Questions tagged [referent-identification]

For use on questions where it is unclear what a pronoun or other vague identifier refers to.

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9
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5answers
1k views

From the time what came to be? - Isaiah 48:16

I'm just not sure what the it is referring to here, or is it implied? Is it connected to wherever there is? Isaiah 48:16 (ESV) Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not spoken ...
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3answers
86 views

Which gold were they referring to in Matthew 23:16?

Matthew 23:16 NIV 16 “Woe to you, blind guides! You say, ‘If anyone swears by the temple, it means nothing; but anyone who swears by the gold of the temple is bound by that oath. Could the blind ...
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4answers
829 views

Who is the King of Babylon referenced in Isaiah 14:4 and 14:17?

[Isa 14:4, 17 NLT] (4) you will taunt the king of Babylon. You will say, "The mighty man has been destroyed. Yes, your insolence is ended. ... (17) Is this the one who destroyed the world and ...
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1answer
555 views

Are these the stolen gods/idols of Laban in Genesis 35:2?

Genesis 35:2,4 NASB 2So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, "Put away the foreign gods which are among you, and purify yourselves and change your garments; ... 4So they ...
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4answers
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Who is/are the referent(s) of the Greek words "ho Theos" at Mark 13:19 and what does it mean there. Is it the same every else too?

The following verses have the words "ho Theos" in their Greek translations. There are a lot more. Mark 1:1 Matthew 3:9 Mark 13:19 Luke 2:19 Acts 2:11 John 8:42,47 Luke 1:26 Acts 26:6 ...
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3answers
68 views

To whom did Jesus ascribed creation in Mark 13:19? [closed]

Mark 13:19 ASV For those days shall be tribulation, such as there hath not been the like from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never shall be. Considering Isaiah 44:24 ...
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7answers
700 views

Did Paul treat God and Jesus as one person in Titus 2:13?

Titus 2 text: 11 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men, 12 teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly in the ...
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5answers
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In Revelation 10:7 what is the "mystery of God" that was finished by the 7th trumpet?

Rev 10:7 KJV - 7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets. Is the ...
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4answers
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Is Philip in Acts 8 the deacon or the disciple?

I would like to know if the Philip who baptized the eunuch in Acts 8 is Philip the disciple or the deacon mentioned in Acts 6
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2answers
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What statutes and ordinances does Ezekiel 11:19-20 refer to?

Ezekiel 11:19-20 (NASB): 19 And I will give them one heart, and put a new spirit within them. And I will remove the heart of stone from their flesh and give them a heart of flesh, 20 so that they may ...
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What are the "generations" in Genesis 2:4?

Genesis 2:4: These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and the heavens.(ESV) (BHS) אֵ֣לֶּה תֹולְדֹ֧ות הַשָּׁמַ֛יִם ...
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5answers
639 views

In Luke 21:22 when did Jesus say the days of vengeance would occur?

Jesus described his mission in terms taken directly from Isaiah: [Luk 4:19 NKJV] (19) To proclaim the acceptable year of the LORD." mGNT Luke 4:19 κηρύξαι ἐνιαυτὸν κυρίου δεκτόν [Isa 61:2 ...
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4answers
462 views

Is 2 Peter 2:4 talking about demons?

2 Peter 2:4 (ESV): For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment; Are the angels that sinned ...
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2answers
125 views

To whom Jesus refers "my God"?

Revelation 3:12 recorded (ESV) "the one who conquers I will make him a pillar in the trample of my God. Never shall he go out of it, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of ...
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2answers
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Who are the nations and where do they come from in Revelation 20:7-8?

Revelation 20:7-8 NASB 7 When the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are at the four corners of the earth, Gog and ...
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2answers
29 views

Who is the "him" in Jeremiah 30:21

Jer30:21 And their nobles shall be of themselves, and their governor shall proceed from the midst of them; and I will cause him to draw near, and he shall approach unto me: for who is this that ...
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1answer
26 views

Is there a non-empty intersection between the believers at Acts 2:1-4 and the believers at Acts 4:31?

Acts 2:1-4 (ESV): When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house ...
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3answers
111 views

Is "the day of the LORD" a particular day or any visitation?

