Questions tagged [proverbs]

The book of Proverbs, one of the wisdom books of the Tanakh (Hebrew bible). Many of the short sayings are attributed to Solomon.

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How should graded numerical parallelism in Hebrew poetry be understood?

In Hebrew poetry, especially proverbs, we see examples of monotonically increasing numbers that set up parallels. For instance Proverbs 30:15 (NJPS): The leech has two daughters, “Give!” and “Give!...
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Why is Wisdom personified as a woman?

Regardless of interpretation, I find it intriguing that Proverbs 8:22 mentions how Wisdom was the first created by the LORD (apparently even before mankind). This Wisdom is present as a feminine ...
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Does Proverbs 8:22 say that God's wisdom was the first person/thing that God created?

Several translations have "possessed me" while others have "made me". Is "possessed me" the proper translation and if so, what does it mean? Or is "made me" the correct translation and if so, was ...
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Who is Wisdom in Proverbs

Proverbs chapter 8 uses a personification of Wisdom. Some people take this personification as a description of God, or of the Messiah. Is there any textual justification for this?
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What are the 7 Pillars of Wisdom's House?

In Mishlei / Proverbs 9, we are told Chakmot (חָכְמוֹת) resides in a House built on 7 Pillars. Proverbs 9 [1] Wisdom has built her house; she has hewn her seven pillars. (חָכְמוֹת בָּנְתָ֣ה בֵיתָ֑הּ ...
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In Proverbs 31:1 what is meant by "oracle" (מַשָּׂא, χρηματισμός)?

NET Bible Proverbs 31:1 The words of King Lemuel, an oracle (מַשָּׂא) that his mother taught him: LXX οἱ ἐμοὶ λόγοι εἴρηνται ὑπὸ θεοῦ βασιλέως χρηματισμός ὃν ἐπαίδευσεν ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ BHS ...
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Is the "woman of valour" in Proverbs 31 "real" or "symbolic"?

There is a lot of interest in the feminine imagery in the first nine chapters of Proverbs, especially the figure of "Lady Wisdom". The book also ends with attention to a female figure. The last ...
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Is John 1:1-3 an allusion to Proverbs 8:22-31 LXX?

The idea of the LOGOS being with God and active in creation always seemed to me to be alluding to Genesis 1 where God creates the world by speaking, "Let there be..." and I think that's ...
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What are the "security" and "pledge" of Proverbs 27:13?

Take a man's garment when he has put up security for a stranger, and hold it in pledge when he puts up security for an adulteress. (ESV) What does it mean to "put up security" and to "hold it ...
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The relationship between wisdom and light

I am trying to understand the relationship between wisdom and light better (as well as logos and "the way"). I am mostly focused around exegesis of the Gospel of John. Jesus is the logos, ...
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What are the proverbs about giving collateral for someone else teaching about loans?

The book of Proverbs gives serious warning about taking on a loan: Just as the rich rule the poor, so the borrower is servant to the lender. —Proverbs 22:7 (NLT) But it seems to focus much more ...
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Do Proverbs 6:16 and Proverbs 30:18 contain a figure of speech? [duplicate]

If you look at Proverbs 6:16 and Proverbs 30:18, they are written in a certain format: "There are six things the LORD hates--no, seven things he detests" "There are three things that ...
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Who is he and what is the name of his son? Proverbs 30:4

“Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what ...
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What is the meaning of "excellent things" in Proverbs 22:20?

Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge, that I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth... -- Proverbs 22:20 (KJV) In the KJV, the Hebrew word ...
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When Proverbs 14:31 uses the word "poor", what does the word "poor" suggest?

Most of proverbs scripture verses stand by themselves. However, could someone please read and analyze Proverbs 14:31 verse along with the Hebrew translation further down below, and post back a ...
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Why was the Hebrew "possessed" translated into Greek as "created" in Proverbs 8:22?

Why was the Hebrew "possessed" translated into Greek as "created" in Proverbs 8:22? Proverbs 8:22 English Standard Version “The LORD possessed me (קָ֭נָנִי) at the beginning of ...
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Proverbs: differences between the LXX and the MT

What is the origin of the differences in the order of some verses in the book of Proverbs between the LXX and the MT? Here are two examples:1 the verses 30:1—14 are after 24:22 and the verses 30:15—...
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In light of Proverbs 24:17 , how would we go about justifying or reasoning Psalm 54:5-7 claim of being satisfied with enemies' destruction?

Proverbs 24:17 (NASB) Do not rejoice when your enemy falls, And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles; Proverbs 24:17 (KJV) Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be ...
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Who is King Lemuel in Proverbs 31?

Who is King Lemuel in Proverbs 31? I did a search for King Lemuel in my entire library of encyclopedias, commentaries, Bible dictionaries, etc. and there is very limited information on him. Some see ...
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Proverbs 11:15 - "put up security for a stranger" and "striking hands in pledge"

Proverbs 11:15 Whoever puts up security for a stranger will surely suffer harm, but he who hates striking hands in pledge is secure. I don't really understand 2 phrases: "put up security for a ...