Questions tagged [onomastics]

Onomastics or onomatology is the study of the significance, usage, and etymology of names. Questions about names of God should additionally be thus tagged.

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Daniel 11:30 - Romans?

I am reading through A New English Translation of the Septuagint, currently in the Book of Daniel, where two different versions, the Old Greek and Theodotion, are given. The Old Greek NETS version of ...
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Is Peter’s assertion in Acts 4:12, upon the saving “Name”, tied to understanding the unique nature of “Joshua” in the Pentateuch?

Note,it is important to discern the precise form. Exodus 17:9, “יהושע” is the first occurrence, but Numbers 13:8,16, demonstrates the compound design of this name. Names in the Bible are important and ...
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Simon Peter vs. Simeon Peter - is there significance/context to using one vs. the other

Peter is regularly referred to as "Simon Peter". But in two places in the New Testament he is called "Simeon Peter". At the Jerusalem conference in Acts 15: 13 and after they are ...
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What does Daniel / "din" actually mean? [closed]

The name Daniel is often translated as "judged by God" or "God is my judge". As I understand it, its compents are דִּין (din) to judge / to arbitrate and אֵל ('el) God, right? So ...
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In Matthew 10:25, who is Beelzebub/Beelzeboul?

[Mat 10:25 NASB] (25) "It is enough for the disciple that he become like his teacher, and the slave like his master. If they have called the head of the house Beelzebul, how much more [will they ...
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What is the meaning and significance of the name Immanuel (Isaiah 7:14)?

This name is repeated many times in chapter 7 and 8 of Isaiah. What is the significance of this name, and what is Isaiah's trying to convey with it? Also how can Isaiah predict deliverance and doom at ...
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What does the name Phinehas mean? [closed]

In Hebraic culture, names have significant meanings. When given a name it represents an array of scenario including but not limited to the essence of one's character (https://www.aish.com/jl/l/b/...
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Why is the name for God אֱלּוֹהִים (Elohim) plural? [closed]

If Old Testament Judaism was a monotheistic religion, and Yahweh wanted to distinguish the Hebrews from their neighboring countries' polytheistic religions, why is His name אֱלוֹהִים (Elohim) plural? ...
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Is Isaiah 9:6-7 relating to Jesus the covenant promises of Abraham from Genesis 17:1-8?

I have often heard it suggested that by Isaiah referring to the Messiah as "Everlasting Father" as a name, or part of his name, Isaiah is saying that the Messiah was to be "fully God&...
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In John 17:6, John 17:11-12 and John 17:16, what is the "keeping power" of God's name?

[Jhn 17:6, 11-12, 26 NKJV] (6) "I have manifested Your name to the men whom You have given Me out of the world. They were Yours, You gave them to Me, and they have kept Your word. ... (11) "Now I am ...
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Etymology of the name Mary? [closed]

Why does Strongs 4813 say "מרים [miryâm] \meer-yawm'\" is From 4805; rebelliously; {Mirjam} the name of two Israelitesses: - Miriam when St. Jerome writes (Liber de Nominibus Hebraicis col. 886): ...
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Is Θαγλαθφελλασὰρ a mispelling or a variant?

In my edition of the Septuagint which is Brenton 1851 reprinted in 2018, the name for the Assyrian king of XIV Kings 15-16 is: Θαλγαθφελλασὰρ which is Thalgathphellasar. However, in many online ...
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Why does Matthew 28:19 say "in the name" and then proceed to give three names?

If written out in full would this verse read "in the name of the Father, and in the name of the Son, and in the name of the Holy Spirit"? Or is there some other reason apart from trimming obviously ...
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In Hebrews 1:4 what does it mean that Jesus "inherits" a more excellent name?

[Heb 1:4 DBY] (4) taking a place by so much better than the angels, as he inherits a name more excellent than they. 1:4 τοσούτῳ κρείττων γενόμενος τῶν ἀγγέλων ὅσῳ διαφορώτερον παρ᾽ αὐτοὺς ...
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In Exodus 3:15 what does God mean by "memorial"?

Exo 3:15 KJV - 15 And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent ...
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Why is חַוָּ֑ה (Gen. 3:20; 4:1) translated "Eve" in KJV (both cases) and "Ζωή" in Gen. 3:20 (LXX), yet "Ευαν" in Gen. 4:1 (LXX)?

