Questions tagged [torah]

The Torah, or five books of Moses consists of the books of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy; the designation "Pentateuch" comes from the Greek πεντάτευχος, "five scrolls".

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Was the Jewish month of Tammuz named after the pagan god Tammuz of the Babylonian? [migrated]

According to Wikipedia: "The name of the month was adopted from the Assyrian and Babylonian month Araḫ Dumuzu, named in honour of the Mesopotamian deity Dumuzid" If so what's the implication ...
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To which extent Torah laws were known before Sinai?

After reading Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy a question arises. For instance, in Genesis 32:33 (NASB) Therefore, to this day the sons of Israel do not eat the tendon of the hip ...
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Does God speak in poetry in Genesis 1?

I am learning to read and speak Hebrew with the goal of being able to read the Torah, and am reading Genesis 1 (https://biblehub.com/interlinear/genesis/1.htm). I am reading in Hebrew what God is ...
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How are ancient Hebrew texts deciphered? [closed]

Someone is telling me that the Bible is inaccurate for the reason that ancient Hebrew (specifically the dialect of Hebrew that the Torah was written in) is a lost language and nobody knows anything ...
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Orthodox Jews take Deut. 12:5 to refer to the temple in Jerusalem. How should we?

Orthodox Jews take Deut. 12:5 to refer to the temple in Jerusalem. But you shall seek the place that the LORD your God will choose out of all your tribes to put his name and make his habitation there....
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How did the 10 Commandments become the 10 Commandments?

Exodus 20-31 document all the laws God established towards the Israelites on Mt. Sinai through Moses. From my memory and understanding of Hebrew literature, there weren't any chapter divisions. The ...
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In Acts 7:38 Moses spoke to the angel on Mt Sinai and received oracles from the angel

“This is the one (Moses) who was in the congregation in the wilderness with the angel who spoke to him at Mount Sinai, and with our fathers. He received living oracles to give to us.” ‭‭Acts‬ ‭7:38‬ ...
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What/where is the “mountain of Your inheritance” in Exodus 15:17?

What/where is the "mountain of Your inheritance" in Exodus 15:17? "You will bring them in and plant them in the mountain of Your inheritance..."
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Why did the Israelites leave in battle ranks in Exodus 13:18?

Exodus 13:18 says: "So God led the people around by way of the wilderness of the Red Sea. And the children of Israel went up in orderly ranks out of the land of Egypt." The Hebrew term for ...
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Exodus 9:12, How is it accepted that the LORD hardens the heart of Pharaoh, then Punishes him for that?

Exodus 9:12 (DRB): And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, and he hearkened not unto them, as the Lord had spoken to Moses. I was little surprised, How the LORD punishes Pharaoh for the hardness of ...
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Did Jesus challenge the Principles and Teachings of King Solomon and those of the Prophets before him? [closed]

During Jesus's epoch,the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem followed mainly the Principles of the Book of Torah(Laws of Moses) and other Prophets that came after him.During that period,Caiaphas,a High Priest ...
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What was the reason Pharaoh went out to the river?

Exodus 8:20 reads, "And the Lord said to Moses, 'Rise early in the morning and stand before Pharaoh as he comes out to the water.' Then say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord: “Let My people go, that they ...
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Why was it important to mention Moses' & Aaron's age in Exodus 7:7?

In Exodus 7:7, the author mentions the ages of Moses & Aaron when they spoke to Pharaoh: And Moses was eighty years old and Aaron eighty-three years old when they spoke to Pharaoh. Why was ...
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Does Leviticus 23 Contradict the Rabbinical Sunset Reckoning of Calendar Days?

1. Question: If a "Jewish Calendar Day" is from Sunset to Sunset, and if the 10th is Yom Kippur, then does Leviticus 23 create a contradiction by excluding the daytime portion of the 10th? ...
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Was Paul referring to the Torah in 2 Timothy 3:15?

What is Paul referring to when he says "scripture"? Is he referring to the torah?
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Why is there no היא in the Torah?

On an intriguing statement from a friend, I started looking for the feminine pronoun for she היא in the Tanakh. One thing I noticed was that I couldn't find it in the Torah. I did find it fairly ...
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How does the phrase “Only God is good” in Mark 10:18 demonstrate that the use of θεός in respect to Jesus does not violate the Shema?

