Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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27
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14answers
60k views

What is “sin that leads to death” in 1 John 5:16?

1 John 5:16 (NIV) Emphasis Added If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to ...
20
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8answers
9k views

Who subjected the creation to futility in Rom. 8:20-21?

Paul says that creation was subjected to futility in Romans 8:20-21 ESV: For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope that the creation ...
20
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7answers
2k views

Does Granville Sharp's Rule indicate that “God” and “Savior” share a referent in Titus 2:13 and 2 Peter 1:1?

Granville Sharp's rule states that when a clause has two nouns (or other substantive) in the same case, connected by a copulative kai ("and"), that are not proper nouns (i.e. not someone's name), ...
16
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6answers
2k views

Is Luke's "Theophilus" An Actual Person or an Allegorical Person?

I've always wondered if there's any persuasive evidence either way for Theophilus whom Luke addresses in Luke 1:3 and Acts 1:1 being an actual person or an allegorical personification? I mean my ...
16
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3answers
11k views

Who received the Holy Spirit at Pentecost?

When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Acts 2:1 Is there any way to tell from the text who they were? Was it The New Twelve (as evidenced by Acts 2:14) or a larger ...
16
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8answers
34k views

Are Simon the Pharisee (in Luke) and Simon the leper (in other Gospels) the same person?

Quoting from the ESV: Luke 7:37-38 And behold, a woman of the city, who was a sinner, when she learned that he was reclining at table in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster flask of ointment......
12
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3answers
9k views

What are the "generations" in Genesis 2:4?

Genesis 2:4: These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.(ESV) (BHS) אֵ֣לֶּה תֹולְדֹ֧ות הַשָּׁמַ֛יִם ...
12
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4answers
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Who is the "us" in Genesis 11:7?

Who is the plural referring to in Genesis 11:7 if it's GOD himself (or Yahweh) who has confused the language of people to stop the building of the Babel Tower? Verse from the NIV Bible: "Come, ...
12
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3answers
10k views

Sacrifice of the first-born son leads to fury

2 Kings 3:24-27 24 But when the Moabites came to the camp of Israel, the Israelites rose up and fought them until they fled. And the Israelites invaded the land and slaughtered the Moabites. 25 They ...
11
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2answers
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How could King Herod have killed John the baptist in Matthew 14?

According to Matthew's narrative King Herod is said to have died whilst Christ was still a child in Egypt with his parents.It is said King Herod had been succeeded by his son Archelaus when Joseph ...
11
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11answers
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In 2 Thessalonians 2:7 who is holding back the "secret power of lawlessness"?

2 Thessalonians 2:7 (AMP): For the mystery of lawlessness (that hidden principle of rebellion against constituted authority) is already at work in the world, [but it is] restrained only until [a]he ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Whose faith is the subject of Hebrews 11:11?

Πίστει καὶ αὐτὴ Σάρρα δύναμιν εἰς καταβολὴν σπέρματος ἔλαβεν καὶ παρὰ καιρὸν ἡλικίας, ἐπεὶ πιστὸν ἡγήσατο τὸν ἐπαγγειλάμενον (Hebrews 11:11, Westcott and Hort) The traditional translation of Hebrews ...
10
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3answers
1k views

In Psalm 12:6-7 who or what will God preserve from that generation?

I'm doing a personal Bible study on the KJV Only doctrine. KJVO advocates point to Psalm 12:6-7 as evidence for the inerrancy of the KJV (or the source manuscripts used by them). The words of the ...
10
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6answers
4k views

Identity of the "we" in 1 John 1:1?

The letter of 1 John begins in verse 1: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we ...
10
votes
2answers
641 views

If it's a mirror, what is being reflected in 1 Cor 13:12?

If we accept that Paul is speaking of a mirror in 1 Cor 13:12, as some think to be the case (1 Corinthians 13:12: "For now we see through a glass, darkly"), then what is being reflected? I ...
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11answers
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What is the antecedent of “he” in Daniel 9:27?

I have been having trouble trying to figure out the antecedent of the word "he" in a particular verse of the Bible. I was wondering if you could help. The passage is Daniel 9:25–27: v. 25) ...
10
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8answers
4k views

In Romans 8:19, what is the meaning of κτίσεως?

