Questions tagged [proverbs]

The book of Proverbs, one of the wisdom books of the Tanakh (Hebrew bible). Many of the short sayings are attributed to Solomon.

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Why do English bibles change the correct meaning of אֶקְרָ֑א Eqra “I-will-call” in Psalms, but אֶקְרָ֑א “I-call” in Proverbs (as if קוֹרֵא Qore)?

Tehillim תְּהִלִּים “Psalms” 55:17 in Irvit states : אֲנִי אֶל־אֱלֹהִ֣ים אֶקְרָ֑א וַֽ֜יהֹוָ֗ה יֽוֹשִׁיעֵֽנִי | “Ani el-Elohim Eqra Va-YHVH yoshieni”. In English NKJV bible, this verse is in Psalms 55:...
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What is the Hebrew for Sons of Man (Prov 8:4)?

Proverbs 8:4 (ESV): To you, O men, I call, and my cry is to the children of man. (KJV): Unto you, O men, I call; and my voice is to the sons of man. (Can't find "Sons of Man" in my ...
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Does 'panaq' (Proverbs 29:21) have relevance to Galatians 4:1-7 (sonship)?

The word panaq is used only once in scripture, in Proverbs 29:21, and thus has caused some head-scratching as is seen in the question on this site which asked if it were good to turn a 'slave' into a ...
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In [Judith 10-15], How can God be pleased to allow Judith to speak lies in order to maintain Exodus 20:5, if Proverbs 12:22 is true?

In Judith chapters 10-11, the honest prophetess Judith temporarily becomes a liar to defend Israel by spreading false information about Israel in [Judith 10:12] and [Judith 11:12-19] to deceptively ...
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Who is the Master craftsman?

Who is the master craftsman in Proverbs 8:30? John1:1-14 Refers to the Word being in the beginning, and that everything was made through Him. But the context of Proverbs 8 refers to wisdom as a women. ...
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Should translations pay more attention to the antithetical parallelism of Prov. 3:34?

אִם־לַלֵּצִ֥ים‬ הֽוּא־יָלִ֑יץ וְ֝לַעֲנָיִ֗ים‬ יִתֶּן־חֵֽן׃ (Prov. 3:34, MT) Does it better fit the antithetical parallelism of the poetry of this verse to translate the verse: Although He will turn ...
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On what basis does Proverbs 24:11 KJV translate môṭ as "those that are ready?"

On what basis does Proverbs 24:11 KJV (and some others) translate môṭ as “those that are ready?” Proverbs 24:11 (emphasis added), If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death, and those ...
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Is Matthew 25:40 establishing Proverbs 19:17 is a 'prophecy' about Jesus being King YHVH?

Wisdom חָכְמָה allowed מֶ֜֗לֶךְ King שְׁלֹמֹ֣ה Shlomoh (Solomon) to reveal Proverb 19:17 stating "He who is gracious to a poor man lends to YHVH, and He will repay him his reward." ( ...
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Proverbs 30:4, "Tell me if you know" --VS-- "Surely you know", more appropriate translation?

I read the Biblehub some English versions of the verse which have different text. Some versions use (A) "tell me if you know" - other versions use (B) "surely you know". Because if ...
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What 's wrong with change in Proverbs 24?

Proverbs 24 21My son, fear the Lord and the king; Do not associate with those given to change; 22For their calamity will rise suddenly, And who knows the ruin those two can bring? Isn't change good ...
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What are the seven pillars of a house? [duplicate]

Proverbs 9:1 Wisdom has built her house; she has set up its seven pillars. Why seven? What is the imagery? It seems odd no pun intended.
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When Proverbs 14:31 uses the word "poor", what does the word "poor" suggest?

Most of proverbs scripture verses stand by themselves. However, could someone please read and analyze Proverbs 14:31 verse along with the Hebrew translation further down below, and post back a ...
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How are the Proverbs in the Proverbs book organized? By author? Theme? Chronologically?

I would love to know if the book is compiled in any specific manner. It follows a theme order it seems, but is that intended by the authors, or some were organized later on and placed in some kind of ...
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Does daily Charity alone atone for our sins? - [Proverbs 10:2, 11:4, 16:6, 19:17, 21:3]

If Charity to the poor is maintained daily to show our love to God & our neighbor, would our 'sins' be forgiven without requiring another sacrifice for atonement? Proverbs 10:2 - "Treasures ...
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What are the imageries in Proverbs 18:4?

Proverbs 18:4 New International Version The words of the mouth are deep waters, but the fountain of wisdom is a rushing stream. How to interpret these in terms of the imageries? Does this relate to ...
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Is it accurate to state "Humility [is] Fear of The LORD" when translating Proverbs 22:4?

