Questions tagged [second-temple-judaism]

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28 views

Public reading of the Law during the Festival of Tabernacles at Jesus' time

Deuteronomy 31:9 — So Moses wrote down this law and gave it to the Levitical priests, who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to all the elders of Israel. 10Then Moses commanded them: “At ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Sources for practice of festival of Booths in first-century, second temple Judaism

My understanding is that the festival of Booths (i.e., Sukkot) in first-century, second temple Judaism was a seven-day harvest festival that included petitions for rain and sunlight (for better crop ...
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2answers
58 views

Were the “scribes” also clearly partisan as were the Pharisees and Sadducees?

IE: If we knew that someone was a "scribe" would we automatically know their religious bent as we do with Pharisees and Sadducees?: [Act 23:8 NLT] (8) for the Sadducees say there is no resurrection ...
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2answers
49 views

In Galatians 1:14, what kind of “levels” were there among the Pharisees in the first century?

[Gal 1:14 NIV] (14) I was advancing in Judaism beyond many of my own age among my people and was extremely zealous for the traditions of my fathers. Paul seems to be writing to gentiles and explains ...
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0answers
68 views

History: Might Herod Agrippa have prosecuted Christians as being an illegal religion?

From what I understand Roman law had two very significant statutes regarding religion: a law requiring that the Roman deities be acknowledged by a periodic sacrifice a law permitting Judaism to ...
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1answer
282 views

History: Per Leviticus 19:27 would the apostles have had side locks? [closed]

[Lev 19:27 ESV] (27) You shall not round off the hair on your temples or mar the edges of your beard. Note: Related article from Jewish Encylopedia.
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1answer
24 views

In 2 Chronicles 33:4 what does it mean that YHVH “my name will remain in Jerusalem forever”?

[2Ch 33:4 NLT] (4) He built pagan altars in the Temple of the LORD, the place where the LORD had said, "My name will remain in Jerusalem forever." WLC וּבָנָ֥ה מִזְבְּחֹ֖ות בְּבֵ֣ית ...
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3answers
72 views

In John 7:37 does John link “the last day” with “the last day of the feast”?

There are many places in the OT and the NT of the KJV that refer to "the last days" but there are none in John's gospel. Instead, he uses the singular, "the last day" six times to ...
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1answer
80 views

In Acts 4:7 what is the personal or family name of the captain of the temple guard?

What personal/family name or designation (i.e. from Galilee or son of so-and-so) did the CAPTAIN of the TEMPLE GUARD use at the time of Jesus' trial? A historical fiction book written by David K. ...
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0answers
488 views

Was “no man knows the day or the hour” (Mt. 24:36) a reference to Rosh Hashanah?

It's become common in Messianic Jewish circles and among others who have been impacted by the Hebrew Roots movement to say that Jesus' words in Matt. 24:36 are a clue that He would return on a future ...
3
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1answer
141 views

Could someone other than a Levite legitimately serve as a priest?

There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the division of Abijah. His wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. (Luke 1:5) ...
3
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1answer
348 views

Acts 15:5 - Could Christians remain Pharisees? [closed]

Acts 15:5 reads: But some from the religious party of the Pharisees who had believed stood up and said, “It is necessary to circumcise the Gentiles and to order them to observe the law of Moses....
10
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1answer
131 views

What kind of reception did Jubilees have in first century Judaism?

Was the Book of Jubilees well known during the period of and before the early church? In Stephen's speech in Acts, he makes a reference to the mediation of law through angels that while absent from ...
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1answer
3k views

Accuracy of Alfred Edersheim's “Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah”

Edersheim's book The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah has been called "one of the best known and most important references on the life of Christ ever written." However, a lot has changed in the ...
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3answers
7k views

In John 18, who was high priest at the time of Jesus' arrest?

First the text in John 18 (NIV) seems to make clear that Caiaphas was high priest: 18:13 They bound him and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that ...