Questions tagged [passion-narrative]

Topics regarding the crucifixion of Jesus, the week prior, and the resurrection. Also, topics regarding the Passover, in the prophetic sense, that are argued to have been fulfilled through Jesus.

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Why does John's account of Jesus' beating differ from the synoptics?

John implies Jesus was scourged before sentence while Matthew and Mark say after. Or was it both? From Matthew 27: 24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but that rather a tumult was made, ...
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Were the holy people raised to life the moment the curtain was torn in Matthew 27:51-53?

51 At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, the rocks split 52 and the tombs broke open. The bodies of many holy people who had died were raised to ...
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What is meant by "secret" in John 18 20?

During the trial of Jesus before the Sanhedrin: John 18:19 [NIV] ~ Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20 “I have spoken openly to the world,” Jesus ...
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Did Judas expect legions of angels would rescue Jesus?

In the Garden of Gethsemane, as He was about to be arrested, Jesus said: Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels? (Matthew ...
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8 answers
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Did the Jews expect the Messiah to be the Son of God? Matthew 26:63

Matthew 26:63b: And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God. Christ is the Greek form of the word ...
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Why did Pilate refer to Jesus as Christ/Messiah?

Why did Pilate refer to the fact that Jesus was called (by some) Christ/Messiah during his debate with the Sanhedrin...given that Pilate knew it was envy that motivated their accusations against Jesus ...
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What were the motives of the chief priests and elders in persuading the multitudes for the execution of Jesus, Matthew 27:20?

Matthew 27:20 ASV: Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes that they should ask for Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. Pilate's wife knew that Jesus was righteous and told Pilate to ...
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What’s going on in the upper room on the night that Jesus was betrayed?

Then Jesus asked them, “When I sent you without purse, bag or sandals, did you lack anything?” “Nothing,” they answered. He said to them, “But now if you have a purse, take it, and also a bag; and if ...
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Who is the "other disciple" in John 18:16?

After Jesus' arrest: 15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest. 16 But ...
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2 votes
6 answers
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"Thou shalt deny me thrice" - Prophecy or Command?

Peter does a 180 It is curious how quickly Peter changed from the brave (if brash) swordsman in Gethsemane to the frightened denier. Peter denied Jesus 3 times despite being warned in advance: Jesus ...
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John 12:27 vs Luke 22:42 Contradiction?

In John 12:27 Jesus says “Now my soul is troubled, and what shall I say? ‘Father, save me from this hour’? No, it was for this very reason I came to this hour" But in Luke 22:42 he says “...
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Why did "you are no friend of Caesar" push Pilate over the edge?

Pilate tried to acquit Jesus In comparing the Gospel accounts of Jesus' trial, we find that Pilate tried at least 4 times to have Jesus released: See Luke 23:22 For the third time he spoke to them: “...
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Why were Pilate and Herod Antipas upset with each other?

In Luke 23 we are told that over the course of Jesus' trial, Pilate sent Jesus to Herod [Antipas], and after questioning & mocking Jesus, Herod sent Jesus back to Pilate. Then we are given this ...
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(John 19:19, Hebrew) was YHWH written on the Cross?

I was just reading a few stories pointing at medieval art that conceived of what was written in Aramaic on the cross and that Pilate had put the four words "Jesus the-nazorean, and-king of-the-jews". ...
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Meaning of Peter's second comment to the maiden's interrogation in Mark

In Mark 14:68, Peter denies knowing Jesus, but he also says he does not understand what she meant: But he denied it, saying, “I neither know nor understand what you are talking about.” And he went ...
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Did Peter cut off the slave's ear to disqualify him as a priest (John 18:10)?

In John 18:10 (as well as the other gospels), Peter cuts off the ear of the slave of the high priest (NRSV): Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it, struck the high priest’s slave, and cut off ...
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What is the significance of the skull of Golgotha?

Matthew: And when they came to a place called Gol'gotha (which means the place of a skull). Mark: And they brought him to the place called Gol'gotha (which means the place of a skull). Luke: And when ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Were charges required by Roman law?

In Matthew 27:37, the charges against Jesus are fastened to the cross above his head: Above his head they placed the written charge against him: This is Jesus, the King of the Jews. NIV In ...
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Luke 23:3 - Why Wasn't Jesus' Claim to be King Unlawful?

NASB, Luke 23:3 - So Pilate asked Him, saying, “Are You the King of the Jews?” And He answered him and said, “It is as you say.” After this, Pilate said, "I find no fault in him." But later, Pilate ...
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John 19:30 - What did Jesus say "was finished"?

