Questions tagged [tools-of-biblical-studies]

For requests for resources that help analyze the Biblical text in a specific way, or questions about how to use those resources.

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6
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2answers
173 views

How can I search for the co-occurrence of two words (ideally searching by Strong’s numbers)?

Are there any resources I can use to enter two Strong’s numbers to find places that they both occur in the same verse or chapter? The purpose is to narrow down relevant places to focus my study, where ...
4
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0answers
46 views

How do I use the English index in Gesenius's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon?

Recently acquired the book Gesenius's Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon, from H. W. F. Geneius. While trying to search the word angel, I've gone to the English index and, associated with angel, could read ...
2
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1answer
157 views

What are the differences between a bible encyclopedia and a bible dictionary? Why would someone use one versus the other?

What are the differences between a bible encyclopedia and a bible dictionary? Why would someone use one versus the other? This is in relation to doing hermeneutics.
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2answers
35 views

Some legend with meaning of V-RAP-NPM, API-3S etc

It is difficult for me to google the meaning of such short keywords like V-RAP-NPM or API-3S etc. The following is in my bible lexicon: 1 Peter 1:8 ον(R-ASM) G3739 ουκ(PRT-N) G3756 ειδοτες G1492 ...
4
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3answers
99 views

How to accurately compare OT to NT words?

In reading the Bible, I can run across the same English word used in both the OT and the NT. But I am sure it would be incorrect to look up either a Hebrew or Greek definition and impose that upon the ...
-1
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8answers
329 views

Which resources are essential for self-study of Biblical Hebrew? [closed]

I am a fairly new student of Biblical Hebrew. For various reasons, I am going to do this on my own, from my home. Please suggest which books I need for serious study in this area. I have Logos plus ...
0
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3answers
67 views

The word “Let” as an element of a sequential build up in the details of the creation story

I tried to categorize the build up in detail as we move from the 1st to 7th day. I tried to use the word "Let" to create an orderly arrangement of the chapter. I discovered that the word "Let" ...
0
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3answers
421 views

Best Hermeneutical Approach for a Bible Study for Atheists [closed]

This study would arm members when attacked using Scripture and would help people in their post-Christian and post-Jewish transition. I would like to, in some orderly fashion, get through the entire ...
4
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1answer
190 views

Need images of Codex Alexandrinus & Leningrad

Where can I find the actual photographed images of Genesis in both the Codex Alexandrinus and Leningradensis? Hoping to get these with English translations but if that doesn't exist, any suggestions ...
1
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1answer
671 views

Do Hebrew active verbs frequently express a permission, e.g. Exodus 4:21?

Dr Robert Young, who is author of Young’s Analytical Concordance and Hints To Bible Interpretation, (and possibly some others too) claims that some Hebrew verbs are in "permissive" rather than "...
8
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1answer
230 views

Hebrew translations of the Aramaic Texts

Several sections of the Old Testament are written in Aramaic. With the Old Testament, we will often examine translations like the Greek Septuagint, the Aramaic Targumim, and the Syriac Peshitta in ...
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3answers
659 views

Word study tools [closed]

I frequently find that there are words which are used only once in scripture or used so sparingly that it is difficult to determine possible meaning based on context (other than what the translators ...
3
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1answer
393 views

Source for tri- or quadri-literal roots of Hebrew words?

I am looking for a source (dictionary, website, software, ...) which would systematically give the basic triliteral or quadriliteral root for each word of the Hebrew Bible. Currently, I use Logos 6 ...
3
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1answer
4k views

What do the “Goodrick-Kohlenberger” numbers represent? What features does this system offer in distinction from previous numbering systems?

I notice that not a lot of work is published using Goodrick-Kohlenberger numbers (though I bought an NIV that had them instead of Strong's). What does this numbering system represent? How does it ...
5
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1answer
899 views

Critical Edition of Septuagint in Hebrew

Has the Septuagint been translated back into Hebrew? A critical translation to Hebrew of the LXX on Genesis was published by Moshe Zipor: Zipor, M. (2005). The Septuagint Version of the Book of ...
0
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2answers
688 views

Best Septuagint, Masoretic, and Aramaic texts into one English version?

Is there an English version Bible that has the best and oldest translations of the Septuagint and the Masoretic and the Aramaic texts all combined into one translation?
9
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1answer
766 views

Why does Strong's have two different entries for the word “Adam”?

