Questions tagged [proverbs]

The book of Proverbs, one of the wisdom books of the Tanakh (Hebrew bible). Many of the short sayings are attributed to Solomon.

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Who is Wisdom in Proverbs

Proverbs chapter 8 uses a personification of Wisdom. Some people take this personification as a description of God, or of the Messiah. Is there any textual justification for this?
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Why is Wisdom personified as a woman?

Regardless of interpretation, I find it intriguing that Proverbs 8:22 mentions how Wisdom was the first created by the LORD (apparently even before mankind). This Wisdom is present as a feminine ...
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Answer not a fool, or answer a fool?

Proverbs 26:4 (KJV) says, Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also be like unto him. The very next verse, verse 5, says, Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be wise ...
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Is Proverbs 17:8 condoning bribery?

In Proverbs 17:8 (ESV) the author states, A bribe is like a magic stone in the eyes of the one who gives it; wherever he turns he prospers. Earlier in the text in 15:27, the author states, ...
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What is the tree of life in Proverbs 11:30?

While reading through Proverbs, I found a somewhat startling verse: Proverbs 11:30 (NIV) The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and the one who is wise saves lives. My immediate ...
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Does Proverbs 18:24 say "must be friendly" or "may come to ruin"?

In the King James, Prov. 18:24 reads "A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother." This appears to be an admonition for the ...
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Concealing & revealing in Proverbs 25:2

My question is about the intended meaning of this proverb: It is the glory of God to conceal a matter, But the glory of kings is to search out a matter. --Prov. 25:2, NASB I see three ...
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Does Proverbs 8:22 say that God's wisdom was the first person/thing that God created?

Several translations have "possessed me" while others have "made me". Is "possessed me" the proper translation and if so, what does it mean? Or is "made me" the correct translation and if so, was ...
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What does "an apple of gold in a picture of silver" represent in Proverbs of Solomon?

What does "a word fitly spoken is like an apple of gold in a picture of silver" (Proverbs 25:11) mean? I know that an apple is a fruit but the apple of gold in a picture of silver part I can't ...
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What is the proper translation of Proverbs 22:6?

I've read that the translation, which implies a promise to "right parenting" of Train up a child in the way he should go; even when he is old he will not depart from it. is not accurate ...
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How should graded numerical parallelism in Hebrew poetry be understood?

In Hebrew poetry, especially proverbs, we see examples of monotonically increasing numbers that set up parallels. For instance Proverbs 30:15 (NJPS): The leech has two daughters, “Give!” and “Give!...
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What is the meaning behind Proverbs 27:14 Loudly blessing a neighbor early in the morning, will be taken as a curse

Could anyone explain the meaning behind this proverb ? If anyone loudly blesses their neighbor early in the morning, it will be taken as a curse. Obviously a blessing is usually speaking good about ...
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What is the difference between the 'life' given by wisdom in Proverbs and 'life' given by Jesus in 1 John?

These two passages are rather similar: Proverbs 8:35-36 (ESV) For whoever finds me [wisdom] finds life and obtains favor from the Lord, 36 but he who fails to find me injures himself; all who hate me ...
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Is it good to "turn a slave into a son" in Proverbs 29:21?

"He who pampers his slave from childhood will in the end find him to be a son." Proverbs 29:21, NASB I want to contrast this with a prior verse: "A slave will not be instructed by words alone; for ...
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What's the difference between a "lying tongue" and a "false witness" in Proverbs 6?

In Proverbs 6 is there a difference between a lying tongue and a false witness? Proverbs 6:16-19 ESV There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him: haughty eyes, a ...
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Is the "woman of valour" in Proverbs 31 "real" or "symbolic"?

There is a lot of interest in the feminine imagery in the first nine chapters of Proverbs, especially the figure of "Lady Wisdom". The book also ends with attention to a female figure. The last ...
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Does the LXX of Proverbs 1:7 have influence on the use of εὐσέβεια in the NT?

Is there any New Testament text wherin an influence of this LXX expanded translation is of interpretive importance in the NT (esp. with regard to εὐσέβεια)? Edit (question clarification): I find this ...
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In Proverbs 5:18 what is meant by "your wife in your youth"?