Mark 10:17-18 (CEV): As Jesus was walking down a road, a man ran up to him. He knelt down, and asked, "Good teacher, what can I do to have eternal life?" Jesus replied, "Why do you ...
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Are there Bibles with each JEDP source set aside separately?

Are there any editions or translations of the Bible which set aside each source (J, E, P etc.) separately? I am aware that there is a 'Book of J', the oldest text, I'm just wondering if there are any ...
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Why are cousins not mentioned in relation to Leviticus 18:6?

Leviticus 18:6 ‘None of you shall approach anyone who is near of kin to him, to uncover his nakedness: I am the Lord. (NKJV) Is sexual intercourse between cousins included on this passage? If it is, ...
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What does Exodus 35:5 say about giving willingly?

Exodus 35:5 NIV From what you have, take an offering for the LORD. Everyone who is willing is to bring to the LORD an offering of gold, silver and bronze My English is limited, but it seems to me ...
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What does Deuteronomy 23:2 mean? [duplicate]

A bastard shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation of the LORD. — Deuteronomy 23:2 What does "even to his tenth ...
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What was the [theoretical] reward for perfect obedience to the Law of Moses? [closed]

We often hear it said that faith in the Lord Jesus Christ is rewarded with eternal life in heaven. For example, in What Must I Do to Be Saved? (A Devotional), James R. Anderson wrote,1 [John 20:31] ...
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In Leviticus 15:8 why are husband and wife unclean temporarily after emission of semen?

We see in Leviticus 15:18 where the man and woman are unclean until evening after a man lies with a woman and there is an emission of semen. Why does this make them unclean? [Lev 15:8 KJV] 8 And ...
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Is it a written law or an oral law that Peter says is violated when a Jew associates with a non-Jew?

"You yourselves know how unlawful it is for a Jew to associate with or to visit anyone of another nation, (Acts 10:28 ESV) Can someone offer a citation from Torah or other Jewish works that may have ...
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In Romans 7:9 what does Paul mean by “I died”?

Is Paul suggesting that Adam did not directly bring death on all men but instead each person dies only when they sin by interacting with the Torah? ESV Romans 7: 7What then shall we say? That ...
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In Proverbs 1:8 is it “mother's law” or “mother's instruction”?

Could the word ‘torah’ be more universal in use as law/teaching/instruction or could this use in proverbs mean that the mother also taught the Law? I guess what I am trying to ascertain is whether ...
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Did the disciples, the priests ,David with his men, and Yeshua (Jesus) sin by transgressing the Torah?

Matt 12:1-8, At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath, and His disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat. But when the Pharisees saw this, they ...
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Why is the “Four Author Theory” of the Pentateuch so popular? [closed]

Deuteronomy 31:9 9 Then Moses wrote this Torah, and gave it to the priests, the descendants of Levi, who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to all the elders of Israel. Deuteronomy 31:...
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What is the specific “Law” referred to in Romans 7?

Romans 7:7-8 (NASB) says, 7 "What shall we say then? Is the Law sin? May it never be! On the contrary, I would not have come to know sin except through the Law; for I would not have known ...
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Did Jesus practice eisegesis?

Eisegesis can be defined as reading new meaning into scripture which was not originally intended by the author or understood by the audience. Usually in a newer or more modern context. Eisegesis can ...
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Are the last three books laws of the Pentateuch related?

There are verses in these last books that seem to expand on each others laws. I think the best example is verses like Leviticus 20:9 and Deuteronomy 21:18–21,where they both talk about the punishment ...
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Was the son in Deuteronomy 21:20 an adult or a child?

Deuteronomy 21:20 20 “And they shall say to the elders of his city, ‘This son of ours is stubborn and rebellious; he will not obey our voice; he is a glutton and a drunkard.’ NKJV, ©1982 This son ...
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What is the meaning of the phrase “the priests the Levites” (הַכֹּהֲנִים הַלְוִיִּם)?

In Deu. 17:9, it is written, 9 “And you shall come to the priests, the Levites, and to the judge there in those days, and inquire of them; they shall pronounce upon you the sentence of judgment. NKJV,...
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Does Exodus 15:26 promise supernatural healing or that obedience to the Torah would bring health?

Does Exodus 15:26 promise supernatural healing or that obedience to the Torah would bring health? Exo 15:26 He said, "If you will carefully obey the LORD your God, do what is right in his eyes, ...
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In Colossians 2:20-23, is the author of Colossians saying that precepts from the Torah are of human origin?

