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Questions tagged [source-criticism]

Analysis for the purpose of dividing a text into its composite sources.

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What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority?

Closely Related: - What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority? - What are the arguments against Marcan Priority? The synoptic problem refers to scholars' attempts to understand the ...
Bruce Alderman's user avatar
10 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are the arguments against Marcan Priority?

Closely Related: - What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority? - What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority? What are the objections against Marcan Priority? Wikipedia, Marcan ...
elika kohen's user avatar
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What are the arguments in favor of Lukan Priority?

The Synoptic Problem explores the relationship among the three Synoptic Gospels: Matthew, Mark, and Luke. Lukan (or Lucan) Priority is the view that Luke was the first of these documents to be written....
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
26 votes
14 answers
7k views

Who named the wrong priest in Mark 2:26?

Here's a story Jesus told about David according to Mark 2:23-28 (ESV): One Sabbath he was going through the grainfields, and as they made their way, his disciples began to pluck heads of grain. And ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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9 votes
4 answers
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What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
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12 votes
4 answers
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Was the Beloved Disciple the author of the Fourth Gospel?

One very common interpretation of the Gospel of John is that the Beloved Disciple was the author of the book. (Presumably, he was interested in obscuring his identity for some reason.) But other ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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12 votes
4 answers
3k views

Who led the people of Israel out of Egypt in Jude 5?

Lest anyone think this is a "stump the chumps" question, I am specifically interested in support for a particular reading of this text. It is disputed which manuscript should be followed in Jude 5. ...
Dan's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
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Are the two creation accounts in Genesis 1 and 2 likely to be from different sources? If so what sources?

Are the two creation accounts in Genesis 1 and 2 likely to be from different sources? If so, what sources? What are some arguments for this?
J Mills's user avatar
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5 votes
4 answers
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Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
user2754486's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
2k views

What is the significance of the author of Genesis using two different designations for God?

In Genesis 4:25; 6:3,6-8, 9-22; 7:1, 9, 16a/b; 8:1-19, 20-22, we see the author using two designations for God, “Yahweh”, and “Elohim”. What is the significance, if any, of the author bouncing back ...
JLB's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
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Which was copied from which: 2 Peter 2 or Jude?

There are many strong similarities in word choice, style, theme, and structure between Jude and 2 Peter 2. For instance: Jude 6  And  the  angels  who  did  not  keep  ...
Niobius's user avatar
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15 votes
3 answers
2k views

What is the internal evidence that Peter provided source material for Mark's gospel?

I am aware that there are a number of early church fathers who made this connection (e.g. see Eusebius and others including Irenaeus, Justin, Clement, Origen, and more cited in this blog post). Is ...
Susan's user avatar
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8 votes
2 answers
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Why are 2 Peter and Jude usually together in commentaries?

It seems pretty standard for commentaries to be written on the combination of 2 Peter and Jude. Obviously they both share the subject matter of false teachers, but I assume there are reasons beyond ...
Soldarnal's user avatar
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8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Are there any authorities who have argued for the literary independence of the Synoptic Gospels?

Which scholars, historical figures, or churches have argued that the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) were all written independently without access to any of the other gospels? What ...
Noah's user avatar
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7 votes
4 answers
2k views

When did Jonah compose his prayer in chapter 2?

Almost the entity of Jonah, chapter 2 is a prayer to God: Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the belly of the fish. He said: In my trouble I called to the Lord, And He answered me; From ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
4k views

Did someone really name their son Fool?

In 1st Samuel 25, we read about Abigail's first husband, who is named Nabal. Near the end of the story, she pleads with David to save his life: My lord should not pay attention to this wicked man ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
14k views

Why do Isaiah 37 and 2 Kings 19 contain the same verses?

If you read Isaiah 37 and compare it with 2 Kings 19, you will notice that these verses are the exact same. How is it possible or why is it that these verses are identical? Isaiah 37 2 Kings 19
cool breeze's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
414 views

Why should we think the Q source was an earlier source than Mark?

While I buy the evidence for Q based on parallels in Matthew and Luke that don't use Mark as a source, I find it curious that Q is often thought to be earlier than Mark. Is there evidence for this? ...
Chase's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
1k views

If Matthew was an eyewitness why would he rely on Mark?

If Matthew was an eyewitness to the events of the life of Jesus, why did Matthew then base his gospel off Mark's?
Arian Jaz's user avatar
12 votes
2 answers
10k views

When was the book of Joel written?

The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel. Hear this, ye old men, and give ear, all ye inhabitants of the land. Hath this been in your days, or in the days of your fathers? Tell ye ...
Amichai's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
989 views

What led to the division of Ezra-Nehemiah?

Modern consensus is that the books of Ezra and Nehemiah actually comprise a single work which was subsequently divided into two. How is it that scholars realized this was the same book (Does it have ...
Affable Geek's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
954 views

Does archaeological evidence contradict the Documentary Hypothesis?

In an interview, the late Dr. Clifford Wilson implied that archaeology has shown that the Pentateuch could not have been compiled the way that the JEDP theory suggests: Professor G. Ernest Wright, ...
Jon Ericson's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
198 views

What evidence is there that Mark could have been dependent upon Luke?

There are approximately 106 pericopes shared by Mark & Luke (see Synoptic Abstract by Tyson & Longstaff). Most hold to the view that this shared material - and the frequency of its common ...
Hold To The Rod's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
394 views

Remains of Aramaic/Hebrew version of Matthew

We know from several early Christian theologists that the Gospel of Matthew existed in a Hebrew or Aramaic version before parts of NT that were written in Greek were translated into Syriac in the ...
SDG's user avatar
  • 549
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Does Genesis 2:4 to Genesis 3:24 Describe Events Which Took Place on the Same Day?

There are several questions on this site concerning the differences between the account of creation in Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 and some related topics. A few: Differences in Genesis creation stories **...
Revelation Lad's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
2k views

Why Hebrew in Acts 21:37-40

Why Did Paul use Hebrew in Acts 21:37-40? Does His use of Hebrew in this passage indicate or prove that Jesus taught in Aramaic or Hebrew and that the gospels only contain the voice of Jesus and not ...
Ken Banks's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
617 views

Trinitarian baptismal formula in Matthew 28:19 vs Didache 7:2

Both the Gospel of Matthew and the Didache present a very similar "Trinitarian baptismal formula": “Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father ...
Miguel de Servet's user avatar