I have come across a very interesting re-reading of Romans 8:19 For the creation waits in eager expectation for the children of God to be revealed. Roberts argues that κτίσεως, usually translated ...
9
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5answers
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Did Jesus address Peter or Satan influencing Peter when he said “Get behind me, Satan!" in Matthew 16:23?

Matthew 16:23 (ESV): 23 But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.” Was ...
9
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7answers
4k views

Is He "who searches hearts" the Holy Spirit or the Father (Romans 8:27)?

My question is a bit two-fold. It's regarding the proper understanding of Romans 8:26-27, specifically verse 27. Recently, I've come to disagree with many commentator's understanding of this passage. ...
9
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4answers
1k views

From the time what came to be? - Isaiah 48:16

I'm just not sure what the it is referring to here, or is it implied? Is it connected to wherever there is? Isaiah 48:16 (ESV) Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not spoken ...
9
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6answers
533 views

Who is "his brother" in 1 John 5:16?

In considering who can commit sins that lead to death I wonder who the "brother" is in 1 John 5:16: If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will give ...
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5answers
2k views

1 Corinthians 1:25, who is God?

1 Corinthians 1:25, (DRB): For the foolishness of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than men. The question is so simple: Who is meant by God in the verse? God the father, or ...
8
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1answer
540 views

Can "him" in Revelation 1:1 refer to John?

Revelation 1:1 (ESV) reads: The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant ...
8
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3answers
1k views

In Ephesians 2:2, to what or whom does "the authority of the air" refer?

In Eph. 2:2, it is written, in which once ye did walk according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of ...
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5answers
5k views

Who or what is meant by the "ten men" of Zechariah 8:23?

Zechariah 8:23 Thus says the LORD of hosts: In those days ten men from the nations of every tongue shall take hold of the robe of a Jew, saying, ‘Let us go with you, for we have heard that God is ...
8
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2answers
184 views

Is Hebrews 12:25 an allusion to the Judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses/Yahweh at Sinai?

Is the statement, "warned them on earth" (v25) an allusion to the judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses and Yahweh at Sinai? See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those ...
7
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7answers
2k views

John 12:32 - What/Who Does the "All" refer to?

John 12:32.. Jesus speaking here obviously, "And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.” (NASB) Who or what are the referents for the "All" in this passage and what is the ...
7
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5answers
25k views

Job1:6: Who are the "sons of God"?

Who are the sons of God in the following verse? Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them. (KJV, Job 1:6)
7
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2answers
321 views

What does "Scripture" refer to in 2 Timothy 3?

This is in follow-up to this Q & A Paul wrote the following passage in 2 Timothy 3: 14 But you must continue in the things which you have learned and been assured of, knowing from whom you have ...
7
votes
2answers
378 views

Who are the people of God in Psalm 100?

Psalm 100:3 seems to express a covenant formula, denoting a relationship between God as his particular people. Similar to the formula elsewhere of, "I will be your God, you shall be my people." (e.g. ...
7
votes
1answer
117 views

In Sirach 51:10, who is "[the] lord" and who is "[the] father of my lord"?

Brenton translates: Sir 51:10 I called upon [the] Lord, [the] Father of my Lord, that he would not leave me in the days of my trouble, and in the time of the proud, when there was no help. ...
7
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4answers
815 views

Who are "all" in 1 Timothy 5:20?

1 Timothy 5:20 (ESV) reads "As for those who persist in sin, rebuke them in the presence of all, so that the rest may stand in fear." My readings leads me to believe that "all" represents an ...
7
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3answers
825 views

Does רוּחַ, rûaḥ refer to the Spirit of יהוה, YHWH in Ezekiel 37:9?

Does רוּחַ, rûaḥ refer to the Spirit of יהוה, YHWH (Jehovah in the YLT below) in Ezekiel 37:9? BHS: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלַ֔י הִנָּבֵ֖א אֶל־הָר֑וּחַ הִנָּבֵ֣א בֶן־אָ֠דָם וְאָמַרְתָּ֨ אֶל־הָר֜וּחַ כֹּֽה־אָמַ֣ר ׀ ...
7
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10answers
3k views

What "spirit" is 1 Peter 3:18 referring to?

