Questions tagged [septuagint]

The Koine Greek translation of the Jewish Scriptures; often abbreviated "LXX".

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6
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3answers
684 views

Why did St. Jerome use “virago” in Gen. 2:23?

Why did St. Jerome use virago ("a man-like woman") to translate אשה in Gen. 2:23, when the LXX uses γυνή (woman)? And Adam said: This now is bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be ...
2
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0answers
9 views

In the Lamentations 4:21-22 (LXX), what is the significance of using Ιδουμαίας and then Εδωμ to identify the daughter of Edom?

In Lamentations, the phrase "daughter of Edom" is repeated in consecutive verses: Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom, you who dwell in the land of Uz; but to you also the cup shall ...
2
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1answer
36 views

How were Paleo-Hebrew words in the Greek Septuagint fragments treated?

In certain old fragments of the Greek Septuagint the name of YHWH alone is written in paleo-Hebrew letters. I’m a novice at Greek, but isn’t it necessary for all proper nouns and names to be written ...
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3answers
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In Acts 15:12-19 what in Amos convinces James about the gentiles not needing Torah?

[Act 15:12-19 CSB] (12) The whole assembly became silent and listened to Barnabas and Paul describe all the signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles. (13) After they stopped ...
2
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1answer
316 views

Where does the quote in 1 Corinthians 2:9 come from?

I have searched with my bible app and I don't seem to find it. 1 Corinthians 2:9 NIV 9 However, as it is written: “What no eye has seen, what no ear has heard, and what no human mind has ...
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8answers
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Why is the Septuagint (LXX) significant?

What is the LXX and why is it so noteworthy that there is a Greek translation of the OT? Wouldn't it be better to directly reference manuscripts in the original languages?
2
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1answer
31 views

In 1 Corinthians 14:15 is Paul alluding to Psalm 46:7-8 LXX?

In 1 Corinthians 14:15 Paul is admonishing the Corinthians for "wasting their breath" by addressing God and others (including unbelievers) in languages that were not understood by the hearers: [1Co ...
4
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1answer
128 views

Is Romans 3:10 a quote from the Septuagint?

Romans 3:10 : There is none righteous, no, not one: is usually attributed to Psalm 14 :3 there is none that doeth good, no, not one. and to Psalm 53:1 there is none that doeth good, no, not ...
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1answer
56 views

In Psalm 139:17: רֵעֶיךָ: „thoughts” or „friends”?

In Psalm 139:17, most of the Eglish versions would go like this: Psalm 139:17 How precious to me are your thoughts, God! (NIV) For the Hebrew: Psalm 139:17 וְלִי מַה־יָּקְרוּ רֵעֶיךָ אֵל מֶה ...
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3answers
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Why does the Greek Septuagint of Genesis 34:3 refer to Dinah as a virgin?

In relation to a question, Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin? καὶ προσέσχεν τῇ ψυχῇ Δινας τῆς θυγατρὸς Ιακωβ καὶ ἠγάπησεν τὴν παρθένον καὶ ἐλάλησεν κατὰ τὴν διάνοιαν τῆς παρθένου αὐτῇ Greek ...
0
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1answer
484 views

Approximately how many manuscripts of the Old Testament are extant today?

When looking into this, the closest I got to an answer is that the Masoretes were great copyists, but that they also had a way of disposing of older manuscripts, through the process of burial, and ...
1
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1answer
56 views

1 Maccabees timeline, “years”

I am reading 1 Maccabees and understand that these events took place around 150 B.C. In the book, the years progress upwards ex. from 150 to to 160. What timeline were the authors of this book going ...
2
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1answer
53 views

In 2 Samuel 12:25, what is Solomon's alternate name in the Septuagint and what does it mean?

The KJV (mainly Hebrew?) reads, "And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD." The Septuagint (e-Sword) reads, "και απεστειλεν εν χειρι ναθαν ...
2
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2answers
120 views

Is unclean ακαθαρτος / ακαθαρτον in the NT the same as in the OT LXX of the Law (Pentateuch)?

In reading the New Testament Epistles the words rooted in ακαθαρτ translated 'unclean' in the KJV are listed among sinful actions: Ephesians 5:5  For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean ...
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Can “pharmakous” mean something other than “sorceror”?

The Hebrew word כַשֵּׁף is typically translated "sorcery" in Hebrew-to-English translations. Paro had court sorcerors replicate some of God's miracles and Nebuchanezer asks his sorcerors to interpret ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Why does the LXX occcassionally have “fear God” instead of “fear the Lord” in Proverbs?

The fear of the LORD (YHVH) is found throughout Proverbs. In the KJV, the exact phrase occurs 14 times; twice it is feareth the LORD; once fear the LORD and once fear thou the LORD. What I find ...
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4answers
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What is the difference between “logos ( λόγος )” in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and “rhema ( ῥήματος)” in Matthew 26:75?

What is the difference between "logos ( λόγος )" in 1 Corinthians 12:8 and "rhema ( ῥήματος)" in Matthew 26:75? There is a background to this question. This article "Rhema and Logos: There Is No ...
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1answer
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Does the postfixed χ in Jewish Greek transliterations simply denote the aleph, i.e. vs. other vowels?