The Hebrew proper noun, חַוָּ֑ה, in Genesis 3:20 and Genesis 4:1, is transliterated "Eve" in both cases in the KJV, yet "Ζωή" and "Ευαν" (Gen. 3:20; 4:1, respectively) in the LXX. It should be "Chavah"...
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Abimelekh (Αβιμελεχ) in the LXX

Repeatedly in Ruth (e.g. 1:2, 1:3, 2:1...) and in I Samuel (21:1, 21:6, 21:8, 22:9), the LXX (in all printed critical versions, although some manuscripts correct this, see here for details) as well as ...
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In John 17:6 and John 17:27 what name of the Father did Jesus want to "make manifest" and "declare" to his disciples?

The question is based of Jesus’ prayer recorded at John Ch. 17 in which he made the following statements in verses 6 and 27: KJV John 17: 6 “I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest ...
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In Micah 2:12-13, what is a "breaker"?

In Micah 2:12-13 Micah predicts the arrival of the messiah whom he refers to as "the breaker" (הַפֹּרֵץ֙): KJV Micah 2: 12I will surely assemble, O Jacob, all of you; I will surely gather the ...
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In Joshua 2:1 why are Joshua's scouts not named?

Moses and Joshua both sent scouts into the land of Canaan. When Moses sent the scouts there are 13 verses (Numbers 13:4-16) spent on listing their names. When Joshua sent the scouts there is one verse ...
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Chronological discrepancy in Joshua's name in Numbers and Exodus

In Numbers Chapter 13, Moses appears to rename Hoshea the son of Nun as Joshua the son of Nun: Verse 8 from the tribe of Ephraim, Hoshea the son of Nun; (ESV) Verse 16 These were the names of ...
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What is the meaning of the Hebrew name 'I-chabod' in 1 Samuel 4:21?

A new-born son was named 'I-chabod' by the dying mother. She said, ‘The glory has departed from Israel’ but the word also seems to infer a question, ‘Where is the glory?’ I note from a commentary that ...
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Why the Inconsistency of the name Mary in the NT?

Or rather, why is the mother of Jesus exclusively written μαριαμ, and the others inconsistently either μαρια or μαριαμ? I was originally prompted by a mini quest into the original meaning of the ...
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In Acts 19:14 - How else could "Seven sons of Skeva" be translated?

In Acts 19:14, Is "Seven Sons of Skeva" a valid translation? Are there any other plausible interpretations? Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ἦσαν δέ τινος Σκευᾶ Ἰουδαίου ἀρχιερέως ἑπτὰ υἱοὶ ...
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Tetragrammaton originally יהיה (yihayah) (3PersMascSing 'exist, be') and subsequently the nominal form (יהוה) (the Being)?

The Question Essentially Is it possible that God's name is a nominal version of the third person masculine singular verb to exist or to be: יהיה. Can יהיה be validly understood as "he [that] ...
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Is there a correlation between unknown name in Revelation 19:12 and elsewhere in scripture?

I've always been curious to know if there was a relation between the rider on the white horse whose name was known to no one but himself, and the other places in scripture where names have been veiled....
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In Exodus 15:3 why does the author declare God's name?

Young's Literal Translation Exodus 15:3 Jehovah is a man of battle; Jehovah is His name. What I'm wondering is whether the mention of his name is implying anything or is it random? In other words, ...
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How does Jashobeam become Iesebaal, or Jeshebeab become Isbaal?

I was wondering if you could help me out with this. The names of Jashobeam, one of King David’s warriors (I Chon. 11:11), and Jeshebeab, one of the twenty-four families of Kohanim (I Chron. 24:13), ...
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What are the implications, if any, if Ἀλφαῖος and Κλωπᾶς are indeed the same individual?

In John 19:25, it is written, 25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas (Κλωπᾶ),1 and Mary Magdalene. NKJV ΚΕʹ εἱστήκεισαν δὲ παρὰ τῷ ...
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In Matthew 6:9, what name is Jesus referring to?

Jesus taught: Mat 6:9 Pray then like this: "Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name. Matthew/Jesus appears to allude to the Torah which provides the name as "YHVH" (perhaps "Yehovah"): ...
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Meaning behind Job's three daughters' names? Job 42:14

And he called the name of the first daughter Jemimah, and the name of the second Keziah, and the name of the third Keren-happuch. (Job 42:14) These are his three new daughters after God restored ...
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Do the meanings of Cain and Abel's names tell us anything about how Cain killed Abel?

There's often speculation on how Cain killed Abel in Genesis 4. I've also been told that Cain's name means "spear" and Abel's name means "vapor" or "breath". Do the meanings of Abel and Cain's ...
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What is the meaning of Zoar (Genesis 19:22)?

