Questions tagged [romans]

Paul's letter to the church in Rome.

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In Romans 11:26, how is “all” understood by those who believe Israel refers to physical Israel?

For those who believe “all Israel will be saved” in Romans 11:26 refers to physical, blood line descendants of Jacob, how do they understand the word “all”? In the abolute sense of every single ...
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46 votes
13 answers
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Does Romans 9:5 assert the deity of Christ?

Also known by the more pedestrian title: How should Romans 9:5 be punctuated? Romans 9:5, NA28 (punctuation omitted): ὧν οἱ πατέρες καὶ ἐξ ὧν ὁ Χριστὸς τὸ κατὰ σάρκα ὁ ὢν ἐπὶ πάντων θεὸς ...
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3. In The Parable of the Pearl, Mat13:45-46 how does one reconcile the phrase, “and bought it” with the Gospel of Jesus Christ?

I’m have a hard time understanding the Parable of the Pearl. Mat.13:45-46. All of the Pastors I’ve talked to explain it this way; the merchant man is the sinners in the world and the pearl of great ...
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7 answers
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In Romans, is there a difference between "children of God" and "sons of God"?

Paul's letter to the Romans calls believers "children of God" and "sons of God." Is there a difference between the two? For instance, are the sons of God mature believers and ...
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12 votes
11 answers
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Could the law give life?

This is more of a semantic question, but I keep coming back to it and can't seem to come to a conclusion. Was the law able to give life? I know that Galatians 3:21-22 (and other places) tells us that ...
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4 votes
4 answers
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In Romans 1:26-27 what are "unnatural" relations or "use beyond nature"?

Romans 1:26-27 reads: For this reason God gave them over to dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged the natural sexual relations for unnatural ones, and likewise the men also abandoned ...
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9 votes
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What does Paul mean by "Christ is the end of the law for righteousness" in Rom 10:4?

KJV Rom 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. Is this scripture in regards to righteousness? Is this speaking of Christ as the limit, end or total ...
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Does Hosea refer to Gentiles also as quoted by Paul in Romans 9:25?

Romans 9:24-26 (NASB) [24]even us, whom He also called, not from among Jews only, but also from among Gentiles. [25]As He says also in Hosea, "I will call those who were not My people, 'My people,...
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7 votes
5 answers
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Do the 'vessels of wrath' have libertarian free will? Romans 9:14-24

Romans 9:14-24 (ESV): 14 What shall we say then? Is there injustice on God's part? By no means! 15 For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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What was Paul trying to teach in Romans 14:5-6 when he talked about "special days" and "considering one day more sacred than another"?

Romans 14:5-6 (NIV) says: 5 One person considers one day more sacred than another; another considers every day alike. Each of them should be fully convinced in their own mind. 6 Whoever regards one ...
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What is the specific "Law" referred to in Romans 7?

Romans 7:7-8 (NASB) says, 7 "What shall we say then? Is the Law sin? May it never be! On the contrary, I would not have come to know sin except through the Law; for I would not have known ...
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10 votes
9 answers
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According to Romans 5, is death caused by individual sin, or Adam's sin?

In Romans 5, Paul says: Romans 5:12 (ESV) 12  Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned— Which ...
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2 answers
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Is it true that Luther intentionally mistranslated Romans 3:28?

I recently listened to Dr. Scott Hahn's conversion testimony. One thing that really jumped out at me was that Dr. Hahn stated that Luther purposely inserted the German word "allein" (alone) into ...
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Does Romans 5:12 say that we inherit the sin of Adam and Eve?

Romans 5:12 New International Version Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all people because all sinned It seems that we ...
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8 votes
10 answers
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In Romans 11:25 what is "the fullness of the Gentiles"?

Romans 11:25 KJV For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness ...
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To whom does the term "one God" refer in Paul?

The term “one God,” is found in three of Paul’s letters: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (Ephesians 4:6) εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ πάντων ...
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22 votes
8 answers
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Does Paul refer to his past or present evil/sin in Romans 7

In Romans 7:19, Paul says this: For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing. ESV Is Paul talking about "doing evil" in his present, converted state, or in ...
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7 votes
4 answers
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Is Jesus called YHWH in Joel 2:32/Romans 10:13?

In Romans 10, Paul is discussing the Lord Jesus, and in verse 13, he writes (NKJV, emphasis mine): For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.” The reason "LORD" is ...
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In Romans 11:19 why did the Jewish branches have to be cut off in order for the gentiles to be saved?

KJV Romans 11:19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in. A big part of Paul's theodicy of Romans 9-11 is the notion that it was an essential part of the ...
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19 votes
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Translation of "abba" (Αββα, אבא)

What is the best English translation of abba (Greek: Αββα, Aramaic: אבא) such as in Romans 8:15? What are its senses in the original languages, and are those best captured by father, dad, daddy, or ...
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16 votes
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What is the meaning of "heap burning coals on his head"?

Paul, in his letter to the Romans, in a longer passage entreating his readers to love one another, quotes from Proverbs 25:21-22: Romans 12:20 NIV On the contrary: "If your enemy is hungry, feed ...
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14 votes
9 answers
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Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Church in Jerusalem?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility (...
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12 votes
2 answers
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What is the textual evidence for defining "μισέω" as "reject"?

I have heard that μισέω does not necessarily mean hate in the sense of a wrathful detestation, but can also have a judicial sense, i.e. reject. A classic example where this meaning would be applied is ...
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Are the 'vessels of wrath' in Romans 9:22 'prepared for' or are they 'preparing themselves for destruction'?

In Romans 9:22, the perfect middle/passive participle κατηρτισμένα could be read in one of two ways: κατηρτισμένα εἰς ἀπώλειαν Middle: 'having prepared themselves for destruction' Passive: 'having ...
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5 votes
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Romans 8:11 - present or future?

