Questions tagged [paul]

The Apostle Paul was one of the leaders of early Christianity, founder of many Christian congregations, and the author of several "letters" now found in the New Testament.

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What does the prohibition against women speaking in church in 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 mean?

In 1st Corinthians 14:34-35 (NASB), Paul says: 34The women are to keep silent in the churches; for they are not permitted to speak, but are to subject themselves, just as the Law also says. 35If ...
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Why might Paul emphasize FOUR spatial dimensions when describing the love of Christ (Eph. 3:18)?

There is curious wording in the apostle Paul's Letter to Ephesus: Ephesians 3:14: "For this reason I bow my knees before the Father... 16that He would grant you, according to the riches of His ...
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Was Barnabas ever reconciled to Paul?

First the timeline of events of Paul and Barnabas' falling out: Acts 12:25: When Barnabas and Saul had finished their mission, they returned from Jerusalem, taking with them John, also called Mark. ...
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Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of a ...
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What did Paul mean when he said, "work out your own salvation?"

Philippians 2:12 (ESV) 12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, What ...
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What did Paul mean by "Arsenokoitēs"? Was he condemning homosexual activity as we know it today?

The below two paragraphs often pop up when one discusses/debates about Biblical stance towards homosexuality. “Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not ...
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What is the meaning of "heap burning coals on his head"?

Paul, in his letter to the Romans, in a longer passage entreating his readers to love one another, quotes from Proverbs 25:21-22: Romans 12:20 NIV On the contrary: "If your enemy is hungry, feed ...
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Which covenant is "New" in Galatians 3?

The Hebrew scriptures point toward a new covenant that God will make (Jeremiah 31:31-34), and the New Testament interprets this as realized in Jesus (Hebrews 8). However, in Galatians 3, it almost ...
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Why did the witnesses lay their coats at Paul's feet?

During the stoning of Stephen, according to the book of Acts, "the witnesses laid their coats at the feet of a young man named Saul," who later converted to Christianity and took the name ...
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Why does Paul get annoyed with the slave girl in Acts 16?

The story in Acts 16 of the demon-possessed slave girl is a curious story to me for many reasons. If it's better to break up my questions into several, I can do so; but for now I'd like to keep them ...
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Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Church in Jerusalem?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility (...
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2 Timothy 2:13 - Impossibility for God?

I've been discussing the meaning of God's omnipotence with a friend. I have always understood it to mean that God can do anything, but not things that are outside of His nature (i.e., omnipotence ...
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What evidence suggests that Paul was not the author of Titus?

I am aware that only a minority of critical scholars recognize Paul as the author of Titus. What I am not sure of is why. Does "the author" say something in the letter that sounds "non-Pauline"? Does ...
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What is the third heaven that Paul mentions in 2 Corinthians 12:2?

2 Corinthians 12:2 (NIV) 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not know—God knows. What is the "...
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What evidence is there the writer of Revelation was aware of the apostle Paul?

In a comment to this question What are the 12 names of the the apostles of the lamb? Mark Edward raised the point if the author of Revelation was aware of or concerned with Paul and his claim to ...
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Why does Paul change pronouns in 2 Corinthians 4:12?

Why does Paul change the pronoun from us to you in 2 Corinthians 4, verse 12? Paul was honest with his struggles "to do good," but he never explicitly denied the Holy Spirit dwelled within him. In ...
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Is Romans 1:17 ambiguous?

ESV: 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” The NIV and KJV read similarly. I have always understood the ...
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Paul's knowledge of Jannes and Jambres the magicians of Egypt

Per Paul in: 2 Timothy 3:8 ESV Just as Jannes and Jambres opposed Moses, so these men also oppose the truth, men corrupted in mind and disqualified regarding the faith. Which is cross ...
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What does it mean that Jesus emptied Himself in Philippians 2:7?

When we read in Philippians 2:4-7 4 Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others. 5 Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, ...
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What are the oldest known records of interpretation agreeing with New Perspective on Paul?

The "New Perspective on Paul", often abbreviated as "NPP", is a modern interpretation of Paul. The "old" perspective was that Paul characterized the Judaism of his day as a religion of legalistic ...
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Is it appropriate to translate Galatians 3:21 as "If a law had been given"?

I do not read Hebrew or Greek but my interpretation of Pauline epistles is different than traditional protestants. Gal 3:21 (ESV) Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! ...
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Has the Apostle Paul ever been to Spain?

Paul expresses his intention to go to Spain in Romans 15: 24I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while. ...
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Did Paul take the Nazarite vow in Cenchreae? If so, why this vow?

In Acts 18:18 the English Standard Version states: At Cenchreae he had cut his hair, for he was under a vow. The cross-references for this point to Numbers 6:2, 18 which describe the Nazarite vow. ...
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In Romans and Galatians, what does Paul mean by “the works of the law”?

The phrase “works of the law” occurs 5 times in the King James Version translation. What is meant by the phrase “the works of the law” in the following verses: Romans 9:32 Wherefore? Because they ...
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What role did James have in Paul's conflict with Peter?

In Galatians 2, Paul records a conflict he had with Peter. In doing so, he mentions that "certain men came from James" and that after their arrival, Peter separated himself from eating with ...
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Does Peter intend to identify the Pauline Epistles as canonical?

In 2 Peter 3:15-16, Peters states: And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, as he does in all his ...
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Signficance of name change from Saul to Paul

Acts 13:9 appears to record the moment Saul's name changes to Paul: Then Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said... (Prior to this time, he ...
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Would the Romans have known what Paul meant by "works of the law"?

