Questions tagged [nt-use-of-hebrew-bible]

Questions concerning how authors and speakers in the New Testament books quote or use parts of the Hebrew Bible.

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Why God sent Isaiah to make people dull, deaf and blind lest they turn back and be healed?

I was surprised when in Isa 6:9-10, following the often cited passage about Isaiah's famous vision in Isa 6:1-4, his purification with coal in Isa 6:5--7, and Isaiah's famous offer in Isa 6:8 ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
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Hebrews 13:5 quotes God saying he would never leave nor forsake us. Where is the original quote?

Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee. (Hebrews 13:5, KJV) The text indicates that God ...
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Mt 4:10, Lc 4:8 and Dt 6:13, 10:20 : from where did Jesus take this "only" in "him only shalt thou serve"?

I searched in the LXX, OT massoretic text but I didn't find one place where we have a such "only" equivalent in scripture, yet J.C seems to cite it as a scripture ! If you have any answer on ...
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Why does Jesus quote Zechariah 13:7?

In Matthew 26:31, Jesus says this: “Then Jesus said to them, “This night you will all fall away because of me, for it is written: ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be ...
ellied's user avatar
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Hebrews 10:5-7 - distorted quotation? [duplicate]

Hebrews 10:5-7 contains a quotation from Psalm 40 from the Septuagint that greatly varies from Masoretic version that is present in our bibles today: “So when he came into the world, he said, “...
ellied's user avatar
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Is Jesus called YHWH in Joel 2:32/Romans 10:13?

In Romans 10, Paul is discussing the Lord Jesus, and in verse 13, he writes (NKJV, emphasis mine): For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.” The reason "LORD" is ...
The Editor's user avatar
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Why did Jesus say "in their law" (ἐν τῷ νόμῳ αὐτῶν) in John 15:25?

Jesus referred to his quote from Psalm 35:19 as "written in their Law" (ὁ ⸂ἐν τῷ νόμῳ αὐτῶν γεγραμμένος, NA28). Why did Jesus refer to the scriptures as their law instead of God's. But the ...
Perry Webb's user avatar
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2 answers
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Does Matthew 4:10 teach that only YHWH/Jehovah can be worshiped?

In Matthew 4, Satan shows Jesus "all the kingdoms of the world and their glory" (NKJV) and says that he'll give it all to Jesus if He would worship him (vv. 8-9). Jesus rejects this, saying, ...
The Editor's user avatar
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What is the reason behind the variations of quoting Deut 6:5 in Matt 22:37, Mark 12:30, and Luke 10:27? [duplicate]

In Deut 6:5 we read (ESV): You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. But in Matt 22:37 we read (ESV): And he said to him, “You shall love ...
GratefulDisciple's user avatar
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Is Revelation 13:4 an allusion to Job 40:19b?

[Job 40:19 NLT] (19) It [Behemoth] is a prime example of God's handiwork, and only its Creator can threaten it. [Rev 13:4 NET] (4) they worshiped the dragon because he had given ruling authority to ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
138 views

Is there intended a relationship between Job 40:19, Proverbs 8:22 and Revelation 3:14?

[Job 40:15-20 CSB] (15) Look at Behemoth, which I made along with you. He eats grass like cattle. (16) Look at the strength of his back and the power in the muscles of his belly. (17) He stiffens ...
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4 answers
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In 1 Corinthians 7:8, is Paul intentionally undoing Genesis 2:18?

1 Corinthians 7:8 (NIV): Now to the unmarried and the widows I say: It is good for them to stay unmarried, as I do. Genesis 2:18 (NIV): The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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In James 5:13-20, is James appealing to Job 33?

In Job 32, Elius is indignant that Job would suggest that he is suffering innocently: LXX2012(i) 1 And his three friends also ceased any longer to answer Job: for Job was righteous before them. 2 ...
Ruminator's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
189 views

Is Luke 15 intended as an argument for, against or to qualify the idea of irrecoverable apostasy?

In Hebrews 12, the author argues from the account of Jacob and Esau to warn against apostasy. He suggests that if one sells their inheritance as Esau did, then there is no way to get it back, because ...
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Where is what Luke 24:46, 1Cor 15:4 states written in Heb Bible that Christ would rise from the dead on the Third Day?

[Luke 24:44-46 ESV] 44Then he said to them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms ...
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Is Paul's appeal to nature in his rejection of homosexual behavior an example and vindication of naturalism?

