Questions tagged [synoptics]

Questions about the synoptic gospels-Matthew, Mark, and Luke.

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3answers
129 views

Why does the Gospel of John omit Jesus' teachings on eschatology and end of days, while the synoptics include them?

What intrigued my attention was the post here and the answer by user25930 listing a lot of passage from New Testament about tribulation, end of days and second coming of Jesus Christ but he could ...
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Is Luke 18:18 alluding to Exodus 2:2?

[Luke 18:18-20 NLT] (18) Once a religious leader asked Jesus this question: "Good Teacher, what should I do to inherit eternal life?" (19) "Why do you call me good?" Jesus asked him. "Only God is ...
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Why did the disciples lay their coats on the colt during the triumphal entry while others laid theirs on the ground? And other related questions

In the synoptic gospels, all of the accounts depict Jesus riding into Jerusalem on the back of the colt of a donkey. They make a note that the disciples placed their coats on the donkey (and Matthew's ...
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In Luke 17:28-33 what does Jesus mean by “save his life” and “lose his life”?

I was perusing Luke 17 when I noticed the specific context of the familiar passage about "losing" and "preserving" one's "life". This is the verse: [Luke 17:33 KJV] Whosoever shall seek to save his ...
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In John 13:26 is Judas supposed to represent Judah?

KJV John 13:26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon. There seems to be a ...
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In Luke 18 why didn't Christ tell the rich young ruler to believe on Him for eternal life, as He had told many others in the Gospel of John?

John 3:14-15 KJV — And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up: 15 That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life. ...
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When (and where) was the Sayings Gospel of Thomas written?

The Sayings Gospel of Thomas shares several of Jesus' proverbs and parables with the Synoptic tradition. Some websites place Thomas and the three Synoptics in four columns together, to be read in ...
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Why would the tenants who killed the landowner's son expect an inheritance?

The parable of the tenants is repeated in three of the Gospels and has this line: “But when the tenants saw the son, they said to each other, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him and take his ...
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What is the implication of “satisfied” or “filled” in the Synoptic feeding of the multitude stories?

In the story of the feeding of the 4000, Matthew 15:37 reads: And they all ate and were satisfied. [ESV; cf. NIV, NASB, NET] So they all ate and were filled. [NKJV; cf. KJV, HCSB] They all ate ...
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Was Jesus really a carpenter?

Matthew 13:55 states: Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? Mark 6:3 (ESV) states: Is not this the ...
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Sabbath, Sabbaths or week? Matthew 28:1

Reading in Matthew 28:1 (ESV): Now after the Sabbath, toward the dawn of the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb. ὀψὲ δὲ σαββάτων τῇ ἐπιφωσκούσῃ εἰς ...
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According to Mark 4:11-12, Luke 8:10 and Matthew 13:11-15 why did Christ speak in parables?

Mark 4:11-12, Luke 8:10 & Matt. 13:11-15 says that Christ spoke in parables so that the multitude in 'seeing they would not see' and 'hearing they would not hear', etc. ESV (Mark 4:11-12) ...
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“I am the Christ” vs. “I am he” in the Synoptics (Matt 24:5 // Mark 13:6 // Luke 21:8)

In a prior Q&A, we discussed the Semitic background of Jesus' statements recorded in the Gospels as ἐγώ εἰμι (= I am [he]). My understanding based on the answer there and a follow-up Q&A was ...
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273 views

Is Jesus denying an earthly birth in Matt 11:11?

Matthew 11:11 (KJV) Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is ...
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When does the cleansing of the Temple happen? At the beginning of Jesus's ministry or later?

The gospel of John says that the cleansing of the temple was early in Jesus's ministry (John 2:14-21). The other gospels put this event after Jesus enters Jerusalem, near the time he was crucified. So ...
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Did both thieves on The cross mock Jesus?

In the accounts of Matthew and Mark both thieves on the cross mock Jesus, but Luke's account says that one of them didn't mock Him but on the contrary he rebuked the other thief and said "Lord, ...
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Harmonizing Matthew 10:10, Luke 9:3, Mark 6:8

Matthew 10:9-10 Do not get any gold or silver or copper to take with you in your belts - no bag for the journey or extra shirt or sandals or a staff, for the worker is worth his keep. (NIV) Luke ...
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In Matthew 26:26-29 why do the disciples not protest Jesus insisting that they drink blood?

I have always been puzzled by the disciples' lack of response to Jesus' request that they drink wine as his blood (Mt. 26:26-29 // Mk. 14:22-25 // Lk. 22:14-23). Everyone in the room was Jewish, and ...
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Is there a difference between “the devil” and “Satan” in the Synoptic Gospels?

While answering a question about the words σατανᾶς (satanas, Satan – transliterated from Hebrew śāṭān) and διάβολος (diabolos, devil) in the New Testament, I ran into another question for which ...
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What can we infer from the different nativity accounts in Matthew and Luke?

The gospels attributed to Matthew and Luke narrate very different stories about the birth of Jesus. Matthew says that Jesus' family was from Bethlehem, that wise men brought gifts to their home, that ...
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559 views

What was the gospel being preached to the poor, that was of such good news? [closed]

Question: In any Scriptural context, is there a meaning of the "Gospel" that can be exegetically inferred? Or, is there any historical authority that explains why it is defined so vaguely? For ...
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Were Jesus' disciples gleaning?

In an incident recorded in all three synoptic gospels (Matt 12:1, Mark 2:23, Luke 6:1), Jesus and his disciples walk through grain fields on the Sabbath and raise the ire of the Pharisees by plucking ...
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Were "the thieves” who reviled Jesus on the cross only one person?

