Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The study of the third person in the Trinity according to Christian theology. In Jewish theology, usually either the divine aspect of prophecy or the influence of God over the universe.

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The Holy Ghost will be sent or was already sent? Luke 3:22 vs John 14:26

At Jesus' baptism, the Holy Ghost descends upon Him: And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I ...
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When a Christian sins and grieves the Holy Spirit, is the grief experienced by the Holy Spirit only or by the Christian as well?

Ephesians 4:25-32 gives a list of practical recommendations on how Christians should conduct themselves so as to avoid grieving the Holy Spirit. 25 Therefore, ridding yourselves of falsehood, speak ...
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Who sends the Holy Spirit? The Son or the Father?

7 But I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I am leaving; for if I do not leave, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. (John 16:7 NASB) vs. 26 But the ...
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In light of Acts 10:44-48, were the disciples in Acts 2 praising/exalting God in tongues (contrary to the view that they were “preaching” in tongues)?

Disclaimer: this is going to be a bit of a long question, so bear with me. I've heard people claim that the purpose of the gift of tongues is to preach the gospel to foreigners in their own native ...
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What does it mean to “not be subject to the law” in Galatians 5:18?

Galatians 5:13-26 (NRSV): 13 For you were called to freedom, brothers and sisters; only do not use your freedom as an opportunity for self-indulgence, but through love become slaves to one another. ...
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Does the Holy Spirit have emotions?

Ephesians 4:30 (NRSV) says that the Holy Spirit can be grieved: And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with which you were marked with a seal for the day of redemption which is paralleled in the ...
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How are we to test the spirits?

1 John 4:1-6 (NRSV) stresses the importance of testing the spirits, given that not all spirits come from God: Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from ...
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What can we learn about the relationship between “God” and “the Spirit of God” ontologically from 1 Corinthians 2:6-16?

1 Corinthians 2:6-16 (NRSV): 6 Yet among the mature we do speak wisdom, though it is not a wisdom of this age or of the rulers of this age, who are doomed to perish. 7 But we speak God’s wisdom, ...
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Why did Peter say that Ananias lied to the Holy Spirit?

In Acts 5:3 Then Peter said, "Ananias, how is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied to the Holy Spirit and have kept for yourself some of the money you received for the land? ...
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Did Peter converse with (pray to) the Holy Spirit in Acts 10:9-19?

Acts 10:9-19 (NIV): 9 About noon the following day as they were on their journey and approaching the city, Peter went up on the roof to pray. 10 He became hungry and wanted something to eat, and ...
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Are the mysteries in the Spirit (that no-one understands) uttered in a language that can be interpreted via the gift of interpretation of tongues?

1 Corinthians 14:2 (ESV) says: 2 For one who speaks in a tongue speaks not to men but to God; for no one understands him, but he utters mysteries in the Spirit. However, later verses say: 5 Now I ...
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Difference between ῥῆμα Θεοῦ, vs., λόγον Θεοῦ

What is the difference in meaning between the NT's use of these two phrases, both translated "Word of God" (if any)? λόγον Θεοῦ (only the singular not plural), Matt 15:6, Mark 7:13, Luke 5;...
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Is Jesus' description of the Holy Spirit as “rivers of living water flowing from within” a metaphor for a conscious supernatural experience?

In John 7:37-39 (NIV), Jesus describes the presence of the Holy Spirit inside a person as "rivers of living water flowing from within": 37 On the last and greatest day of the festival, ...
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Does the Holy Spirit's distribution of spiritual gifts depend in any way on how eagerly we desire them?

In 1 Corinthians 12:4-11 (NIV), Paul explains that the distribution of the spiritual gifts is a sovereign decision of the Holy Spirit, who distributes the spiritual gifts as He sees fit: 4 There are ...
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What did Paul mean when he said “with a demonstration of the Spirit’s power” in 1 Corinthians 2:4?

1 Corinthians 2:4-5 (NIV): 4 My message and my preaching were not with wise and persuasive words, but with a demonstration of the Spirit’s power, 5 so that your faith might not rest on human wisdom, ...
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In Titus 3:5 are both regeneration and renewal from the Holy Spirit?