Please help me understand the meaning of,"your wife in your youth" in Proverbs 5:18. Thank you in advance. NIV Proverbs 5: 15Drink water from your own cistern, running water from your own well. ...
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Wise son related to Father and Foolish man related to Mother?

With this verse: "A wise son maketh a glad father; But a foolish man despiseth his mother" - Proverbs 15:20 I would like to know what you think about this verse, what this really implies, and ...
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What is the relationship between the prostitute and the loaf of bread in Proverbs 6:26a?

The first phrase of Proverbs 6:26 is translated in several different ways by major translations: for the price of a prostitute is only a loaf of bread [ESV] For on account of a harlot one is ...
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What are the proverbs about giving collateral for someone else teaching about loans?

The book of Proverbs gives serious warning about taking on a loan: Just as the rich rule the poor, so the borrower is servant to the lender. —Proverbs 22:7 (NLT) But it seems to focus much more ...
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Possible English understandings of "ba’al nefesh" in Proverbs 23:2?

I'm wondering about how "ba’al nefesh" could resonably be understood in modern English (USA)? I note the renderings from various translations (https://www.biblegateway.com/verse/en/Proverbs%2023:2) ...
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In Proverbs 11:30, what does it mean to "take lives"?

"Soul-winning" is a commonly used phrase in some christian circles to refer to "getting people saved" by "witnessing" and seems to derive from a slightly anachronistic ...
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What does "Better a little with the fear of the Lord than great wealth with turmoil" (Proverbs 15:16) mean?

Proverbs 15:16 is Better a little with the fear of the Lord than great wealth with turmoil. What does this mean? Is it some Biblical equivalent of minimalism? The word turmoil puzzles me as in the ...
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Proverbs 26:10 - Are modern translations right to involve an 'archer'?

I'm trying to interpret Proverbs 26:10, but as I've attempted to cross-reference more and more sources, I keep finding radically different translations: "Like an archer who wounds at random, so ...
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Do Proverbs 6:16 and Proverbs 30:18 contain a figure of speech? [duplicate]

If you look at Proverbs 6:16 and Proverbs 30:18, they are written in a certain format: "There are six things the LORD hates--no, seven things he detests" "There are three things that ...
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How should we understand the concepts of "seek" and "find" in Proverbs 8:17?

Proverbs 8:12-21 (ESV): 12 “I, wisdom, dwell with prudence, and I find knowledge and discretion. 13 The fear of the Lord is hatred of evil. Pride and arrogance and the way of evil and perverted ...
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What are the 7 abominations in Proverbs 26:25?

Proverbs 26:25 do not trust such a person's pretty speeches, since in the heart lurk seven abominations. What are these 7 abominations? Are these same as, Proverbs 6:16 There are six things ...
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How are the Proverbs in the Proverbs book organized? By author? Theme? Chronologically?

I would love to know if the book is compiled in any specific manner. It follows a theme order it seems, but is that intended by the authors, or some were organized later on and placed in some kind of ...
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Does the LXX translate חוללתי as γεννάω to create an allusion to Genesis 4?

In various places Proverbs personifies Wisdom as a woman. In one she deviates from teaching to speak about herself. She starts by announcing her "קָנָה" at the beginning: 22 “The Lord possessed me ...
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Who is he and what is the name of his son? Proverbs 30:4

“Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what ...
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What are the 7 Pillars of Wisdom's House?

In Mishlei / Proverbs 9, we are told Chakmot (חָכְמוֹת) resides in a House built on 7 Pillars. Proverbs 9 [1] Wisdom has built her house; she has hewn her seven pillars. (חָכְמוֹת בָּנְתָ֣ה בֵיתָ֑הּ ...
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Who is the maid in Proverbs 30:19?

Three verses from Proverbs 30 run as follows: [18] There be three things which are too wonderful for me, yea, four which I know not: [19] (1) The way of an eagle in the air; (2) the way of a serpent ...
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What is the purpose of listing two different birds in the curse of Proverbs 30:17?

