Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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2answers
153 views

Who is the 'we' in Daniel 2:36?

Daniel 2 29 “As Your Majesty was lying there, your mind turned to things to come, and the revealer of mysteries showed you what is going to happen. 30 As for me, this mystery has been revealed to me, ...
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Is לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ in 2 Chronicles 9:8 singular or plural?

2 Chronicles 9:8 "Blessed be the LORD your God who delighted in you, setting you on His throne as king for the LORD your God; because your God loved Israel establishing them [לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ] ...
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1 Corinthians 1:25, who is God?

1 Corinthians 1:25, (DRB): For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. The question is so simple: Who is meant by God in the verse? God the father, or ...
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Who is/are the referent(s) of the Greek words “ho Theos” at Mark 13:19 and what does it mean there. Is it the same every else too?

The following verses have the words "ho Theos" in their Greek translations. There are a lot more. Mark 1:1 Matthew 3:9 Mark 13:19 Luke 2:19 Acts 2:11 John 8:42,47 Luke 1:26 Acts 26:6 ...
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Who are 'those' in Galatians 4:4-5?

Galatians 4:4-5 NKJV 4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born[a] of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the ...
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1answer
50 views

Who are the “among these that stand by” in Zechariah 3:7? [closed]

Who are the "among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7? Zechariah 3:7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my ...
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1answer
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Hebrews 10:31-“It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.” -Who is “the person” to be fearful of falling into the hand of God?

Is the verese 31, part of Chapter 10:26-31, or stand alone with v.30? Text: Heb 10: 26-31(ESV) "For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer ...
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1answer
39 views

Who is being supported and protected in Daniel 11:1?

Daniel 11:1 NIV 11 1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I took my stand to support and protect him.) In the above text its not clear who is being supported and protected. Who is the ...
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1answer
39 views

Who spoke in 2 Kings 6:33?

2 Kings 6:33 KJV 33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down unto him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of the Lord; what should I wait for the Lord any longer? In the ...
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2answers
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Who is the son of the murderer in 2 Kings 6:32?

2 Kings 6:32 NASB 32 Now Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were sitting with him. And the king sent a man from his presence; but before the messenger came to him, he said to the ...
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In Ephesians 1:1 what does it mean by “God”, not “God the father”, nor “The father”, nor “His Father”?

Ephesians 1:1 (KJV); Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: Could you give me theological approaches to:...
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What is the meaning of “it” in Jeremiah 19:5? “nor did it come into My mind”. E.S.V

Jeremiah 19:5 (ESV); and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command or decree, nor did it come into my mind-- Here are ...
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626 views

In 1 Timothy 6:15 did Paul mean God the Father or God the Son?

1 Timothy 6:15 (NIV): which God will bring about in his own time--God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, What does Paul mean by "the blessed and only ruler, the king of ...
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3answers
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Who committed adultery with stones and with stocks in Jeremiah 3:9?

Jeremiah 3:8-9 NIV 8 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared ...
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33 views

Why does the author switch from plural to singular in Psalms 35:8,10?

Psalms 35:8 NASB 8 Let destruction come upon him unawares, And let the net which he hid catch himself; Into that very destruction let him fall. Psalms 35:10 NASB 10 All my bones will say,...
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How can we best interpret Matthew 24:5 in the Greek?

Full disclosure, I know very little Greek or Hebrew (apart from Strong's Concordance, etc.), but am a bit of a Bible nerd. I've added superscript letters in order to keep the person(s) clear in the ...
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3answers
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Prayer of faith or oil that heals the sick in James 5:14-15?

James 5:14-15 NIV 14 Is anyone among you sick? Let them call the elders of the church to pray over them and anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 And the prayer offered in faith will ...
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512 views

Was it Peter only who received the keys of the kingdom in Matthew 16:19?

Matthew 16:19 NIV 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be[d] bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be[e] loosed in heaven. Were ...
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Who is the “possessor of heaven and earth” in Genesis 14:19. Abraham or God?

Who is the "possessor of heaven and earth" in Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 and blessed be the most high ...
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What is “the same thing” that is being referred to in Matthew 26:44?

In Gethsemane Christ seemingly prays two different prayers before he prays the last one Matthew 26:39 NIV 39 Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if ...
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192 views

To whom does the term “one God” refer in Paul?

The term “one God,” is found in three of Paul’s letters: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (Ephesians 4:6) εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ πάντων ...
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Who does the word “them” in Revelation 20:9 refer to?

Could someone please show me which group the word "them" at the end of Revelation 20:9 points towards. Is this referent indirect or does it grammatically point to a specific group, either ...
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158 views

Who does Paul identify as creator at Romans 11:36?

Bible writers frequently identify the main participants at the beginning of their books. The first instance of “God” in Romans is anarthrous. He almost immediately hints at God’s identity in verses 3-...
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In Psalm 37:23, who delights in whose way?

There are many different takes on how this verse should be translated. Does the LORD delight in the godly man's path or does the godly man enjoy his own path?: Translations for Psa 37:23 KJV ...
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Who is Jesus speaking to in the first part of Matthew 17:17?

Matt 17:14 ff: A man brings the case of his disturbed son to Jesus, stating he brought the son to Jesus' disciples first, and they couldn't heal him. Jesus responds: “You unbelieving and perverted ...
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Are Jesus' words in Matthew 23:37 regarding Jerusalem killing prophets historic or predictive?

Are Jesus' words in Matthew 23:37 regarding Jerusalem killing prophets about past murders (which are not documented in history prior to the first century) or to the persecution that he and his ...
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1answer
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Does σπέρματος (descendants/seed) refer to Abraham's direct descendants or the nations in Hebrews 2:16?

