Questions tagged [soteriology]

The study of the mechanisms by which an individual achieves salvation and the related belief systems.

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20
votes
7answers
39k views

What did Paul mean when he said, "work out your own salvation?"

Philippians 2:12 (ESV) 12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, What ...
19
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16answers
100k views

In Matthew 25:8-9 what does the oil in the ten virgins parable represent?

The parable of the ten virgins is found in Matthew 25:1-12. Verses 8-9 (ESV) read: And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise answered,...
17
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4answers
10k views

How should ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) be translated in Romans 3:25?

The word ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) is often translated in Romans 3:25 as "propitiation," "atonement," or "sacrifice [of atonement]" in Western conservative biblical translations. In Hebrews 9:5 it is ...
15
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10answers
8k views

What is meant in 1 Peter 3:21 when it says "baptism now saves you"

In 1 Pet 3:21 it says (NASB, emphasis added): Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience—through the ...
12
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13answers
9k views

Why will drunkards not inherit the kingdom of God?

1 Corinthians 6:9-11 (ESV): 9 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived: neither the sexually immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor men who ...
12
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5answers
20k views

Why was Zacchaeus saved according to Jesus?

In Luke 19:1-10 we read the story of Zacchaeus which ends like so: And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, "Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded ...
12
votes
8answers
6k views

Meaning of the Parable of the Sower

Matthew 13:1-23 recounts the Parable of the Sower. This is one that I've heard a number of times in a number of sermons and books. It must have some ambiguity as it's interpretation by pastors and ...
11
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4answers
7k views

When Jesus says "your sins are forgiven", how is that reconciled with the sacrificial system established in the old testament?

Question: Why is it necessary to verbally forgive someone of their sins as indicated in these cases when Jesus' death and their faith should be enough? If verbal forgiveness is not necessary, why does ...
10
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13answers
510 views

“Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born again he cannot see the kingdom of God.” - Is John 3:3 a universal statement, O.T. Saints included?

John 3:1-7 (ESV): Now there was a man of the Pharisees named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews. 2 This man came to Jesus by night and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God, ...
9
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5answers
2k views

Can a person lose their salvation according to 2 Peter 2:20-22?

2 Peter 2:20-22 (ESV): 20 If they have escaped the corruption of the world by knowing our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and are again entangled in it and are overcome, they are worse off at the end ...
9
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9answers
848 views

How do you reconcile Rom. 4:2-5 with John 6:28-29: believing a work or not a work?

How do you reconcile  For if Abraham was justified by works, he has something to boast about, but not before God. 3 For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him ...
9
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6answers
1k views

Does the story of the thief on the cross imply that Jesus believed religious practice was unnecessary for salvation?

In Luke we read that Jesus predicted he would see one of the criminals hanging beside him in Paradise: One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save ...
8
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8answers
3k views

Who is our Savior: God or Jesus?

Titus 3:4-7 (ESV): 4 But when the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, 5 he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the ...
8
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12answers
652 views

Are we saved by faith alone or by faith with works? James 2:14-17 [closed]

James 2:14-17 What use is it, my brethren, if someone says he has faith but he has no works? Can that faith save him? If a brother or sister is without clothing and in need of daily food, and one ...
8
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6answers
610 views

Do Christians receive the Holy Spirit upon conversion or not (Ephesians 1:13 vs. Acts 8:14-17; 19:1-7)?

On the one hand Ephesians 1:13 appears to state that Christians receive the Holy Spirit upon the moment of conversion: Ephesians 1:13 (NIV) 13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the ...
7
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6answers
2k views

Understanding the Parable of the Weeds (Matthew 13:24-30)

Matthew 13:24-30 (ESV): 24 He put another parable before them, saying, “The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a man who sowed good seed in his field, 25 but while his men were sleeping, his enemy ...
7
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5answers
1k views

"... where their worm does not die and the fire is not quenched" - Is Jesus' description of Hell (Gehenna) literal or figurative?

