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Questions tagged [proverbs]

The book of Proverbs, one of the wisdom books of the Tanakh (Hebrew bible). Many of the short sayings are attributed to Solomon.

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What is the meaning of "excellent things" in Proverbs 22:20?

Have not I written to thee excellent things in counsels and knowledge, that I might make thee know the certainty of the words of truth... -- Proverbs 22:20 (KJV) In the KJV, the Hebrew word ...
2 votes
8 answers
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In Proverbs 8:28, what are "the fountains of the deep"?

Proverbs 8-22-28 (NIV) 22 “The LORD brought me forth as the first of his works,[a][b] before his deeds of old; 23 I was formed long ages ago, at the very beginning, when the world ...
2 votes
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In Proverbs 8:30, does "Amon" mean "Beloved Child" or "Master Craftsman"?

There is great controversy surrounding this particular word. Many scholars say "amon" is translated as "master workman", but others say that it means "beloved child" or &...
4 votes
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Proverbs 5:2-3 - Does the LXX preserve a dropped line or make an editorial addition?

The Masoretic Text and NRSV versions of the opening verses of Proverbs 5 are as follows (the MT follows the Aleppo Codex and is taken from the Mechon-Mamre website): MT NRSV א בְּ֭נִי לְחָכְמָתִ֣י ...
6 votes
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Why do some Bible translations differ on how Proverbs 16:31 is translated?

Some translations state that “gray hair is a crown of glory; it is found in the path of righteousness”, but other translations word it as “gray hair is a crown of glory if it is found in the path of ...
1 vote
3 answers
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What kind of parallelism is Proverbs 18:22 and how is it translated?

There are different kinds of parallelism in the book of Proverbs and I would like to know which one is in Proverbs 18:22 and how it is translated in terms of its original audience and present ...
6 votes
1 answer
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Help identifying this Hebrew word: "lesh," meaning "narcissistic"?

I am trying to track down a Hebrew word mentioned by Rabbi Rami Shapiro in his book The Divine Feminine in Biblical Wisdom Literature: There are two types of people according to Proverbs: those who ...
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Who is he and what is the name of his son? Proverbs 30:4

“Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what ...
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In what way do her breasts satisfy the husband of Proverbs 5:19

“a lovely deer, a graceful doe. Let her breasts fill you at all times with delight; be intoxicated always in her love.” ‭‭Proverbs‬ ‭5:19‬ ‭ In what manner are her breasts intended to generate ...
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Is John 17:22 an allusion to Genesis 2:24?

[John 17:21-23 KJV] (21) That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. (22) And the glory ...
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Is the ESV's rendering of Proverbs 14:1 at odds with the common rendering from other translations?

Proverbs 14:1 (ESV): The wisest of women builds her house, but folly with her own hands tears it down. Meanwhile in other versions (For example, NASB and NKJV respectively) The wise woman builds ...
1 vote
1 answer
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Does the KJV translate Proverbs 16:1 as having a different meaning than the other translations? If so, which is the correct translation ? And Why? …

The KJV seems to indicate that both the plans in man’s hearts and the answers on their tongues come from the Lord, is this a correct interpretation? Proverbs 16:1 KJV The preparations of the heart in ...
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3 answers
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(Proverbs 23:1-3) what does Not desiring deceptive food have anything to do with behaving while dining with important leaders?

(Proverbs 23:1-3) New American Standard Bible 1995 1 When you sit down to dine with a ruler, Consider carefully [a]what is before you, 2 And put a knife to your throat If you are a man of great ...
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Is it purely an embrace that is being discussed?

There is so much to unpack in this verse and not everything is clear cut and obvious for the English reader. Proverbs‬ ‭5‬:‭20‬ ‭ “Why should you be intoxicated, my son, with a forbidden woman and ...
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In [Judith 10-15], How can God be pleased to allow Judith to speak lies in order to maintain Exodus 20:5, if Proverbs 12:22 is true?

In Judith chapters 10-11, the honest prophetess Judith temporarily becomes a liar to defend Israel by spreading false information about Israel in [Judith 10:12] and [Judith 11:12-19] to deceptively ...
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What are the 7 Pillars of Wisdom's House?

In Mishlei / Proverbs 9, we are told Chakmot (חָכְמוֹת) resides in a House built on 7 Pillars. Proverbs 9 [1] Wisdom has built her house; she has hewn her seven pillars. (חָכְמוֹת בָּנְתָ֣ה בֵיתָ֑הּ ...
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Why was the Hebrew "possessed" translated into Greek as "created" in Proverbs 8:22?