The Hebrew א and the Greek χ (especially in their typical manuscript form) look very similar. 'Jewish Greek' (Septuagintic/Diaspora/NT Greek) already being an insiders language (inasmuch it's ...
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Abimelekh (Αβιμελεχ) in the LXX

Repeatedly in Ruth (e.g. 1:2, 1:3, 2:1...) and in I Samuel (21:1, 21:6, 21:8, 22:9), the LXX (in all printed critical versions, although some manuscripts correct this, see here for details) as well as ...
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How is the Septuagint interpretation of Psalms 40:6 reconciled with the Hebrew text?

The ancient Hebrew and Greek versions of Psalms 40:6 are quite different. The Hebrew version says 'my ears you have opened' whilst the Greek LXX has 'a body you restored to me'. Furthermore in Hebrews ...
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Is there significance to Jesus' tunic being kept intact while the Temple veil was torn apart?

Matthew, Mark, and John record casting lots to divide Jesus' clothing. John adds the Old Testament quote from Psalm 22:18 and provides other details: When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they ...
6
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3answers
294 views

Why does the LXX translate דֹּדֶ֖יךָ as μαστοί in Song of Songs 1:2?

Song of Songs 1:2 Hebrew: יִשָּׁקֵ֙נִי֙ מִנְּשִׁיקֹ֣ות פִּ֔יהוּ כִּֽי־טֹובִ֥ים דֹּדֶ֖יךָ מִיָּֽיִן׃ KJV: Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth: for thy love is better than wine. ...
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Which Tobit 1:1 genealogy is closer to the original?

What did the genealogy look like in the original version of Tobit? Did it look like the one in Vaticanus, or like the one in Sinaiticus, or neither? Tobit 1:1: Codex Vaticanus B — ΒΙΒΛΟΣ ΛΟΓΩΝ ...
4
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2answers
340 views

MT “will strike” & LXX “will watch carefully” (Gen 3:15)?

I haven't seen this question asked at all in the threads I've searched, so this shouldn't be a duplicate. I've been looking for answers about God's curse over the serpent in Gen 3:15. The question I ...
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1answer
65 views

Does the Septuagint more accurately translate Genesis 15:6 than English translations?

Genesis 15:6 : ... and he counted it to him for righteousness. KJV. ... and He reckoneth it to him -- righteousness. Young's Literal. ... And He counted it to him for righteousness. Green'...
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4answers
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Can a joint meaning of 'word of death' be derived for Isaiah 9:7 / 9:8 on account of the different words used in the Greek LXX and Hebrew Texts?

I would like to see some answers as to the discrepancy between the Hebrew and the LXX Greek Text concerning the subject matter of what is read in verse 8 of the KJV, but in other translations it can ...
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6answers
2k views

What did Jesus likely say in John 8:58?

In John 8:58, the author quotes Jesus: . ..πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί (NA28) ...before Abraham was, I am (ESV) Many have understood this as a claim to divinity, and some translations render ...
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3answers
791 views

Based on recent manuscript discoveries, is the LXX more reliable than the MT?

Based on recent manuscript discoveries such as the Dead Sea Scrolls, is the text of the LXX more reliable than the MT?
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How reliable are the Dead Sea Scrolls as a base to compare against the Masoretic text and the LXX?

I often find people comparing other manuscripts (e.g., Masoretic text, LXX) against the Dead Sea Scrolls in order to determine their accuracy. For example, this thread asked how reliable the LXX was ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Translation of “Chesed” in the Septuagint, LXX

My question is about the Greek word that was used to translate "chesed" Psalm 136:1 in the Septuagint. Is the same Greek word always used to translate "chesed" in the Septuagint?
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1answer
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Why is חַוָּ֑ה (Gen. 3:20; 4:1) translated “Eve” in KJV (both cases) and “Ζωή” in Gen. 3:20 (LXX), yet “Ευαν” in Gen. 4:1 (LXX)?

The Hebrew proper noun, חַוָּ֑ה, in Genesis 3:20 and Genesis 4:1, is transliterated "Eve" in both cases in the KJV, yet "Ζωή" and "Ευαν" (Gen. 3:20; 4:1, respectively) in the LXX. It should be "Chavah"...
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1answer
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In Psalm 23:6 why is the word God /θεοῦ added in the LXX but lacking in the Hebrew Psalm 24:6 in it's equivalent אלהים?

LXX Psa 24:6  (23:6) αὕτη ἡ γενεὰ ζητούντων αὐτόν, ζητούντων τὸ πρόσωπον τοῦ θεοῦ Ιακωβ. διάψαλμα.  Hebrew Text Psa 24:6  זה דור דרשׁו מבקשׁי פניך יעקב סלה׃  This in some ways, while it in ...
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1answer
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In 2 Thessalonians 2:1-2 is Paul's reference to “our gathering with him” an allusion to Psalm 46:10 LXX?

