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Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a specific Biblical text or collection. This can include etymology, morphology, and usage as the word appears in text. This should not be exhaustive for all uses through the entire Bible or testament for frequently used words.

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Does the qal in Amos 3:6 automatically imply causation?

I am looking at Amos 3:6 and I expected a permissive rather than causative verb but I found a perfect qal. Does this qal actually mean cause here? Amo 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and ...
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7 votes
7 answers
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What is the meaning of the Greek word λόγος in John 1:1?

ΕΝ ΑΡΧΗ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. John 1:1 (Westcott and Hort 1881) The Greek word λόγος has more than one meaning. It means 'word','speech','divine ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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7 votes
5 answers
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Is the word "begotten" in John 3:16 of Authorized Version a problem that creates confusion when establishing the Deity of Christ? [closed]

The Authorized Version has the word "begotten" in John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have ...
Siju George's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
897 views

What is Divination?

Question: According to ancient, primary sources, what was divination and how was it practiced? Translations that seem to confuse the terms: NASB, Genesis 44:5 - Is not this the one from which my lord ...
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6 votes
5 answers
42k views

The Greek word "Stauros" does it mean Cross or Stake?

Cross or Stake: which is the better translation of the Greek? Example of the use of "Stake." NWT Matthew 16:24 "Then Jesus said to his disciples: “If anyone wants to come after me, let him disown ...
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5 votes
3 answers
289 views

Can men kill/take away our ψυχὴν (psychēn) or not? Matthew 10:28 vs. other passages (word study)

A. And be not afraid of those killing the body, and are not able to kill the soul [psychēn], but fear rather Him who is able both soul [psychēn] and body to destroy in gehenna [Matthew 10:28 YLT] vs....
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5 votes
5 answers
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In 1 Timothy 2:4 does "all" refer to all men or to all "sorts" of men?

In Interlinear Greek-English New Testament, Baker books, in the literal translation section of 1 Timothy 2:4 is "who all [sorts] of men desires to be saved". I think that pantas here is being seen as ...
C. Stroud's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
2k views

In Jeremiah 29:8 what kind of dream was Israel not to listen to?

In Jeremiah, which dreams is God saying to not listen to? NKJV, Jeremiah 29:8 - For thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel: Do not let your prophets and your diviners who are in your ...
elika kohen's user avatar
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5 votes
3 answers
4k views

What is the meaning of "Let" in the phrase "Let there be light"?

Genesis 1:3 (KJV) And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. What's the meaning of the word "let"? Is the meaning closer to: cause/effect, i.e. physics-related; or allow/permit (cf), ...
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5 votes
5 answers
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In what sense does Paul use the word sanctify in 1 Corinthians 7:14?

(KJV)1 Corinthians 7:14 For the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving wife is sanctified by the husband: else were your children unclean; but now are they holy. Can a ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
4 votes
6 answers
24k views

"In A Beginning" vs. "In THE beginning"? Different implications?

Possibly the most famous phrase in the Hebrew Bible is: "In the beginning." Anyone can recite it without ever having read the Hebrew Bible. But is that the accurate translation? With a background in ...
Butterfly and Bones's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
908 views

Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
543 views

In the New Testament, What is the Origin of "Believe In" and "Believe Into"?

Is there any Extra-Biblical source, (in Classical Greek, or Semitic sources), or a syntactical rule, behind the construction: ["πιστεύων ἐν" and "πιστεύων εἰς" + "Some Leader"]* — Or, is this ...
elika kohen's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
1k views

In Luke 2:34-35, Is Simeon's Dedication Blessing Sympathetic towards Mary, or Against Her?

Related To: "In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?", (SE Link). The Question Given the context and contents of Simeon's "blessing" at Jesus' dedication - ...
elika kohen's user avatar
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3 votes
8 answers
4k views

What does the phrase "uncleanliness in her" refer to in Deuteronomy 24:1?

Deuteronomy 24:1 (KJV) When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her ...
collen ndhlovu's user avatar
3 votes
13 answers
12k views

In 1 Corinthians 15:28 what does it mean that Jesus is "subjected"?

In this quote from Paul's writings about the post resurrection Jesus; how can Jesus be "subjected" to God if he is God? What does the Greek word for "subjected" mean? MLVBL 1 Cor. 15:27-28 "But ...
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3 votes
2 answers
2k views

In what way is the Christ "made a curse" in Gal 3:13?

Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree” (Gal 3:13 ESV) This verse has always intrigued me, especially ...
Anthony's user avatar
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2 votes
3 answers
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In John 1:14 what is meant by "glory as of an only begotten of a father"?

[John 1:14 YLT] (14) And the Word [IE: "utterance"] became flesh, and did tabernacle among us, and we beheld his glory, glory as of an only begotten of a father, full of grace and truth. [...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
669 views

In Proverbs 31:1 what is meant by "oracle" (מַשָּׂא, χρηματισμός)?