Closely Related: - Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’? NKJV, John 19:30 - So when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, “It is finished (Τετέλεσται, interlinear)!...
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John 19:31 - How does the Sabbath Explain why Jesus' Body had to be Taken Down?

1. Question, for Historical Interpretation of Sabbath Law What Sabbath considerations might have applied - that would lead to a request to take Jesus' body down from the cross? Aside: Does the Greek ...
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2 votes
4 answers
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According to the Gospels, Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast?

Very Closely Related: - In the early church, was the Last Supper Considered a Passover Feast? The above question is asking for extra-Biblical references - from Early Church authorities. This question ...
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During the Passion - What laws might Jesus and his disciples been accused of breaking?

Related to: Luke 22 : What was Jesus' Basis to Order His Disciples to Violate the Passover Sabbath? 1. Question - During the Passion Narrative1 - What laws might Jesus and his disciples been ...
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1 vote
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Luke 22 : What was Jesus' Basis to Order His Disciples to Violate the Passover Sabbath?

Related: - In the early church, was the Last Supper Considered a Passover Feast? - During the Passion - What laws might Jesus and his disciples been accused of breaking? NOTE: Hopefully, this ...
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John 20:27 - doubting Thomas. But, was Jesus recognizable?

John 20:27 Then he said to Thomas, “Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe.” From what I understood Jesus was so horrifically ...
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3 answers
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Historical Evidence of the Sabbath Rest Beginning the Preceding Night?

1. Question - a Reference Request for Historical Evidence: In view of this question : Luke 23:54 - How should "Sabbath Dawning" be Interpreted? Is there any historical evidence showing ...
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4 votes
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Luke 23:54 - How should "Sabbath Dawning" be Interpreted?

The Syriac of Luke 23:54 seems to affirm an interpretation of "Sabbath Dawning". In addition, the same word seems to be used 43 times in the Syriac New Testament to mean "Dawn". So,...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Re. The Crucifixion: Possible to Correlate Timekeeping and Calendar Systems?

Related: - Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset? - In the Gospels, How Should the Hours of the Day be Understood? - Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day ...
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4 votes
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Historical Evidence that the Jewish Calendar Day Began at Sunset?

1. Question - a Reference Request In view of the question : Luke 23:54 - How should "Sabbath Dawning" be Interpreted? Whether or not Luke is stating that the Sabbath began at dawn, or not ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive?

Related: - In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if Jesus Was not Going to Eat THAT Passover? 1. Question: In Mark 14 and Luke 22, how should "Prepare" and "Eat" be translated from the Aorist ...
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2 votes
4 answers
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In the early church, was the Last Supper Considered a Passover Feast?

Related: - According to the Gospels, Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast? - In the Gospels, Can "Day of:" the Passover - be Interpreted Idiomatically? - In Luke 22:16: Does the ...
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7 votes
5 answers
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Luke 22:16 - Did Jesus say he was not going to eat THAT Passover?

Related: - Is there any significance to using φάγω vs ἐσθίω? - In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive? - In the early church, was the Last Supper Considered ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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In the Gospels, Can "Day of:" the Passover - be Interpreted Idiomatically?

Related: - The Correct Research Methodology To Substantiate If an Expression is an Idiom? - In the early church, was the Last Supper Considered a Passover Feast? - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day ...
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4 votes
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Does Pilate's language suggest a timing for the customary release?

Does the language used in the three verses referencing the release of a prisoner at the feast suggest anything about the timing of such a release? In Matthew and Mark it is the Feast and in John it is ...
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Was washing one's hands to show innocence, as Pilate did, a common ritual in the Roman Empire?

In Matthew 27:24, Pilate washed his hands because he couldn't find any guilt in Jesus while he condemned Him to the cross. So when Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing, but rather that a riot was ...
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8 votes
8 answers
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Do Idioms Used in the Crucifixion Narrative Resolve the "3 Day/3 Night" Objections?

Matthew 12:40 quotes the Messiah saying that He would be in the "heart of the earth" for 3 days and 3 nights. I think the majority of folks believe that the crucifixion took place on the 6th day of ...
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10 votes
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Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’?

The allusions to Psalm 22 in the Gospel accounts of Jesus' crucifixion are well-known and have been discussed on BH.SE on several occasions. I recently ran across the claim (e.g. in a blog and a JETS ...
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33 votes
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How is it that Jesus could be "three days and three nights in the heart of the earth"?

This verse is usually interpreted as a prophetic word by Jesus about Himself: Matthew 12:40: For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three ...
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