Questions tagged [tools-of-biblical-studies]

For requests for resources that help analyze the Biblical text in a specific way, or questions about how to use those resources.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
37 votes
8 answers
13k views

Why is the Septuagint (LXX) significant?

What is the LXX and why is it so noteworthy that there is a Greek translation of the OT? Wouldn't it be better to directly reference manuscripts in the original languages?
Caleb's user avatar
  • 5,786
16 votes
9 answers
79k views

Which 'modern' English translation of the Bible is considered the 'closest' or most accurate translation? [closed]

Which 'modern' (anything inclusive of King James Version to date) English translation of the Bible is considered the 'closest' or most accurate translation from the original Hebrew & Greek texts? ...
studiohack's user avatar
11 votes
3 answers
4k views

What is morphological analysis, as it relates to Bible study?

As far as I can tell, morphological analysis is a technique used by Bible students to better understand the original languages in context. How does one go about using a tool such as Robinson's ...
Philip Schaff's user avatar
11 votes
2 answers
473 views

Hebrew translations of the Aramaic Texts

Several sections of the Old Testament are written in Aramaic. With the Old Testament, we will often examine translations like the Greek Septuagint, the Aramaic Targumim, and the Syriac Peshitta in ...
James Shewey's user avatar
  • 7,701
10 votes
1 answer
3k views

Coherence-Based Genealogical Method vs. Local Text-Types Theory

The NA28 text marks a departure from the traditional methodology of textual criticism. As described by Jeff Kloha in the Concordia Theology Journal, Previous generations learned to classify ...
Dan's user avatar
  • 8,896
10 votes
2 answers
6k views

Where can I find Greek and Hebrew plain text sources? [closed]

Source texts are available with software There are numerous Biblical source texts available (free, in "public domain") for download into Bible software type programs. Where else are they available? ...
Qoheleth-Tech's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
967 views

Why does Strong's have two different entries for the word "Adam"?

As far as I can tell, these are the exact same word, down to the cantillation marks. And H121 even says, "the same as H120". From Strong's: H120 - 'adam אָדָם, from אָדַם (H119): man, ...
Erich's user avatar
  • 597
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Linking NT Greek to Hebrew through the LXX

What tools are the necessary tools to determine what NT Greek words correspond to the Hebrew words that were translated into the LXX?
Greg's user avatar
  • 99
8 votes
4 answers
1k views

Can we use "linguistic fingerprints" to identify different authors of the Bible?

I read, what was to me, quite an interesting story from USA Today about different authors' contributing to different parts of the bible measured by analysing "linguistic fingerprints": For ...
Hauser's user avatar
  • 183
7 votes
2 answers
10k views

English Bible translations based on the Vulgate

Which well-known English Bible translations are based on the Vulgate? Which are not? Knowledge about other languages (e.g. French) is welcome too.
Lover of Structure's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
184 views

How do I use the English index in Gesenius's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon?

Recently acquired the book Gesenius's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon, from H. W. F. Geneius. While trying to search the word angel, I've gone to the English index and, associated with angel, could read ...
Tiago Martins Peres's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
336 views

Nestle-Aland equivalent critical apparatus for early New Testament translations

As an amateur textual critic, I've become very interested in the early translations of the New Testament, and I found this page listing a number of critical editions of NT translations. At least in ...
malachi1990's user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
311 views

Is there a published version of the Bible, where the text is ordered chronologically in the order it was written?

Has there been a published version of the Bible where the text was ordered in the order it is best assumed that it was written? I'm not interested in a version that is ordered in a chronological ...
RLH's user avatar
  • 300
6 votes
2 answers
433 views

How can I search for the co-occurrence of two words (ideally searching by Strong’s numbers)?

Are there any resources I can use to enter two Strong’s numbers to find places that they both occur in the same verse or chapter? The purpose is to narrow down relevant places to focus my study, where ...
Roby Vicary's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Critical Edition of Septuagint in Hebrew

Has the Septuagint been translated back into Hebrew? A critical translation to Hebrew of the LXX on Genesis was published by Moshe Zipor: Zipor, M. (2005). The Septuagint Version of the Book of ...
Inkbug's user avatar
  • 499
5 votes
1 answer
192 views

What distinguishes an excellent concordance?

A concordance can be extremely helpful in the study of a text as well as its language. Excellent understanding of the language (aided by a concordance) will help in understanding a religious text, or ...
Lover of Structure's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
282 views

Need images of Codex Alexandrinus & Leningrad

Where can I find the actual photographed images of Genesis in both the Codex Alexandrinus and Leningradensis? Hoping to get these with English translations but if that doesn't exist, any suggestions ...
Gigi Sanchez's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
611 views

What has changed in Biblical scholarship since the Jerusalem Bible (1966) was published?

I have been reading through the Jerusalem Bible, published by the Roman Catholic Church, and have found a lot of pleasure in the copious footnotes and the surprisingly readable text. Obviously the ...
ascentury's user avatar
  • 161
4 votes
1 answer
644 views

What are the differences between a bible encyclopedia and a bible dictionary? Why would someone use one versus the other?

What are the differences between a bible encyclopedia and a bible dictionary? Why would someone use one versus the other? This is in relation to doing hermeneutics.
JesusDiscipleNEvangelist's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
424 views

How to accurately compare OT to NT words?

