Questions tagged [paul]

The Apostle Paul was one of the leaders of early Christianity, founder of many Christian congregations, and the author of several "letters" now found in the New Testament.

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What does it mean that Jesus emptied Himself in Philippians 2:7?

When we read in Philippians 2:4-7 4 Let each of you look not only to his own interests, but also to the interests of others. 5 Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus, ...
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1 Corinthians 13:10 - What does Paul mean by "Completeness"?

What are the meanings given the original Greek word? NIV, 1 Corinthians 13:8-10 - Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; ...
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1 Corinthians 13:9-10 - What Does "ἐκ μέρους" Mean?

In 1 Corinthians 13:9-10 - What does "ἐκ μέρους" mean here? Is Paul talking about "knowing only partially" (i.e. incomplete knowledge), or "knowing as only part of the body" (i.e. of Christ), as in ...
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Understanding argument in Galatians 3:19-20

I think I understand the argument in Galatians 3:19a about the purpose of the law. But then in the second half of the verse, Paul begins, "The law was given through angels and entrusted to a mediator. ...
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What did Paul mean by "Arsenokoitēs"? Was he condemning homosexual activity as we know it today?

The below two paragraphs often pop up when one discusses/debates about Biblical stance towards homosexuality. “Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not ...
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What is the third heaven that Paul mentions in 2 Corinthians 12:2?

2 Corinthians 12:2 (NIV) 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not know—God knows. What is the "...
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What do we know about Paul's family?

Related to https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/q/8024/3195 I want to know more information about Paul's family. According to Acts 23:6 Paul's father was a pharisee: But when Paul perceived that ...
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What is Apostle Paul's "thorn in the flesh"?

2 Corinthians 12:7-9 (AKJV) And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest ...
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Did Paul think in Hebrew?

I recently posted a question here regarding a passage in Romans citing a verse in Habakkuk. My understanding is that in this and (all?) other references to Hebrew scripture Paul cites the LXX (...
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What does the prohibition against women speaking in church in 1 Corinthians 14:34-35 mean?

In 1st Corinthians 14:34-35 (NASB), Paul says: 34The women are to keep silent in the churches; for they are not permitted to speak, but are to subject themselves, just as the Law also says. 35If ...
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What does Paul mean by "Christ is the end of the law for righteousness" in Rom 10:4?

KJV Rom 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth. Is this scripture in regards to righteousness? Is this speaking of Christ as the limit, end or total ...
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Is it appropriate to translate Galatians 3:21 as "If a law had been given"?

I do not read Hebrew or Greek but my interpretation of Pauline epistles is different than traditional protestants. Gal 3:21 (ESV) Is the law then contrary to the promises of God? Certainly not! ...
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Why did not the Apostle Paul ever say "In the name of him who says" (i.e., Heb. be-shem omro)?

It has been suggested that although old rabbinic literature always mentions dozens of teachers who speak be-shem omro (i.e., "in the name of him who says"), the Apostle Paul does not refer to ...
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What was Paul trying to teach in Romans 14:5-6 when he talked about "special days" and "considering one day more sacred than another"?

Romans 14:5-6 (NIV) says: 5 One person considers one day more sacred than another; another considers every day alike. Each of them should be fully convinced in their own mind. 6 Whoever regards one ...
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What did Paul mean when he said, "work out your own salvation?"

Philippians 2:12 (ESV) 12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, What ...
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What did the Philippian jailer mean by "saved"?

In Acts 16:30, after the earthquake and the loosing of the chains of Paul and Silas, the Philippian jailer asks them (NA28): κύριοι, τί με δεῖ ποιεῖν ἵνα σωθῶ; Sirs, what must I do to be saved? ...
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In Romans 11:19 why did the Jewish branches have to be cut off in order for the gentiles to be saved?

KJV Romans 11:19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in. A big part of Paul's theodicy of Romans 9-11 is the notion that it was an essential part of the ...
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To whom does the term "one God" refer in Paul?

The term “one God,” is found in three of Paul’s letters: one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (Ephesians 4:6) εἷς θεὸς καὶ πατὴρ πάντων ὁ ἐπὶ πάντων καὶ διὰ πάντων ...
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Is Paul's visit to Jerusalem detailed in Galatians 2 the Jerusalem Council?

Paul details a meeting with Peter, James and John in Galatians 2:1-10 (ESV): Then after fourteen years I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, taking Titus along with me. I went up because of a ...
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What is the meaning of "heap burning coals on his head"?

Paul, in his letter to the Romans, in a longer passage entreating his readers to love one another, quotes from Proverbs 25:21-22: Romans 12:20 NIV On the contrary: "If your enemy is hungry, feed ...
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Why did the witnesses lay their coats at Paul's feet?

During the stoning of Stephen, according to the book of Acts, "the witnesses laid their coats at the feet of a young man named Saul," who later converted to Christianity and took the name ...
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Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Church in Jerusalem?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility (...
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Does Peter intend to identify the Pauline Epistles as canonical?

In 2 Peter 3:15-16, Peters states: And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, as he does in all his ...
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Faith & Works - Is Paul responding to James or James responding to Paul?

James & Paul cite the same Old Testament story in their arguments about faith & works. From James: 21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the ...
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What did Paul call Christians?

(For this question please assume that Paul considered himself a Christian and that he was the author of all 13 canonical Pauline letters.) My question is: what terms (or phrases) did Paul use most ...
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Is 2 Corinthians 13:11-14 an assertion that God is three equal Persons?

