Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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26
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14answers
59k views

What is “sin that leads to death” in 1 John 5:16?

1 John 5:16 (NIV) Emphasis Added If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to ...
12
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5answers
2k views

Who is the “us” in Genesis 11:7?

Who is the plural referring to in Genesis 11:7 if it's GOD himself (or Yahweh) who has confused the language of people to stop the building of the Babel Tower? Verse from the NIV Bible: "Come, ...
4
votes
5answers
290 views

Who are “the Jews” in John's gospel?

Were "the Jews" in John 10:19-21 the same group of people or a different group than the ones mentioned in 10:24-39? Some in vs 21 seem on the verge of believing in Him, while the ones in the second ...
7
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3answers
1k views

In Ephesians 2:2, to what or whom does “the authority of the air” refer?

In Eph. 2:2, it is written, in which once ye did walk according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of ...
4
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2answers
158 views

Does τὸν ὄντα correspond to יהוה in Wisdom 13:1?

Wisdom 13:1-5 (translation mine) 1 Truly vain are all men by [their] nature in whom there is not the knowledge of God: who, though they have seen the good things [of creation], do not know him that is....
6
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4answers
482 views

Was John in the Spirit on the “Day of the Lord” or “Sunday” in Revelation 1:10?

I have a translation of the New Testament in my hands, in which Revelation 1:10 is rendered as "I was in the Spirit on Sunday". When I looked up the same verse in some other translations, I saw "I was ...
0
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1answer
192 views

To whom does the term “one God” refer in Paul?

The term “one God,” is found in three of Paul’s letters: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (Ephesians 4:6) εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ πάντων ...
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3answers
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In Leviticus 19:18 is “love your neighbor” meant to include all people or just Israelites?

Leviticus 19:18 states לֹֽא־תִקֹּ֤ם וְלֹֽא־תִטֹּר֙ אֶת־בְּנֵ֣י עַמֶּ֔ךָ וְאָֽהַבְתָּ֥ לְרֵעֲךָ֖ כָּמ֑וֹךָ אֲנִ֖י יְהוָֽה. This is translated in the King James as: "Thou shalt not avenge, ...
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2answers
8k views

Who are the 12 apostles of the lamb?

And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. (Revelation 21:14 KJV) To whom does the "twelve apostles of the Lamb" refer? Is this the ...
12
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3answers
8k views

What are the “generations” in Genesis 2:4?

Genesis 2:4: These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.(ESV) (BHS) אֵ֣לֶּה תֹולְדֹ֧ות הַשָּׁמַ֛יִם ...
3
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1answer
528 views

Does Numbers 3:43 refer to “all” the firstborn sons of Israel?

Total number of firstborn sons (KJV) Numbers 3:43 43 And all the firstborn males by the number of names, from a month old and upward, of those that were numbered of them, were twenty and two ...
3
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3answers
428 views

What and where are the “springs of living water” in Revelation 7:9-17?

Looking at the following texts: Revelation 7:9 After this I looked, and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, ...
2
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1answer
2k views

What sort of “slave” is Paul referring to in 1 Corinthians 7:21-23?

Paul writes the following in his first letter to the Corinthian church: Were you called while a slave? Do not worry about it; but if you are able also to become free, rather do that. For he who was ...
1
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1answer
354 views

In Hebrews 9:26 what does it mean that Christ “did away with the sin”?

Is it referring to "the sin" or to "the sin offering"? NIV Hebrews 9:26 Otherwise Christ would have had to suffer many times since the creation of the world. But he has appeared once for all at ...
0
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4answers
477 views

In John 1:9 is it “the true light was coming into the world” or “lights every man coming into the world”?

Are both readings plausible or is it clear from the grammar (not just the context) which is correct? New American Standard Bible There was the true Light which, coming into the world, enlightens ...
0
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2answers
974 views

In 1 Corinthians 10:9 why does Paul say that the Israelites “tested Christ”?

NIV 1 Corinthians 10: 1For I do not want you to be ignorant of the fact, brothers and sisters, that our ancestors were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea. 2They were all ...
12
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3answers
8k views

Sacrifice of the first-born son leads to fury

2 Kings 3:24-27 24 But when the Moabites came to the camp of Israel, the Israelites rose up and fought them until they fled. And the Israelites invaded the land and slaughtered the Moabites. 25 They ...
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6answers
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Identity of the “we” in 1 John 1:1?

The letter of 1 John begins in verse 1: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we ...
3
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4answers
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How should the 2300 evenings and mornings be understood in Daniel 8:13-14?

Daniel 8:13-14 NASB 13 Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking, “How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, [o]while the ...
14
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5answers
2k views

Is Luke's “Theophilus” An Actual Person or an Allegorical Person?

I've always wondered if there's any persuasive evidence either way for Theophilus whom Luke addresses in Luke 1:3 and Acts 1:1 being an actual person or an allegorical personification? I mean my ...
7
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2answers
620 views

Does רוּחַ, rûaḥ refer to the Spirit of יהוה, YHWH in Ezekiel 37:9?

