Questions tagged [pneumatology]

The study of the third person in the Trinity according to Christian theology. In Jewish theology, usually either the divine aspect of prophecy or the influence of God over the universe.

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How was Simeon able to have the Holy Spirit upon him prior to Pentecost? Luke 2:25-27

Luke 2:25-35 (ESV): 25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon, and this man was righteous and devout, waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 And ...
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Is there a non-empty intersection between the believers at Acts 2:1-4 and the believers at Acts 4:31?

Acts 2:1-4 (ESV): When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house ...
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Is Paul suggesting in Eph. 4:6 that Jesus and the Holy Spirit are not God?

In Eph. 4:6 Paul writes, one God and Father of all, who is above all, and through all, and in you all. NKJV (Holy Bible: New King James Version. Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1982.)...
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Do heavenly beings possession genitals? Genesis 6:4 [closed]

“And David took more wives in Jerusalem, and David fathered more sons and daughters.” ‭‭1 Chronicles‬ ‭14:3‬ ‭ “Then Abraham prayed to God, and God healed Abimelech, and also healed his wife and ...
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Is Luke 11:9-13 a promise for believers or unbelievers?

Luke 11:9-13 (ESV): 9 And I tell you, ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you. 10 For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds, ...
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“Who” in Isaiah 40:13 and 14?

Isaiah 40:12: Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the mountains in scales, and ...
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What does it mean to compare spiritual things with spiritual?

In 1 Corinthians 2, God states that we are to compare spiritual things with spiritual. How can I apply this in my life today? Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which ...
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Is Psalm 51:11 proof that people in O.T. times could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too, just like in the New Testament?

Psalm 51:11 (ESV): Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me. Does this mean that people in the Old Testament could have the Holy Spirit indwelling them too? ...
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How exactly did the Holy Spirit guide Paul and his companions in Acts 16:6-10?

Acts 16:6-10 (NIV): 6 Paul and his companions traveled throughout the region of Phrygia and Galatia, having been kept by the Holy Spirit from preaching the word in the province of Asia. 7 When they ...
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Does John 14:26 explicitly use masculine terms for the Holy Spirit? Do other verses?

The question is: What is the sex/gender of the Holy Spirit per the Biblical pronouns in general and in John 14:26, is it male or neither male nor female? ————— But before answering, please take care ...
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In John 16:13 what is the meaning of "into all the truth"?

John 16:13 (ESV): When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the ...
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Why is Xenoglossy being mocked as Glossolalia? (Acts 2:15)

In Acts 2:6-8, the apostles perform xenoglossia, the ability to speak in a foreign language that the speaker has not learned. "And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language?&...
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Is Paul encouraging Christians to pursue an Acts 4:29-31 type of experience in Ephesians 5:18?

In Ephesians 5:18-20 (ESV), Paul encourages Christians to seek to be filled with the Spirit: 18 And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit, 19 addressing ...
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2 Corinthians 12:7 where was the thorn located exactly? [closed]

“So to keep me from becoming conceited because of the surpassing greatness of the revelations, a thorn was given me in the flesh, a messenger of Satan to harass me, to keep me from becoming conceited.”...
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When Proverbs 14:31 uses the word "poor", what does the word "poor" suggest?

Most of proverbs scripture verses stand by themselves. However, could someone please read and analyze Proverbs 14:31 verse along with the Hebrew translation further down below, and post back a ...
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Who had the Holy Spirit from birth?

John was filled with the Holy Spirit in the womb and Jesus was conceived by the Holy Spirit. Is there anyone else in the bible that had the Holy Spirit from birth, Samson or Elijah? For he will be ...
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Are Moses (Numbers 11:29) and Paul (1 Corinthians 14:5) talking about the same type of prophecies?

Numbers 11:29 (YLT): 29 And Moses saith to him, `Art thou zealous for me? O that all Jehovah's people were prophets! that Jehovah would put His Spirit upon them!' 1 Corinthians 14:5 (YLT): 5 and I ...
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What is the difference between gifts of healing and the working of miracles? 1 Corinthians 12

1 Corinthians 12 (ESV): 4 Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit; 5 and there are varieties of service, but the same Lord; 6 and there are varieties of activities, but it is the same ...
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Pneumatology in Ephesians--what spirit enables us to know whom?