Titus 3:5 in the ESV reads: he saved us, not because of works done by us in righteousness, but according to his own mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewal of the Holy Spirit, Should we ...
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What is “the gift” of the Holy Spirit in Acts 2:38?

Acts 2:38. And Peter said to them, "Repent and be baptised every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit." ...
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Angels touching humans in the Bible

How is it possible for angels (heavenly hosts not merely human messengers) to touch humans? Do they have bodies? Are these bodies temporary? What proof is there that they are temporary? New Testament ...
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Can spirits touch or be touched in light of Luke 24:39

Jesus makes a remark to Thomas to show Thomas that it is truly Him “See my hands and my feet, that it is I myself. Touch me, and see. For a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have....
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Is Luke 11:5-13 talking about being filled with / baptized in the Holy Spirit and that believers should seek it with perseverance?

Luke 11:5-13 (NIV): 5 Then Jesus said to them, “Suppose you have a friend, and you go to him at midnight and say, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves of bread; 6 a friend of mine on a journey has come to ...
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Why did Paul contrast “drunkenness on wine” with the experience of “being filled with the Spirit” in Ephesians 5:18?

Ephesians 5:18-19 (NIV): 18 Do not get drunk on wine, which leads to debauchery. Instead, be filled with the Spirit, 19 speaking to one another with psalms, hymns, and songs from the Spirit. Sing and ...
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Who is speaking to the Churches in Revelation 1:10-11, Jesus or the Spirit?

‭‭Revelation‬ ‭1:10-11: “I was in the Spirit on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet saying, “Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus ...
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What does it mean to be one εν spirit with the Lord in 1 Corinthians 6:17

How should this verse be understood exactly? Is there now only one spirit? Or two united spirits? (And where is the location of this spirit exactly? Inside the believer perhaps?) “But he who is ...
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Why are prayer and fasting required to cast out certain kinds of demons?

The casting out of demons is one of the signs that Jesus promised would follow all believers: Mark 16:17 (KJV): 17 And these signs shall follow them that believe; In my name shall they cast out ...
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When did Jesus go to the Father? John 16:7

In light of this excerpt from impossible to receive Holy Spirit while Jesus was physically on earth by fellow member Dottard “Now, there is one more subtlety. Jesus declared in John 16:7 that unless ...
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What is meant by “send Him to you” in John 16:7

The Helper or the Spirit of truth v12 or the Holy Spirit as He is also known was already on the earth. He had descended on Jesus in the form of a dove at Jesus’ baptism where Jesus became FULL of the ...
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Do Ephesians 1:13 and Acts 8:14-17; 19:1-7 contradict each other?

On the one hand Ephesians 1:13 appears to state that Christians receive the Holy Spirit upon the moment of conversion: Ephesians 1:13 (NIV) 13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the ...
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What is the intended meaning of the word “power” as used in Acts 1:8?

Acts 1:7-8 (NIV): 7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you ...
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Is the promise of “power” in Acts 1:8 only for the apostles or for Christians in all ages?

Acts 1:7-8 (NIV): 7 He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. 8 But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you; and you ...
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How is speaking in tongues an edifying practice for individuals themselves?

1 Corinthians 14:4 (NIV) reads: 4 Anyone who speaks in a tongue edifies themselves, but the one who prophesies edifies the church. How is speaking in tongues an activity that edifies the individual ...
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Was Philip teleported to Azotus by the Holy Spirit in Acts 8:38-40?

Acts 8:38-40 reads: 38 And he gave orders to stop the chariot. Then both Philip and the eunuch went down into the water and Philip baptized him. 39 When they came up out of the water, the Spirit of ...
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Is the Spirit of the Son distinct from God the Holy Ghost? [closed]

Based on another question about the Spirit of the Son, My answer was that the answer is not as simple and leads to more questions. These are those questions: Is the Spirit of Christ (Rom 8:9, 1 Pet 1:...
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Does Isaiah personify the Holy Spirit? [closed]

Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not spoken in secret, from the time it came to be I have been there.” And now the Lord GOD has sent me, and his Spirit. (Isaiah 48:16 ESV) The ...
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Angels are already spirits or can become spirits?