Proverbs 30:17 describes the fate of those who disobey their parents, concluding they will have an unnatural death and be eaten by birds of prey: The eye that mocks a father and scorns to obey a ...
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Request for parallels between Psalms and Proverbs

Can someone either post themselves or give me a link to a somewhat detailed comparison between Psalms and Proverbs where fairly word for word parallels are found? I am looking for all the instances ...
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What is the meaning of "excellent things" in Proverbs 22:20?

Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge, that I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth... -- Proverbs 22:20 (KJV) In the KJV, the Hebrew word ...
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In Proverbs 17:19, what does "makes his door high" mean?

Proverbs 17:19 Whoever loves transgression loves strife; he who makes his door high seeks destruction. What does it mean to make your door high? Keep people out?
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What are the "security" and "pledge" of Proverbs 27:13?

Take a man's garment when he has put up security for a stranger, and hold it in pledge when he puts up security for an adulteress. (ESV) What does it mean to "put up security" and to "hold it ...
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Why do English bibles change the correct meaning of אֶקְרָ֑א Eqra “I-will-call” in Psalms, but אֶקְרָ֑א “I-call” in Proverbs (as if קוֹרֵא Qore)?

Tehillim תְּהִלִּים “Psalms” 55:17 in Irvit states : אֲנִי אֶל־אֱלֹהִ֣ים אֶקְרָ֑א וַֽ֜יהֹוָ֗ה יֽוֹשִׁיעֵֽנִי | “Ani el-Elohim Eqra Va-YHVH yoshieni”. In English NKJV bible, this verse is in Psalms 55:...
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Meaning of N .. N+1 pattern in Amos, Proverbs, Job and Psalms [duplicate]

In the first couple of chapters of Amos, we see a number of proclamations from God that all begin with (all ESV) "For three transgressions of [region/group], and for four, I will not revoke the ...
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Is John 1:1-3 an allusion to Proverbs 8:22-31 LXX?

The idea of the LOGOS being with God and active in creation always seemed to me to be alluding to Genesis 1 where God creates the world by speaking, "Let there be..." and I think that's ...
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Proverbs: differences between the LXX and the MT

What is the origin of the differences in the order of some verses in the book of Proverbs between the LXX and the MT? Here are two examples:1 the verses 30:1—14 are after 24:22 and the verses 30:15—...
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What 's wrong with change in Proverbs 24?

Proverbs 24 21My son, fear the Lord and the king; Do not associate with those given to change; 22For their calamity will rise suddenly, And who knows the ruin those two can bring? Isn't change good ...
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When Proverbs 14:31 uses the word "poor", what does the word "poor" suggest?

Most of proverbs scripture verses stand by themselves. However, could someone please read and analyze Proverbs 14:31 verse along with the Hebrew translation further down below, and post back a ...
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Meaning of Proverbs 4:18

In Proverbs 4:18 (NASB) But the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn That shines brighter and brighter until the full day. What's the meaning of this metaphor?
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Does 2 Samuel 22:27 mean that God can be unrighteous?

With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure ; and with the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury (2 Samuel 22:27) and All the words of my mouth [are] in righteousness; [there is] nothing ...
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Who is the Master craftsman?

Who is the master craftsman in Proverbs 8:30? John1:1-14 Refers to the Word being in the beginning, and that everything was made through Him. But the context of Proverbs 8 refers to wisdom as a women. ...
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Is it accurate to state "Humility [is] Fear of The LORD" when translating Proverbs 22:4?

Based on the Hebrew reading of Proverbs 22:4, "Fear [of] YHVH" ( יִרְאַ֣ת יְהוָ֑ה ) is the result of "Humility" ( עֲ֭נָוָה ). If we speak Mishlei 22:4, then we could say : " ...
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In light of Proverbs 24:17 , how would we go about justifying or reasoning Psalm 54:5-7 claim of being satisfied with enemies' destruction?

Proverbs 24:17 (NASB) Do not rejoice when your enemy falls, And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles; Proverbs 24:17 (KJV) Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be ...
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What does the begining of his path mean?

Proverbs 8:22-24 The Lord acquired me [Wisdom/Chokmah/Sophia] at the beginning of his path, the first of his acts of long ago. Ages ago I was set up, at the first, before the beginning of the earth. ...