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Questions tagged [second-temple-judaism]

Questions about Jewish history, practices, culture, and beliefs between the return from Babylonian captivity and the destruction of the temple by Titus.

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13
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1answer
4k views

Accuracy of Alfred Edersheim's "Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah"

Edersheim's book The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah has been called "one of the best known and most important references on the life of Christ ever written." However, a lot has changed in the ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Is there any evidence to support the "different calendar theory" often invoked to resolve chronological discrepancies in the gospels?

Is there any evidence that there was a confusion of calendars in the first century, such that dates reported within the NT might vary as to the "actual" date of an event, and some authors (...
11
votes
1answer
137 views

What kind of reception did Jubilees have in first century Judaism?

Was the Book of Jubilees well known during the period of and before the early church? In Stephen's speech in Acts, he makes a reference to the mediation of law through angels that while absent from ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Could someone other than a Levite legitimately serve as a priest?

There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the division of Abijah. His wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. (Luke 1:5) ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

History: Might Herod Agrippa have prosecuted Christians for being part of an illegal religion?

From what I understand Roman law had two very significant statutes regarding religion: a law requiring that the Roman deities be acknowledged by a periodic sacrifice a law permitting Judaism to ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Sources for practice of festival of Booths in first-century, second temple Judaism

My understanding is that the festival of Booths (i.e., Sukkot) in first-century, second temple Judaism was a seven-day harvest festival that included petitions for rain and sunlight (for better crop ...