I recently ran across this answer on C.SE reconciling Luke’s account of the repentant thief on the cross (Luke 23:40) with Mark’s statement - also present in Matthew - that both thieves reviled Jesus (...
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Mark 6:45-8:26 > What is the significance of the 'missing block'?

In An Introduction to the New Testament, page 263, Raymond E. Brown says material from Mark 6:45-8:26 is unexpectedly missing from Luke's Gospel, and refers to this as the "Big Omission", although I ...
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Are Simon the Pharisee (in Luke) and Simon the leper (in other Gospels) the same person?

Quoting from the ESV: Luke 7:37-38 And behold, a woman of the city, who was a sinner, when she learned that he was reclining at table in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster flask of ointment....
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Matthew vs Levi in the Gospel according to Matthew

Referring to: Matthew 9:9 - "a man called Matthew" Mark 2:14 - "Levi the son of Alphaeus" Luke 5:27 - "a tax collector named Levi" Is it widely regarded that Levi and Matthew are the same person ...
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Could the Egerton Gospel be related to Q?

The so-called Egerton Gospel contains only a few verses of some very early and previously unknown "Jesus text". One major criticism of Q is that it requires a completely unattested but highly-...
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Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
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What does “The LORD said to my Lord” mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
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Reconciling the Differences in Jesus' Citation of Deu. 6:5 according to the Synoptics

According to the Masoretic text of Deu. 6:5, it is written, וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יַהְוֶה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל מְאֹדֶךָ which the Septuagint (according to Rahlf's ...
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Significance of the “naked man” who touches Jesus in Mark 14:51-52

My question is "what the association is regarding mention of the young man in Mark 14 with a "linen cloth" and also running away "naked"?" I feel there is something meaningful for the writer Mark to ...
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How many days elapsed between Jesus's baptism and his return to Galilee?

Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us that a period of at least forty days separated Jesus's baptism from his return to Galilee. Mark (1:9-15) writes, 9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee ...
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What is the relationship between the Synoptics and the Gospel of Thomas?

I know the Jesus Seminar held that Q and the Gospel of Thomas were prior in composition to the writing of the Synoptics. Is this still a dominant view among scholars (as far as Thomas)? What can be ...
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What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew 11:...
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Is synoptic parallelism a valid hermeneutic?

I'll give an example: Matt. 4:17 (KJV) From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Mark 1:15 (KJV) And saying, The time is fulfilled, and ...
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Literary independence of the synoptics

Which scholars, historical figures, or churches have argued that the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) were all written independently without access to any of the other gospels? What ...
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Why does Mark mention Elijah before Moses?

In the transfiguration narrative in Matthew and Luke, the narrators mention Moses first and then Elijah second: Matthew 17:3 (NIV empahsis mine) Just then there appeared before them Moses and ...
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Does the communion cup emphasize the vessel or the drink?

Paul's account of the institution of the Lord's supper mentions the cup, but not the contents of the cup: For I received from the Lord what I also delivered to you, that the Lord Jesus on the night ...
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Was there an eclipse just before Jesus died?

I know that there is quite a bit of information about the possibility of an eclipse at the time of Jesus' execution. But none of the accounts actually mention why there was darkness: And when the ...
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What does it mean to “receive the kingdom of God like a little child?”

The story of the little children coming to Jesus in Matthew 19, Mark 10, and Luke 18 is, of course, well know. And most often I have heard it interpreted that the kingdom requires faith like a child. ...
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How many and who were the people the women found at Jesus' tomb?

In the empty tomb stories, somebody was already there when the women arrived. But how many people and who were they? For reference: Mark: a young man Matthew: an angel of the Lord Luke: two men ...
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Why does Matthew double people?

Matthew seems to mention two people (or animals) where other Gospels mention just one, e.g. two demon possessed men, in Matthew 8:28-34 (compare Mark 5:1-17 and Luke 8:26-39) two blind men, in ...
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Does Jesus address hermeneutical assumptions?

Mt 5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Mr 13:31 Heaven and earth shall pass away: but ...
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What does Jesus mean by “generation” when talking about the destruction of the temple and the end of the age?

In Luke 21:32-33 (ESV) Jesus says: "Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all has taken place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away." What does ...
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Influence of Rudolf Bultmann's work on the Synoptic Gospels

What approach did Rudolf Bultmann take when interpreting the Synoptic Gospels? What impact has his approach had on current scholarly views on the Synoptics?
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Chronology of Jesus' ministry: John and the Synoptics

I've heard that there is a recent trend to see the Fourth Gospel - despite its obvious theological purpose as compared to especially Luke - as actually more chronological than the Synoptics. Wikipedia ...
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Did John know about the Synoptics?

What evidence is there that John was aware of the Synoptics when he wrote the Fourth Gospel?
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“Until they see the kingdom of God” in Luke 9:27 and parallels

What are the possible interpretations of "will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God"? Which is most likely correct? Luke 9:27: But I say to you truthfully, there are some of those ...
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Why was Barabbas in prison?

It seems that there are varying accounts of the problems with Barabbas. John 18:40 Then they all cried again, saying, “Not this Man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber. Another in Mark: ...
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Meaning of “Where there is a dead body, there the vultures will gather.”

In Matthew 24:28 and Luke 17:37, Jesus uses the phrase "Where there is a dead body, there the vultures will gather." Was Jesus speaking in a parable? Idiom? How has this phrase been interpreted?