In Genesis 19:22 Lot decides to go to a little village after leaving Sodoma. The text of the NIV version is: But flee there quickly, because I cannot do anything until you reach it." (That is why ...
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What is the meaning of Abraham's name?

Genesis 17:5 (NIV) states: No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations. The edition of the Bible that I'm reading has a footnote ...
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What is the significance of the insertion of the 5th letter of the Hebrew alphabet into the names of Abraham and Sarah?

In Genesis 17 (verses 5 and 15) God gives Abram and Sarai new names. v. 5: No longer shall your name be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham, for I have made you the father of a multitude of ...
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What do the names Oholah and Oholibah mean in Ezekiel 23?

Ezekiel 23:4 introduces the sisters who “play the whore” in an allegory narrated by the LORD: ...וּשְׁמוֹתָ֗ן אָהֳלָ֤ה הַגְּדוֹלָה֙ וְאָהֳלִיבָ֣ה אֲחוֹתָ֔הּ (BHS) : וּשְׁמוֹתָ֕ן שֹׁמְר֣וֹן אָהֳלָ֔ה ...
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Matthew vs Levi in the Gospel according to Matthew

Referring to: Matthew 9:9 - "a man called Matthew" Mark 2:14 - "Levi the son of Alphaeus" Luke 5:27 - "a tax collector named Levi" Is it widely regarded that Levi and Matthew are the same person ...
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Noah's father Lamech and the Lord's curse

In Genesis 5:28-29 we read about Lamech naming his son Noah, but what he says as he does so has me wondering. With Gen 5:29 it seems Lamech almost knew something in advance. Genesis 5:29 And he (...
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What is the Hebrew name of the prophet Jeremiah—Yirmeyah or Yirmeyahu?

When the question was asked on Christian hermeneutics the response was both: Please read what I wrote. Jer. 28:5 has יִרְמְיָה (Yirmeyah) and Jer. 7:1 has יִרְמְיָהוּ (Yirmeyahu). As for your ...
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Why does Moses change Hosea's name to Joshua?

Name changes throughout the Bible are pretty significant. Numbers 13:16 says that "Moses changed the name of Hosea son of Nun to Joshua." What is the significance of this name change? What are ...
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Who is Iscah in Genesis?

Gen. 11:29 states: And Abram and Nahor took themselves wives; the name of Abram's was Sarai, and the name of Nahor's wife was Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah and the father of ...
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What is the difference in meaning between the phrases «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”) and «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”)?

In the New Testament, sometimes the authors use «Χριστός Ἰησοῦς» (“Christ Jesus”), where «Χριστός» precedes «Ἰησοῦς»,1 yet other times they use «Ἰησοῦς Χριστός» (“Jesus Christ”).2 What is the ...
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Are "Uzziah" and "Azariah" the name of the same king?

This is with reference to the two passages 2 Chronicles 26: Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah. 2 He built ...
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What is the significance of Methuselah's name?

I've heard that Methuselah's name was given to him by Enoch in response to a prophecy concerning the flood. Since he seems to have died in the year of the flood (according to the Masoretic and ...
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What is the significance of the names of the pillars in Solomon's temple?

The Bible doesn't include extraneous, meaningless information, and names have great significance in the Old Testament. 2 Chronicles 3:17 records, [Solomon] set up the two pillars at the entrance of ...
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The significance of the designations of families who will mourn in Zechariah 12

As the prophet Zechariah proclaims the greatness of Jerusalem's mourning, he says: 12“All Israel will mourn, each clan by itself, and with the husbands separate from their wives. The clan of David ...
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Significance of the "Son of Man" appellation in Ezekiel

Ezekiel is the only prophet regularly referred to by God as "son of man" (ben adam). This is particularly interested to Christians since Jesus took the title "Son of Man" upon himself (ὁ υἱός τοῦ ...
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Signficance of name change from Saul to Paul

Acts 13:9 appears to record the moment Saul's name changes to Paul: Then Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said... (Prior to this time, he ...
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Three Valleys in Joel 3

Three valleys are mentioned in Joel 3: The Valley of Jehoshaphat (2, 12) The Valley of Decision (twice in 14) The Valley of Shittim (18) I'm wondering: Are any of these known, historical places? ...
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Did someone really name their son Fool?

In 1st Samuel 25, we read about Abigail's first husband, who is named Nabal. Near the end of the story, she pleads with David to save his life: My lord should not pay attention to this wicked man ...