Questions tagged [psalms]

The book of Psalms, also known as "the Psalter", a collection of many poems and hymns from ancient Israel and Judah.

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25
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Who are the "gods" in "You are gods" in John 10:30-36?

In John 10:30-36 (NASB), Jesus responds to an accusation of blasphemy by quoting the Old Testament: 30I and the Father are one.” 31The Jews picked up stones again to stone Him. 32Jesus ...
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Does the Bible describe the "earth" as flat?

I have found so much gossip on the Net and no Biblical verses that clearly support the 'flat earth' notion. I know Job spoke of the 'circle of the Earth' and other very interesting aspects of the ...
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How should Psalm 22:16 read?

Psalm 22:16 seems textually quite difficult. The NET for example reads: Yes, wild dogs surround me – a gang of evil men crowd around me; like a lion they pin my hands and feet. Yet, they note that ...
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What does "The LORD said to my Lord" mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
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Should the word elohim in Psalm 8:5 be translated into gods/angels/or god?

Should the word elohim in Psalm 8:5 be translated into gods/angels/or god? The NIV translates it this way: You have made them a little lower than the angels and crowned them with glory and honor. ...
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In Psalm 22:21 is the Bible speaking of "unicorns"?

I was reading Psalm 22 (from this question) and I found this verse: Psalms 22:21 (KJV) Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns. When I switched ...
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1answer
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Is David's name at the beginning of the Psalms intended as an attribution of authorship?

Many† of the Psalms begin with some variation of: מִזְמ֥וֹר לְדָוִ֑ד LXX: Ψαλμὸς τῷ Δαυιδ ESV: A psalm of David However, as mentioned in Part (2) of this answer about Psalm 72:20, the ...
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How can Ephesians 4:8 be a quote/translation of Psalms 68:18?

In Psalms we have: You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the Lord God may dwell there. (Psalms 68:18, ...
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Does Jesus misquote Psalm 8:2?

But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying out in the temple, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were indignant, and they said to him,...
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Pre-Christian, Jewish interpretation of Psalm 22

How was Psalm 22 understood by Jewish tradition before the birth of Jesus? Was it interpreted messianically? What pre-Christian sources discuss Psalm 22?
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What is Paul's advice on anger?

Paul writes: Be angry and do not sin; do not let the sun go down on your anger, and give no opportunity to the devil.—Ephesians 4:26-27 (ESV) The first issue I see is that the first clause ...
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Who are the "divine beings" in Psalm 82?

We read in Psalm 82: I had taken you for divine beings, sons of the Most High, all of you; but you shall die as men do, fall like any prince.—Psalm 82:6–7 (NJPS) Some ...
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Is John 8:58 an allusion to Psalm 90:2 LXX?

[Jhn 8:58 CSB] (58) Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, before Abraham was, I am." [Jhn 8:58 MGNT] (58) εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ἰησοῦς ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί [Psalm 90:2 ...
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What is the intended image of "pierced my hands and feet" in Psalm 22:16?

I sometimes struggle to understand how some of the NT authors describe OT passages as messianic prophecies. One of these is from the 22nd Psalm. Psalm 22:16 NASB (emphasis added) For dogs have ...
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In Philippians 2:9-11 does YHVH surrender his name to the Messiah?

As far back as Exodus, God told the Jews not to give YHVH's angel/agent a hard time because "my name is in/upon him": [Exo 23:21 KJV] (21) Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not;...
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Was nûn deleted from Psalm 145 in the Masoretic Text?

Psalm 145 is an acrostic of the Hebrew alphabet, except that in most of the MT manuscripts verse 13b is missing along with therefore the letter nûn. The ESV renders it like this: Your kingdom is an ...
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Why did Jesus say, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

"Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" (Matthew 27:46, Mark 15:34) appears to be a quote from Tehillim 22.2. Was Jesus saying G-D had forsaken him? Or was he merely quoting from Tehillim (Psalms) 22.2 (as an ...
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Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’?

The allusions to Psalm 22 in the Gospel accounts of Jesus' crucifixion are well-known and have been discussed on BH.SE on several occasions. I recently ran across the claim (e.g. in a blog and a JETS ...
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In Psalm 45:14 what does it mean that "the virgins...shall be brought" to the king?

