Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The study of the third person in the Trinity according to Christian theology. In Jewish theology, usually either the divine aspect of prophecy or the influence of God over the universe.

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What is the purpose of personification at Ephesians 4:30?

What is the purpose of personification at Ephesians 4:30? Eph 4:30 And grieve not[MH LUPEITE] the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption. (NASB) Jewish writings ...
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Mark 13:32 - Why doesn't the Holy Spirit know?

Mark 13:32 (ASV): But of that day or that hour knoweth no one, not even the angels in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. At Mark 13:32, Jesus teaches that in the entire range of heavenly beings,...
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Did Jesus ask once or repeatedly? Mark 5:8

The text translated says something to the effect “For he was saying to him, "Come out of the man, you unclean spirit!"” ‭‭Mark‬ ‭5:8‬ ‭ Which would cause one to assume Jesus said it once only ...
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Luke 8:36 δαιμονισθεις demonized or demon-possessed?

What is the correct way and not necessarily the most popular way to translate the Greek δαιμονισθεις (daimonizomai), to be “demonized” or demon-possessed? “And those who had seen it told them how ...
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Three people share one spirit

Elisha requested a double portion of Elijah’s spirit. So Elijah has this spirit Elisha also has this spirit but somehow in a double portion “Now when the sons of the prophets who were at Jericho ...
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Is it God’s Spirit The Holy Spirit or another one of God’s spirits? Exodus 28:3

“And you shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, for glory and for beauty. You shall speak to all the skillful, whom I have filled with a spirit of skill, that they make Aaron's garments to ...
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The spirits of God. 1 John 4:2

The Holy Spirit identified by other confessing spirits. Who are these spirits? “By this you know the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesses that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God,”...
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What is the difference between **power ( כֹּחַ )** and **might ( חַיִל )** in Zechariah 4:6?

What is the difference between power ( כֹּחַ ) and might ( חַיִל ) in Zechariah 4:6? I was studying the verse with interlinear bibleand got these words power - koach ( כֹּחַ ) which means --> a ...
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Will Jesus Baptize us with the Holy Spirit or with holy wind in Mk 1:8, Mtt 3:11, Lk 3:16, and Jn 1:33?

In Mark 1:8, Matthew 3:11, Luke 3:16, and John 1:33, John the Baptist declares that Jesus will baptize people in the Holy Spirit. For example, Matthew 3:11 says, “I indeed baptize you with water ...
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What is the difference in meaning between “fellowship” in 1 Corinthians 1:9 & “communion” in 2 Corinthians 13:14?

What is the difference in meaning between “fellowship” in 1 Corinthians 1:9 & “communion” in 2 Corinthians 13:14? 1 Corinthians 1:9 9 God is faithful, by whom ye were called unto the ...
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Holy Spirit in apostles before Pentecost

Some say apostles got Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost. I also think this is true in some way, but in gospels there is record that Jesus 'gave them authority over devils and diseases and sent them ...
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How do Trinitarians deal with Mark 13:32 in regards to the holy spirit?

Mark 13:32 (as well as Matthew 24:36) records Jesus saying that only the Father knows the hour of his coming. So wouldn't this imply that the holy spirit isn't omniscient if it's a person?
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Is the “glory” that is spoken about in Exodus 40:34-35 a light that appeared in the Holy of holies?

In the book The School of Christ by T Austin Sparks I read the following Looking backward at that tabernacle or that temple of old where the Shekinah glory was found, we mark that that light, ...
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What does “bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus” mean in 2 Corinthians 4:10?

What does "bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus" mean in 2 Corinthians 4:10 always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be ...
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What does “communion of the Holy Spirit” mean in 2 Corinthians 13:14?

What does communion of the Holy Spirit mean in 2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
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In Acts 11:17 is Peter referencing when he and the 120 believed or Cornelius?

I'm confused about how to interpret Acts 11:17, especially because of Bible translation differences. The Bible in Basic English (translation) If then God gave them, when they had faith in the Lord ...
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Why do trinitarians say the holy spirit is a person? [closed]

What is the Biblical basis for saying the holy spirit is a person? From my observation of the text, I see no basis for this belief. The holy spirit is continuously presented in the Bible as God's ...
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Was the power they received in Matthew 10 different from the one they received in Acts 2?

Christ gives power to the disciples to cast out demons and heal the sick which was prior to the giving of the Holy Spirit. Matthew 10:1 KJV 1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, ...
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What does 'through the sanctifying work of the Spirit'' mean in 1 Peter 1:2?

The phrase ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος (1 Pet. 1:2b) is rendered ''through the sanctifying work of the Spirit'' in NIV. who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through ...
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How can we accurately translate the Greek phrase ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος into English?

The following English Bible translations varied in how they render the phrase ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος. ''in the sanctification of the Spirit'' (ESV) ''by the sanctifying work of the Spirit'' (...
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Why were Peter and John needed to lay hands on Samaritans when Philip was there?

Acts 8 5 Then Philip went down to the city of Samaria, and preached Christ unto them. 6 And the people with one accord gave heed unto those things which Philip spake, hearing and seeing the ...
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In 2 Timothy 1:7 what is a “spirit of fear”?

KJV 2 Timothy 1:7  For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind. Also, it appears that the "spirit of fear" is what was NOT given and that what WAS ...
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In Romans 8:15 what are “a spirit of bondage” and a “spirit of adoption”?

KJV Rom 8:15  For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] οὐ ...
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In John 16:13, who is “the spirit of truth”?

I was wondering: Who is the "Spirit of truth" in this text ? John 16 12 “I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13 But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will ...
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How does the concept of “righteousness” cause the Spirit to be “life” in Romans 8:10?