Why was the Hebrew "possessed" translated into Greek as "created" in Proverbs 8:22? Proverbs 8:22 English Standard Version “The LORD possessed me (קָ֭נָנִי) at the beginning of ...
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In Proverbs 5:18 what is meant by "your wife in your youth"?

Please help me understand the meaning of,"your wife in your youth" in Proverbs 5:18. Thank you in advance. NIV Proverbs 5: 15Drink water from your own cistern, running water from your own well. ...
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In Proverbs 30:11-14, which is more accurate, the NKJV "there is a generation" or the NASB20 "there is a kind of person"?

In Proverbs 30:11-14, which more accurately conveys the sense of the Hebrew (and optionally, the Koine texts)? The NKJV "there is a generation" or the NASB20 "there is a kind of person&...
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Answer not a fool, or answer a fool?

Proverbs 26:4 (KJV) says, Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also be like unto him. The very next verse, verse 5, says, Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be wise ...
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What does the phrase `as an oracle' in Proverbs 16:10 (NIV) stand for?

We read in Proverbs 16:9-10(NRSVCE) The human mind plans the way, but the Lord directs the steps. Inspired decisions are on the lips of a king; his mouth does not sin in judgment. We read the same ...
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In Proverbs 6:13, what is meant by the phrase, "he speaks with his feet, he teaches with his fingers"?

Proverbs 6:13 KJV He winks with his eyes, he speaks with his feet, he teaches with his fingers; The context is speaking of the characteristics of an evil, perverse person who continually devises ...
3 votes
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Translation error? Does Agur in Proverbs 30:3 have knowledge of the Holy or not?

In Proverbs 30:3 most translations translate verse 3 as Agur not having knowledge of the Holy. In some interlinear translations, the text states that Agur does have the knowledge of the Holy. See ...
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Isaiah 23:18 's “harlot’s wages” being “set apart to the Lord” an example of Proverbs 18:22 “the wealth of the sinner is stored up for the righteous”

( Remotely Related: Isaiah's prophecy of 70 Years of Tyre ) I might be asking the obvious. Isaiah 23:17-18 New American Standard Bible 1995 17 It will come about at the end of seventy years that ...
4 votes
2 answers
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What is the context of Proverbs 7:17?

I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon. (Proverbs 7:17 NRSVCE) Forgive my over-literalness, but this seems like it's describing something really stupid: the impudent woman is pouring ...
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5 answers
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Is Matthew 25:40 establishing Proverbs 19:17 is a 'prophecy' about Jesus being King YHVH?

Wisdom חָכְמָה allowed מֶ֜֗לֶךְ King שְׁלֹמֹ֣ה Shlomoh (Solomon) to reveal Proverb 19:17 stating "He who is gracious to a poor man lends to YHVH, and He will repay him his reward." ( ...
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Does Proverbs 14:9 mention God?

I found it interesting that all three popular Vietnamese Bible translations say something like this (translated back to English): The fool mocks at sin but the righteous has God's favor. Kẻ ngu dại ...
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11 answers
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Who is the maid in Proverbs 30:19?

Three verses from Proverbs 30 run as follows: [18] There be three things which are too wonderful for me, yea, four which I know not: [19] (1) The way of an eagle in the air; (2) the way of a serpent ...
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3 answers
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Proverbs: differences between the LXX and the MT

What is the origin of the differences in the order of some verses in the book of Proverbs between the LXX and the MT? Here are two examples:1 the verses 30:1—14 are after 24:22 and the verses 30:15—...
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(Proverbs 17:16) "fools" setting a "price" on "wisdom" when they have "No sense" and/or they have "No heart" for it (Multiple /layered meanings)

( Related Postings: Psalm 37:4 & Psalm 20:4 "...grant you your heart’s desire..." and "...give you the desires of your heart..." "dual-natured layers of meaning" ) ...
3 votes
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Why does the book of Proverbs portray a negative bias towards surety?

KJV Proverbs 6:1 My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, if thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger, KJV Proverbs 17:18 A man void of understanding striketh hands, and becometh surety in the ...
4 votes
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Request for parallels between Psalms and Proverbs

Can someone either post themselves or give me a link to a somewhat detailed comparison between Psalms and Proverbs where fairly word for word parallels are found? I am looking for all the instances ...
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4 answers
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What is the difference between 'way' and 'path' in Proverbs 3:6?

Proverbs 3:6 (NASB) In all your ways acknowledge Him, And He will make your paths straight. What is the difference between a "way" and a "path"? More specifically, what is the ...
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What is the relationship between the prostitute and the loaf of bread in Proverbs 6:26a?