Based on the Hebrew reading of Proverbs 22:4, "Fear [of] YHVH" ( יִרְאַ֣ת יְהוָ֑ה ) is the result of "Humility" ( עֲ֭נָוָה ). If we speak Mishlei 22:4, then we could say : " ...
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Why does Proverb 22:20 say "thirty sayings" in some translations and "excellent things" in others?

I'm not sure if this question has a simple answer or not since I don't read any Hebrew, but when I was reading through Proverbs 22 this morning with my wife, her translation at verse 20 said Have I ...
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Meaning of Proverbs 4:18

In Proverbs 4:18 (NASB) But the path of the righteous is like the light of dawn That shines brighter and brighter until the full day. What's the meaning of this metaphor?
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How does God exactly make our paths straight? Is Proverbs 3:6 implicitly referring to the supernatural lead of the Holy Spirit?

Proverbs 3:5-6 invites us not to lean on our own understanding, but to trust instead in God's ability to lead us into the right paths we are to take. 5 Trust in the Lord with all your heart and lean ...
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How to interpret Proverbs 23:27?

Proverbs 23:27 for an adulterous woman is a deep pit, and a wayward wife is a narrow well. Why a deep pit? Why a narrow well? What's that has to do with a wayward wife? What are the images supposed to ...
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Is there intended a relationship between Job 40:19, Proverbs 8:22 and Revelation 3:14?

[Job 40:15-20 CSB] (15) Look at Behemoth, which I made along with you. He eats grass like cattle. (16) Look at the strength of his back and the power in the muscles of his belly. (17) He stiffens ...
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What does "Better a little with the fear of the Lord than great wealth with turmoil" (Proverbs 15:16) mean?

Proverbs 15:16 is Better a little with the fear of the Lord than great wealth with turmoil. What does this mean? Is it some Biblical equivalent of minimalism? The word turmoil puzzles me as in the ...
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How should we understand the concepts of "seek" and "find" in Proverbs 8:17?

Proverbs 8:12-21 (ESV): 12 “I, wisdom, dwell with prudence, and I find knowledge and discretion. 13 The fear of the Lord is hatred of evil. Pride and arrogance and the way of evil and perverted ...
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Why was the Hebrew "possessed" translated into Greek as "created" in Proverbs 8:22?

Why was the Hebrew "possessed" translated into Greek as "created" in Proverbs 8:22? Proverbs 8:22 English Standard Version “The LORD possessed me (קָ֭נָנִי) at the beginning of ...
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What are the 7 Pillars of Wisdom's House?

In Mishlei / Proverbs 9, we are told Chakmot (חָכְמוֹת) resides in a House built on 7 Pillars. Proverbs 9 [1] Wisdom has built her house; she has hewn her seven pillars. (חָכְמוֹת בָּנְתָ֣ה בֵיתָ֑הּ ...
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Does Proverbs 21:14 encourage bribing? [duplicate]

Proverbs 21:14 A gift given in secret soothes anger, and a bribe concealed in the cloak pacifies great wrath.
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What does Proverbs 23:10 mean regarding the prohibited entry in "Fields of Orphans"?

In the Ivri (עִבְרִי) / Hebrew (ἑβραιου) text of Proverbs 23:10, we find a strange warning. Proverbs 23:10 [MT "Do not remove an ancient boundary, and do not enter the fields of the orphans" ...
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Regarding Proverbs 15:3 - How many Eyes (עֵינֵ֣י) does God have?

The Hebrew Bible claims "the Eyes of YHVH" (עֵינֵ֣י יְהוָ֑ה) are everywhere, in the scroll of "Mishlei" (Proverbs) - chapter 15 verse 3. Proverbs 15:3 [MT] "The eyes of YHVH are ...
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What is the proper understanding of the phrase מִפְעָלָיו מֵאָֽז, "works of old" in Proverbs?

The LORD possessed me in the beginning of his way, before his works of old. (Proverbs 8:22 KJV) יְֽהוָה קָנָנִי רֵאשִׁית דַּרְכֹּו קֶדֶם מִפְעָלָיו מֵאָֽז It is common to understand "works of ...
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Does Proverbs 8:12-31 reveal female Understanding (בִ֜ינָ֗ה) to be the source of God's constructive power?

In Proverbs 8:12-14, we find out that Wisdom (Chokmah, חכמה) is heard in a female voice called Understanding (Vinah, בִ֜ינָ֗ה). Proverbs 8:22 [MT] "YHVH acquired me at the beginning of His way, ...
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Why are the translations of Proverbs 13:8 by NIV and Aramaic Bible in Plain English so different?

