Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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11answers
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What is the antecedent of “he” in Daniel 9:27?

I have been having trouble trying to figure out the antecedent of the word "he" in a particular verse of the Bible. I was wondering if you could help. The passage is Daniel 9:25–27: v. 25) ...
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6answers
466 views

In James 1:13, what does “God” mean in “for God cannot be tempted by evil”?

In Matt. 4:1, Jesus is tempted. Jesus is God and therefore God can be tempted. Perhaps what James is saying here is that there is no chance that Jesus who is perfect would ever give into temptation. ...
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3answers
73 views

Who committed adultery with stones and with stocks in Jeremiah 3:9?

Jeremiah 3:8-9 NIV 8 And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared ...
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2answers
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In Romans 11:15, whose “loss” is it and whose “bounty”?

In working on a related question I realized that there it was unclear to me who was the subject and who was the object in this verse: Rom 11:15 KJV - 15 For if the casting away of them be the ...
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3answers
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Who is the second child in Ecclesiastes 4:15?

YLT - 4:13 Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king, who hath not known to be warned any more. YLT - 4:14 For from a house of prisoners he hath come out to reign, for even in his ...
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2answers
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Who wore the new garment in 1 Kings 11:29-31?

(KJV) 1 Kings 11:29-31 29 And it came to pass at that time when Jeroboam went out of Jerusalem, that the prophet Ahijah the Shilonite found him in the way; and he had clad himself with a new ...
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4answers
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1 Corinthians 1:25, who is God?

1 Corinthians 1:25, (DRB): For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. The question is so simple: Who is meant by God in the verse? God the father, or ...
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2answers
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Who is the 'we' in Daniel 2:36?

Daniel 2 29 “As Your Majesty was lying there, your mind turned to things to come, and the revealer of mysteries showed you what is going to happen. 30 As for me, this mystery has been revealed to me, ...
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1answer
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What is “the last trumpet” to which Paul refers in 1 Cor 15:52?

1 Corinthians 15:52 in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For there to ...
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1answer
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Is לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ in 2 Chronicles 9:8 singular or plural?

2 Chronicles 9:8 "Blessed be the LORD your God who delighted in you, setting you on His throne as king for the LORD your God; because your God loved Israel establishing them [לְהַעֲמִיד֣וֹ] ...
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Who are the “chiefest apostles” in 2Co 11:5?

After Paul scolds the Corinthians for bearing people who preach things not according to Christ, he says: For I reckon that I am not a whit behind the very chiefest apostles.(ASV) Paul proceeds to ...
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1answer
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To whom does the term “one God” refer in Paul?

The term “one God,” is found in three of Paul’s letters: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (Ephesians 4:6) εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ πάντων ...
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2answers
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In Ephesians 1:1 what does it mean by “God”, not “God the father”, nor “The father”, nor “His Father”?

Ephesians 1:1 (KJV); Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, to the saints which are at Ephesus, and to the faithful in Christ Jesus: Could you give me theological approaches to:...
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2answers
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Fourth from whom in Genesis 15:12-16?

(KJV) Genesis 15:12 12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him. 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy ...
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3answers
158 views

Who does Paul identify as creator at Romans 11:36?

Bible writers frequently identify the main participants at the beginning of their books. The first instance of “God” in Romans is anarthrous. He almost immediately hints at God’s identity in verses 3-...
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Who is/are the referent(s) of the Greek words “ho Theos” at Mark 13:19 and what does it mean there. Is it the same every else too?

The following verses have the words "ho Theos" in their Greek translations. There are a lot more. Mark 1:1 Matthew 3:9 Mark 13:19 Luke 2:19 Acts 2:11 John 8:42,47 Luke 1:26 Acts 26:6 ...
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3answers
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Who are 'those' in Galatians 4:4-5?