I've long desired to break-through to an understanding of Romans 8:10, particularly the following emboldened concept: Romans 8:10 (KJV) And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but ...
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Does John 20:22 indicate that disciples receive Holy Spirit then? [duplicate]

John 20:22 seems to indicate the disciples received the Holy Spirit at that time. I thought the Holy Spirit came at Pentecost. Can you help me understand this?
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Did the Holy Spirit leave Jesus on the cross before he died? If not, why not?

Some say that the Holy Spirit left Jesus before he died, ie. that the Father totally withdrew from Jesus as part of his bearing the punishment for sin. However: 13For if the blood of bulls and ...
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Is Job 32:8 equating “the breath of life” of Genesis 2:7 with the Holy Spirit?

International Standard Version Job 32:8 However, a spirit exists in mankind, and the Almighty's breath gives him insight." https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/Job/32/8 New International Version ...
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In Wisdom of Solomon 9 does “Solomon” equate “the holy spirit” with “wisdom”?

9 And wisdom was with thee: which knoweth thy works, and was present when thou madest the world, and knew what was acceptable in thy sight, and right in thy commandments. 10 O send her out of thy holy ...
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“Seven spirits of God” - literal or numerogical interpretation in early Christianity?

In Rev. 5:6 "... a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth" and also 4:5 and 3:1 Bible speaks ...
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'Holy Spirit' vs 'Spirit of God' in context of Revelation 5:6

Revelation 5:6 "... a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth" This verse as well as 3:1 ...
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Ephesians 4:30 - What does Paul mean by “grieve” the Holy Spirit?

Ephesians 4:30 (NASB) Do not grieve λυπέω the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. What is Paul warning Christians not to do - exactly? I am hoping for support ...
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Why the change in language between Luke 11:13 and Matthew 7:11?

If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!” - Luke 11:13 NIV If you, then, ...
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Kindness and goodness - fruit of Spirit, what is the difference?

I was studying Gl 5.22, and I came across this virtues - kindness and goodness. I am Brazilian, and I looked up in dictionary for these two words in Portuguese (Bondade and Benignidade) and they are ...
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The Spirit of his Son

In Galatians 4:6 it reads, Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out "Abba, Father." (NIV) Is Paul saying the Son of the Trinity, Jesus Christ, ...
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In Acts 21:4 - What does “Through the Spirit” Mean?

Closely Related To: - Does Luke show Agabus as errant in his prophecy in Acts 21? - In Scripture - Was Prophecy That was Spoken in Good Faith, ever Corrected? 1. Question - A Word Study Request, ...
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How was “Word of Knowledge” Understood?

How would Paul's original audience have understood the phrase "word of knowledge" in 1 Corinthians? NASB, 1 Corinthians 12:8 - For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to ...
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In Acts 5:3-4, did Ananias “lie to”, “fake”, “pretend” or “perjure yourself”?

In Acts 5:3-4, did Ananias "lie to", "fake" or "pretend"? Act 5:3 But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the ...
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Is there any distinction in the Greek between “Praying in/with the Spirit” from Ephesians 6:18 & the similar words in 1 Corinthians 14:15?

In Paul's first letter to the Corinthians Paul indicates that he prefers to pray both in (or with) the Spirit and in (or with) the mind. τί οὖν ἐστίν; προσεύξομαι τῷ πνεύματι, προσεύξομαι δὲ καὶ τῷ ...
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In Luke 1:41 why does Luke say that Elizabeth was *filled* with πνευματος αγιου? [closed]

Does the verb επλησθη suggest a quantity of a substance rather than a person taking up residence?: Luk 1:41 And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb. And ...
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Whose spirit is willing in Mark 14:38?

Towards the end of Mark 14, Jesus warns Peter to keep watch lest he fall into temptation: Then he returned to his disciples and found them sleeping. "Simon," he said to Peter, "are you asleep? ...
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In Acts 2, Which Prophecies Affirm Peter's Claim that the Messiah Would Receive the Holy Spirit?

Note: Psalms 68 has been suggested by another person - but is its translation in Ephesians valid? NASB, Acts 2:33: Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and A.) having received ...
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What does John 16:10 mean? The Spirit will convict the world “concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see me”

John 16:8-11 - 8 And He, when [the Holy Spirit] comes, [he] will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 and concerning ...
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What does 'love in the Spirit' mean in Colossians 1:8?

and has made known to us your love in the Spirit. Colossians 1:8 (ESV) What does 'love in the Spirit' means in Colossians 1:8?
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Comparing Matt 18:15-20 with Jn 20:21-23

Is there a legitimate contextual comparison between what Jesus teaches in Matthew 18:15-20 (certain disciplinary functions working in an assembly of people in God's name) and the text in John 20:21-23?...
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James 4:5: who is jealously yearning over the holy spirit?

I always wanted to ask this question to a Bible teacher about James 4:5. Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, “He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to ...
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Does “another advocate” in John 14:16 mean a second Holy Spirit?

I have come by a verse from Gospel of John as: John 14:16 "And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever--" I looked into its explanations ...
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What “spirit” is 1 Peter 3:18 referring to?

There seems to be disagreement as to whom/what the spirit in 1 Peter 3:18 is. (ESV) For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being ...
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Holy Spirit and the forgiving of sins: Who is the subject in John 20:23?

John 20:22-23 KJVS And when he had said this, he breathed on them , and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost: Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye ...
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How could the person in Luke 9:49 cast out demons without Jesus' mandate?

Luke 9:49 (ESV): John answered, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us.” The 12 (and later the 70) only started ...