Questions tagged [synoptic-problem]

The synoptic problem refers to the puzzle of the precise literary relationship between the three "synoptic" Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke which share a significant number of parallel passages, often including the same or nearly the same words.

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2answers
159 views

How do those who reject Q explain Matthew 5:38-48 and Luke 6:27-36?

Matthew 5:38-48 from the Sermon on the Mount and Luke 6:27-36 from the Sermon on the Plains are clearly related, but there are also substantial differences including reorderings. I've coloured the ...
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How did Matthew and Luke get different prices for sparrow?

I got the idea for this question from: Have any biblical scholars investigated the question of why Luke was getting a better price on his sparrows than Matthew?—@browserdotsys on Twitter The tweet ...
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644 views

Markan priority, Q, and the parable of the mustard seed

I am familiar with and generally accept the current consensus of the writing of the gospels: Mark was written first Q is not extant but was thought to be a common source for Matthew and Luke Matthew ...
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181 views

When (and where) was the Sayings Gospel of Thomas written?

The Sayings Gospel of Thomas shares several of Jesus' proverbs and parables with the Synoptic tradition. Some websites place Thomas and the three Synoptics in four columns together, to be read in ...
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624 views

What are the arguments against Marcan Priority?

Closely Related: - What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority? - What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority? What are the objections against Marcan Priority? Wikipedia, Marcan ...
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1answer
350 views

What is the argument against the idea that a Hebrew Proto-Matthew is the Q source?

Why can't there be an early Hebrew Matthew, then a Greek Mark, and then a re-written Matthew in Greek, followed by Luke? I am aware of a number of points on the topic of the priority of the gospels: ...
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6answers
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Did Jesus re-visit John after his wilderness experience?

The Gospel of John describes a scene where John the Baptist saw Jesus coming toward him and he made the following statement: “Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This is ...
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“I am the Christ” vs. “I am he” in the Synoptics (Matt 24:5 // Mark 13:6 // Luke 21:8)

In a prior Q&A, we discussed the Semitic background of Jesus' statements recorded in the Gospels as ἐγώ εἰμι (= I am [he]). My understanding based on the answer there and a follow-up Q&A was ...
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1answer
569 views

What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
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4answers
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Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
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311 views

Why should we think the Q source was an earlier source than Mark?

While I buy the evidence for Q based on parallels in Matthew and Luke that don't use Mark as a source, I find it curious that Q is often thought to be earlier than Mark. Is there evidence for this? ...
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851 views

Literary independence of the synoptics

Which scholars, historical figures, or churches have argued that the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) were all written independently without access to any of the other gospels? What ...
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What is the evidence for the existence of the Q document?

According to most scholars, Mark was the first of the four gospels to be written. Matthew and Luke then relied upon Mark and a second written source called Q. What is the evidence for the existence of ...
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What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority?

The synoptic problem refers to scholars' attempts to understand the relationship among the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (known as the synoptic gospels because they have so much material in ...
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What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority?

Closely Related: - What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority? - What are the arguments against Marcan Priority? The synoptic problem refers to scholars' attempts to understand the ...