Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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Who is the brother in 2 Corinthians 8?

(KJV) 2 Corinthians 8:18 18 And we have sent with him the brother, whose praise is in the gospel throughout all the churches; 19 And not that only, but who was also chosen of the churches to ...
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Who are the persons from Zechariah 12:10?

"And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on ME, THE ONE they have pierced, and they will mourn for HIM as one ...
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Who are the 12 apostles of the lamb?

And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. (Revelation 21:14 KJV) To whom does the "twelve apostles of the Lamb" refer? Is this the ...
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To whom does 'he' refer to in Mark 1:10?

Mark 1:10 (KJV): 10 And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: There seems to be some ambiguity in the above text. I'm ...
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Locust of Revelation

How do we interpret the locust plague of Revelation 9. They do not harm any green thing but they torment men for 5 months. They have faces of men, hair of women and they have a king! I need help ...
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Is Acts 18:8 & 17 referring to the same synagogue?

(KJV) Acts 18:8 8 And Crispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing believed, and were baptized. (KJV) Acts 18:17 17 ...
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Does John 13 refer to the Lord's supper?

(KJV) John 13:3 3 Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God; 4 He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took ...
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Does Numbers 3:43 refer to “all” the firstborn sons of Israel?

Total number of firstborn sons (KJV) Numbers 3:43 43 And all the firstborn males by the number of names, from a month old and upward, of those that were numbered of them, were twenty and two ...
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To whom does the phrase “Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man” refer to in Romans 2:1?

Romans 2:1 (KJV) 1 Therefore thou art inexcusable, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest doest the same things. ...
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To what or whom does the star called “wormwood ”refer to in Revelation 8:10-11?

Revelation 8:10-11 NASB [10]The third angel sounded, and a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of waters. [11]The name of the ...
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What is the antecedent of “he” in Daniel 9:27?

I have been having trouble trying to figure out the antecedent of the word "he" in a particular verse of the Bible. I was wondering if you could help. The passage is Daniel 9:25–27: v. 25) ...
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Which angel does John prostrate himself to in Revelation 19:10?

Revelation 19:10 (KJV) 10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship ...
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In Romans 8:19, what is the meaning of κτίσεως?

I have come across a very interesting re-reading of Romans 8:19 For the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed. Roberts argues that κτίσεως, usually translated ...
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Who is jealous of whom in Isaiah 11:13?

When reading this verse in the past it I seemed to take it for granted that Ephraim was jealous of someone else, likely Judah, rather than being the target of other's jealousy. The jealousy of ...
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To whom was Christ referring to as “little ones” in Mark 9:42?

(KJV)Mark 9:42 And whosoever shall offend one of these little ones that believe in me, it is better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and he were cast into the sea. Was Christ ...
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In Matthew 11:14, is it “receive it” or “receive him”?

In Matthew 11:14, is it "receive [it]" or "receive [him]"? The word "it" is usually supplied by the translators and commentators but is absent from the text: (Greek NT)  καὶ εἰ θέλετε δέξασθαι, ...
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542 views

In Proverbs 8:12, who is “Prudence”?

In Proverbs 8:12, who is "Prudence" with whom "Wisdom" dwells? YLT Pro 8:12 I, wisdom, have dwelt with prudence, And a knowledge of devices I find out. Related: Who is Wisdom in Proverbs
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“He” in 1 John 1:9

1 John 1:9 says this: If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (ESV) Who is "he"? I am unsure whether it is Jesus or the ...
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Which law is Galatians 3 referring to?

Galatians 3 (and the last verses of chapter 2, and the first verses of chapter 4) tells us that we are free from the "law". But I wonder what law are we speaking about here? The old Jewish laws, the ...
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In 1 John 4:3-4, who or what is the “he” that is in the world and in what sense?

While verse 4 is popularly believed to be a the Devil, it is actually referring to the antichrist, who was expected, came and hit the start button on the final hour: KJV 1Jn 4:3 And every spirit ...
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991 views

Who is the Pharaoh of Ezekiel?

Numerous times in the Book of Ezekiel a Pharaoh is mentioned. Which Pharaoh(s) is/are Ezekiel talking about? Here are some examples of what I am talking about: Ezekiel 29:2-3 - "Son of man, set ...
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Who are “they” in Amos 9:2?

Who are they in Amos 9:2? Though they dig into hell, thence shall mine hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring them down: (KJV) It looks like "they" refers to the ...
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Who are “the Jews” in John's gospel?

Were "the Jews" in John 10:19-21 the same group of people or a different group than the ones mentioned in 10:24-39? Some in vs 21 seem on the verge of believing in Him, while the ones in the second ...
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Who are “all” in 1 Timothy 5:20?

1 Timothy 5:20 (ESV) reads "As for those who persist in sin, rebuke them in the presence of all, so that the rest may stand in fear." My readings leads me to believe that "all" represents an ...
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In 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12, are “the lie” and “the truth” some particular lie and some particular truth?

In 2 Thessalonians 2:9-12, are "the lie" and "the truth" some particular lie and some particular truth? NIV 2 Thess 2: 9The coming of the lawless one will be in accordance with how Satan works. ...
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In Leviticus 19:18 is “love your neighbor” meant to include all people or just Israelites?

Leviticus 19:18 states לֹֽא־תִקֹּ֤ם וְלֹֽא־תִטֹּר֙ אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י עַמֶּ֔ךָ וְאָֽהַבְתָּ֥ לְרֵעֲךָ֖ כָּמ֑וֹךָ אֲנִ֖י יְהוָֽה. This is translated in the King James as: "Thou shalt not avenge, ...
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Ezekiel 43:9 “dwell in [WHOSE] midst forever”?