Paul associates the coming of Christ with "our gathering together to him": [2Th 2:1-2 NASB] 1 Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering ...
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7answers
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Why did the Masoretes take away 100 (or 50) years from the age of the fathers at their first sons' dates of birth?

The Septuagint (along with the Samaritan Pentateuch) and Flavius Josephus in his Jewish Antiquities allow for about 6 to 7 hundred more years from our days back to the Flood (which accordingly would ...
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2answers
372 views

How do sins become strangers in Greek Psalm 18 (19)?

Psalm 19:14 (13) reads: גַּ֤ם מִזֵּדִ֨ים ׀ חֲשֹׂ֬ךְ עַבְדֶּ֗ךָ אַֽל־יִמְשְׁלוּ־בִ֣י אָ֣ז אֵיתָ֑ם וְ֝נִקֵּ֗יתִי מִפֶּ֥שַֽׁע רָֽב׃ (BHS) Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not ...
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6answers
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Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
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1answer
347 views

What is the significance of using ἀγάπησιν rather than agapao in the Septuagint?

Some say the use of ἀγαπάω (agapao) in the New Testament must be understood as the exclusive verb form of ἀγάπη (agape). The Septuagint does not appear to reflect this understanding. In the LXX, the ...
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2answers
36 views

Was ἀλλογενής “created” by the LXX translators as a way to distinguish a certain type of foreigner, such as a Samaritan?

After healing ten lepers, one, whom Luke identifies as a Samaritan, returns: Then one of them, when he saw that he was healed, turned back, praising God with a loud voice; and he fell on his face ...
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5answers
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In Psalm 82:1 who are in the “congregation” and who are the “gods”?

How should we understand Psalm 82:1? God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. Who is the congregation? And who are the gods? According to other answers here ...
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3answers
345 views

When is the Septuagint containing manuscript “Codex Sinaiticus” dated?

I would like to know the dating of this particular manuscript that contains Deuteronomy in the Septuagint version. How do I find that out? I mean was it written before 3rd century BC or was it ...
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0answers
25 views

How to read the geographical data in Tobit 1:2 א

(Tobit 1:2, Codex Sinaiticus) ὃς ᾐχμαλωτεύθη ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις Ἐνεμεσσάρου τοῦ βασιλέως τῶν Ἀσσυρίων ἐκ Θίσβης ἥ ἐστιν ἐκ δεξιῶν Κυδιὼς τῆς Νεφθαλὶμ ἐν τῇ ἄνω Γαλιλαίᾳ ὑπεράνω Ἀσσὴρ ὀπίσω ὁδοῦ δυσμῶν ...
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1answer
110 views

Did Lancelot Charles Lee Brenton borrow from the King James Version (KJV) when translating or editing his English Septuagint?

There are some New Testament allusions or quotations in the King James Version (KJV) that don't precisely match the Old Testament (KJV) source that they point to; however, such allusions or quotations ...
2
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1answer
255 views

Why does Jesus' wording of the Shema include the addition of 'and with all your mind?'

The vast majority of translations of Deuteronomy 6:4-5 read something like this: "Hear, O Israel, YHWH is our god; YHWH is one. And thou shalt love YHWH thy god with all thy heart, and with all thy ...
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6answers
14k views

Did 70 or 75 people go down to Egypt with Jacob?

Acts 7:14 states that "Joseph sent word and invited Jacob his father and all his relatives to come to him, seventy-five persons in all." This seems to contradict Deut. 10:22, Ex. 1:5; and Gen. 46:27 ...
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4answers
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How did “Sirens” arise in the Septuagint translation of Isaiah 13:21?

I am reading in the book of Isaiah at chapter 13 verse 21 in the King James Bible , and I notice in this bible, and in other English bible translations, that owls and jackals are commonly mentioned. ...
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3answers
4k views

Is יהוה ever transliterated in the Septuagint?

It seems to me that the Hebrew language doesn't have graphemes representing vowel sounds. On the other hand, the Greek language does. Also, I've heard that Josephus said that the Tetragrammaton (יהוה)...
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2answers
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By what Name did God reveal Himself to Abraham?

God is on several accounts called the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. (Even by Jesus himself and by his apostles he is called their God. e.g. Mk 12:26 /Acts 3:3 I quote from this answer (from ...
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1answer
303 views

Is “ Ὁ ὢν” used as a title for Yahweh in LXX Jeremiah?

While looking into a question about the Greek phrase "ο ων" ("the one being") as a title for Yahweh in Koine Greek literature, I ran across this appellation in LXX Jeremiah. It occurs three times in ...
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1answer
96 views

What's the difference between σπέρματί σπέρμα σπέρματός

I am looking at the Septuagint and trying to figure out the differences in the word "seed" that God promised Abraham. I thought that the Greek word σπέρμα means "thy seed" in the plural and that ...
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2answers
125 views

Does τὸν ὄντα correspond to יהוה in Wisdom 13:1?

Wisdom 13:1-5 (translation mine) 1 Truly vain are all men by [their] nature in whom there is not the knowledge of God: who, though they have seen the good things [of creation], do not know him ...