NET Bible Proverbs 31:1 The words of King Lemuel, an oracle (מַשָּׂא) that his mother taught him: LXX οἱ ἐμοὶ λόγοι εἴρηνται ὑπὸ θεοῦ βασιλέως χρηματισμός ὃν ἐπαίδευσεν ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ BHS ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
4k views

1 Corinthians 15:6 - What does "Fallen Asleep" really mean?

I'm trying to get a precise meaning /translation to the word ἐκοιμήθησαν from 1 Corinthians 15: 6 that seems to be ancient greek since os took from original greek manuscripts. I've looked for greek ...
Ger Cas's user avatar
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2 votes
4 answers
7k views

Is "rape" the correct interpretation of the "עִנִּיתָֽהּ" in Deuteronomy 21:10-14?

Deuteronomy 21:10-14 (NAU) When you go out to battle against your enemies, and the LORD your God delivers them into your hands and you take them away captive, and see among the captives a beautiful ...
Barry Jones's user avatar
2 votes
8 answers
29k views

The word “expanse” in Genesis 1:6-8

In reading Genesis 1:6-8, my understanding from Genesis 1:6 was that the contextual meaning of "the expanse" was a land that separates waters from waters. In 1:7 it seems to be about separation of ...
Sofiko's user avatar
  • 129
2 votes
3 answers
1k views

John 1:18 can monogenes theos refer to God? [duplicate]

Apparently there are several variations of the verse from John 1:18, but the main difference between the different renderings is the μονογενὴς θεός (monogenes theos, "the only God") versus ὁ ...
user4762's user avatar
  • 155
2 votes
3 answers
584 views

Is there any fundamental difference between the "spirit" of a human being ("breath of life") and the "spirit" of a disembodied (evil) spirit?

Simply put, I'm interested in knowing if there is any difference at all (in a fundamental sense) between two uses of the word "spirit": Context 1: "spirit" in the context of the ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
161 views

What is the significance of Acts 10:13, 11:7 "make sacrificial slaughter"

The verses say, και εγενετο φωνη προς αυτον αναστας πετρε θυσον και φαγε and became a sound/voice to him arise Peter make-sacrificial-slaughter and eat
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1 vote
2 answers
223 views

Revelation: Why might John use word frequency patterns - do they to convey hermeneutic meaning?

Richard Bauckham observes how John uses certain words and phrases either four times, seven times, or two times, along with certain multiples, such as fourteen and twenty-eight. Gregory K. Beale ...
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1 vote
3 answers
879 views

Should Jehovah or Yahweh be the English text of the New Testament? [closed]

Should God’s name Jehovah or Yahweh appear in the English New Testament text were there is a quote from the Old Testament, for example at Matthew 22:44 & Romans 10:13? Roman 10:13 “For all ...
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1 vote
4 answers
7k views

Philippians 2:12 - How should "Work Out" be interpreted?

1. Question In Phil 2:12, How should "Work" be translated, and why is "Out" injected? Setting aside doctrinal presuppositions of faith/work/eternal salvation -- Phil 2:12, NASB - ...
elika kohen's user avatar
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-4 votes
3 answers
4k views

Is the Valley of Hinnom adequately translated as hell? [closed]

Transliteration vs. Translation vs.Travesty vs. Allegory Gehenna or Valley of Hinnom or Djennem or Hell? Through the prophecy and book of Jeremiah the Valley of Hinnom (ge hinnom) east of Jerusalem ...
hannes's user avatar
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21 votes
2 answers
7k views

Why does Job use "bless" to mean "curse"?

This is bizarre to me, and as far as I can find HALOT (a Hebrew lexicon) doesn't even mention it.1 There are 8 instances of brk – the normal word for "bless" – in Job.2 The ESV is ...
Susan's user avatar
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20 votes
6 answers
3k views

The lexicology of Pharaoh's heart

In the narrative of Exodus 4-14 (spanning from the time of Moses's initial assignment until the crossing of the Red Sea), there are three different verbs used to describe the action against and/or the ...
Susan's user avatar
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19 votes
5 answers
9k views

Did Jesus read minds or perceive them?

In this passage, most English translations say "knowing their thoughts". In the footnote it says "perceiving" their thoughts. I feel like this is a pretty monumental difference as perceiving thoughts ...
LCIII's user avatar
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14 votes
9 answers
31k views

How did “Sirens” arise in the Septuagint translation of Isaiah 13:21?

I am reading in the book of Isaiah at chapter 13 verse 21 in the King James Bible , and I notice in this bible, and in other English bible translations, that owls and jackals are commonly mentioned. ...
Bagpipes's user avatar
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14 votes
4 answers
15k views

What is the difference between "eretz" and "adamah" in Gen 2:6?

These two words are variably translated as ground, earth, land etc. How should we understand the difference between the words in this passage? Genesis 2:6 And a mist was going up from the land (...
Hank's user avatar
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14 votes
9 answers
5k views

What evidence is there that "morphe theou" in Philippians 2:6 means "God's nature"?