Proverbs 13:8 New International Version A person's riches may ransom their life, but the poor cannot respond to threatening rebukes. Aramaic Bible in Plain English The salvation of a man's soul is ...
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In light of Proverbs 24:17 , how would we go about justifying or reasoning Psalm 54:5-7 claim of being satisfied with enemies' destruction?

Proverbs 24:17 (NASB) Do not rejoice when your enemy falls, And do not let your heart be glad when he stumbles; Proverbs 24:17 (KJV) Rejoice not when thine enemy falleth, and let not thine heart be ...
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The relationship between wisdom and light

I am trying to understand the relationship between wisdom and light better (as well as logos and "the way"). I am mostly focused around exegesis of the Gospel of John. Jesus is the logos, ...
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What is the literal translation of Proverbs 14:20?

φίλοι μισήσουσιν φίλους πτωχούς φίλοι δὲ πλουσίων πολλοί phíloi misḗsousin phílous ptōkhoús phíloi dè plousíōn polloí. people hate people poor people not rich many "The poor is disliked ...
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Does the LXX translate חוללתי as γεννάω to create an allusion to Genesis 4?

In various places Proverbs personifies Wisdom as a woman. In one she deviates from teaching to speak about herself. She starts by announcing her "קָנָה" at the beginning: 22 “The Lord possessed me ...
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Is the beginning of creation at Revelation 3:14 the same as at Proverbs 8:22?

Is the beginning of creation at Revelation 3:14 the same as at Proverbs 8:22? What is the 'beginning of creation?' Is it when : God first spoke and created the heavens and the earth God breathed life ...
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Since the LXX says Wisdom was created at Proverbs 8:22 but begotten at 8:25, does this disprove "begotten not made?"

At Proverbs 8:22 in the LXX the speaker is created with the Greek κτίζω but in verse 25 he is begotten with γεννά με. This speaks of the same event. According to advanced Hebrew lexicons like BDB ...
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He who troubles his own house will inherit wind,Proverbs 11:29

Proverbs 11:29 (NASB) 29 He who troubles his own house will inherit wind, And the foolish will be servant to the wisehearted. What do the two expressions mean?
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In Proverbs 17:19, what does "makes his door high" mean?

Proverbs 17:19 Whoever loves transgression loves strife; he who makes his door high seeks destruction. What does it mean to make your door high? Keep people out?
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Answer not a fool, or answer a fool?

Proverbs 26:4 (KJV) says, Answer not a fool according to his folly, lest thou also be like unto him. The very next verse, verse 5, says, Answer a fool according to his folly, lest he be wise ...
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Why does the LXX occcassionally have "fear God" instead of "fear the Lord" in Proverbs?

The fear of the LORD is a phrase used throughout Proverbs. The phrase commonly uses the noun יראת, but twice is the verb יָרֵא and twice the adjective יָרֵא. The Septuagint (LXX) is fairly consistent ...
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Where does the second part of the proverb 2 Peter 2:22 come from?

"But it happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire." 2 Peter 2:22 (KJV) The part about the ...
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In Proverbs 14:34, is sin a disgrace to a people, or is mercy a sin-offering?

The standard translation of Proverbs 14:34 is along the lines of (ESV, for example) the following: Righteousness exalts a nation, but sin is a reproach to any people. But Young's Literal ...
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Is John 17:22 an allusion to Genesis 2:24?

[John 17:21-23 KJV] (21) That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. (22) And the glory ...
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"Get out of the trap like a bird or a deer escaping from a hunter."

Proverbs 6:1-5 speaks to a son that has become responsible for the debt of another person. It tells him (in verse 3) to hurry up to the debtor and beg him for release. But then in verse 5 it says (GNT)...
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Proverbs 1:9 What is a 'torque'?

In Proverbs 1:8-9, it is stated: [8] Hear, my son, your father's instruction, and reject not your mother's teaching; [9] A graceful diadem will they be for your head; a torque for your neck. But ...
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What are the 7 abominations in Proverbs 26:25?

Proverbs 26:25 do not trust such a person's pretty speeches, since in the heart lurk seven abominations. What are these 7 abominations? Are these same as, Proverbs 6:16 There are six things ...
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Who is he and what is the name of his son? Proverbs 30:4

“Who has ascended to heaven and come down? Who has gathered the wind in his fists? Who has wrapped up the waters in a garment? Who has established all the ends of the earth? What is his name, and what ...
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How to understand Proverbs 6:16-19 in light of Psalm 51:5 and 58:3

In Proverbs 6, the writer lists 7 things that God hates. There are six things that the Lord hates, seven that are an abomination to him: haughty eyes, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent ...
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What are the 30 chapters in Proverbs 22:20?

Proverbs 22:20 Have I not written for you thirty chapters of advice and knowledge... What are these 30 chapters? Who wrote these to whom? Have these chapters ever found?