Questions tagged [word-study]

Investigation into the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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What does the word one in John 10:30 and Mark 12:29 mean?

Mark 12:29 YLT and Jesus answered him -- 'The first of all the commands is, Hear, O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one; John 10:30 YLT I and the Father are one On which verse does it mean (...
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Translating 3 John 1:2 ὑγιαίνειν καθὼς σου ψυχή εὐοδοῦταί

I was doing some amateur translating of 3 John using the Abridged BDB, and it seems to me that 3 John 1:2 should be translated as Beloved, I pray that you flourish in all things and are healthy to ...
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Does the word one in Deuteronomy 6:4 and Mark 12:29 mean the cardinal number 1?

Deuteronomy 6:4 YLT Hear, O Israel, Jehovah our God is one Jehovah; Mark 12:29 YLT and Jesus answered him -- 'The first of all the commands is, Hear, O Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one;...
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How does "a great high priest" compare with "a royal priesthood"?

"Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession." Hebrews 4:14 ESV. "But you are a chosen race, a ...
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What are the "firstfruits of the Spirit" in Romans 8:23?

"And not only the creation, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for adoption as sons, the redemption of our bodies." Romans 8:23 ESV. ...
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What translation issues centre on "firstfruits" in Romans 8:23?

Regarding Romans 8:23 another question on this site asks, "Who are said to have the firstfruits?" Here I mention and ask about the reasons for translation differences: CSB, Holman CSB and ...
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1answer
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Why were the destitute in the dunghill?

The metaphor of lifting the poor from a dunghill (Psalm 113:7, 1 Sam 2:8) or sending the proud to the dunghill (Lamentations 4:5) is quite the visual. In most verses, אַשְׁפֹּת seems to be used more ...
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Why does the ESV translate "horizo" "declared" in Romans 1:4?

"and was declared to be the Son of God in power according to the Spirit of holiness by the resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,". Romans 1:4 All from ESV: Luke 22:22 ...
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What does "understanding" mean in "the peace of God which surpasses all understanding" Philippians 4:7?

"And the peace of God which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and minds in Christ Jesus". Philippians 4:7 ESV. [understanding-Strong's 3563]. e.g. How can Christians have ...
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1answer
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Does "enclosed" in Luke 5:6 help us understand "consigned" in Romans 11:32?

"For God has consigned all to disobedience, that he may have mercy on all". Romans 11:32 ESV [consigned/synekleisen]. "And when they had done this, they enclosed a large number of fish,...
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What does "faith in Jesus Christ" mean in Romans 3:22?

"the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe". Romans 3:22. ESV. In this verse is Jesus Christ the source of faith? Christians have faith because they are in ...
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Does "born" have the same meaning on the two occasions it occurs in 1 John 5:18?"

"We know that whoever is born of God does not sin; but he who has been born of God keeps himself, and the wicked one does not touch him." 1 John 5:18 NKJB. The word "born" occurs ...
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What, if anything, does "love" in 1 John 4:8 have in common with "love" in 2 Timothy 4:10?

"Anyone who does not love does not know God..". 1 John 4:8 ESV. "For Demas, in love with this present world, has deserted me and gone to Thessalonica..". 2 Timothy 4:10. Despite ...
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Why is peirazo "tempts" in James 1:13 but "test" in John 6:6?

"and he himself tempts no one". from James 1:13 ESV "He said this to test him,..." John 6:6 ESV tempts/peirazei James 1:13. test/peirazon John 6:6. Was Philip tempted?
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Who is included in the word "our" in Isaiah 53:4?

Who is included in the word "our" in Isaiah 53:4? "Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows" Obviously in verse 5 the word "our" is for every human being ...
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Does "all flesh" in John 17:2 mean the same as "all flesh" in Acts 2:17?

"..Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you, since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him". John 17:...
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What does "receive" mean in John 1:12?

"But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God....
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Biblically, can the term firstborn really have nothing to do with chronology?