In Colossians 2:20-23, is the author of Colossians saying that precepts from the Torah are of human origin?: ISV Col 2:20 If you have died with the Messiah to the basic principles of the world,...
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John 7:22 - Why Did Moses Give the Commandment of Circumcision?

1. Greek Syntax Questions: Looking at the Greek Syntax - what is the reason Moses "gave circumcision"? What does the text, its context, and the syntax of the passage indicate? 2. The Text: In John ...
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In Leviticus 7:21 does “abominable” mean that pigs and rats are “disgusting and repulsive” or in some sense “spiritually horrible”?

In Leviticus 7:21 does "abominable" mean that pigs and rats are "disgusting and repulsive" or in some sense "spiritually horrible" or "idolatrous"?: Lev 7:21 Moreover the soul that shall touch any ...
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How could Moses have written the first five books of the Bible?

Deuteronomy 34:5 says Moses died, but the book then continues for several more verses. NASB, Deuteronomy 34:5 - So Moses the servant of the Lord died there in the land of Moab, according to the ...
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Why is Moses referred to in the third person in Pentateuch, according to conservative commentators?

Since Moses is regarded as the author of the Pentateuch, it seems odd that he is so often referred to in the third person, which naturally gives the impression that Moses is not narrating. This ...
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In Exodus 21:24, does “Eye for eye…hand for hand…foot for foot” still apply if the perpetrator was one-eyed, -handed, or -footed?

In Exodus 21:24, it is written, 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, KJV, 1769 כד עַיִן תַּחַת עַיִן שֵׁן תַּחַת שֵׁן יָד תַּחַת יָד רֶגֶל תַּחַת רָגֶל Does the Law of ...
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How prominent are bible scholars that think that the “simplest reading” of some possibly polytheistic verses are the correct interpretation? [closed]

Some verses in the Torah seem to contradict a purely monotheistic interpretation. For example, deuteronomy 32:8 When the Most High gave nations as their inheritance, when he separated the human ...
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Does the Hebrew word “olam“ mean “forever” in Leviticus 23:41?

Several passages refer to keeping a feast as a statute forever. For instance, Exodus 12:14 reads: “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; throughout ...
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Num. 15:36 in light of Deu. 31:28 & 31:30 - “All the congregation of Israel”

In Deu. 31:28, it is written, Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them. (KJV) ...
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Were Jesus' disciples gleaning?

In an incident recorded in all three synoptic gospels (Matt 12:1, Mark 2:23, Luke 6:1), Jesus and his disciples walk through grain fields on the Sabbath and raise the ire of the Pharisees by plucking ...
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Exo. 29:1 - Difference between לֶחֶם מַצּוֹת, חַלֹּת מַצֹּת, and רְקִיקֵי מַצּוֹת?

In Exo. 29:2, the Hebrew text states, וְלֶחֶם מַצּוֹת וְחַלֹּת מַצֹּת בְּלוּלֹת בַּשֶּׁמֶן וּרְקִיקֵי מַצּוֹת מְשֻׁחִים בַּשָּׁמֶן סֹלֶת חִטִּים תַּעֲשֶׂה אֹתָם What is the difference between the ...
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What is the new covenant made with Jews/Israel in Jeremiah 31:31

Jeremiah 31 verses 31-33, talks about a new covenant forged explicitly with Jews/Israel and only with Jews/Israel, and none other. I'm quoting the passage in Hebrew and providing the phrase literal ...
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Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law

Is the Law of Moses based on the lunar calendar? According to Genesis 8:3-4 the ark of Noah rested on Mount Ararat "on the 17th day of the seventh month." Genesis 8:3-4 (NASB) 3 and the water ...
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Does Paul believe that God sandbagged the Jews with a law they couldn't keep?

In Galatians 3:10, Paul says: "For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, ‘Cursed be every one who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, and do ...
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Did Elijah break the Torah by encountering ravens and/or failing to appear at Jerusalem?

Elijah is fed by "ravens" (1Ki 17:1-7), an unclean animal (Lev 11, Deut 14). Assuming he did not touch the ravens, but that the ravens had simply brought him the food - would that be against the law, ...
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In Numbers 19 - What is Third day and Seventh day referring to?

In this verse: 11“Whoever touches a human corpse will be unclean for seven days. 12They must purify themselves with the water on the third day and on the seventh day; then they will be clean. ...