Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The study of the third person in the Trinity according to Christian theology. In Jewish theology, usually either the divine aspect of prophecy or the influence of God over the universe.

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What role does the Holy Spirit play in hermeneutics?

Christians believe that they have an indwelling of the Holy Spirit who acts as a counselor and guide, enabling them to rightly understand God's word. A term often used to describe this concept is "...
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Is Jesus giving the Holy Spirit in John 20:22?

After the resurrection in John's gospel, Jesus appears to the disciples and in John 20:22 he breathes on them and says, "Receive the Holy Spirit." What is happening here? Is Jesus giving them the Holy ...
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Are there two different types of "tongues" spoken about in the NT?

My question comes directly from 1 Cor 14: 2, 4: 2 For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one understands, but in his spirit he speaks mysteries.....4 One who ...
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What is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit?

Mark 3:20-30 contains a familiar passage with a long debated phrase: 3:20 Now Jesus went home, and a crowd gathered so that they were not able to eat. 21 When his family heard this they went out to ...
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Who received the Holy Spirit at Pentecost?

When the day of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Acts 2:1 Is there any way to tell from the text who they were? Was it The New Twelve (as evidenced by Acts 2:14) or a larger ...
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"blashemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven" -- Is "forgiven" the best word for what is meant?

Matthew 12:30-32: “Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters. And so I tell you, every kind of sin and slander can be forgiven, but blasphemy against the ...
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How did Jewish people living under Roman rule understand the role of a Paraclete?

John 14:16 (DRB): And I will ask the Father, and he shall give you another Paraclete, that he may abide with you for ever. John 14:26 (DRB): But the Paraclete, the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will ...
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In Eph. 1:13, what does the word "sealed" (ἐσφραγίσθητε) mean?

In Eph. 1:13, it is written, In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, (...
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Why it is translated "Be filled by the Spirit" (Eph 5:18-20)

"And do not get drunk with wine, which is debauchery, but be filled by the Spirit, speaking to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making music in your hearts to the ...
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If a "house divided cannot stand" how did non-disciples cast out demons?

Really what I'm getting at is two lines of reasoning I see in gospel accounts that seem to contradict one another. In particular I'm thinking of the pericope in which Jesus is accused of casting out ...
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In 2 Thessalonians 2:7 who is holding back the "secret power of lawlessness"?

2 Thessalonians 2:7 (AMP): For the mystery of lawlessness (that hidden principle of rebellion against constituted authority) is already at work in the world, [but it is] restrained only until [a]he ...
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What does it mean to convict the world concerning righteousness?

In John 16:8-11, we read (emphasis mine): When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; in ...
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Does John 12:31 refer to the event in Revelation 12:9?

What is the meaning of Satan being "cast out" in the following verse? John 12:31 (KJV) 31 Now judgment is upon this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out (ἐκβληθήσεται ἔξω). From ...
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Was the power they received in Matthew 10 different from the one they received in Acts 2?

Christ gives power to the disciples to cast out demons and heal the sick which was prior to the giving of the Holy Spirit. Matthew 10:1 KJV 1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, ...
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"but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words" - can the Holy Spirit literally intercede with groanings? Romans 8:26-27

Romans 8:26-27 (ESV): 26 Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. 27 ...
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Why the change in language between Luke 11:13 and Matthew 7:11?

If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!” - Luke 11:13 NIV If you, then, ...
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Does the Holy Spirit produce anger?

In 1 Samuel 11:6 (NASB) Then the Spirit of God rushed upon Saul when he heard these words, and he became very angry. Is anger a fruit of the Spirit?
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Do Ephesians 1:13 and Acts 8:14-17; 19:1-7 contradict each other?

On the one hand Ephesians 1:13 appears to state that Christians receive the Holy Spirit upon the moment of conversion: Ephesians 1:13 (NIV) 13 And you also were included in Christ when you heard the ...
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How are we to test the spirits?

1 John 4:1-6 (NRSV) stresses the importance of testing the spirits, given that not all spirits come from God: Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from ...
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Difference between ῥῆμα Θεοῦ, vs., λόγον Θεοῦ

What is the difference in meaning between the NT's use of these two phrases, both translated "Word of God" (if any)? λόγον Θεοῦ (only the singular not plural), Matt 15:6, Mark 7:13, Luke 5;...
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Are there differences in how the Spirit empowers people?

In the Hebrew Bible, the Spirit of the Lord empowers people. Examples include: Judges 14:19 The Lord’s spirit empowered him. [NET] The word used in Judges 14:19 is a form of tsalach meaning "rush, ...
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How can someone be "filled with the Spirit" if the Spirit is a person? Ephesians 5:18

Ephesians 5:18: And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit, [ESV] And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit; [KJV] and be ...
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Does the Holy Spirit have emotions?

Ephesians 4:30 (NRSV) says that the Holy Spirit can be grieved: And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with which you were marked with a seal for the day of redemption which is paralleled in the ...
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James 4:5: who is jealously yearning over the holy spirit?

I always wanted to ask this question to a Bible teacher about James 4:5. Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, “He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to ...
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Praying with spirit and understanding, simultaneously or sequentially?

In 1 Cor 14:15, does Paul say he will pray with both spirit and understanding (at the same time), or that he will pray with each (at different times)? Specifically, when Paul says he will "pray with ...
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"Seven spirits of God" - literal or numerogical interpretation in early Christianity?