I would like to better understand the meaning of firstborn in Col 1:15 by surveying how the only word (to my knowledge) scripturally translated as firstborn in Greek, prototokos, is applied in ...
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Does 'panaq' (Proverbs 29:21) have relevance to Galatians 4:1-7 (sonship)?

The word panaq is used only once in scripture, in Proverbs 29:21, and thus has caused some head-scratching as is seen in the question on this site which asked if it were good to turn a 'slave' into a ...
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John 1:18 can monogenes theos refer to God? [duplicate]

Apparently there are several variations of the verse from John 1:18, but the main difference between the different renderings is the μονογενὴς θεός (monogenes theos, "the only God") versus ὁ ...
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He has called us "by" or "to" his own glory in 2 Peter 1:3?

"His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness". 2 Peter 1:3 NIV "...who called us to his ...
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Definitive distinction between Greek Heir κληρονόμον ("klēronómos") in Hebrews 1:2 versus an Ivri Heir יוֹרֵ֥שׁ ("Yoresh") in Genesis 15:3?

Was the Greek term for [Heir] : κληρονόμον ("klēronómos") - always associated with divine inheritance, similar to the Ivri term for [The Heir] : הַיֹּרֵשׁ֙ ("Ha-Yoresh") | [Heir] ...
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What does "kata/as" mean in Luke 22:22?

"For the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!". Luke 22:22. ESV As. "..the Son of Man goes "since" or "for" it ...
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1answer
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Were Israelite Sukkot סֻּכּ֗וֹת “Booths” in Leviticus 23:42-43 simply Ohalim אֹהָלִים “Tents”? - based on Balaam’s observations in Numbers 24:5?

When Balaam raised his eyes and saw Israel dwelling according to its tribes, and the spirit of God rested upon him - Did God confirm through Balaam that Sukkot were good “Tents”? [Bamidbar | Numbers ...
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Meaning and significance of the greek word "ἅπτομαι" (haptomai \ haptou) in John 20:17 [duplicate]

I have always been struck by the "oddness" and also variation in the translation of Jesus statement in John 20:17 to Mary magdeline after his resurrection. It is rendered in various english ...
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144 views

How does "has blinded" in John 12:40 compare with "has blinded" in 2 Corinthians 4:4?

"He has blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, lest they see with their eyes, and understand with their heart, and turn, and I would heal them". John 12:40. ESV "In their case ...
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4answers
489 views

What does "Blessed" mean in 1 Peter 1:3?

" Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the ressurrection of Jesus Christ from the ...
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5answers
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How do "captives/aichmalosian" compare with "captivity/aichmalosian" in Ephesians 4:8?

"Therefore it says, "When he ascended on high he led a host of captives, and he gave gifts to men". Ephesians 4:8 ESV [ Another question on this site focuses on "gifts"]. The ...
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What does "new birth" refer to in 1 Peter 1:3?

"Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! In his great mercy he has given us new birth into a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead". 1 Peter 1:...
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3answers
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Who is the Master craftsman?

Who is the master craftsman in Proverbs 8:30? John1:1-14 Refers to the Word being in the beginning, and that everything was made through Him. But the context of Proverbs 8 refers to wisdom as a women. ...
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How do the two sorts of "new" in Colossians 3:10 relate to each other?

"and have put on the new self, which is being renewed in knowledge after the image of its creator". Colossians 3:10 ESV "new" -neon. "renewed"-anakainoumenon. If the new ...
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What does "hidden" mean in Colossians 3:3?

Colossians 3:3 "For you have died and your life is hidden with Christ in God". ESV. The truth that the Christian's life is hidden with Christ appears matched with the other side of the coin, ...
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107 views

Why does James use the verb αποκυεω (1:18 - 'begat') not γενναο?

There are many references to the spiritual birth, the 'new' birth, in the New Testament writings but many, if not all, use the verb γενναο to describe that state. Jesus speaks of the 'birth from above'...
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On what basis does Proverbs 24:11 KJV translate môṭ as "those that are ready?"

