Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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3answers
68 views

To whom did Jesus ascribed creation in Mark 13:19? [closed]

Mark 13:19 ASV For those days shall be tribulation, such as there hath not been the like from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never shall be. Considering Isaiah 44:24 ...
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What statutes and ordinances does Ezekiel 11:19-20 refer to?

Ezekiel 11:19-20 (NASB): 19 And I will give them one heart, and put a new spirit within them. And I will remove the heart of stone from their flesh and give them a heart of flesh, 20 so that they may ...
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462 views

Is 2 Peter 2:4 talking about demons?

2 Peter 2:4 (ESV): For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment; Are the angels that sinned ...
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29 views

Who is the "him" in Jeremiah 30:21

Jer30:21 And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that ...
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2answers
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Who are the nations and where do they come from in Revelation 20:7-8?

Revelation 20:7-8 NASB 7 When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and ...
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1answer
26 views

Is there a non-empty intersection between the believers at Acts 2:1-4 and the believers at Acts 4:31?

Acts 2:1-4 (ESV): When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house ...
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Does Paul in [2 Corinthians 12:2] allude to Enoch's journey into the third heaven [2 Enoch 8-9]?

Does Paul in [2 Corinthians 12:2] allude to Enoch's journey into the third heaven [2 Enoch 8-9]? Paul claims : "I know a [man] in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, ...
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Is Luke 11:9-13 a promise for believers or unbelievers?

Luke 11:9-13 (ESV): 9 And I tell you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 10 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, ...
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222 views

What specific set of manuscripts did Peter mean by "prophetic word" and "Scripture" in 2 Peter 1:19-21?

2 Peter 1:19-21 (ESV): 19 And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning ...
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Who will leave a blessing behind and for whom in Joel 2:14?

Joel 2:14 ESV Who knows whether he will not turn and relent, and leave a blessing behind him, a grain offering and a drink offering for the Lord your God? Its not clear in the above text who leaves a ...
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“Who” in Isaiah 40:13 and 14?

Isaiah 40:12: Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and ...
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Which transgressions?

GALATIANS 3:19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of ...
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Did Paul expect "the perfect" to come during his and the Corinthians' lifetime?

1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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130 views

The meaning of Hosea 10.9: "the days of Gibeah"

Text of Hosea 9.9 "Gibeah" or "the days of Gibeah" are a recurring theme in the book of Hosea, being mentioned in Hosea 5.8 (LEB) Blow the horn in Gibeah, the trumpet in Ramah. ...
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"Call to Me and I will answer you, and I will tell you great and mighty things, which you do not know" - To whom is Jeremiah 33:3's promise made?

Jeremiah 33:1-3 (NASB): Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the second time, while he was still confined in the courtyard of the guard, saying, 2 “This is what the LORD says, He who made the ...
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1answer
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Hosea 6.9: KJV "by consent" or ESV/LEB "by Shechem"

In Hosea 6.9: KJV reads: And as troops of robbers wait for a man, So the company of priests murder in the way by consent: For they commit lewdness. Whereas ESV has: As robbers lie in wait for a man,...
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Who is the Revelation of Yeshua given to (i.e. the Book of Revelation)?

In the Book of Revelation we have the following opening statement: 1:1 Ἀποκάλυψις Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ἣν ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ ὁ θεός δεῖξαι τοῖς δούλοις αὐτοῦ ἃ δεῖ γενέσθαι ἐν τάχει καὶ ἐσήμανεν ἀποστείλας διὰ τοῦ ...
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In 1 Cor. 14:1, was Paul's exhortation to "earnestly desire spiritual gifts" addressed only to the Corinthians, or to all Christians in general?

1 Corinthians 14:1 (ESV) Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy Did Paul write this exhortation only for the Corinthians who were the immediate ...
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1answer
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In whose home did the church meet in Philemon 1?

1 Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, To Philemon our dear friend and fellow worker— 2 also to Apphia our sister and Archippus our fellow soldier—and to the church that meets in ...
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Did Paul treat God and Jesus as one person in Titus 2:13?

Titus 2 text: 11 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men, 12 teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in the ...
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Who took off his sandal in Ruth 4:8?

Ruth 4:8 ESV 8 So when the redeemer said to Boaz, “Buy it for yourself,” he drew off his sandal. Ruth 4:8 KJV 8 Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe. Ruth 4:8 ...
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Was Jesus' promise "I am with you always, to the end of the age" only for the apostles or for Christians in all ages?

Matthew 28:19-20: 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all that I have ...
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What is the "it" in "those who find it are few" in Matt 7:14?

Matt 7:13-14 (ESV) says: 13 “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. 14 For the gate is narrow and the way is ...
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1answer
107 views

What signs and wonders are performed by whom? 2 Thessalonians 2:9-10

2 Thessalonians 2:9-10 (NIV): 9 The coming of the lawless one will be in accordance with how Satan works. He will use all sorts of displays of power through signs and wonders that serve the lie, 10 ...
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4answers
157 views

Who was Melchizedek?

In Genesis 14:17-20 we read that Abram met with Melchizedek. Then, we only find Melchizedek mentioned again in Psalms 110:4 The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after ...
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50 views

Pneumatology in Ephesians--what spirit enables us to know whom?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
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2answers
76 views

Christology in Ephesians--what is meant by "the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory"?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
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372 views

Who is "he" in Luke 20:37

Luke 20:37 NIV 37 But in the account of the burning bush, even Moses showed that the dead rise, for he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’[b] 38 He is not ...
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24 views

In 1 Peter 2:17, who is the king to which he refers, and how, specifically, is he to be honored?

