Questions tagged [revelation]

The book of Revelation is the last book of the canonical New Testament. (This tag is NOT for questions about the revelation of God's will/plan/instruction in general).

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26
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9answers
33k views

In Revelation 20:14, what is meant by “Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire”?

In Revelation 20:14 (ESV) we read: "Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire." The concept of "fire" is used multiple times in the New ...
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Is Revelation 3:14 saying that Christ was created by God?

Revelation 3:14 (KJV) 14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God; Most ...
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3answers
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What significance does the word order of people, tribes, nations, and languages play in Revelation?

Seven times in Revelation, John describes people in a fourfold manner: 5:9c For you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation ...
16
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3answers
978 views

Was there precedent for John to link the satan and the serpent?

In Revelation 20:2, John links the satan and the serpent: He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. A couple preliminary questions:...
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5answers
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To what does the time clause connect in Revelation 13:8?

I noticed that there are several ways that English translations render Revelation 13:8. There is a potentially significant difference in how the clauses connect, but most translations are a little bit ...
15
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2answers
431 views

Is there a literary dependence of 2 Peter upon the Revelation?

This is a mild suspicion I've held for a while, and on occasion I will attempt a search to see if any scholars have expressed the view, but so far I have found nothing other than generic bible verse ...
14
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6answers
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Revelation: Before or after AD70?

My question is about how the Book of Revelation is dated. Some say it was written before the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70, and others say it was written later (maybe around AD 90.) Obviously the ...
14
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6answers
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Why is the tribe of Dan missing from Revelation 7:5-8?

We have been studying the book of Revelation and it was noted that the tribe of Dan was missing from the list of tribes of Israel listed in Revelation 7:5-8. Is there any biblical explanation why Dan ...
14
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6answers
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In Revelation 17:1, what does “sits” mean in “the great prostitute, who sits by many waters”?

In Revelation 17:1 (NIV), it is written, One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and said to me, "Come, I will show you the punishment of the great prostitute, who sits by many waters. ...
14
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2answers
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Was the Revelation written in code to hide it from the Romans?

Several years ago I was intrigued with the Revelation, and began a study. Of particular interest to me was the use of symbolism. Within that study the symbolism became understandable in relation to ...
14
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5answers
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What is the “hidden manna” and the “white stone”?

From Revelation 2:17: He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes, I will give some of the hidden manna. I will also give him a white stone with a new ...
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2answers
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Rev 20:7-8 Syntax: Gog and Magog in apposition to what?

Revelation of John 20:7-8 SBLGNT 7 Καὶ ὅταν τελεσθῇ τὰ χίλια ἔτη, λυθήσεται ὁ Σατανᾶς ἐκ τῆς φυλακῆς αὐτοῦ, 8 καὶ ἐξελεύσεται πλανῆσαι τὰ ἔθνη τὰ ἐν ταῖς τέσσαρσι γωνίαις τῆς γῆς, τὸν Γὼγ ⸀ ...
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5answers
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Revelation 21:21 - How can gold appear clear?

"And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass." (Revelation 21:21 NASB) How are we to understand ...
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10answers
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What is the “first resurrection”?

Finishing up the year in the Bible, I heard this passage: Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. Also I saw the souls of those who had been ...
12
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6answers
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Who are the “kings of the earth”?

In the book of Revelation, it sometimes seems like the term "kings of the earth” is used to refer to the chosen ones, but in other verses it looks like they are the damned ones. The chosen ones: ...
12
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3answers
680 views

What evidence is there the writer of Revelation was aware of the apostle Paul?

In a comment to this question What are the 12 names of the the apostles of the lamb? Mark Edward raised the point if the author of Revelation was aware of or concerned with Paul and his claim to ...
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3answers
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Who is the woman in Revelation 12?

She is introduced: A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head.—Revelation 12:1 (NIV) Who is the woman ...
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6answers
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What is the meaning of “calculate” in Revelation 13:18?

This is perhaps the most famous prophesy in popular culture: This calls for wisdom: let the one who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his ...
11
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9answers
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What historical reasons resulted in Revelation being included in most Christian canons?

As a source, the book of Revelation is something of an outlier for a book of the Bible that got accepted into the canonical New Testament of most branches of Christianity: it is the only explicitly ...
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8answers
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What is Babylon refering to in the New Testament?

In the New Testament the city of Babylon is mentioned a few times. Notably in the book of Revelation: 6Then I saw another angel flying in midair, and he had the eternal gospel to proclaim to ...
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3answers
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Who are the morning stars in Job 38:7?

In Job 38:7 (ESV), Jehovah claims that the cornerstone of the earth was laid when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy implying that the morning stars were ...
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7answers
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Whose blood is on the white rider's robe?

The vision in Revelation 19:11 and following describes a rider on a white horse making war against the nations. While introducing the rider, verse 13 mentions, "He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood....
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2answers
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In Revelation 19:16, of which kings is Jesus king?

KJV Rev_19:16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS. We know that Jesus is the Christ/son of David and thus king of the Jews, or at least ...
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3answers
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In the Apocalypse, what is the significance of the phrase «ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος»?

The phrase «ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος» occurs four times in the Textus Receptus, all in the “Apocalypse” as follows: Rev. 1:4: «ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος» Δʹ Ἰωάννης ταῖς ἑπτὰ ἐκκλησίαις ...
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4answers
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What is the proper translation of Revelation 13:1?

I was reading Revelation 13:1 and compared how it was translated in the NASB ("And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore") and how it was translated in the KJV ("And I stood on the sand of the ...
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4answers
2k views

Whose voice is it in Revelation 4:1? (Inconsistent red letter usage)

The first voice, described in Revelation 1:10-11 is heard (and written in red). Then John turns to see who or what is speaking, and sees what is described as Jesus. The words spoken by Jesus (verses 1:...
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5answers
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What is the original Number of the Beast?