There seems to be disagreement as to whom/what the spirit in 1 Peter 3:18 is. (ESV) For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being ...
6
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5answers
9k views

What did Jesus mean in John 6:26?

Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled. (John 6:26, KJV) When Jesus says "but ...
6
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2answers
416 views

In 1 Timothy 3:15 is it "God" or "the church of God" that is the "pillar and support of the truth"?

1 Tim 3:15 (NA28): ....ἐκκλησία θεοῦ ζῶντος, στῦλος καὶ ἑδραίωμα τῆς ἀληθείας. This refers to the church of the living God, the pillar and support of truth in GNB. The CEV makes it clear that ...
6
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4answers
687 views

Was John in the Spirit on the "Day of the Lord" or "Sunday" in Revelation 1:10?

I have a translation of the New Testament in my hands, in which Revelation 1:10 is rendered as "I was in the Spirit on Sunday". When I looked up the same verse in some other translations, I saw "I was ...
6
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4answers
483 views

Whom is God talking to in Psalm 82:2?

Psalm 82 says: 1 God presides in the great assembly; he renders judgment among the “gods”. 2 How long will you defend the unjust and show partiality to the wicked? Who is "you" in this ...
6
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2answers
183 views

Who is the 'we' in Daniel 2:36?

Daniel 2 29 “As Your Majesty was lying there, your mind turned to things to come, and the revealer of mysteries showed you what is going to happen. 30 As for me, this mystery has been revealed to me, ...
6
votes
2answers
433 views

What is the "it" in "those who find it are few" in Matt 7:14?

Matt 7:13-14 (ESV) says: 13 “Enter by the narrow gate. For the gate is wide and the way is easy that leads to destruction, and those who enter by it are many. 14 For the gate is narrow and the way is ...
6
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6answers
364 views

Who are "the Jews" in John's gospel?

Were "the Jews" in John 10:19-21 the same group of people or a different group than the ones mentioned in 10:24-39? Some in vs 21 seem on the verge of believing in Him, while the ones in the second ...
6
votes
2answers
916 views

1st Thessalonians 4:13-14: "those who sleep in Jesus"

Is there any possibility that "those who sleep in Jesus" that Paul is talking about in 1st Thessalonians 4:13-14 are the believers from the Old Testament that had never heard of Jesus?: But I ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What species of eagle is depicted in Deuteronomy 32:11?

like an eagle that stirs up its nest and hovers over its young, that spreads its wings to catch them and carries them aloft. ~Deuteronomy 32:11, NIV~ The "eagle" mentioned here is ...
6
votes
1answer
152 views

Who is 'they' in Acts 13:28,29?

Acts 13:28 (KJV) 28 And though they found no cause of death [in him], yet desired they Pilate that he should be slain. Acts 13:29 (KJV) 29 And when they had fulfilled all that was written of him, they ...
6
votes
1answer
407 views

Who is 'we' referring to in Romans 1:5?

Who does Paul refer to when he writes we in verse 5 in the beginning of his epistle to the Romans: Paul, [...] called as an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God [...] concerning His Son [...] ...
5
votes
7answers
513 views

Which transgressions?

GALATIANS 3:19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

In 1 Timothy 2:4 does "all" refer to all men or to all "sorts" of men?

In Interlinear Greek-English New Testament, Baker books, in the literal translation section of 1 Timothy 2:4 is "who all [sorts] of men desires to be saved". I think that pantas here is being seen as ...
5
votes
2answers
131 views

Who is being referred to in Exodus 1:20-21?

Exodus 1:20-21 [20]So God was good to the midwives, and the people multiplied, and became very mighty. [21]Because the midwives feared God, He established households for them. In the above text ...
5
votes
2answers
94 views

Do Titus 1:2 + 2 Timothy 3:16 mean that scripture is inerrant?

Amended for clarity Two passages from Paul that are often used together: In hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, promised before the world began; (Titus 1:2) All scripture is given by ...
5
votes
3answers
182 views

"He" in 1 John 1:9

1 John 1:9 says this: If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. (ESV) Who is "he"? I am unsure whether it is Jesus or the ...

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