The phrase "day of the LORD" is used multiple times in scripture. Do they all point to the same event or to multiple events? Barnes, in "Barnes' Notes" suggests that it is descriptive rather than ...
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4answers
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Who received the Holy Spirit at Pentecost?

When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Acts 2:1 Is there any way to tell from the text who they were? Was it The New Twelve (as evidenced by Acts 2:14) or a larger ...
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1answer
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The meaning of Hosea 10.9: "the days of Gibeah"

Text of Hosea 9.9 "Gibeah" or "the days of Gibeah" are a recurring theme in the book of Hosea, being mentioned in Hosea 5.8 (LEB) Blow the horn in Gibeah, the trumpet in Ramah. ...
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1answer
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What are the sayings of Hozai (the Seers) according to 2-Ch 33:19

2 Chronicles 33:19 Also his prayer and how God received his entreaty, and all his sin and trespass, and the sites where he built high places and set up wooden images and carved images, before ...
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In Ephesians 2:2, to what or whom does "the authority of the air" refer?

In Eph. 2:2, it is written, in which once ye did walk according to the age of this world, according to the ruler of the authority of the air, of the spirit that is now working in the sons of ...
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1answer
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Does Paul in [2 Corinthians 12:2] allude to Enoch's journey into the third heaven [2 Enoch 8-9]?

Does Paul in [2 Corinthians 12:2] allude to Enoch's journey into the third heaven [2 Enoch 8-9]? Paul claims : "I know a [man] in Christ who fourteen years ago—whether in the body I do not know, ...
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2answers
101 views

“Who” in Isaiah 40:13 and 14?

Isaiah 40:12: Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and ...
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2answers
985 views

Who is the "possessor of heaven and earth" in Genesis 14:19. Abraham or God?

Who is the "possessor of heaven and earth" in Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 20 and blessed be the most high ...
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7answers
583 views

Who is "his brother" in 1 John 5:16?

In considering who can commit sins that lead to death I wonder who the "brother" is in 1 John 5:16: If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will give ...
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5answers
174 views

Does "ask and you shall receive" apply to all believers or just to the Apostles?

In John 14:14 Jesus told the Apostles "And I will do whatever you ask in My name, so that the Father may be glorified in the Son." Does this promise apply to anyone and everyone from that time forward ...
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3answers
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Who are the 12 apostles of the lamb?

And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. (Revelation 21:14 KJV) To whom does the "twelve apostles of the Lamb" refer? Is this the ...
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How could King Herod have killed John the baptist in Matthew 14?

According to Matthew's narrative King Herod is said to have died whilst Christ was still a child in Egypt with his parents.It is said King Herod had been succeeded by his son Archelaus when Joseph ...
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4answers
359 views

Is Luke 11:9-13 a promise for believers or unbelievers?

Luke 11:9-13 (ESV): 9 And I tell you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 10 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, ...
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2answers
222 views

What specific set of manuscripts did Peter mean by "prophetic word" and "Scripture" in 2 Peter 1:19-21?

2 Peter 1:19-21 (ESV): 19 And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning ...
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3answers
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In Philippians 4:5, what does Paul mean by "the Lord is at hand"?

Phl 4:5 KJV - 5 Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand. Variants of the phrase appears also in multiple prophets: Isa 13:6 KJV - 6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand;...
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1answer
15 views

Who will leave a blessing behind and for whom in Joel 2:14?

Joel 2:14 ESV Who knows whether he will not turn and relent, and leave a blessing behind him, a grain offering and a drink offering for the Lord your God? Its not clear in the above text who leaves a ...
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7answers
521 views

Which transgressions?

GALATIANS 3:19 What purpose then does the law serve? It was added because of transgressions, till the Seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was appointed through angels by the hand of ...
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4answers
580 views

In Matthew 5:3 what kind of dative is "τῷ πνεύματι"?

Disclaimer: I have no formal education in Koine. NASB/GNT Matthew 5: 3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to them. 3 Μακάριοι οἱ πτωχοὶ τῷ πνεύματι, ὅτι ...
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5answers
355 views

Did Paul expect "the perfect" to come during his and the Corinthians' lifetime?

1 Corinthians 13:8-13 (ESV): 8 Love never ends. As for prophecies, they will pass away; as for tongues, they will cease; as for knowledge, it will pass away. 9 For we know in part and we prophesy in ...
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2answers
335 views

What does "Scripture" refer to in 2 Timothy 3?