Ephesians 1:17: That the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give unto you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him: (KJV) I keep asking that the God of our ...
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Was the gift of the Holy Spirit promised only for the first-century Church, according to Acts 2:38-39?

Acts 2:37-39 (ESV): 37 Now when they heard this they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?” 38 And Peter said to them, “Repent and be ...
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How did Jewish people living under Roman rule understand the role of a Paraclete?

John 14:16 (DRB): And I will ask the Father, and he shall give you another Paraclete, that he may abide with you for ever. John 14:26 (DRB): But the Paraclete, the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will ...
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What prophecies was Paul referring to when he said "do not despise prophecies" in 1 Thessalonians 5:20?

1 Thessalonians 5:19-22 (ESV): 19 Do not quench the Spirit. 20 Do not despise prophecies, 21 but test everything; hold fast what is good. 22 Abstain from every form of evil. What prophecies was Paul ...
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In 2 Timothy 1:6, what did Paul mean by "fan into flame the gift of God, which is in you through the laying on of my hands"?

2 Timothy 1:6-7 (ESV): 6 For this reason I remind you to fan into flame the gift of God, which is in you through the laying on of my hands, 7 for God gave us a spirit not of fear but of power and ...
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"but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words" - can the Holy Spirit literally intercede with groanings? Romans 8:26-27

Romans 8:26-27 (ESV): 26 Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words. 27 ...
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Whom did Ananias lie to? The Holy Spirit, God or both? Acts 5:3-4

Acts 5:3-4 (ESV): 3 But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the proceeds of the land? 4 While it remained unsold, did ...
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What exactly happened to Saul when the Spirit of the LORD rushed upon him and turned him into "another man"? 1 Samuel 10:6

1 Samuel 10:6-7 (ESV): 6 Then the Spirit of the LORD will rush upon you, and you will prophesy with them and be turned into another man. 7 Now when these signs meet you, do what your hand finds to do,...
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How can the Holy Spirit be a person if He (or it) can be 'poured out' according to Acts 2:17?

Acts 2:17 (ESV): “‘And in the last days it shall be, God declares, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh, and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, ...
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What is the earnest of the Spirit?

The "earnest of the Spirit" is a phrase unique to Paul in the New Testament. The Greek word ἀρραβῶνα is also rendered as "pledge" or "guarantee" in some translations. ...
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What is meant by "the Lord is the/that Spirit" in 2 Corinthians 3:16-18?

2 Corinthians 3:16-18 (NASB): 16 but whenever someone turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away. 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom. 18 But we all, ...
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How can someone be "filled with the Spirit" if the Spirit is a person? Ephesians 5:18

Ephesians 5:18: And do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit, [ESV] And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit; [KJV] and be ...
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If evil spirits have personhood, does the Holy Spirit also have personhood? 1 Samuel 16:14-16 & Matthew 12:43-45

In 1 Samuel 16:14-16 we see the contrast between the Spirit of the LORD leaving Saul and an evil spirit being sent by God instead to torment him: 14 But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul, and ...
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Is there a causal relationship between the infilling of the Spirit and the actions listed in subsequent verses in Ephesians 5:18-21?

Ephesians 5:18-21 (YLT): 18 and be not drunk with wine, in which is dissoluteness, but be filled in the Spirit, 19 speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making ...
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Does the Holy Spirit produce anger?

In 1 Samuel 11:6 (NASB) Then the Spirit of God rushed upon Saul when he heard these words, and he became very angry. Is anger a fruit of the Spirit?
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What is John 1:33 directly referring to?

John 1:33 (NASB): I did not recognize Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, 'He upon whom you see the Spirit descending and remaining upon Him, this is the One who baptizes in the ...
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Spirit descending on Jesus - for man's belief or deeper purpose?