Prior to Paul, the only Jewish objection to homosexual behavior was penetration and ritual prostitution: [Lev 18:22 NKJV] (22) 'You shall not lie with a male as with a woman. It is an abomination. [...
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In John 13:23-25, is Jesus reclining at dinner cuddling with "the disciple that he loved" an intentional dismissal of Leviticus 18:22? [closed]

Is this behavior a dismissal of the proscription of Leviticus 18:22? [Jhn 13:23-25 NKJV] (23) Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved. (24) Simon Peter therefore ...
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Is there a parallel between Luke 1:35 and Genesis 1:2?

NIV Luke 1:35 The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. NIV Genesis 1:2 Now ...
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Should any or all of the NT appearances of the designation, "My God," be seen as intentional allusions to Hosea 2:23?

There are many NT passages that use the phrase, "My God" (Mat 27:46 Mar 15:34;Jhn 20:17, 28;Rom 1:8;1Co 1:4;Phl 1:3;Phm 1:4;Rev 3:2, 12;Mat 5:11;Mat 26:28;Mar 10:40;Mar 14:24;Luk 1:47;Luk 13:...
Ruminator's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
168 views

What are the benefits of "walking among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7?

What are the benefits of "walking among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7 King James Version (KJV) 7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, ...
Siju George's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
451 views

Does Mark 13:14 allude to the Hebrew or to the Greek of Daniel 9:27?

Daniel 9:27 reads differently in the Hebrew and in the Greek and Mark's saying is not an exact match to either version. Is Jesus, in Mark 13:14, referring to what appears in the Hebrew or the Greek OT?...
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5 votes
1 answer
273 views

In Philemon 1:12, is Paul ignoring Deuteronomy 23:16?

[Deu 23:15-16 NLT] (15) "If slaves should escape from their masters and take refuge with you, you must not hand them over to their masters. (16) Let them live among you in any town they choose, ...
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0 votes
1 answer
384 views

Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT is always the Father?

This question is about "interpretation of a specific Bible passage," Hebrews 1:1-2 and how it informs our view of Jehovah in the OT. Question: Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT ...
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In Luke 2:21-24 what is the prophetic significance of Mary buying her firstborn son back from the LORD?

[Luk 2:21-24 NASB] (21) And when eight days had passed, before His circumcision, His name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb. (22) And when the days ...
Ruminator's user avatar
1 vote
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In Matthew 8:17 is he saying that Jesus fulfilled Isaiah 53:4 by healing some people or by taking away all disease from his people?

Working only inductively from the text... In Matthew 8:17, is Matthew saying that as predicted Jesus healed some people in his ministry OR that Jesus dealt definitively with all human disease by "...
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2 votes
1 answer
90 views

Is the reference to "a name that doesn't disappear" in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4?

Is the reference to "a name that doesn't disappear" in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4? What does it promise to new covenant believers?: [Gen 11:4 NIV] (4) Then they ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
186 views

Is the NLT interpretation/translation of Psalm 51:6 accurate?

[Psa 51:6 NLT] (6) But you desire honesty from the womb, teaching me wisdom even there. Other translations render more literally as "hidden part" instead of "womb". I'm wondering if this might be an ...
Ruminator's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
475 views

Is Luke 21:24 an allusion to Daniel 7:25?

Both passages speak of the "trampling" of Jerusalem and both by gentiles and both for a specified, limited time period referred to as "times": [Luk 21:24 NIV] (24) They will fall ...
Ruminator's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
350 views

In 1 Peter 5:8 is "your adversary, the devil" a reference to persecuting Jews in cahoots with Rome?

Peter speaks of a "roaring lion" on the prowl. I don't think anyone thinks that an actual lion is the problem. Nor does the Satan eat humans that I'm aware of. [1Pe 5:8-11 CSB] (8) Be sober-...
Ruminator's user avatar
7 votes
4 answers
576 views

Is John 8:58 an allusion to Psalm 90:2 LXX?

[Jhn 8:58 CSB] (58) Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, before Abraham was, I am." [Jhn 8:58 MGNT] (58) εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ἰησοῦς ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί [Psalm 90:2 ...
Ruminator's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
375 views

In Isaiah 1:3, what is the "master's crib"?

[Isa 1:2-4 ESV] (2) