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Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The study of the third person in the Trinity according to Christian theology. In Jewish theology, usually either the divine aspect of prophecy or the influence of God over the universe.

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What does 'through the sanctifying work of the Spirit'' mean in 1 Peter 1:2?

The phrase ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος (1 Pet. 1:2b) is rendered ''through the sanctifying work of the Spirit'' in NIV. who have been chosen according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through ...
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How can we accurately translate the Greek phrase ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος into English?

The following English Bible translations varied in how they render the phrase ἐν ἁγιασμῷ πνεύματος. ''in the sanctification of the Spirit'' (ESV) ''by the sanctifying work of the Spirit'' (...
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Why were Peter and John needed to lay hands on Samaritans when Philip was there?

Acts 8 5 Then Philip went down to the city of Samaria, and preached Christ unto them. 6 And the people with one accord gave heed unto those things which Philip spake, hearing and seeing the ...
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In 2 Timothy 1:7 what is a “spirit of fear”?

KJV 2 Timothy 1:7  For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind. Also, it appears that the "spirit of fear" is what was NOT given and that what WAS ...
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In Romans 8:15 what are “a spirit of bondage” and a “spirit of adoption”?

KJV Rom 8:15  For ye have not received the spirit of bondage again to fear; but ye have received the Spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father. Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] οὐ ...
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In John 16:13, who is “the spirit of truth”?

I was wondering: Who is the "Spirit of truth" in this text ? John 16 12 “I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. 13 But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will ...
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How does the concept of “righteousness” cause the Spirit to be “life” in Romans 8:10?

I've long desired to break-through to an understanding of Romans 8:10, particularly the following emboldened concept: Romans 8:10 (KJV) And if Christ be in you, the body is dead because of sin; but ...
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Does John 20:22 indicate that disciples receive Holy Spirit then? [duplicate]

John 20:22 seems to indicate the disciples received the Holy Spirit at that time. I thought the Holy Spirit came at Pentecost. Can you help me understand this?
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Is Job 32:8 equating “the breath of life” of Genesis 2:7 with the Holy Spirit?

International Standard Version Job 32:8 However, a spirit exists in mankind, and the Almighty's breath gives him insight." https://bible.knowing-jesus.com/Job/32/8 New International Version ...
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In Wisdom of Solomon 9 does “Solomon” equate “the holy spirit” with “wisdom”?

9 And wisdom was with thee: which knoweth thy works, and was present when thou madest the world, and knew what was acceptable in thy sight, and right in thy commandments. 10 O send her out of thy holy ...
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“Seven spirits of God” - literal or numerogical interpretation in early Christianity?

In Rev. 5:6 "... a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth" and also 4:5 and 3:1 Bible speaks ...
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'Holy Spirit' vs 'Spirit of God' in context of Revelation 5:6

Revelation 5:6 "... a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the earth" This verse as well as 3:1 ...
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Ephesians 4:30 - What does Paul mean by “grieve” the Holy Spirit?

Ephesians 4:30 (NASB) Do not grieve λυπέω the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. What is Paul warning Christians not to do - exactly? I am hoping for support ...
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Why the change in language between Luke 11:13 and Matthew 7:11?

If you then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask him!” - Luke 11:13 NIV If you, then, ...
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Kindness and goodness - fruit of Spirit, what is the difference?

I was studying Gl 5.22, and I came across this virtues - kindness and goodness. I am Brazilian, and I looked up in dictionary for these two words in Portuguese (Bondade and Benignidade) and they are ...
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The Spirit of his Son

In Galatians 4:6 it reads, Because you are sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out "Abba, Father." (NIV) Is Paul saying the Son of the Trinity, Jesus Christ, ...
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In Acts 21:4 - What does “Through the Spirit” Mean?

Closely Related To: - Does Luke show Agabus as errant in his prophecy in Acts 21? - In Scripture - Was Prophecy That was Spoken in Good Faith, ever Corrected? 1. Question - A Word Study Request, ...
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How was “Word of Knowledge” Understood?

How would Paul's original audience have understood the phrase "word of knowledge" in 1 Corinthians? NASB, 1 Corinthians 12:8 - For to one is given the word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to ...
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In Acts 5:3-4, did Ananias “lie to”, “fake”, “pretend” or “perjure yourself”?

In Acts 5:3-4, did Ananias "lie to", "fake" or "pretend"? Act 5:3 But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the ...
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Is there any distinction in the Greek between “Praying in/with the Spirit” from Ephesians 6:18 & the similar words in 1 Corinthians 14:15?

In Paul's first letter to the Corinthians Paul indicates that he prefers to pray both in (or with) the Spirit and in (or with) the mind. τί οὖν ἐστίν; προσεύξομαι τῷ πνεύματι, προσεύξομαι δὲ καὶ τῷ ...
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In Luke 1:41 why does Luke say that Elizabeth was *filled* with πνευματος αγιου? [closed]

Does the verb επλησθη suggest a quantity of a substance rather than a person taking up residence?: Luk 1:41 And when Elizabeth heard the greeting of Mary, the baby leaped in her womb. And ...
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Whose spirit is willing in Mark 14:38?

Towards the end of Mark 14, Jesus warns Peter to keep watch lest he fall into temptation: Then he returned to his disciples and found them sleeping. "Simon," he said to Peter, "are you asleep? ...
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When did Jesus give the Holy Spirit, at the Resurrection or Pentecost? [duplicate]

I don't understand the timing (as it is literally written) between John 20 and Acts 1-2. The events in John 20:19 sound like what is being described in Acts 2, however the timing of each is clearly ...
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In Acts 2, Which Prophecies Affirm Peter's Claim that the Messiah Would Receive the Holy Spirit?