Seems trivial question, because 666 had been widely accepted as the original. However if you investigate further different early versions of the Book of Revelation, they gave different Numbers of the ...
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8answers
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Are there any rules on which things in Revelation must be interpreted literally and which symbolically?

Are there any rules on which things in Revelation must be interpreted literally and which symbolically? The one that comes from the back of my mind is that if a certain thing or a character is already ...
9
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3answers
929 views

Why the use of Lamb “ἀρνίον” and not either Lamb “ἀρήν” or Lamb “ἀμνὸς” in Revelation?

Twice John identifies Jesus as the "Lamb/Ἀμνὸς of God" (ESV): The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb (Ἀμνὸς) of God, who takes away the sin of the world! (John 1:...
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4answers
142 views

Does Revelation self-consciously bring a close to the canon?

The Revelation of John is placed in a lot of bibles at the end of the canon. This has always seemed natural to me, but on reflection perhaps it is simply an artifact of the books uniqueness as an ...
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4answers
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Who is speaking, the angel or Jesus in Revelation 22:8-16?

Revelation 22:8-16 (ESV): 8 I, John, am the one who heard and saw these things. And when I heard and saw them, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel who showed them to me, 9 but he said ...
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4answers
686 views

What is the New Jerusalem?

In Revelation 21:2, John talks about seeing the New Jerusalem coming out of heaven adorned as Bride. While the text talks of the New Jerusalem as city, it seems contradictory that the Bride of Christ ...
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5answers
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Does John 12:31 refer to the event in Revelation 12:9?

What is the meaning of Satan being "cast out" in the following verse? John 12:31 (KJV) 31 Now judgment is upon this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out (ἐκβληθήσεται ἔξω). From ...
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3answers
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What are these names - ' name of my God' and 'my new name' Jesus mentions in Rev:3:12?

Revelation 3:12 (KJV): "Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my ...
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1answer
350 views

Can “him” in Revelation 1:1 refer to John?

Revelation 1:1 (ESV) reads: The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant ...
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6answers
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In Revelation 8:1 does opening the seventh seal do anything?

In Revelation 6 the Lamb begins to open the seven seals of a scroll. Six seals are opened in this section. After the sixth seal is opened and its judgements unleashed, everyone hides from the wrath of ...
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2answers
84 views

Future vs Subjunctive in the promises to the seven Churches

I have a question regarding the significance of the Subjunctive tense comparing to the Future tense in examination of the promises found in the letters to the seven Churches in the Book of Revelation. ...
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5answers
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Whose name is written on the twelfth foundation stone? Is it Judas Iscariot Or Matthias or Paul?

Revelation 21:14 says: And the wall of the city had twelve foundation stones, and on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. (NASB) We pretty much know what the names of ...
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2answers
344 views

Why does John not participate properly in worship in the book of Revelation?

One central theme in the book of Revelation is worship. For instance, in Craig Koester's book, "Revelation and the End of All Things", he considers the worship scene in chapters 4-5 to form the heart ...
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4answers
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In Rev 19:16, why is the Name on the Word's thigh and robe?

The fact that the Name is on the Robe makes sense, because that's where the High Priest wore the Breastplate with the 12 Jewels and the Urim and Thummim; and the 12 Jewels are an echo and elaboration ...
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6answers
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Who/what are the two witnesses in Revelation 11?

In Revelation 11:3-12, God says he will appoint his two witnesses - "two olive trees", "two lampstands" - as prophets for 1260 days. They end up being overpowered and killed by the beast, seemingly in ...
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4answers
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What is “the Lord's Day” in Revelation 1:10?

The phrase, the Lord's day, found in Revelation chapter one, occurs only once in the New Testament. What grounds do we have to determine what day John was speaking about (the day his readers would ...
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4answers
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In Colossians 1:15, what does “firstborn of every creature” mean?

I was studying passages on the Bible about Jesus and its origin. One verse is, to me, somewhat hard to understand (Colossians 1:15, in King James version): Who is the image of the invisible God, ...
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3answers
581 views

In Revelation 1:1, is the revelation “of” or “from” Jesus Christ?

Before we select a canned interpretive model, shouldn't we first consider what is meant by Ἀποκάλυψις Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ (Rev 1:1)? Does the Greek better support "revelation OF" or "revelation FROM" Jesus ...
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2answers
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Who is speaking in Revelation 1:8?

Revelation 1:8 (NIV): "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty." In the NASB, the quote above appears in red letters (i.e. words ...
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5answers
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Why does NIV translate Revelation 22:14, Blessed are those who wash their robes?

Revelation 22:14 (New International Version) 14 “Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city. Revelation 22:...
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4answers
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Why is that great city figuratively called Sodom and Egypt? Revelation 11:8

After the beast has killed the two Prophets, we read in Revelation 11:8, Their bodies will lie in the street of the great city, which is figuratively called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord ...
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5answers
621 views

In Revelation 6:6 what is meant by "Do not damage the oil and the wine”?

Revelation 6:5-6 (NASB) 5" When He broke the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, “Come.” I looked, and behold, a black horse; and he who sat on it had a pair of scales in his hand....
7
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1answer
243 views

What is the historical interpretation of 'Nicolaitans' in Rev 2:15?

Simple enough. Starting with early church and patristic fathers what was the historical interpretation of Nicolaitans in Revelations 2:15? 2:15 In the same way, there are also some among you who ...
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2answers
915 views

Why are there two harvesters in Revelation 14?

In Revelation 14:15-16, at seemingly the end of the age, we have this scene: Then another angel came out of the temple and called in a loud voice to him who was sitting on the cloud, “Take your ...