Now let them put away their whoring and the dead bodies of their kings far from me, and I will dwell in their midst forever. (Ezekiel 43:9 ESV) In whose midst is God going to be dwelling forever?
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Pronoun confusion in Exodus 31:17? Who rested?

Exodus 31 closes with Moses being told what to say to the people, verbatim. The use of first person pronoun to refer to the LORD is consistent throughout the section. I quote it all just to display ...
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What are the statutes and the commandments and the rules in Deuteronomy?

In Deuteronomy there is a repeated triad that appears in its full form first in 5:31:* ‏וַאֲדַבְּרָה אֵלֶיךָ אֵת כָּל־הַמִּצְוָה וְהַחֻקִּים וְהַמִּשְׁפָּטִים and I will tell you the whole ...
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In Psalm 14:1, who are “they”?

In Psalm 14:1, who are "they"?: Psa 14:1 To the Overseer. --By David. A fool hath said in his heart, `God is not;' They have done corruptly, They have done abominable actions, There is not a ...
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What is the final clause of Psalm 42:5 actually saying?

Psalm 42:5 (and 42:11) vary greatly in English translations with regard to how they deal with the last clause. Is there no way to be sure what it is saying? What are the issues in rendering this ...
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Is He “who searches hearts” the Holy Spirit or the Father (Romans 8:27)?

My question is a bit two-fold. It's regarding the proper understanding of Romans 8:26-27, specifically verse 27. Recently, I've come to disagree with many commentator's understanding of this passage. ...
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In Acts 10:42, why does BDAG suggest a nominative argument to ὁρίζω?

In Acts 10:42, why does BDAG suggest a nominative argument to ὁρίζω?: (GNT-V) και παρηγγειλεν ημιν κηρυξαι τω λαω και διαμαρτυρασθαι οτι Aουτος TSBαυτος εστιν ο ωρισμενος υπο του θεου κριτης ...
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Is Philip in Acts 8 the deacon or the disciple?

I would like to know if the Philip who baptized the eunuch in Acts 8 is Philip the disciple or the deacon mentioned in Acts 6
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In John 20:17, do Jesus and his brothers have the same God?

Jesus' God is repeatedly described in scripture as the Father. So in John 20:17 it seems obvious that when Jesus said "I to go my God" that he meant that he was going to his father: Joh 20:17 ...
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If it's a mirror, what is being reflected in 1 Cor 13:12?

If we accept that Paul is speaking of a mirror in 1 Cor 13:12, as some think to be the case (1 Corinthians 13:12: "For now we see through a glass, darkly"), then what is being reflected? I ...
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In Sirach 51:10, who is “[the] lord” and who is “[the] father of my lord”?

Brenton translates: Sir 51:10 I called upon [the] Lord, [the] Father of my Lord, that he would not leave me in the days of my trouble, and in the time of the proud, when there was no help. ...
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In Isaiah 55:13, what is the referent of “it shall be to the LORD for a name”?

Consider the following passage: Isaiah 55:13 KJV Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, for ...
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In Psalm 12:6-7 who or what will God preserve from that generation?

I'm doing a personal Bible study on the KJV Only doctrine. KJVO advocates point to Psalm 12:6-7 as evidence for the inerrancy of the KJV (or the source manuscripts used by them). The words of the ...
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Who is being told to “comfort” in Isaiah 40:1?

Isaiah 40 begins with the well-known line: Comfort, comfort my people, says your God. In English, "comfort" seems to me like a noun, as if God is thrusting comfort toward his people or something. ...
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Who or what is meant by the “ten men” of Zechariah 8:23?

Zechariah 8:23 Thus says the LORD of hosts: In those days ten men from the nations of every tongue shall take hold of the robe of a Jew, saying, ‘Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is ...
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Is the Destroyer of Exodus 12:23 the same as that of Revelation 9:11?

In the Old Covenant narrative of the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt, Yahweh tells Moses to instruct each Hebrew to paint the blood of the passover lamb on the doorposts so that the destroying angel ...
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In 1 Corinthians 2, who do the “we” passages refer to?

My bible study teacher claims all the "we" passages in 1 Corinthians 2 refer to the apostles specifically, not to believers in general. The natural man is not a man without the Spirit, but a man ...
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From the time what came to be? - Isaiah 48:16

I'm just not sure what the it is referring to here, or is it implied? Is it connected to wherever there is? Isaiah 48:16 (ESV) Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not spoken ...
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Can “him” in Revelation 1:1 refer to John?

Revelation 1:1 (ESV) reads: The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant ...
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Who is 'they' in Acts 13:28,29?

Acts 13:28 (KJV) 28 And though they found no cause of death [in him], yet desired they Pilate that he should be slain. Acts 13:29 (KJV) 29 And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they ...
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Is Hebrews 12:25 an allusion to the Judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses/Yahweh at Sinai?

Is the statement, "warned them on earth" (v25) an allusion to the judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses and Yahweh at Sinai? See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those ...
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In Isaiah 44:7 who are the “ancient people”?

In Isaiah 44:7 the LORD says: Let him declare and lay out before me what has happened since I established my ancient people (NIV) Who are the ancient people?
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Whose faith is the subject of Hebrews 11:11?

Πίστει καὶ αὐτὴ Σάρρα δύναμιν εἰς καταβολὴν σπέρματος ἔλαβεν καὶ παρὰ καιρὸν ἡλικίας, ἐπεὶ πιστὸν ἡγήσατο τὸν ἐπαγγειλάμενον (Hebrews 11:11, Westcott and Hort) The traditional translation of Hebrews ...
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In Ephesians 2:2, to what or whom does “the authority of the air” refer?

In Eph. 2:2, it is written, in which once ye did walk according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of ...