[1 Peter 2:17 NKJV] (17) Honor all [people]. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king. Might he be referring to Christ as King? Or might he be referring to an obligatory sacrifice to the Caesar/...
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3answers
107 views

Romans 5:13 which Law is Paul referring to

When I read the below verse, I am unclear which Law Paul is Talking about. Is he refering to the Law on Mount Sinai? Cain was punished even before the law was given The whole earth was punished ...
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Who is said to have the tent behind him in Genesis 18:10?

Genesis 18:9 And they said unto him, Where is Sarah thy wife? And he said, Behold, in the tent. 10 And he said, I will certainly return unto thee according to the time of life; and, lo, Sarah thy wife ...
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Did Jesus address Peter or Satan influencing Peter when he said “Get behind me, Satan!" in Matthew 16:23?

Matthew 16:23 (ESV): 23 But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.” Was ...
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1answer
74 views

Who is the main speaker in Zechariah 2:8-9,11?

Zechariah 2:8-9,11 (NASB) “For thus says the LORD of hosts, “After glory He has sent me against the nations which plunder you, for he who touches you, touches the apple of His eye. For behold, I will ...
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Why did the angel of the LORD (YHWH) asked YHWH for information and receive comforting words in Zechariah 1:12 -13?

Zechariah 1:12-13 ASV Then the angel of Jehovah answered and said, O Jehovah of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had ...
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The children/sons of God - Job 38:7 & Romans 8:16 - same children or different children?

This question is similar to one asked here, but applied to a different combination of texts & contexts. From Romans 8:16: The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are the ...
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Was Christ referring to a particular group in the parable of the great banquet in Luke 14

Luke 14:15-18 NIV 15 When one of those at the table with him heard this, he said to Jesus, “Blessed is the one who will eat at the feast in the kingdom of God.” 16 Jesus replied: “A certain man was ...
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49 views

When does γραφή refer to the Tanakh vs additional holy writ vs writings in general?

The word γραφή ("scripture, writing") is used to refer to a variety of written documents - I'd like to understand the similarity or difference in meaning across 4 passages. It can refer to: ...
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Do Titus 1:2 + 2 Timothy 3:16 mean that scripture is inerrant?

Amended for clarity Two passages from Paul that are often used together: In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; (Titus 1:2) All scripture is given by ...
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1answer
806 views

Who is the "other disciple" in John 18:16?

After Jesus' arrest: 15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest. 16 But ...
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2answers
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Matt 25:40. Can Jesus' brethren be understood to be the righteous of verse 37?

I am looking for an answer based on the structure of the original Greek. I observe in my reading of Matthew 25:31-46 that the term " my brethren " occurs only in the first passage of Jesus' ...
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Isaiah 21:7-9 relates to Whom?

7 And he saw a chariot with two horsemen, a rider upon an ass, and a rider upon a camel: and he beheld them diligently with much heed. 8 And a lion cried out: I am upon the watchtower of the Lord, ...
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1answer
515 views

Who was Pharaoh in Joseph's time?

In Genesis 40:2 Pharaoh was furious with his two officials, the chief cupbearer and the chief baker. Who was the Pharaoh? Note: similar question was asked about the Pharaoh of Ezekiel's time and an ...
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2answers
471 views

Which Caesar did Paul demand to appear before?

Acts 27:24a and said, 'Do not be afraid, Paul. You must stand trial before Caesar.' The title "Caesar" was given to a number of Roman rulers. To which Caesar does the text refer?
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822 views

Who is the King of Babylon referenced in Isaiah 14:4 and 14:17?

[Isa 14:4, 17 NLT] (4) you will taunt the king of Babylon. You will say, "The mighty man has been destroyed. Yes, your insolence is ended. ... (17) Is this the one who destroyed the world and ...
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4answers
528 views

Whom is God talking to in Psalm 82:2?

Psalm 82 says: 1 God presides in the great assembly; he renders judgment among the “gods”. 2 How long will you defend the unjust and show partiality to the wicked? Who is "you" in this ...
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2answers
125 views

To whom Jesus refers "my God"?

Revelation 3:12 recorded (ESV) "the one who conquers I will make him a pillar in the trample of my God. Never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of ...
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How could King Herod have killed John the baptist in Matthew 14?

According to Matthew's narrative King Herod is said to have died whilst Christ was still a child in Egypt with his parents.It is said King Herod had been succeeded by his son Archelaus when Joseph ...
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66 views

Who are said to have the firstfruits of the Spirit in Romans 8:23?

Romans 8:23 NIV 23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, groan inwardly as we wait eagerly for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies Is it 1)Apostles 2)...
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1answer
100 views

Who is the "you" in Isaiah 55:5?

Isaiah 55:5 English Standard Version Behold, you shall call a nation that you do not know, and a nation that did not know you shall run to you, because of the LORD your God, and of the Holy One of ...
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747 views

John 14:29-31 - who is the 'Prince' of this world?

Who does John 14:29-31 refer to 29 I have told you now before it happens, so that when it does happen you will believe. 30 I will not say much more to you, for the prince of this world is coming. He ...

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