This is in follow-up to this Q & A Paul wrote the following passage in 2 Timothy 3: 14 But you must continue in the things which you have learned and been assured of, knowing from whom you have ...
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2answers
53 views

"Call to Me and I will answer you, and I will tell you great and mighty things, which you do not know" - To whom is Jeremiah 33:3's promise made?

Jeremiah 33:1-3 (NASB): Then the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah the second time, while he was still confined in the courtyard of the guard, saying, 2 “This is what the LORD says, He who made the ...
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2answers
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In 1 Cor. 14:1, was Paul's exhortation to "earnestly desire spiritual gifts" addressed only to the Corinthians, or to all Christians in general?

1 Corinthians 14:1 (ESV) Pursue love, and earnestly desire the spiritual gifts, especially that you may prophesy Did Paul write this exhortation only for the Corinthians who were the immediate ...
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1answer
60 views

Hosea 6.9: KJV "by consent" or ESV/LEB "by Shechem"

In Hosea 6.9: KJV reads: And as troops of robbers wait for a man, So the company of priests murder in the way by consent: For they commit lewdness. Whereas ESV has: As robbers lie in wait for a man,...
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5answers
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To what or whom does the star called "wormwood "refer to in Revelation 8:10-11?

Revelation 8:10-11 NASB [10]The third angel sounded, and a great star fell from heaven, burning like a torch, and it fell on a third of the rivers and on the springs of waters. [11]The name of the ...
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2answers
48 views

Who is the Revelation of Yeshua given to (i.e. the Book of Revelation)?

In the Book of Revelation we have the following opening statement: 1:1 Ἀποκάλυψις Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ἣν ἔδωκεν αὐτῷ ὁ θεός δεῖξαι τοῖς δούλοις αὐτοῦ ἃ δεῖ γενέσθαι ἐν τάχει καὶ ἐσήμανεν ἀποστείλας διὰ τοῦ ...
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5answers
291 views

Who is the second child in Ecclesiastes 4:15?

YLT - 4:13 Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king, who hath not known to be warned any more. YLT - 4:14 For from a house of prisoners he hath come out to reign, for even in his ...
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3answers
132 views

To whom does 'he' refer to in Mark 1:10?

Mark 1:10 (KJV): 10 And straightway coming up out of the water, he saw the heavens opened, and the Spirit like a dove descending upon him: There seems to be some ambiguity in the above text. I'm ...
4
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1answer
176 views

What are the statutes and the commandments and the rules in Deuteronomy?

In Deuteronomy there is a repeated triad that appears in its full form first in 5:31:* ‏וַאֲדַבְּרָה אֵלֶיךָ אֵת כָּל־הַמִּצְוָה וְהַחֻקִּים וְהַמִּשְׁפָּטִים and I will tell you the whole ...
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1answer
43 views

In whose home did the church meet in Philemon 1?

1 Paul, a prisoner of Christ Jesus, and Timothy our brother, To Philemon our dear friend and fellow worker— 2 also to Apphia our sister and Archippus our fellow soldier—and to the church that meets in ...
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2answers
190 views

Is Hebrews 12:25 an allusion to the Judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses/Yahweh at Sinai?

Is the statement, "warned them on earth" (v25) an allusion to the judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses and Yahweh at Sinai? See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those ...
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7answers
2k views

Does Granville Sharp's Rule indicate that “God” and “Savior” share a referent in Titus 2:13 and 2 Peter 1:1?

Granville Sharp's rule states that when a clause has two nouns (or other substantive) in the same case, connected by a copulative kai ("and"), that are not proper nouns (i.e. not someone's name), ...
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6answers
2k views

Is Luke's "Theophilus" An Actual Person or an Allegorical Person?

I've always wondered if there's any persuasive evidence either way for Theophilus whom Luke addresses in Luke 1:3 and Acts 1:1 being an actual person or an allegorical personification? I mean my ...
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4answers
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What are the "fruits of your righteousness" mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10?

What are the fruits of your righteousness mentioned in 2 Corinthians 9:10 Now he that ministereth seed to the sower both minister bread for your food, and multiply your seed sown, and increase ...

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