Galatians 4:4-5 NKJV 4 But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born[a] of a woman, born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the ...
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1answer
50 views

Who are the “among these that stand by” in Zechariah 3:7? [closed]

Who are the "among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7? Zechariah 3:7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my ...
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1answer
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Hebrews 10:31-“It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.” -Who is “the person” to be fearful of falling into the hand of God?

Is the verese 31, part of Chapter 10:26-31, or stand alone with v.30? Text: Heb 10: 26-31(ESV) "For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer ...
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1answer
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Is the beloved city in Revelation 20 the same as the new city in Revelation 21?

We are told that Christ will reign with the resurrected saints for a thousand years in the camp of the saints and the beloved city which will lead eventually to the demise of satan. Revelation 20,4-9 ...
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2answers
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Who does the word “them” in Revelation 20:9 refer to?

Could someone please show me which group the word "them" at the end of Revelation 20:9 points towards. Is this referent indirect or does it grammatically point to a specific group, either ...
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What are the “fruits of your righteousness” mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10?

What are the fruits of your righteousness mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase ...
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In Isaiah 44:7 who are the “ancient people”?

In Isaiah 44:7 the LORD says: Let him declare and lay out before me what has happened since I established my ancient people (NIV) Who are the ancient people?
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5answers
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Who are “the Jews” in John's gospel?

Were "the Jews" in John 10:19-21 the same group of people or a different group than the ones mentioned in 10:24-39? Some in vs 21 seem on the verge of believing in Him, while the ones in the second ...
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5answers
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Who is the “us” in Genesis 11:7?

Who is the plural referring to in Genesis 11:7 if it's GOD himself (or Yahweh) who has confused the language of people to stop the building of the Babel Tower? Verse from the NIV Bible: "Come, ...
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4answers
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Is the Destroyer of Exodus 12:23 the same as that of Revelation 9:11?

In the Old Covenant narrative of the Exodus of the Hebrews from Egypt, Yahweh tells Moses to instruct each Hebrew to paint the blood of the passover lamb on the doorposts so that the destroying angel ...
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3answers
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What are the “generations” in Genesis 2:4?

Genesis 2:4: These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.(ESV) (BHS) אֵ֣לֶּה תֹולְדֹ֧ות הַשָּׁמַ֛יִם ...
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1answer
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Can Luke's use of κράτιστε be taken as his way of acknowledging someone who held the office of High Priest?

1 Inasmuch as many have undertaken to compile an account of the things accomplished among us, 2 just as they were handed down to us by those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and servants of ...
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1answer
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To whom does 'he' refer to in Mark 1:10?

Mark 1:10 (KJV): 10 And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: There seems to be some ambiguity in the above text. I'm ...
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1answer
130 views

What are the statutes and the commandments and the rules in Deuteronomy?

In Deuteronomy there is a repeated triad that appears in its full form first in 5:31:* ‏וַאֲדַבְּרָה אֵלֶיךָ אֵת כָּל־הַמִּצְוָה וְהַחֻקִּים וְהַמִּשְׁפָּטִים and I will tell you the whole ...
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1answer
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Why does the author switch from plural to singular in Psalms 35:8,10?

Psalms 35:8 NASB 8 Let destruction come upon him unawares, And let the net which he hid catch himself; Into that very destruction let him fall. Psalms 35:10 NASB 10 All my bones will say,...
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8answers
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In Romans 8:19, what is the meaning of κτίσεως?

I have come across a very interesting re-reading of Romans 8:19 For the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed. Roberts argues that κτίσεως, usually translated ...
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1answer
45 views

Is “then comes the end” in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?

Is "the end" in 1 Corinthians 15:24 an allusion to Daniel 12:6-13?: [1Co 15:19-28 ESV] (19) If in Christ we have hope in this life only, we are of all people most to be pitied. (20) But in fact ...
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2answers
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To whom was Christ referring to in Luke 9:41?

Luke 9:37-42 (NKJV) 37 Now it happened on the next day, when they had come down from the mountain, that a great multitude met Him. 38 Suddenly a man from the multitude cried out, saying, “Teacher, ...
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2answers
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Who is the son of the murderer in 2 Kings 6:32?