First of all, I'm a layperson. Psalm 45:14 (KJV) "She shall be brought unto the King in raiment of needlework; the virgins, her companions that follow her, shall be brought unto Thee." Hebrew ...
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When and to whom was Psalm 45 written?

Psalm 45 is one of the most mysterious and bizarre compositions of the book of Psalms; it speaks about an anonymous king and his sensuous wives, and goes into great detail about his wealth, power and ...
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How do we reconcile John 5:18 with Psalm 2:7?

At John 5:18, "Because of this, the Jews tried all the harder to kill Him. Not only was He breaking the Sabbath, but He was even calling God His own Father, making Himself equal with God." ...
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Was Psalms 45:6 In our bibles a mistranslation (King instead of God)?

And why did the author of Hebrews quoted from this verse if it was badly translated? I'd really appreciate any help I could get because I'm having difficulties with this. Thanks
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“Voice” or “string” in Psalm 19:4?

I’m trying to figure out what’s going on in Psalm 19:4/5a: Their voice goes out through all the earth ESV 19:4a :בְּכָל־הָאָ֨רֶץ ׀ יָ֘צָ֤א קַוָּ֗ם BHS 19:5a εἰς πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν ἐξῆλθεν ὁ φθόγγος ...
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When is "this day" that Jesus was "begotten"? And how is this related to Jesus being called God's "son"?

In Psalm 2:7 the psalm refers to the day that Messiah was begotten: Psa_2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. And twice ...
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Why is Psalm 22:16 not quoted in the New Testament?

For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. [Psalm 22:16 KJV] One of the biggest objections to this verse not being used to refer to ...
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Is the author of Psalm 6:4-5 not expecting an afterlife?

Is the author of Psalm 6:4-5 not expecting an afterlife?: ISV Psa 6:4 Return, LORD, save my life! Deliver me, because of your gracious love. Psa 6:5 In death, there is no memory of you. Who ...
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What is the meaning of “The Death of the Son” at the beginning of Psalm 9?

The superscript of Psalm 9 contains the phrase: BHS: עַלְמ֥וּת לַבֵּ֗ן RSV/ESV: according to Muth-labben. NIV: To the tune of “The Death of the Son.” Most translations have chosen something ...
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In Psalm 76:10, does God tactfully use the wrath of his enemies to Glorify Himself, and finally destroys the remainder?

Psalm 76:9-11 (NASB 2020) 9 When God arose to judgment, To save all the humble of the earth. Selah 10 For the wrath of mankind shall praise You; You will encircle Yourself with a remnant of wrath. 11 ...
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( Romans 12:14 "14 Bless those who persecute [d]you; bless and do Not curse.") can stand side-by-side withOut contradicting the imprecatory scripture

I am trying to go about reasoning how ( Romans 12:14 "14 Bless those who persecute [d]you; bless and do Not curse.") can stand side-by-side withOut contradicting the imprecatory scripture ( i.e., ...
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Why are the Psalms broken into five books?

The Psalms in most English Bibles are divided into five sections or books: 1-41, 42-72, 73-89, 90-106, and 107-150 Psalms 41, 72, and 89 end with the double amen, while 106 and 150 end with "Praise ...
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How is Psalm 34 linked to 1st Samuel 21?

The annotation of Psalm 34 (ESV) reads: Of David, when he changed his behavior before Abimelech, so that he drove him out, and he went away. Clearly this is a reference to 1 Samuel 21:10-15 (ESV): ...
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Why are Hebrew verbs in the "perfect" form so often translated as present tense in modern translations?

Why are Hebrew verbs in the "perfect" form so often translated as present tense in modern translations? For example in Psalm 119:47 : וְאֶשְׁתַּֽעֲשַׁ֥ע בְּמִצְוֹתֶ֗יךָ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָהָֽבְתִּי׃ Most ...
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(Psalm 139:18) Feminine God?