On what basis does Proverbs 24:11 KJV (and some others) translate môṭ as “those that are ready?” Proverbs 24:11 (emphasis added), If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those ...
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Does Genesis 3 suggest that Adam and Eve's fig-leaf loincloths (v. 7) were unable to cover nakedness, unlike the tunics of skin (v. 21)?

In Genesis 3:6-10, the first recorded effect of Adam and Eve's sin is that they realized they were naked. Because of this, they sewed fig leaves together to make loincloths, but this isn't considered ...
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What is the difference between Acts 10:44 - "the Holy Spirit," and v 45 - "the Holy Spirit?"

The interlinear Grk. feature to my Bible software helps with interpretation, digging deeper for original meaning. The syntax is helpful though I have no formal training here! In verse 44, the ...
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What is the meaning and force of ακαταλυτοσ ('endless' life) Hebrews 7:16?

In Hebrews 7, the author has already noted, verse 3, that Melchisedec is mentioned in Genesis with no 'beginning of days' and is αφωμοιωμενον, 'likened to' the Son of God (Psalm 2 and Psalm 110). Thus,...
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Why in Isaiah 24:5 is heperu 6565 translated as "Broken", but in Psalm 119:126 is translated as "have regarded [Your Law] as void". Both from NKJV?

Isaiah 24:5 "The earth is also defiled under its inhabitants, Because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, Broken the everlasting covenant". NKJV Psalm 119:126 "It is ...
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Are the words "beginning" and "word" mentioned in 1John 2:7 the same as those found in John 1:1?

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God; John 1:1 (YLT) Brethren, a new command I write not to you, but an old command, that ye had from the beginning -- the ...
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371 views

Does our righteousness that comes from God is equal to His righteousness?

In Phil. 3:9 we read: "and be found in Him, not having mine own righteousness, which is from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ, the righteousness which is from God by faith;&...
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How might the NIV justify putting "husband" in John 1:13?

John 1:13 "children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband's will, but born of God" NIV. Also: NET Bible "a husband's desire". Weymouth N.T. "the will ...
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154 views

What is this unity?

In John 17:20-23 (NASB) “I am not asking on behalf of these alone, but also for those who believe in Me through their word, that they may all be one; just as You, Father, are in Me and I in You, that ...
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What is the force of τε as used in Hebrews 4:12 [TR]?

... μερισμου ψυχης τε και πνευματος αρμων τε και μυελων και κριτικος ενθυμησεων και εννοιων καρδιας [TR - Beza, Stephanus, Elzevir and Scrivener all identical] ... dividing asunder of soul and spirit,...
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What is the effect of "hallowed/hagiastheto" in Matthew 6:9 being an aorist imperative?

Matthew 6:9 "Pray like this; "Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name". ESV I understand "hagiastheto" is an aorist imperative. "Beyond the Basics" page 720 ...
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Do Peter's words in 1 Peter 2:24 suggest that 'wound' would be a better word than 'bruise' in Genesis 3:15?

Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed. [1 Peter 2:24 KJV] All twenty six ...
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What does "another/hetero" mean in 1 Corinthians 12:9?

1 Corinthians 12:8-9: "...and to another the utterance of knowledge according to the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit," ESV. ...
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142 views

Is 1 Corinthians 7:12 God-breathed? [closed]

1 Corinthians 7:12 New International Version To the rest I say this (I, not the Lord): If any brother has a wife who is not a believer and she is willing to live with him, he must not divorce her. 2 ...
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How might the NLT justify putting "diakonon" as "deacon" in view of John 2:9?

NLT Romans 16:1 "I commend to you our sister Phoebe, who is a deacon in the church in Cenchrea." Another question on this site looks at diakonon being male, here I want to take another focus....
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316 views

What is meant by "obsolete" in Hebrews 8:13?

Hebrews 8:13 (ESV): 13 In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. What is meant by obsolete? Related ...
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139 views

What is the significance of Hebrew word tummah at Job 2:3?

And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he ...

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