2 Kings 6:32 NASB 32 Now Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were sitting with him. And the king sent a man from his presence; but before the messenger came to him, he said to the ...
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1answer
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Who spoke in 2 Kings 6:33?

2 Kings 6:33 KJV 33 And while he yet talked with them, behold, the messenger came down unto him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of the Lord; what should I wait for the Lord any longer? In the ...
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1answer
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Who is being supported and protected in Daniel 11:1?

Daniel 11:1 NIV 11 1 And in the first year of Darius the Mede, I took my stand to support and protect him.) In the above text its not clear who is being supported and protected. Who is the ...
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What is the meaning of “it” in Jeremiah 19:5? “nor did it come into My mind”. E.S.V

Jeremiah 19:5 (ESV); and have built the high places of Baal to burn their sons in the fire as burnt offerings to Baal, which I did not command or decree, nor did it come into my mind-- Here are ...
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3answers
987 views

Who is the angel in Revelation 11:1-8?

I am reading through Revelation again, in the NKJV. I recently read chapter 11, and something stood out at me that I have never seen before. I want to ask about it, hence this post. Revelation 11:1-8 ...
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2answers
627 views

In 1 Timothy 6:15 did Paul mean God the Father or God the Son?

1 Timothy 6:15 (NIV): which God will bring about in his own time--God, the blessed and only Ruler, the King of kings and Lord of lords, What does Paul mean by "the blessed and only ruler, the king of ...
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2answers
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Who are the 12 apostles of the lamb?

And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. (Revelation 21:14 KJV) To whom does the "twelve apostles of the Lamb" refer? Is this the ...
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3answers
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Prayer of faith or oil that heals the sick in James 5:14-15?

James 5:14-15 NIV 14 Is anyone among you sick? Let them call the elders of the church to pray over them and anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord. 15 And the prayer offered in faith will ...
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4answers
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How can we best interpret Matthew 24:5 in the Greek?

Full disclosure, I know very little Greek or Hebrew (apart from Strong's Concordance, etc.), but am a bit of a Bible nerd. I've added superscript letters in order to keep the person(s) clear in the ...
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2answers
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Was it Peter only who received the keys of the kingdom in Matthew 16:19?

Matthew 16:19 NIV 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be[d] bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be[e] loosed in heaven. Were ...
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1answer
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Who is the “possessor of heaven and earth” in Genesis 14:19. Abraham or God?

Who is the "possessor of heaven and earth" in Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 and blessed be the most high ...
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3answers
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What is “the same thing” that is being referred to in Matthew 26:44?

In Gethsemane Christ seemingly prays two different prayers before he prays the last one Matthew 26:39 NIV 39 Going a little farther, he fell with his face to the ground and prayed, “My Father, if ...
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6answers
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John 12:32 - What/Who Does the “All” refer to?

John 12:32.. Jesus speaking here obviously, "And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.” (NASB) Who or what are the referents for the "All" in this passage and what is the ...
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In Psalm 12:6-7 who or what will God preserve from that generation?

I'm doing a personal Bible study on the KJV Only doctrine. KJVO advocates point to Psalm 12:6-7 as evidence for the inerrancy of the KJV (or the source manuscripts used by them). The words of the ...
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1answer
212 views

In ancient Rome who were the many “lords” (KURIOI)?

Some think that calling Jesus "one KURIOS" in verse 6 that he is referring to the Tetragrammaton (IE: "YHVH"). However, he seems to be saying that the Romans considered many to be KURIOI, so it seems ...
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2answers
141 views

In 3 John 1:14 who are “the friends”?

CSB 3 John 1:14: Peace to you. The friends send you greetings. Greet the friends by name. mGNT 3 John 1:14: εἰρήνη σοι ἀσπάζονταί σε οἱ φίλοι ἀσπάζου τοὺς φίλους κατ’ ὄνομα What does he mean by "...

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