John 1:32 (NASB): John testified saying: "I have seen the Spirit descending as a dove out of heaven, and He remained upon Him. The above quote from John the Baptist is referring to what we read ...
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Is Acts 15:28 evidence that the Holy Spirit is a personal being capable of having opinions about things?

Acts 15:28 (ESV): 28 For it has seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us to lay on you no greater burden than these requirements: Since the pronoun "us" clearly points to the people at the ...
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Is Numbers 11:17-25 evidence that the Holy Spirit is a distributable, fragmentable substance?

I was reading this Biblical Unitarian article that explains their views regarding the Holy Spirit. One particular view they hold is the "gift of God's nature" interpretation, according to ...
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Exactly how did the Holy Spirit intervene at the Jerusalem Council to settle the doctrinal debates concerning the Law and the Gentiles (Acts 15)?

Acts 15 is a popular chapter for those who have delved into the topic of the Mosaic Law and its applicability to the Christian Church. The chapter tell us about the Jerusalem Council and the heated ...
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Did Jesus pre-exist in spiritual form as the "Spirit of Christ" at the time of the prophets according to 1 Peter 1:10-12?

Context: I came up with this question after reading this answer. 1 Peter 1:10-12 (NASB): 10 As to this salvation, the prophets who prophesied of the grace that would come to you made careful ...
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How does God exactly make our paths straight? Is Proverbs 3:6 implicitly referring to the supernatural lead of the Holy Spirit?

Proverbs 3:5-6 invites us not to lean on our own understanding, but to trust instead in God's ability to lead us into the right paths we are to take. 5 Trust in the Lord with all your heart and lean ...
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Is there a causal relationship between Jesus' 40-day fast and his return in the "power of the Spirit" in Luke 4:14?

According to Luke 4:1-2, Jesus, after his water baptism at the Jordan river, was full of the Spirit and was led by the Spirit to a 40-day fast: Now Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the ...
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The Holy Ghost will be sent or was already sent? Luke 3:22 vs John 14:26

At Jesus' baptism, the Holy Ghost descends upon Him: And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I ...
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When a Christian sins and grieves the Holy Spirit, is the grief experienced by the Holy Spirit only or by the Christian as well?

Ephesians 4:25-32 gives a list of practical recommendations on how Christians should conduct themselves so as to avoid grieving the Holy Spirit. 25 Therefore, ridding yourselves of falsehood, speak ...
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Who sends the Holy Spirit? The Son or the Father?

7 But I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I am leaving; for if I do not leave, the Helper will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. (John 16:7 NASB) vs. 26 But the ...
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In light of Acts 10:44-48, were the disciples in Acts 2 praising/exalting God in tongues (contrary to the view that they were "preaching" in tongues)?

Disclaimer: this is going to be a bit of a long question, so bear with me. I've heard people claim that the purpose of the gift of tongues is to preach the gospel to foreigners in their own native ...
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What does it mean to "not be subject to the law" in Galatians 5:18?

Galatians 5:13-26 (NRSV): 13 For you were called to freedom, brothers and sisters; only do not use your freedom as an opportunity for self-indulgence, but through love become slaves to one another. ...
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Does the Holy Spirit have emotions?

Ephesians 4:30 (NRSV) says that the Holy Spirit can be grieved: And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, with which you were marked with a seal for the day of redemption which is paralleled in the ...
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How are we to test the spirits?

1 John 4:1-6 (NRSV) stresses the importance of testing the spirits, given that not all spirits come from God: Beloved, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from ...
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What can we learn about the relationship between "God" and "the Spirit of God" ontologically from 1 Corinthians 2:6-16?

1 Corinthians 2:6-16 (NRSV): 6 Yet among the mature we do speak wisdom, though it is not a wisdom of this age or of the rulers of this age, who are doomed to perish. 7 But we speak God’s wisdom, ...
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Why did Peter say that Ananias lied to the Holy Spirit?

In Acts 5:3 Then Peter said, "Ananias, how is it that Satan has so filled your heart that you have lied to the Holy Spirit and have kept for yourself some of the money you received for the land? ...