Mark 9:47-49: 47 And if your eye causes you to sin, tear it out. It is better for you to enter the kingdom of God with one eye than with two eyes to be thrown into hell, 48 ‘where their worm does not ...
7
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7answers
256 views

Faith & Works - Is Paul responding to James or James responding to Paul?

James & Paul cite the same Old Testament story in their arguments about faith & works. From James: 21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the ...
7
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4answers
521 views

Does Romans 3:28 of justification by faith contradict with these verses of obedience, endurance & works? [closed]

Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. (Romans 3:28 KJV) According to Paul is one justified by faith alone both in Rom 3:28 and also mentioned in Gal 2:16....
7
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3answers
224 views

Jesus' yoke (Matt 11:28-30) vs the Law's yoke (Acts 15:10): Why is Jesus' yoke easier?

Jesus promises that his yoke is easy: 28 Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and ...
7
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8answers
331 views

If the gospel is described in Luke 18:31-34, what gospel were the disciples preaching earlier in Luke 9:6?

If there is only one gospel, which gospel was being preached in Luke 9:6 which preceded Luke 18:31-34. Then Jesus took the Twelve aside and said to them, “Look, we are going up to Jerusalem, and ...
7
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3answers
1k views

What are the conditions for ongoing possession of eternal life in John 5:24?

Exegetically, in John 5:24, is ongoing possession of "eternal life" conditional on "hears" (once) and "believes" (once), or, do both present tense Greek verbs (participles) indicate required ongoing ...
6
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8answers
701 views

Why are few who find the narrow path to life? Matthew 7:13-14

Matthew 7:13-14 (ESV): 13 “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. 14 For the gate is narrow and the way is ...
6
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5answers
4k views

What is the meaning of the phrase "purge your conscience from dead works" in Hebrews 9:14?

What does "purge your conscience from dead works" mean in Hebrews 9:14 how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your ...
6
votes
6answers
196 views

What does it mean to be personally known by Jesus?

Matthew 7:21-23 (ESV): 21 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. 22 On that day many will say to me,...
6
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4answers
1k views

Acts 22:16 - Is "washing away your sins" linked to baptism or calling on the Lord?

In Acts 22, Paul is recounting his conversion, and uses the phrase Having arisen, be baptised and wash away your sins, calling on His name. ἀναστὰς βάπτισαι καὶ ἀπόλουσαι τὰς ἁμαρτίας σου, ...
6
votes
7answers
300 views

Does Philippians 2:12 contradict 3:9?

Philippians 2:12 (NASB) So then, my beloved, just as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your salvation with fear and trembling; ...
6
votes
2answers
75 views

Why does Paul use three different words for gift besides grace in Rom. 5:15-17?

Why does Paul use three different words for gift besides grace in Rom. 5:15-17? Is Paul only using these words as synomyms to reduce repitition of the same word, or is there a significance in the ...
6
votes
2answers
509 views

What is the "it" in "those who find it are few" in Matt 7:14?

Matt 7:13-14 (ESV) says: 13 “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. 14 For the gate is narrow and the way is ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

In Heb 6:4-6, what have those once enlightened “fallen away” from?

Heb 6:4 For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, 5 and have tasted the good word of God and the ...
6
votes
4answers
858 views

What is indicated by "δοξάζω" being in the aorist in Romans 8:30?

Every verb in Romans 8:30 is in the aorist: οὓς δὲ προώρισεν, τούτους καὶ ἐκάλεσεν· καὶ οὓς ἐκάλεσεν, τούτους καὶ ἐδικαίωσεν· οὓς δὲ ἐδικαίωσεν, τούτους καὶ ἐδόξασεν. Those whom he ...
6
votes
1answer
76 views

Would 2 Timothy 2:16-18 suggest that full preterism is a salvation issue?

In the Bible, some questions seem to allow for differing positions (see Romans 14). However, does 2 Timothy 2:16-18 suggest that whether the resurrection has already happened isn't one of them? Is it ...
6
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4answers
177 views

Does Mark 16:16 rule out any possibility of salvation for unevangelized pagans?