(I must preface this by saying, just because a psalm is poetic, it does not therefore take away from the fact that it is also making a truth statement, and accurate. Jesus quoted psalm 82 about the ...
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Does Peter personify water in Acts 10:47?

As Peter spoke the word to Cornelius and his household, they received the Holy Spirit: Then answered Peter, `The water is any one able to forbid, that these may not be baptized, who the Holy Spirit ...
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What reasons are there to believe 'comforted' in the 2nd Beatitude relates to 'the Comforter' in John 14:26?

The second beatitude as given in Matthew is "Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted." (KJ) In John 14:26, Jesus speaks of a comforter. "But the Comforter, which is the ...
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In Romans 8:9, whose Spirit is the believer supposed to have if he is not to be fleshly but spiritual?

If the believer is not fleshly but spiritual he is to have the spirit according to Romans 8:9 Which spirit? God’s (1) Jesus’ (2) Either one (1 or 2) Both (1 + 2) They are one and the same (1 = 2) ...
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Acts 15:28 It seemed good to the Holy Spirit?

Act 15:28 It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you with anything beyond the following requirements: 29You are to abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat ...
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How is it possible to blaspheme the Holy Spirit? [closed]

Correct me if I am wrong. The Idea is so easy: Jesus incarnated on earth, and made some things, behave some behaviours -from the Jews point of view- that made him susceptible to be blasphemed, like: ...
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If Jesus part of the trinity why not equal to Spirit?

Matthew 12:31-32 31 Therefore I say to you: Every sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven men, but the blasphemy of the Spirit shall not be forgiven. 32 And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of ...
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Why does Jesus commit his spirit into his Father's hands at death?

In Luke 23:46, we read (emphasis mine): And Jesus, crying out with a loud voice, said, "Father, into your hands I commit my spirit." Having said this, He breathed His last. Luke 23:46 Acts ...
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2 Corinthians 7:1, does Spirit have filthiness (defilement)?

2 Corinthians 7:1 (DRB): Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all defilement of the flesh and of the spirit, perfecting sactification in the fear of God. ...
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What is the purpose of personification at Ephesians 4:30?

What is the purpose of personification at Ephesians 4:30?
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Mark 13:32 - Why doesn't the Holy Spirit know?

Mark 13:32 (ASV): But of that day or that hour knoweth no one, not even the angels in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. At Mark 13:32, Jesus teaches that in the entire range of heavenly beings,...
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Did Jesus ask once or repeatedly? Mark 5:8

The text translated says something to the effect “For he was saying to him, "Come out of the man, you unclean spirit!"” ‭‭Mark‬ ‭5:8‬ ‭ Which would cause one to assume Jesus said it once only ...
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Luke 8:36 δαιμονισθεις demonized or demon-possessed?

What is the correct way and not necessarily the most popular way to translate the Greek δαιμονισθεις (daimonizomai), to be “demonized” or demon-possessed? “And those who had seen it told them how ...
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Three people share one spirit

Elisha requested a double portion of Elijah’s spirit. So Elijah has this spirit Elisha also has this spirit but somehow in a double portion “Now when the sons of the prophets who were at Jericho ...
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Is it God’s Spirit The Holy Spirit or another one of God’s spirits? Exodus 28:3

“And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. You shall speak to all the skillful, whom I have filled with a spirit of skill, that they make Aaron's garments to ...
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The spirits of God. 1 John 4:2

The Holy Spirit identified by other confessing spirits. Who are these spirits? “By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God,”...
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What is the difference between **power ( כֹּחַ )** and **might ( חַיִל )** in Zechariah 4:6?

What is the difference between power ( כֹּחַ ) and might ( חַיִל ) in Zechariah 4:6? I was studying the verse with interlinear bibleand got these words power - koach ( כֹּחַ ) which means --> a ...