In Romans 3:20, Paul writes that no one is δικαιωθήσεται by works of the law (ἔργων νόμου). The only other place I know of the phrase in the New Testament is in Galatians. Does this phrase have use ...
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1 Corinthians 13:10 - What does Paul mean by "Completeness"?

What are the meanings given the original Greek word? NIV, 1 Corinthians 13:8-10 - Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; ...
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How does this KJV phrase change the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5?

How does the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5 change with the phrase "from such withdraw thyself" which is found only in the KJV and NKJV? 1 Timothy 6:3-5 (NKJV)Emphasis added 3 If anyone teaches ...
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In Romans 2:9-10 and Romans 2:14 does Paul use ἔθνη and Ἕλληνες interchangeably?

I'm trying to figure out if ἔθνη (Gentiles) and Ἕλληνες (Greeks)1 envision different (presumably overlapping) groups, emphasize different aspects of the same group, or are simply interchangeable.2,3 ...
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How can Paul (Saul), be considered a "young man" when Stephen was stoned?

Acts 7:58: Then they dragged him [Stephen] out of the city and began to stone him, and the witnesses placed their garments at the feet of a young man named Saul. However, Paul was likely born ...
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Why did not the Apostle Paul ever say "In the name of him who says" (i.e., Heb. be-shem omro)?

It has been suggested that although old rabbinic literature always mentions dozens of teachers who speak be-shem omro (i.e., "in the name of him who says"), the Apostle Paul does not refer to ...
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What does Paul mean by "Christ is the end of the law for righteousness" in Rom 10:4?

KJV Rom 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. Is this scripture in regards to righteousness? Is this speaking of Christ as the limit, end or total ...
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Where does Moses say the things which Paul attributes to him in Acts 26:22-23?

In Acts 26:22-23, Paul says that I stand here...saying nothing but what the prophets and Moses said would come to pass: that the Christ must suffer and that, by being the first to rise from the dead, ...
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Which law was Paul referring to in 1 Corinthians 14:34?

1 Corinthians 14:34 NASB 34 The women are to keep silent in the churches; for they are not permitted to speak, but are to subject themselves, just as the Law also says. Which law was Paul ...
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In 1 Corinthians 11:4 why does Paul consider it a dishonor for a man to cover his head when praying or prophesying?

Why does the apostle Paul consider it a dishonour if a man prays with his head covered in 1 Corinthians 11:4? NIV-UK Every man who prays or prophesies with his head covered dishonours his head.
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Which of Paul's letters does Peter refer to in 2 Peter 3:15?

Which letter or letters of Paul is Peter referring to when he says "just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you" in verse 15 of 2 Peter 3? 15And count the patience of our Lord as ...
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What is the meaning of 1 Corinthians 14:22-25?

The description in verses 23-25 seems to contradict verse 22, how is prophecy a sign to believers and tongues a sign to unbelievers? 1 Corinthians 14:22-25 22 Thus tongues are a sign not for ...
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How can the Pastoral Epistles not be Pauline?

According to my own reading and Wikipedia: On the basis of their language, content, and other factors, the Pastoral Epistles are today widely regarded as not having been written by the Apostle Paul,...
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Who is being judged in Romans 3:4?

Romans 3:4b, Paul quoting the psalm (SBLGNT): Ὅπως ἂν δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου καὶ νικήσεις ἐν τῷ κρίνεσθαί σε. The Hebrew (51:4) is always translated with God as the subject - "thy judgement" ...
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1 Corinthians 13:9-10 - What Does "ἐκ μέρους" Mean?

In 1 Corinthians 13:9-10 - What does "ἐκ μέρους" mean here? Is Paul talking about "knowing only partially" (i.e. incomplete knowledge), or "knowing as only part of the body" (i.e. of Christ), as in ...
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Did Paul think in Hebrew?

I recently posted a question here regarding a passage in Romans citing a verse in Habakkuk. My understanding is that in this and (all?) other references to Hebrew scripture Paul cites the LXX (...
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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What did the Philippian jailer mean by "saved"?

In Acts 16:30, after the earthquake and the loosing of the chains of Paul and Silas, the Philippian jailer asks them (NA28): κύριοι, τί με δεῖ ποιεῖν ἵνα σωθῶ; Sirs, what must I do to be saved? ...
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Is Philemon tongue in cheek (sarcastic)?

When I read Philemon, it seems overwhelming tongue in cheek, like Paul is cheerfully goading his friend, Philemon. Here's the relevant part (with my comments in italics): 8 Therefore, although in ...
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What evidence supports Matthew as Paul's source?

There is a noteworthy scholarly position that Matthew was the first Gospel written. As such, it may have even been the first New Testament book written. If this is correct, it is likely that Matthew ...
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To what do the "parchments" (and tangentially the "books") refer in 2 Tim 4:13?

The Scripture in Question In 2 Timothy 4:13 it says this (NKJV): Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come—and the books, especially the parchments. The Greek is the ...
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What does "overlooked" mean in Acts 17:30

Paul, after reasoning about idolatry in Athens, states: Therefore, although God has overlooked such times of ignorance, he now commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has set a day ...
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What is the "profound mystery" Paul was speaking of regarding Jesus in Ephesians 5:31-32?

31 “For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.” 32 This is a profound mystery—but I am talking about Christ and the church.

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