible: And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now. ...
user4951's user avatar
  • 2,633
3 votes
4 answers
812 views

Is there any proof that the word elohim, when it denotes gods, is taken to mean that these gods as having plurality of persons within themselves?

The word Elohim that is translated as "gods" in Genesis 35:2 and Exodus 18:11 does not seem to substantiate that these gods as having plurality of persons within themselves. Does the meaning of ...
user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
382 views

What does "knowledge" mean in 2 Peter 2:20?

"For if, after they have escaped the defilements of the world through the knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ they are again entangled in them and overcome..". E.S.V. Under this ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
148 views

Could foreign peoples (non Israelite) serve as priests in the temple?

In reading Isaiah 56:6,7, it seems to indicate the allowance of foreign peoples serving as priests at the temple. This, it seems, would be in direct contradiction to the Levitical priesthood. The word ...
seedy3's user avatar
  • 618
3 votes
0 answers
111 views

Matthew 5:32 - (NASB) Cause Her to Commit Adultery vs. Makes Her a Victim (NIV) [duplicate]

I am trying to understand the different renderings of Matthew 5:32. Matthew 5:32 Modern English Version (MEV) But I say to you that whoever divorces his wife, except for marital ...
David I.'s user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

Was Achan's family punished along with Achan? or was he alone when punished?

Joshua 7:25: And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. The above verse says that Achan was stoned alone (him). But there was a plural ...
Tauri's user avatar
  • 325
3 votes
5 answers
441 views

Is it fair to say that the "enfleshment" of John 1:14 was caused by the Word?

And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth. - John 1:14 KJV The word in question is γίνομαι (...
Mike Borden's user avatar
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2 votes
6 answers
388 views

Biblically, can the term firstborn really have nothing to do with chronology?

I would like to better understand the meaning of firstborn in Col 1:15 by surveying how the only word (to my knowledge) scripturally translated as firstborn in Greek, prototokos, is applied in ...
Austin's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
4k views

αρσενοκοίτης (Arsenokoites): Compound words in Greek

In two texts in The Bible, the word αρσενοκοίτης (Arsenokoites) appears. 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; ...
James Shewey's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
24k views

Are the words "wife" and "woman" the same in Hebrew and Greek?

This question is related to one on Christianity.SE. Some say they are. Hence Jesus prohibition against looking at women with lust (as in Matthew 5:27-28) could mean prohibition against looking at ...
user4951's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
637 views

Is there any deeper meaning to the word translated as 'potsherd' in Job 2:8?

I am looking at the word translated as 'potsherd' in Job 2:8 and was wondering if anyone came across any other OT evidence that suggests there is a deeper/symbolic meaning behind the fragment of ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
765 views

What does "prophecy" mean in Romans 12:6?

Romans 12:6-7 "Having gifts that differ according to the grace given to us, let us use them: if prophecy, in proportion to our faith; if service, in our serving; the one who teaches, in his ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
159 views

Could Baalzebub be the name of a place rather than a god-king?

While researching another issue, I inspected 2 Kings 1:2 וישלח מלאכים ויאמר אלהם then he sends tasked-men/representatives and telling them לכו דרשו to go summon בְּבַעַל זְבוּב in Baal Zvuv ...
Cynthia's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
263 views

Who in fact subjected the creation to futility in Rom. 8:20-21?

Nine years ago someone posted "Who subjected the creation to futility in Rom. 8:20-21?" In the 'answers' there, no one touched on the single most important point in that passage. That ...
Millard J Melnyk's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
249 views

In Matthew 8:18-23 does discipleship involve being an itinerant? Is discipleship as in the gospels obsolete?

Christians today often claim to be disciples of Jesus. However, discipleship seems to involve being an itinerant. KJV Mat 8:18  Now when Jesus saw great multitudes about him, he gave commandment ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
313 views

Does "all things" always mean the same in these seven verses?

John 1:3 All thingsπάντα were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. John 3:35 The Father loveth the Son, and hath given all thingsπάντα into his hand. Romans 11:36 For ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
718 views

Genesis 2:18 - How to interpret "before", in "helper before him"?

Closely Related: - What was Eve's role in relation to Adam? Question : What does "Before" Imply? What is the significance of the word choices, between "going before" in Hebrew ...
elika kohen's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
950 views

Canaan is the servant, but who are the other "Servants" that Noah was referring to in Gen 9:25?

When Noah said in Gen 9:25: "A curse on the Canaanites, a servant of servants shall he be to his brethren" The first servant in the statement is clearly Canaan. Who are the other servants? Is ...
user20490's user avatar
  • 2,773
2 votes
5 answers
2k views

In 1 Corinthians 11:4 how should κατα κεφαλης εχων be translated?

"Every man praying or prophesying, having his head covered, dishonoureth his head." -- 1 Corinthians 11:4 (KJV) An article I was reading the other day does not consider the phrase, rendered "having ...
TheQuickBrownFox's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
471 views

In Mark 5:30 did Jesus say "who touched my clothes" or "who grabbed my clothes"?

Compare the word translated as touch in the two examples below: Mark 5:30 (KJV) 30 And Jesus, immediately knowing in himself that virtue had gone out of him, turned him about in the press, and ...
Kris's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is "a thousand generations" declaration from God that Earthly World will last for at least 30000 years?

In Exodus 20:6 (in some translations), Deuteronomy 7:9 and 1Chronicles 16:15 the phrase "thousand generations" had mentioned, does this mean that the Earthly World will last for at least thirty ...
salah's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
281 views

What does the word "for" mean and imply in Psalms 18:17?

Psalm 18:17 He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me. Can for in this verse be translated because? Did God deliver David because his ...
Siju George's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
213 views

Are there any published works on the development of "satan/Satan" in the Hebrew Bible to the New Testament? [closed]

I was wondering if anyone knew of any published works (books or papers) that study the development of the hebrew word satan and particularly how it came to be associated in some places with the New ...
L0ckz0r's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
347 views

In Hebrews 1:4 what does it mean that Jesus "inherits" a more excellent name?

[Heb 1:4 DBY] (4) taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they. 1:4 τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρ᾽ αὐτοὺς ...
Ruminator's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
391 views

In 3 John 1:14 who are "the friends"?

CSB 3 John 1:14: Peace to you. The friends send you greetings. Greet the friends by name. mGNT 3 John 1:14: εἰρήνη σοι ἀσπάζονταί σε οἱ φίλοι ἀσπάζου τοὺς φίλους κατ’ ὄνομα What does he mean by "...
Ruminator's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
3k views

John the Baptist compared with Samson, Samuel via Nazirite vow

The Bible mentions about three people who were dedicated by their parents to be Nazirites already from birth. These people were Samson, Samuel, and John the Baptist. Jesus said: Mat 11:11 (NIV) "...
Constantthin's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
365 views

In Ephesians 2:2 is Paul speaking of "mighty works" by "Satan"?

Eph 2:2 KJV - 2 Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience: ...
Ruminator's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
828 views

Does the root meaning of the word "Hebrew" used in Genesis 14:13 mean "pass over"?

Does the root meaning of the word "Hebrew" used in Genesis 14:13 And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of ...
Siju George's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
884 views

In Revelation 13:11 why do English translations always render θηρίον as "beast"?

[Rev 13:11 ESV] (11) Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. [Rev 13:11 MGNT] (11) καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς γῆς καὶ ...
Ruminator's user avatar