Psalm 139:17-18 (KJV), "How precious also are thy thoughts unto me, O God! how great is the sum of them! If I should count them, they are more in number than the sand: when I awake, I am still with ...
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How is the Septuagint interpretation of Psalms 40:6 reconciled with the Hebrew text?

The ancient Hebrew and Greek versions of Psalms 40:6 are quite different. The Hebrew version says 'my ears you have opened' whilst the Greek LXX has 'a body you restored to me'. Furthermore in Hebrews ...
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In Psalm 148:4 are the waters above the highest heaven?

This verse seems to reflect the understanding that there are multiple heavens (aka "skies"), one above the other: New American Standard Bible Psalm 148:4 Praise Him, highest heavens, And the ...
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Are the Psalms superscripts misplaced?

I recently ran across a theory that a portion of the superscripts of many psalms was intended as a postscript to the prior psalm. In that arrangement, לַמְנַצֵּ֥חַ (lamnaṣṣēaḥ; to the choirmaster) + ...
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What does "The psalms of David are ended" refer to?

Psalm 72 ends with the words: The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended. Yet after this a number of Psalms, especially many of the Psalms of Ascent are attributed to David (I think eighteen ...
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How should רָגַז be translated in Psalm 4?

A quick survey of English translations of Psalm 4:4 shows that there is little agreement about how ragaz should be rendered: NIV In your anger do not sin; when you are on your beds, search your ...
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How do sins become strangers in Greek Psalm 18 (19)?

Psalm 19:14 (13) reads: גַּ֤ם מִזֵּדִ֨ים ׀ חֲשֹׂ֬ךְ עַבְדֶּ֗ךָ אַֽל־יִמְשְׁלוּ־בִ֣י אָ֣ז אֵיתָ֑ם וְ֝נִקֵּ֗יתִי מִפֶּ֥שַֽׁע רָֽב׃ (BHS) Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not ...
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In Psalm 82:1 who are in the "congregation" and who are the "gods"?

How should we understand Psalm 82:1? God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. Who is the congregation? And who are the gods? According to other answers here ...
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What are the "shields of the earth"?

The end of Psalm 47 reads: God reigns over the nations;    God sits on his holy throne. The princes of the peoples gather    as the people of the God of Abraham. ...
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What is Jesus' purpose in asking about Psalm 110?

In Mark 12, Jesus is questioned by the various parties and is shown to answer wisely such that no one dares to ask him any more questions. And then he asks his own: While Jesus was teaching in the ...
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In Hebrews 1, why is Psalms 102:25–28 seen as referring to Jesus, rather than to God?

In the beginning of Ps 102, the Psalmist uses the term "O LORD" v1 Hear my prayer, O LORD, And let my cry come to You It makes sense to assume that v 1-24 are referring to God the Father. In ...
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Sleeping in the grave until Christ's second coming?

Deuteronomy 31:16 (KJV) 16 And the Lord said unto Moses, Behold, thou shalt sleep with thy fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, ...
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Happy or blessed in the Psalms?

This problem occurs more than 20 times in the Psalms, but I’ll quote Psalm 1:1, ESV: Blessed (ʾašrê) is the man      who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, &...
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Who is "I" in Psalm 4

Several verses in Psalm 4 are in the first person, for example in verse 1: Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have given me relief when I was in distress. Be gracious to me and ...
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“Erased” from the book of life?

Throughout scripture there are passages regarding the names-of-the-redeemed being written in (or conversely “excluded from”) the book of life. And in Psalm 69:28 David asks God, regarding his enemies,...
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Where is "They hated me without cause/reason" in John 15:25 within the Old Testament?

In John 15:25, it is written 25But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated me without reason.’ Where in the Old Testament (in the exact phrasing) was Jesus quoting from? ...
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Did the writer of Psalm 45:6 think that the human king to which this verse was addressed was Almighty God?

Psalm 45:6 of the American King James Version says, Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the scepter of your kingdom is a right scepter. Did the writer of this verse think that the human king ...
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On Ps. 110:1, the two lords [duplicate]

The second lord in Ps 110:1 is adoni, not as misstated often adonai. Adoni is the non-Deity title all 195 times in the Hebrew Bible. Why so much (sometimes) inaccurate information in the discussion. ...