Note: Psalms 68 has been suggested by another person - but is its translation in Ephesians valid? NASB, Acts 2:33: Therefore having been exalted to the right hand of God, and A.) having received ...
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What does John 16:10 mean? The Spirit will convict the world “concerning righteousness, because I go to the Father and you no longer see me”

John 16:8-11 - 8 And He, when [the Holy Spirit] comes, [he] will convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment; 9 concerning sin, because they do not believe in Me; 10 and concerning ...
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What does 'love in the Spirit' mean in Colossians 1:8?

and has made known to us your love in the Spirit. Colossians 1:8 (ESV) What does 'love in the Spirit' means in Colossians 1:8?
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Comparing Matt 18:15-20 with Jn 20:21-23

Is there a legitimate contextual comparison between what Jesus teaches in Matthew 18:15-20 (certain disciplinary functions working in an assembly of people in God's name) and the text in John 20:21-23?...
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James 4:5: who is jealously yearning over the holy spirit?

I always wanted to ask this question to a Bible teacher about James 4:5. Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, “He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to ...
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Does “another advocate” in John 14:16 mean a second Holy Spirit?

I have come by a verse from Gospel of John as: John 14:16 "And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another advocate to help you and be with you forever--" I looked into its explanations ...
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What “spirit” is 1 Peter 3:18 referring to?

There seems to be disagreement as to whom/what the spirit in 1 Peter 3:18 is. (ESV) For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being ...
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Holy Spirit and the forgiving of sins: Who is the subject in John 20:23?

John 20:22-23 KJVS And when he had said this, he breathed on them , and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Ghost: Whose soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye ...
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How could the person in Luke 9:49 cast out demons without Jesus' mandate?

Luke 9:49 (ESV): John answered, “Master, we saw someone casting out demons in your name, and we tried to stop him, because he does not follow with us.” The 12 (and later the 70) only started ...
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Why is Breath or Wind a better translation choice then Spirit? [closed]

"Spirit" occurs 505 times in 456 verses in the KJV. The English word is translated from the Hebrew ruach and the Greek pnuema. Both of these words can also mean "breath" or "wind." All three uses ...
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Are there differences in how the Spirit empowers people?

In the Hebrew Bible, the Spirit of the Lord empowers people. Examples include: Judges 14:19 The Lord’s spirit empowered him. [NET] The word used in Judges 14:19 is a form of tsalach meaning "rush, ...
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Praying with spirit and understanding, simultaneously or sequentially?

In 1 Cor 14:15, does Paul say he will pray with both spirit and understanding (at the same time), or that he will pray with each (at different times)? Specifically, when Paul says he will "pray with ...
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Does John 12:31 refer to the event in Revelation 12:9?

What is the meaning of Satan being "cast out" in the following verse? John 12:31 (KJV) 31 Now judgment is upon this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out (ἐκβληθήσεται ἔξω). From ...
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Why it is translated “Be filled by the Spirit” (Eph 5:18-20)

"And do not get drunk with wine, which is debauchery, but be filled by the Spirit, speaking to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making music in your hearts to the ...
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Are there two different types of “tongues” spoken about in the NT?

My question comes directly from 1 Cor 14: 2, 4: 2 For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one understands, but in his spirit he speaks mysteries.....4 One who ...
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In Matthew 28:19 does the Holy Spirit have a name?

Does the Holy Spirit have a name? In Matthew 28:18-19 says: 18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of ...
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How was the Holy Spirit being seen (perceived) in Acts 8?

We see that Simon in Samaria believed from Phillip's preaching and was baptized: Simon himself believed and was baptized (Acts 8:3) When the apostles Peter and John arrived to Samaria, Simon must'...
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“blashemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven” — Is “forgiven” the best word for what is meant?

Matthew 12:30-32: “Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters. And so I tell you, every kind of sin and slander can be forgiven, but blasphemy against the ...
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What is the precedent for using water as a symbol for God's Spirit in John 3:5?

When considering John 3:5, many interpret the passage as involving a hendiadys where "born of water and the Spirit" does not refer to two births, but instead sees water as a symbol for God's Spirit. ...
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Did the Holy Spirit leave Jesus when temptation was present in Luke 4?

Luke 4 states: 1And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wildernessESV and: 13And when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed ...
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Romans 8:11 - present or future?

Romans 8:11 appears in the following context: 9 However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he ...
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In 1 Corinthians 12:11, who is it that “wills”?

The Greek text of 1 Cor. 12:11 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΙΑʹ πάντα δὲ ταῦτα ἐνεργεῖ τὸ ἓν καὶ τὸ αὐτὸ πνεῦμα διαιροῦν ἰδίᾳ ἑκάστῳ καθὼς βούλεται TR, 1550 which I translate into ...
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What is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit?

Mark 3:20-30 contains a familiar passage with a long debated phrase: 3:20 Now Jesus went home, and a crowd gathered so that they were not able to eat. 21 When his family heard this they went out to ...
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What does it mean to convict the world concerning righteousness?

In John 16:8-11, we read (emphasis mine): When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; in ...
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What does it mean when it is said that faith is given by the Holy Spirit? (1 Cor. 12:9)

1 Corinthians 12:9 (KJV) To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;
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What gender does the pronouns have that denote ruach or pneuma? [closed]

In Hebrew the word for wind/breath/spirit is ruach, which is feminine (like all nouns for body parts). However, some theologians use that as an argument for calling the Holy Spirit "she". Pneuma in ...
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Who is holding back the “secret power of lawlessness” (2 Th2:7)?

2 Thessalonians 2:7 (AMP): For the mystery of lawlessness (that hidden principle of rebellion against constituted authority) is already at work in the world, [but it is] restrained only until [a]he ...