As far as I can tell, these are the exact same word, down to the cantillation marks. And H121 even says, "the same as H120". From Strong's: H120 - 'adam אָדָם, from אָדַם (H119): man, ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Linking NT Greek to Hebrew through the LXX

What tools are the necessary tools to determine what NT Greek words correspond to the Hebrew words that were translated into the LXX?
2
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1answer
94 views

Where Could One Find Introductory Material On Structural Analysis Of Text?

I realize this is a broad question and if you want to close it I understand entirely but I can't think of a better place to ask. From my own reading, I believe there are statistical methods which can ...
1
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1answer
344 views

Looking for electronic copies of the original Hebrew, Greek and Aramaic texts, and electronic translation/analyses databases to interpret them [closed]

If this question is worded poorly or could be rephrased, please do help me know how best to ask it. I am genuinely seeking the information outlined below, but I'm new here, so please forgive me if I ...
2
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0answers
122 views

What version of the Bible is translated closest to or directly from the original languages of the texts? [duplicate]

I have for some time now looked at many versions of the Bible to come to the conclusion that most of the translations that try to interpret the text from the original Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek ...
7
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1answer
287 views

Nestle-Aland equivalent critical apparatus for early New Testament translations

As an amateur textual critic, I've become very interested in the early translations of the New Testament, and I found this page listing a number of critical editions of NT translations. At least in ...
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5answers
5k views

Is there bible translation that is more literal than Young Literal Translation [closed]

That's it. The translation should not favor any theology and should allow readers to read texts the way it really is For example Elohim -> gods Yea, I know that Elohim are often followed by ...
6
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2answers
5k views

English Bible translations based on the Vulgate

Which well-known English Bible translations are based on the Vulgate? Which are not? Knowledge about other languages (e.g. French) is welcome too.
2
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2answers
2k views

Criticism of the Vulgate: alleged errors and inaccuracies in translation

I often hear that the Latin Vulgate has many inaccuracies of translation. I often hear such criticism from Protestant circles; this (or the relative lack of such discourse among Catholics) might have ...
9
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2answers
4k views

Where can I find Greek and Hebrew plain text sources? [closed]

Source texts are available with software There are numerous Biblical source texts available (free, in "public domain") for download into Bible software type programs. Where else are they available? ...
5
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1answer
173 views

What distinguishes an excellent concordance?

A concordance can be extremely helpful in the study of a text as well as its language. Excellent understanding of the language (aided by a concordance) will help in understanding a religious text, or ...
4
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1answer
521 views

What has changed in Biblical scholarship since the Jerusalem Bible (1966) was published?

I have been reading through the Jerusalem Bible, published by the Roman Catholic Church, and have found a lot of pleasure in the copious footnotes and the surprisingly readable text. Obviously the ...
9
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1answer
2k views

Coherence-Based Genealogical Method vs. Local Text-Types Theory

The NA28 text marks a departure from the traditional methodology of textual criticism. As described by Jeff Kloha in the Concordia Theology Journal, Previous generations learned to classify ...
11
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3answers
3k views

What is morphological analysis, as it relates to Bible study?

As far as I can tell, morphological analysis is a technique used by Bible students to better understand the original languages in context. How does one go about using a tool such as Robinson's ...
6
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2answers
253 views

Is there a published version of the Bible, where the text is ordered chronologically in the order it was written?

Has there been a published version of the Bible where the text was ordered in the order it is best assumed that it was written? I'm not interested in a version that is ordered in a chronological ...
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3answers
2k views

Accurate translations of original scripts/text

I've been on what is becoming quite the mission to find the most accurate translation of Daniel 9:23-27 (or the (Tenach/OT) bible in general) of the most original scripts/text available. It seems like ...
8
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4answers
725 views

Can we use “linguistic fingerprints” to identify different authors of the Bible?

I read, what was to me, quite an interesting story from USA Today about different authors' contributing to different parts of the bible measured by analysing "linguistic fingerprints": For millions ...
35
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8answers
12k views

Why is the Septuagint (LXX) significant?

What is the LXX and why is it so noteworthy that there is a Greek translation of the OT? Wouldn't it be better to directly reference manuscripts in the original languages?
17
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9answers
75k views

Which 'modern' English translation of the Bible is considered the 'closest' or most accurate translation?

Which 'modern' (anything inclusive of King James Version to date) English translation of the Bible is considered the 'closest' or most accurate translation from the original Hebrew & Greek texts? ...