Does רוּחַ, rûaḥ refer to the Spirit of יהוה, YHWH (Jehovah in the YLT below) in Ezekiel 37:9? BHS: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלַ֔י הִנָּבֵ֖א אֶל־הָר֑וּחַ הִנָּבֵ֣א בֶן־אָ֠דָם וְאָמַרְתָּ֨ אֶל־הָר֜וּחַ כֹּֽה־אָמַ֣ר ׀ ...
4
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1answer
579 views

What is “the last trumpet” to which Paul refers in 1 Cor 15:52?

1 Corinthians 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For there to ...
4
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2answers
197 views

Who is “I” in Psalm 4

Several verses in Psalm 4 are in the first person, for example in verse 1: Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have given me relief when I was in distress. Be gracious to me and ...
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2answers
3k views

In Romans 12:1 - What is “Therefore” there for?

Question: In Romans 12:1 - What is "Therefore" there for? Is "therefore" there to indicate that Paul is concluding an argument? If so, what was the justification that Paul gave ...
3
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3answers
521 views

Who is the serpent's seed in Genesis 3:15?

KJV Gen 3:15  and I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed: he shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. God says that going forward as a ...
3
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2answers
267 views

In 1 Corinthians 2, who do the “we” passages refer to?

My bible study teacher claims all the "we" passages in 1 Corinthians 2 refer to the apostles specifically, not to believers in general. The natural man is not a man without the Spirit, but a man ...
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2answers
141 views

In 3 John 1:14 who are “the friends”?

CSB 3 John 1:14: Peace to you. The friends send you greetings. Greet the friends by name. mGNT 3 John 1:14: εἰρήνη σοι ἀσπάζονταί σε οἱ φίλοι ἀσπάζου τοὺς φίλους κατ’ ὄνομα What does he mean by "...
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1answer
921 views

In Hebrews 11:3 what is the meaning of κατηρτίσθαι?

Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] Πίστει νοοῦμεν κατηρτίσθαι τοὺς αἰῶνας ῥήματι θεοῦ, εἰς τὸ μὴ ἐκ φαινομένων τὸ βλεπόμενον γεγονέναι. This is rendered variously as "formed", "made", "created", ...
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5answers
421 views

In 1 Corinthians 10:21 what are “the cup” and “the table of the Lord”?

1Co 10:21  Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils. Of what cup and table does he speak? I see these ...
18
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7answers
8k views

Who subjected the creation to futility in Rom. 8:20-21?

Paul says that creation was subjected to futility in Romans 8:20-21 ESV: For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope that the creation ...
5
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3answers
185 views

What does “fear of the Lord” in 2 Chronicles 14:13-15 mean?

2 Chronicles 14:13-15 13 Asa and the people who were with him pursued them as far as Gerar, and the Ethiopians fell until none remained alive, for they were broken before the Lord and his army. ...
5
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4answers
7k views

What did Jesus mean in John 6:26?

Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled. (John 6:26, KJV) When Jesus says "but ...
4
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2answers
262 views

Fourth from whom in Genesis 15:12-16?

(KJV) Genesis 15:12 12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him. 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy ...
4
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2answers
399 views

If Jude 5 says “Lord”, does it still refer to Jesus?

A while back Dan asked what seems to be a difficult text-critical question regarding Jude 5: whether it says "Jesus" or "the Lord" led the people out of the land. One of the reasons the UBS committee ...
3
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3answers
726 views

In Isaiah 45:23 is God saying that all shall bow to God or to Cyrus?

NIV Isaiah 45:23 By myself I have sworn, my mouth has uttered in all integrity a word that will not be revoked: Before me every knee will bow; by me every tongue will swear. In the BibleHub ...
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2answers
63 views

Is “the day of the LORD” a particular day or any visitation?

The phrase "day of the LORD" is used multiple times in scripture. Do they all point to the same event or to multiple events? Barnes, in "Barnes' Notes" suggests that it is descriptive rather than ...
2
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2answers
117 views

Who is the “we” (ἐσμέν) who are “of all people most to be pitied” in 1 Corinthians 15:19?

Who is the "we" in ἐσμέν in 1 Corinthians 15:19? ESV 1 Cor 15:19 If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. In particular, who are the ones pitied ...
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1answer
50 views

Who are the “among these that stand by” in Zechariah 3:7? [closed]

Who are the "among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7? Zechariah 3:7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

In Romans 11:11 who is made jealous of whom?

YLT Rom 11:11 I say, then, Did they stumble that they might fall? let it not be! but by their fall the salvation is to the nations, to arouse them to jealousy; Do the fallen Jews make the ...
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5answers
449 views

In 2 Corinthians 5:17 what has come and what has passed away?

Paul is describing a new way of looking - a new perspective. He says that he once saw the messiah from one point of view but now seems him and everyone else in a new light. According to verse 17, what ...
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4answers
1k views

Locust of Revelation

How do we interpret the locust plague of Revelation 9. They do not harm any green thing but they torment men for 5 months. They have faces of men, hair of women and they have a king! I need help ...
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3answers
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Who is/are the referent(s) of the Greek words “ho Theos” at Mark 13:19 and what does it mean there. Is it the same every else too?

The following verses have the words "ho Theos" in their Greek translations. There are a lot more. Mark 1:1 Matthew 3:9 Mark 13:19 Luke 2:19 Acts 2:11 John 8:42,47 Luke 1:26 Acts 26:6 ...