Romans 8:11 appears in the following context: 9 However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he ...
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19 votes
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Who subjected the creation to futility in Rom. 8:20-21?

Paul says that creation was subjected to futility in Romans 8:20-21 ESV: For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope that the creation ...
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What did 'adoption' mean to the Romans?

Romans 8 14 For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a ...
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What sort of phrasing is "the many" in Romans 5?

Most English translations have something in Romans that is an interesting turn of phrase—at least to my ears it instinctively makes sense but at the same time it in more at home in a carefully worded ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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What does 'master' signify in Rom 6:9? 'death no longer is master over Him'

Rom 6:9 knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, is never to die again; death no longer is master over Him. So may we clearly understand that while Jesus was in the flesh being tempted ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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( Romans 1:26 ) firstly associating women, and then secondly only mentions men in the sin of homosexuality

Since most English translations of the Bible use the masculine nouns and pronouns for gender, what kind of deeper understanding can we get from the fact that in ( Romans 1:26 ) verse that starts off ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is Romans 1:18-23 alluding to Wisdom of Solomon 13?

NIV Romans 1: 18The wrath of God is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, 19since what may be known about God ...
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24 votes
6 answers
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Are Andronicus and Junia(s) apostles?

Two of our most literal English translations render Romans 16:7 in remarkably different ways: NASB: Greet Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners, who are outstanding among the ...
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21 votes
3 answers
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What does the term "principalities and powers" mean?

In some translations, I see the term "principalities and powers." To what does this refer? This will not be exhaustive, but for example, consider the KJV's translation of Romans 8:38-39: For I am ...
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17 votes
4 answers
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How should ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) be translated in Romans 3:25?

The word ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion) is often translated in Romans 3:25 as "propitiation," "atonement," or "sacrifice [of atonement]" in Western conservative biblical translations. In Hebrews 9:5 it is ...
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Translation of Romans 5:12

There is already a question about a possible contradiction between Romans 5:12 and 5:15, but this question focuses exclusively on the translation of 5:12 (which may inadvertently also answer the other ...
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12 votes
3 answers
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Is Romans 1:17 ambiguous?

ESV: 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” The NIV and KJV read similarly. I have always understood the ...
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Why would God create vessels of wrath prepared for destruction (Romans 9:21-22) if He has no pleasure in the death of the wicked (Ezekiel 33:11)?

Ezekiel 33:11 11 Say to them, As I live, declares the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but that the wicked turn from his way and live; turn back, turn back from your evil ways,...
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6 votes
6 answers
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Was the gospel mystery "secret" or "revealed through the prophets"?

In the doxology of Romans, Paul writes: Now to him who is able to strengthen you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery that was ...
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Does Paul believe that God sandbagged the Jews with a law they couldn't keep?

In Galatians 3:10, Paul says: "For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, ‘Cursed be every one who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, and do ...
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6 answers
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How can we understand Romans 5:13 & Romans 7:8 without contradiction?

(KJV) Romans 5:13 13 (For until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned ...
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11 votes
3 answers
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In Romans 11:4 why did Paul use χρηματισμός to introduce his quotation from the Elijah narrative?

Romans 11:4 (NA28 | ESV): ἀλλὰ τί λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ χρηματισμός; κατέλιπον ἐμαυτῷ ἑπτακισχιλίους ἄνδρας, οἵτινες οὐκ ἔκαμψαν γόνυ τῇ Βάαλ. But what is God’s reply to him? (literally: what does the ...
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10 votes
1 answer
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Would the Romans have known what Paul meant by "works of the law"?

In Romans 3:20, Paul writes that no one is δικαιωθήσεται by works of the law (ἔργων νόμου). The only other place I know of the phrase in the New Testament is in Galatians. Does this phrase have use ...
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8 votes
10 answers
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What is meant by the expression "all Israel" in Romans 11:26?

Romans 11:26a (ESV) states: “And in this way all Israel will be saved...” Many take this to mean that someday the nation of Israel (meaning either, all the physical descendants of Jacob or all the ...
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7 votes
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What specific charge is brought against God in Romans 9:14?

In Romans 9:14, Paul asks the question, "What then shall we say? Is God unjust?" He replies, of course, "Not at all!" And then seemingly he goes on to give a reason for why God is not unjust. However, ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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How does Paul answer the charge that God is not just?

Soldarnal asked a question about what charge Paul is defending God against in Romans 9:14. Assuming the charge is that God is unjust because chooses to love some and hate others on the basis of His ...
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6 votes
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Law of God vs Law of Christ

The phrase "Law of Christ" appears only twice in the NT, namely, 1 Cor 9:21 & Gal 6:2. In the first of these, we read: To those without the law I became like one without the law (...
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Could ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38 be 'the past' rather than 'ruler' or similar

All translations seem to render ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38-39 as 'ruler' or something similar, for example: ESV: 38For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present ...
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3 votes
6 answers
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Is there a contradiction between Romans 3:1-2 and Galatians 5:2?

It would seem like Paul is for circumcision in Romans, but makes a u-turn in Galatians, where he seems to preach against circumcision. The passages, for reference: Romans 3:1-2 Then what advantage ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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What is the "evil" Paul keeps doing in Romans 7:19?

Paul confesses that he has the desire to do what is good, but that he cannot carry it out. Quoting NIV 1984: Romans 7:19: For what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I do not want to ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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In Romans 12:1 - What is "Therefore" there for?

Question: In Romans 12:1 - What is "Therefore" there for? Is "therefore" there to indicate that Paul is concluding an argument? If so, what was the justification that Paul gave ...
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