In Rev. 5:6 "... a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth" and also 4:5 and 3:1 Bible speaks ...
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What is the precedent for using water as a symbol for God's Spirit in John 3:5?

When considering John 3:5, many interpret the passage as involving a hendiadys where "born of water and the Spirit" does not refer to two births, but instead sees water as a symbol for God's Spirit. ...
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What "spirit" is 1 Peter 3:18 referring to?

There seems to be disagreement as to whom/what the spirit in 1 Peter 3:18 is. (ESV) For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being ...
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In John 16:13 what is the meaning of "into all the truth"?

John 16:13 (ESV): When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the ...
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In Matthew 28:19 does the Holy Spirit have a name?

Does the Holy Spirit have a name? In Matthew 28:18-19 says: 18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of ...
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What pronoun refers to the Holy Spirit in John 14:26?

In John 14:26, English translations read, "He will teach you all things" or something similar, referring to the Holy Spirit with a masculine singular pronoun. Apparently the Greek word is "ekeinos", ...
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In Acts 5:3-4, did Ananias "lie to", "fake", "pretend" or "perjure yourself"?

In Acts 5:3-4, did Ananias "lie to", "fake" or "pretend"? Act 5:3 But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the ...
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Is Psalm 51:11 proof that people in O.T. times could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too, just like in the New Testament?

Psalm 51:11 (ESV): Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me. Does this mean that people in the Old Testament could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too? ...
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Is the "one baptism" of Ephesians 4:5 the "baptized by one Spirit" of 1 Corinthians 12:13?

Given the many different types of water baptism in the New Testament - that of John the Baptist - that of Jesus himself - that of the early church in Acts chapter two - and what we know of Pharisaic ...
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Did Jesus pre-exist in spiritual form as the "Spirit of Christ" at the time of the prophets according to 1 Peter 1:10-12?

Context: I came up with this question after reading this answer. 1 Peter 1:10-12 (NASB): 10 As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful ...
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What does it mean to be one εν spirit with the Lord in 1 Corinthians 6:17

How should this verse be understood exactly? Is there now only one spirit? Or two united spirits? (And where is the location of this spirit exactly? Inside the believer perhaps?) “But he who is ...
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Is there any distinction in the Greek between "Praying in/with the Spirit" from Ephesians 6:18 & the similar words in 1 Corinthians 14:15?

In Paul's first letter to the Corinthians Paul indicates that he prefers to pray both in (or with) the Spirit and in (or with) the mind. τί οὖν ἐστίν; προσεύξομαι τῷ πνεύματι, προσεύξομαι δὲ καὶ τῷ ...
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Is Numbers 11:17-25 evidence that the Holy Spirit is a distributable, fragmentable substance?

I was reading this Biblical Unitarian article that explains their views regarding the Holy Spirit. One particular view they hold is the "gift of God's nature" interpretation, according to ...
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The Spirit of his Son

In Galatians 4:6 it reads, Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out "Abba, Father." (NIV) Is Paul saying the Son of the Trinity, Jesus Christ, ...
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How does the concept of "righteousness" cause the Spirit to be "life" in Romans 8:10?

I've long desired to break-through to an understanding of Romans 8:10, particularly the following emboldened concept: Romans 8:10 (KJV) And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but ...
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How do Trinitarians deal with Mark 13:32 in regards to the holy spirit?

Mark 13:32 (as well as Matthew 24:36) records Jesus saying that only the Father knows the hour of his coming. So wouldn't this imply that the holy spirit isn't omniscient if it's a person?
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What does "communion of the Holy Spirit" mean in 2 Corinthians 13:14?

What does communion of the Holy Spirit mean in 2 Corinthians 13:14 The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all.
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How could the person in Luke 9:49 cast out demons without Jesus' mandate?

Luke 9:49 (ESV): John answered, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us.” The 12 (and later the 70) only started ...
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How was the Holy Spirit being seen (perceived) in Acts 8?

We see that Simon in Samaria believed from Phillip's preaching and was baptized: Simon himself believed and was baptized (Acts 8:3) When the apostles Peter and John arrived to Samaria, Simon must'...
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What is John 1:33 directly referring to?

John 1:33 (NASB): I did not recognize Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, 'He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who baptizes in the ...
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Whose spirit is willing in Mark 14:38?

Towards the end of Mark 14, Jesus warns Peter to keep watch lest he fall into temptation: Then he returned to his disciples and found them sleeping. "Simon," he said to Peter, "are you ...
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What does John 16:10 mean? The Spirit will convict the world "concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see me"

John 16:8-11 - 8 And He, when [the Holy Spirit] comes, [he] will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 and concerning ...
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What gender are the words ruach , pneuma and the pronouns associated with them? [closed]

In Hebrew, the word for wind/breath/spirit is ruach, which is feminine (like all nouns for body parts). However, some theologians use that as an argument for calling the Holy Spirit "she". ...
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What is "the gift" of the Holy Spirit in Acts 2:38?

Acts 2:38. And Peter said to them, "Repent and be baptised every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit." ...
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What is meant by "the Lord is the/that Spirit" in 2 Corinthians 3:16-18?

2 Corinthians 3:16-18 (NASB): 16 but whenever someone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 18 But we all, ...