In reading the Bible, I can run across the same English word used in both the OT and the NT. But I am sure it would be incorrect to look up either a Hebrew or Greek definition and impose that upon the ...
EdNerd's user avatar
  • 379
3 votes
1 answer
479 views

Source for tri- or quadri-literal roots of Hebrew words?

I am looking for a source (dictionary, website, software, ...) which would systematically give the basic triliteral or quadriliteral root for each word of the Hebrew Bible. Currently, I use Logos 6 ...
fi11222's user avatar
  • 343
3 votes
1 answer
6k views

What do the "Goodrick-Kohlenberger" numbers represent? What features does this system offer in distinction from previous numbering systems?

I notice that not a lot of work is published using Goodrick-Kohlenberger numbers (though I bought an NIV that had them instead of Strong's). What does this numbering system represent? How does it ...
Steve Owens's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
128 views

Where Could One Find Introductory Material On Structural Analysis Of Text?

I realize this is a broad question and if you want to close it I understand entirely but I can't think of a better place to ask. From my own reading, I believe there are statistical methods which can ...
Onorio Catenacci's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
751 views

Word study tools [closed]

I frequently find that there are words which are used only once in scripture or used so sparingly that it is difficult to determine possible meaning based on context (other than what the translators ...
James Shewey's user avatar
  • 7,701
2 votes
2 answers
5k views

Criticism of the Vulgate: alleged errors and inaccuracies in translation

I often hear that the Latin Vulgate has many inaccuracies of translation. I often hear such criticism from Protestant circles; this (or the relative lack of such discourse among Catholics) might have ...
Lover of Structure's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
96 views

What tool or resource can I use to find a list of all the words that commonly co-occur with a word? (STRONG's)

In the past I have asked for tools to help me find references for the co-occurrence of multiple words. Now I am asking for tools or resources that will allow me to enter one word and find a ranked ...
Roby Vicary's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
388 views

Looking for electronic copies of the original Hebrew, Greek and Aramaic texts, and electronic translation/analyses databases to interpret them [closed]

If this question is worded poorly or could be rephrased, please do help me know how best to ask it. I am genuinely seeking the information outlined below, but I'm new here, so please forgive me if I ...
i336_'s user avatar
  • 121
2 votes
0 answers
129 views

What version of the Bible is translated closest to or directly from the original languages of the texts? [duplicate]

I have for some time now looked at many versions of the Bible to come to the conclusion that most of the translations that try to interpret the text from the original Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek ...
anonymous's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
271 views

What is the difference between arcing, phrasing and diagramming?

I am trying to improve my exegesis of biblical text and am attempting to get better with hermeneutical methods as they are focussed on understanding the meaning of the text in the context of the ...
user7289's user avatar
  • 297
1 vote
1 answer
30 views

Get commentaries to the book of Romans to follow along with the bible in Logos Web App [closed]

In a way linked to my other question, this is also about the Logos Web App. Around minute 3 of this video, the presenters are able to link a specific version of the bible with associated commentaries ...
Tiago Martins Peres's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Do Hebrew active verbs frequently express a permission, e.g. Exodus 4:21?

Dr Robert Young, who is author of Young’s Analytical Concordance and Hints To Bible Interpretation, (and possibly some others too) claims that some Hebrew verbs are in "permissive" rather than "...
Boriss's user avatar
  • 113
0 votes
2 answers
287 views

How exactly does using the Louw-Nida lexicon, that is based on semantic domains, help avoid the word-concept fallacy?

I see more and more journal articles on New Testament interpretation preferring to use the Louw-Nida Greek Lexicon that is based on "semantic domains". An example from the introductory ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
1k views

Best Septuagint, Masoretic, and Aramaic texts into one English version?

Is there an English version Bible that has the best and oldest translations of the Septuagint and the Masoretic and the Aramaic texts all combined into one translation?
Beverly's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
3 answers
163 views

The word "Let" as an element of a sequential build up in the details of the creation story

I tried to categorize the build up in detail as we move from the 1st to 7th day. I tried to use the word "Let" to create an orderly arrangement of the chapter. I discovered that the word "Let" ...
user20490's user avatar
  • 2,655
0 votes
3 answers
509 views

Best Hermeneutical Approach for a Bible Study for Atheists [closed]

This study would arm members when attacked using Scripture and would help people in their post-Christian and post-Jewish transition. I would like to, in some orderly fashion, get through the entire ...
Dave Babbitt's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
85 views

Some legend with meaning of V-RAP-NPM, API-3S etc

It is difficult for me to google the meaning of such short keywords like V-RAP-NPM or API-3S etc. The following is in my bible lexicon: 1 Peter 1:8 ον(R-ASM) G3739 ουκ(PRT-N) G3756 ειδοτες G1492 ...
Jarek C's user avatar
  • 113
-1 votes
8 answers
702 views

Which resources are essential for self-study of Biblical Hebrew? [closed]

I am a fairly new student of Biblical Hebrew. For various reasons, I am going to do this on my own, from my home. Please suggest which books I need for serious study in this area. I have Logos plus ...
grgoelyk's user avatar
  • 117
-1 votes
3 answers
2k views

Accurate translations of original scripts/text

I've been on what is becoming quite the mission to find the most accurate translation of Daniel 9:23-27 (or the (Tenach/OT) bible in general) of the most original scripts/text available. It seems like ...
Nick Rolando's user avatar