2 Corinthians 13:11-14 (NIV) reads: 11 Finally, brothers and sisters, rejoice! Strive for full restoration, encourage one another, be of one mind, live in peace. And the God of love and peace will be ...
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Why are the three accounts of Paul's conversion on the road to Damascus different

Paul himself makes no mention of a conversion on the road to Damascus, whereas Acts of the Apostles has not one, but three accounts: At Acts 9:3-8, Paul was blinded by a light and fell down, then ...
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Romans 8:11 - present or future?

Romans 8:11 appears in the following context: 9 However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he ...
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In 1 Corinthians 11:4 why does Paul consider it a dishonor for a man to cover his head when praying or prophesying?

Why does the apostle Paul consider it a dishonour if a man prays with his head covered in 1 Corinthians 11:4? NIV-UK Every man who prays or prophesies with his head covered dishonours his head.
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What is the "profound mystery" Paul was speaking of regarding Jesus in Ephesians 5:31-32?

31 “For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.” 32 This is a profound mystery—but I am talking about Christ and the church.
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How can the Pastoral Epistles not be Pauline?

According to my own reading and Wikipedia: On the basis of their language, content, and other factors, the Pastoral Epistles are today widely regarded as not having been written by the Apostle Paul,...
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Acts 22:16 - Is "washing away your sins" linked to baptism or calling on the Lord?

In Acts 22, Paul is recounting his conversion, and uses the phrase Having arisen, be baptised and wash away your sins, calling on His name. ἀναστὰς βάπτισαι καὶ ἀπόλουσαι τὰς ἁμαρτίας σου, ...
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How is speaking in tongues an edifying practice for individuals themselves?

1 Corinthians 14:4 (NIV) reads: 4 Anyone who speaks in a tongue edifies themselves, but the one who prophesies edifies the church. How is speaking in tongues an activity that edifies the individual ...
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Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
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Why does Paul get annoyed with the slave girl in Acts 16?

The story in Acts 16 of the demon-possessed slave girl is a curious story to me for many reasons. If it's better to break up my questions into several, I can do so; but for now I'd like to keep them ...
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Why does Paul change pronouns in 2 Corinthians 4:12?

Why does Paul change the pronoun from us to you in 2 Corinthians 4, verse 12? Paul was honest with his struggles "to do good," but he never explicitly denied the Holy Spirit dwelled within him. In ...
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2 Timothy 2:13 - Impossibility for God?

I've been discussing the meaning of God's omnipotence with a friend. I have always understood it to mean that God can do anything, but not things that are outside of His nature (i.e., omnipotence ...
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Is Romans 1:17 ambiguous?

ESV: 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” The NIV and KJV read similarly. I have always understood the ...
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What role did James have in Paul's conflict with Peter?

In Galatians 2, Paul records a conflict he had with Peter. In doing so, he mentions that "certain men came from James" and that after their arrival, Peter separated himself from eating with ...
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Which of Paul's letters does Peter refer to in 2 Peter 3:15?

Which letter or letters of Paul is Peter referring to when he says "just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you" in verse 15 of 2 Peter 3? 15And count the patience of our Lord as ...
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What's the apostle Paul's view on the bodily resurrection?

In 1st Corinthians 15, the apostle Paul records the eyewitness accounts of the Lord Jesus Christ's resurrection: For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died ...
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Does Paul believe that God sandbagged the Jews with a law they couldn't keep?

In Galatians 3:10, Paul says: "For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, ‘Cursed be every one who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, and do ...
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Would the Romans have known what Paul meant by "works of the law"?

In Romans 3:20, Paul writes that no one is δικαιωθήσεται by works of the law (ἔργων νόμου). The only other place I know of the phrase in the New Testament is in Galatians. Does this phrase have use ...
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Praying with spirit and understanding, simultaneously or sequentially?

In 1 Cor 14:15, does Paul say he will pray with both spirit and understanding (at the same time), or that he will pray with each (at different times)? Specifically, when Paul says he will "pray with ...
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Which apostles did Paul see while he was in Jerusalem after his conversion?

In Galatians 1:16b-19, 22 (ESV), Paul writes that after his conversion in Damascus, ...I did not immediately consult with anyone; nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me,...
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Was Paul saying that you should only be widowed once to qualify for church support in 1 Timothy 5:9?

1 Timothy 5;9 KJV 9 Let not a widow be taken into the number under threescore years old, having been the wife of one man Is Paul saying that widows should be widowed once so as to qualify for ...
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Does living by the "law of the spirit" mean living by the law?

I ask this question as Paul seems to suggest that living a life of sin leads to death. Once we accept Jesus as our saviour we get the spirit that gives us life Once the spirit is in us we will stop ...
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Was Paul being sarcastic when he claimed that he didn't recognize Ananias?

Related: Was Paul literally predicting that God would strike Ananias? From Acts 23:1-5 (NIV): 1 Paul looked straight at the Sanhedrin and said, “My brothers, I have fulfilled my duty to God in all ...
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Was Paul being facetious when he referred to a man going to Paradise in 2nd Corinthians chapter 12?

In this passage Paul referrers to man who appears to have ascended to the third Heaven, and in reading it seemed to me that Paul was expressing doubt about the man's claims. I was particularly struck ...
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Has the Apostle Paul ever been to Spain?

Paul expresses his intention to go to Spain in Romans 15: 24I hope to see you in passing as I go to Spain, and to be helped on my journey there by you, once I have enjoyed your company for a while. ...