The first phrase of Proverbs 6:26 is translated in several different ways by major translations: for the price of a prostitute is only a loaf of bread [ESV] For on account of a harlot one is ...
3 votes
2 answers
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Who is the Master craftsman?

Proverbs 8:30 (NKJV): Then I was beside Him as a master craftsman; And I was daily His delight, Rejoicing always before Him, Who is the master craftsman in Proverbs 8:30? John 1:1-14 refers to the ...
2 votes
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What does the phrase 'put a knife to thy throat'mean in Proverbs 23:2?

Proverbs 23:2 KJV And put a knife to thy throat, if thou be a man given to appetite. This seems to be a Hebrew idiom which is not clear what it refers to in the above text Could this idiom be ...
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In Proverbs 30:20 what is so evil about a woman wiping her mouth after she eats?

KJV Pro 30:20  Such is the way of an adulterous woman; she eateth, and wipeth her mouth, and saith, I have done no wickedness. http://biblehub.com/proverbs/30-20.htm If so, is this intended to ...
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In Proverbs 17:19, what does "makes his door high" mean?

Proverbs 17:19 Whoever loves transgression loves strife; he who makes his door high seeks destruction. What does it mean to make your door high? Keep people out?
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Deeper Understanding of (Proverbs 29:13) for mentioning God giving light on the eyes of both the poor and the oppressor

29:13 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex רָ֤שׁ וְאִ֣ישׁ תְּכָכִ֣ים נִפְגָּ֑שׁוּ מֵ֤אִיר־עֵינֵ֖י שְׁנֵיהֶ֣ם יְהוָֽה׃ (Proverbs 29:13) English Standard Version The poor man and the oppressor meet ...
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Why does the book of Proverbs portray a negative bias towards wine?

Proverbs 4:17 KJV For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence. Proverbs 20:1 KJV Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging: and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. ...
2 votes
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In Proverbs 8:12, who is "Prudence"?

In Proverbs 8:12, who is "Prudence" with whom "Wisdom" dwells? YLT Pro 8:12 I, wisdom, have dwelt with prudence, And a knowledge of devices I find out. Related: Who is Wisdom in Proverbs
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Proverbs 3:12 “discipline/corrects” or “convict” more accurate?

We read in English: “For whom the Lord loves He corrects, Just as a father the son in whom he delights.” ‭‭Proverbs‬ ‭3:12‬ The Hebrew for corrects/discipline: disciplines יוֹכִ֑יחַ (yō·w·ḵî·aḥ) ...
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Would Proverbs 26:18-19 be relevant to scenario cases that involve bullying/hazing/ragging?

Closely related posting: Does Proverbs 26:18-19 condemn tricking people for a joke? Proverbs 26:18-19 New American Standard Bible 1995 18 Like a madman who throws Firebrands, arrows and death, 19 So ...
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Is Proverbs 25:20 about singing songs to an "evil" heart or to a "sad" one?

Proverbs 25: 20 (NASB, literal translation in bold) "Like one who takes off a garment on a cold day, or like vinegar on natron, Is he who sings songs to an evil heart." I didn't understand this when ...
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Does Proverbs 8:22 say that God's wisdom was the first person/thing that God created?

Several translations have "possessed me" while others have "made me". Is "possessed me" the proper translation and if so, what does it mean? Or is "made me" the correct translation and if so, was ...
2 votes
1 answer
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Where does CEV come up with "common sense" in Proverbs 2:6?

The verse is Proverbs 2:6 and it reads as follows: Proverbs 2:6 (KJV) 6 For the Lord giveth wisdom: out of his mouth cometh knowledge and understanding. The CEV version however reads: ...
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God made them in what sense? Proverbs 22:2

“The rich and the poor meet together; the Lord is the Maker of them all.” ‭‭Proverbs‬ ‭22:2‬ ‭ Is this text saying God is the maker (creator) of both men? Genesis 1:26 God is the one who made (...
3 votes
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In Proverbs 14:34, is sin a disgrace to a people, or is mercy a sin-offering?

The standard translation of Proverbs 14:34 is along the lines of (ESV, for example) the following: Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people. But Young's Literal ...
6 votes
3 answers
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What are the 7 abominations in Proverbs 26:25?

Proverbs 26:25 do not trust such a person's pretty speeches, since in the heart lurk seven abominations. What are these 7 abominations? Are these same as, Proverbs 6:16 There are six things ...
3 votes
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Does Proverbs 26:18-19 condemn tricking people for a joke?

Proverbs 26:18-19 reads (NKJV, emphasis mine): Like a madman who throws firebrands, arrows, and death, Is the man who deceives his neighbor, And says, "I was only joking!" Does this ...