Mark 16:15,16 (ESV) says: 15 And he said to them, “Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation. 16 Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe ...
6
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4answers
732 views

In Isaiah 46:10, what exactly will God accomplish?

Isaiah 46:10 states (emphasis added): (Is 46:10 NABRE) At the beginning I declare the outcome; from of old, things not yet done. I say that my plan shall stand, I accomplish my every desire....
6
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2answers
497 views

In the context of 2 Corinthians 7, does soteria (σωτηρία) in verse 10 refer to salvation or sanctification?

2 Corinthians 7:10 For the sorrow that is according to the will of God produces a repentance without regret, leading to salvation, but the sorrow of the world produces death. (NASB) Reading this ...
5
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5answers
8k views

In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
5
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6answers
34k views

What do the words "For the letter killeth" mean in 2 Corinthians 3:6

2 Corinthians 3:6 (KJ21) "who also hath made us able ministers of the new testament — not of the letter, but of the Spirit; for the letter killeth, but the Spirit giveth life." Is Paul referring ...
5
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5answers
1k views

Did John the Baptist clearly preach that both faith and works are essential for salvation?

The most famous verse regarding salvation is probably John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish, but have eternal life (...
5
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11answers
324 views

Why does Jesus not allow some people who consider themselves good Christians (recognizing him as Lord and even doing works in his name) into heaven?

Some of the most chilling passages in the Gospels refer to people who thought they were saved and then hear the shocking words of the One they assumed was their Lord, telling them he does not know ...
5
votes
3answers
490 views

Who/what is the source of the power behind the miracles, signs and wonders in Matthew 7:22?

Matthew 7:21-23 (NASB): 21 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of My Father who is in heaven will enter. 22 Many will say to Me ...
5
votes
3answers
583 views

Are angels creatures (Mark 16:15) and can they repent (Rev 2:5 and Rom 8:21)

Alright guys go easy on me...only have a high school education here. What I don't get is why according to Strongs there are only 7 instances in which it refers to messenger and ALL 179 of the other ...
5
votes
6answers
538 views

Does the Gospel of John teach Christian Universalism?

John 1:29 KJV The next day John seeth Jesus coming unto him, and saith, Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world. John 12:47 KJV And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I ...
5
votes
9answers
895 views

What does "baptism now saves you" mean in 1 Peter 3:21

What does baptism now saves you mean in 1 Peter 3:21 Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience—through the ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What does Scripture mean by the "doctrine of baptisms" in Hebrews 6:1-2?

What does Scripture mean by the "doctrine of baptisms" in Hebrews 6:1-2 Therefore leaving the principles of the doctrine of Christ, let us go on unto perfection; not laying again the foundation ...
5
votes
4answers
325 views

How does one practically receive the "light of the knowledge" of the Glory of God in 2 Corinthians 4:6?

1) How does one practically receive the "light of the knowledge" of the Glory of God in 2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to ...
5
votes
2answers
308 views

What range of meaning is allowed by διὰ in Ephesians 2:8?

8For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, ESV διὰ πίστεως in Ephesians 2:8 is almost invariably translated 'through faith', but 'through' ...
5
votes
2answers
180 views

Who Demands a Ransom?

Col 1:14 - In whom we have redemption through his blood, even the forgiveness of sins: Redemption , from the Greek ‘apolytrōsis, (‘Strongs Lexicon: G729- Liberation procured by the payment of a ransom’...
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8answers
11k views

Matthew 7:13-14: What is the straight gate and the narrow way?

What exactly is meant by the strait gate and the narrow way in the following passage? Is it possible to establish that based on the text? Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and ...
5
votes
4answers
12k views

Who was blotted out of which book in Exodus 32:33?

After God led the Israelites out of Egypt, and the Israelites subsequently worshiped the golden calf for leading them out of Egypt, Moses went before the Lord, simultaneously outraged and concerned: ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

Did the 5 foolish virgins lose their salvation or were they never saved to begin with?

Matthew 25:1-13 (NIV) reads: The Parable of the Ten Virgins “At that time the kingdom of heaven will be like ten virgins who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2 Five of them were ...