Is there any evidence that μορφῇ θεοῦ (morphe theou) in Philippians 2:6 means the "nature" of God the Father? ὃς ἐν μορφῇ θεοῦ ὑπάρχων οὐχ ἁρπαγμὸν ἡγήσατο τὸ εἶναι ἴσα θεῷ, — SBLGNT Several ...
R. Brown's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
7k views

In Matthew 18:34, what does the Greek word βασανισταῖς (“torturers”) mean?

At the end of the parable of the unmerciful servant, the master has him jailed and handed over to be tortured: 34 And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should ...
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12 votes
8 answers
9k views

What does the word harpagmos mean in Philippians 2:6?

MOUNCE renders it: who, although he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ὃς ἐν μορφῇ θεοῦ ὑπάρχων οὐχ ...
bruised reed's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
432 views

In Romans 11:4 why did Paul use χρηματισμός to introduce his quotation from the Elijah narrative?

Romans 11:4 (NA28 | ESV): ἀλλὰ τί λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ χρηματισμός; κατέλιπον ἐμαυτῷ ἑπτακισχιλίους ἄνδρας, οἵτινες οὐκ ἔκαμψαν γόνυ τῇ Βάαλ. But what is God’s reply to him? (literally: what does the ...
Susan's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
3k views

Are bats described as birds?

Leviticus 11:13,19 reads: And these you shall detest among the birds . . . the eagle, the bearded vulture, the black vulture . . . and the bat. (ESV translation) Does the bible describe bats as ...
Golden Cuy's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
1k views

What factors define meaning of "little ones" in Deuteronomy?

In Deu. 20:13-14, it is written, 13 And when the Lord your God gives it into your hand, you shall put all its males to the sword, 14 but the women and the little ones, the livestock, and everything ...
taylor's user avatar
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10 votes
5 answers
12k views

What does it mean "to quench" in 1 Thessalonians 5:19?

In 1 Thessalonians 5:19 we read: Quench not the Spirit. (KJV) According to Strong's, "Quench" is the word 4570 σβέννυμι, which means "I extinguish, quench, I suppress, thwart." The dictionary ...
Filipe Merker's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
4k views

Does the word Satan ever show up in the New Testament?

Satan is a Hebrew word that means adversary. The New Testament is written in Greek. So I guess not. It seems that they have another word. Diabolos or something that means the devil. Is that devil ...
user4951's user avatar
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10 votes
6 answers
2k views

How should Ezekiel 3:19 be translated, "delivered your soul" or "saved your life"?

I'm trying to understand the "Watchman" passage in Ezekiel 3:16-21 (largely repeated in 33:1-9). Excerpting from 3:18-19 (ESV): If....you give him no warning....in order to save his life (ləḥayyōtô)...
Susan's user avatar
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10 votes
2 answers
295 views

In Romans 2:9-10 and Romans 2:14 does Paul use ἔθνη and Ἕλληνες interchangeably?

I'm trying to figure out if ἔθνη (Gentiles) and Ἕλληνες (Greeks)1 envision different (presumably overlapping) groups, emphasize different aspects of the same group, or are simply interchangeable.2,3 ...
Susan's user avatar
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10 votes
3 answers
49k views

What are the "stones of fire" in Ezekiel 28?

An interesting phrase occurs in Ezekiel 28:14: You were an anointed guardian cherub. I placed you; you were on the holy mountain of God; in the midst of the stones of fire you walked. and again in ...
Kazark's user avatar
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10 votes
9 answers
6k views

What basis do we have for defining Sabbatismos in Hebrews 4:9?

The word, Sabbatismos occurs in the Greek NT only once. Strongest Strong's defines it as Sabbath rest; Sabbath observance. Thayer's/Strong's defines it as a Sabbath keeping. Various English ...
user avatar
9 votes
8 answers
2k views

In Romans 6:7, why is δεδικαίωται translated "freed" in many English versions?

Romans 6:7 invariably discusses a believer's freedom from sin in most English translations: NET © (For someone who has died has been freed from sin.) NIV © because anyone who has died has ...
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9 votes
9 answers
6k views

(Genesis 4:7) What is Cain Ruling Over? Sin? The Door?

So I was spending some time with the Hebrew under the Cain and Abel narrative in Genesis 4. I noticed a peculiarity in the Hebrew in God's instructions to Cain after his offering was rejected. I ...
Gus L.'s user avatar
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9 votes
7 answers
3k views

What exactly is meant by "works" in John 14:12?

John is, in my honest opinion, one of the most fascinating books of the Bible. This fascinating aspect of John often comes attached with a difficulty of interpretation as well. My concern starts with ...
phil-al-sophy's user avatar
9 votes
6 answers
5k views

Matthew 16:24 & Hebrews 12:2 > What are the possible interpretations of the σταυρός (cross) in Greek in the Bible?

Matthew 16:24 Then Jesus told his disciples, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his σταυρὸν and follow me. Hebrews 12:2 looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our ...
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