Hebrews 2:16-18 New International Version (NIV) 16 For surely it is not angels he helps, but Abraham’s descendants 16 Οὐ γὰρ δή‿ που ἀγγέλων ἐπιλαμβάνεται ἀλλὰ σπέρματος Ἀβραὰμ ἐπιλαμβάνεται Does ...
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What are the “these things” referred to in 1 Timothy 4:15?

What are the "these things" referred to in 1 Timothy 4:15 Meditate upon these things; give thyself wholly to them; that thy profiting may appear to all. ? Is this the same word used in ...
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51 views

Who is the “them” in “them of old time”?

Matthew 5:21 says "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time..." (KJV) This term is also used in verse 27. Prior to verse 21 Jesus is talking about the law, and the scribes and ...
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Matthew 4:16 - are the “region” and “shadow” of death different things?

"...and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up." Matthew 4:16b KJV Is this verse is talking about two separate but related things, or just one thing? As an example......
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107 views

Who is the “him that heareth” in Revelation 22:17?

Who is the "him that heareth" in Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take ...
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1answer
45 views

Is “then comes the end” in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?

Is "the end" in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?: [1Co 15:19-28 ESV] (19) If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. (20) But in fact ...
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2answers
126 views

In Matthew 15:24 is “the lost sheep of the house of Israel” the same group as “the Samaritans”?

I've read various articles about the Samaritans but am still not clear on this: [Mat 15:24 ASV] But he answered and said, I was not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. If Jesus ...
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1answer
260 views

Is the beloved city in Revelation 20 the same as the new city in Revelation 21?

We are told that Christ will reign with the resurrected saints for a thousand years in the camp of the saints and the beloved city which will lead eventually to the demise of satan. Revelation 20,4-9 ...
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My question is about the kings as recorded in the book of Isaiah

In Isaiah 6:1, was king Azariah the same as King Uzziah? Compare 2 Kings 15:1-7.
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Who are the “chiefest apostles” in 2Co 11:5?

After Paul scolds the Corinthians for bearing people who preach things not according to Christ, he says: For I reckon that I am not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles.(ASV) Paul proceeds to ...
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1answer
34 views

Is Matthew 16:18 a resurrection prediction?

On the basis that by "this rock" Jesus means himself and "the gates of Hades" means the power of death, does the "it" at the end of the verse refer to the rock, i.e. to Jesus (rather than to the ...
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1answer
43 views

Who are 'them' in Numbers 20:13?

After the sons of Israel had contended against God concerning water,and Moses had not followed instructions it is said God proved himself holy among them Numbers 20:13 NASB ” 13 Those were the ...
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3answers
108 views

Who is the second child in Ecclesiastes 4:15?

YLT - 4:13 Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king, who hath not known to be warned any more. YLT - 4:14 For from a house of prisoners he hath come out to reign, for even in his ...
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1answer
207 views

In ancient Rome who were the many “lords” (KURIOI)?

Some think that calling Jesus "one KURIOS" in verse 6 that he is referring to the Tetragrammaton (IE: "YHVH"). However, he seems to be saying that the Romans considered many to be KURIOI, so it seems ...
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136 views

In Hebrews 12:23 who are “the gathering of the firstborn [plural]”?

[Heb 12:18, 22-24 CSB] (18) For you have not come to what could be touched, to a blazing fire, to darkness, gloom, and storm, ... (22) Instead, you have come to Mount Zion, to the city of the living ...
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In 1 Timothy 6:6-16 to what does Paul refer when he says “the good confession”?

Jesus spoke about the dangers of riches: [Mar 10:23 KJV] (23) And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God! When ...
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2answers
166 views

What is the meaning of Hebrews 13:10?

What is the meaning of Hebrews 13:10? Hebrews 13:10 We have an altar from which those who serve the tent have no right to eat. Who are the We ? Which is the altar ? Who are those who serve? ...
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Are the righteous the ones who will live with the consuming fire and continual burning in Isaiah 33:14-15?

Isaiah 33 14 Sinners in Zion are terrified; Trembling has seized the godless. “Who among us can live with the consuming fire? Who among us can live with [k]continual burning?” 15 He who ...
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1answer
50 views

Who does the unclean spirit mean by “us” in Mark 1:24?

In Mark 1:23-24, Jesus, having gone into a synagogue encounters a man with an unclean spirit: And immediately there was in their synagogue a man with an unclean spirit. And he cried out, "What have ...
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Does 2 Kings 17:33-34 refer to the Israelites or those that came with the king of Assyria?

Initially, the narrative is clearly directed at the children of Israel from verse 7-23 and then from verse 24-31 switches and addresses those that had came with the Assyrian king. But then from ...
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110 views

In Luke 21:22 when did Jesus say the days of vengeance would occur?

Jesus described his mission in terms taken directly from Isaiah: [Luk 4:19 NKJV] (19) To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD." mGNT Luke 4:19 κηρύξαι ἐνιαυτὸν κυρίου δεκτόν [Isa 61:2 ...
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53 views

In Hebrew 9:8 what does the author refer to when he speaks of the “outer court”?

Hebrews 9:8 NASB 8 The Holy Spirit is signifying this, that the way into the holy place has not yet been disclosed while the [i]outer tabernacle is still standing, Earlier on the author had made ...
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768 views

What are the “fruits of your righteousness” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10?

What are the fruits of your righteousness mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase ...
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181 views

To whom does the “Lord” refer in 2 Corinthians 3:17?

Reading through 2 Corinthians 3:14-17 English Standard Version (ESV) 14 But their minds were hardened. For to this day, when they read the old covenant, that same veil remains unlifted, because ...

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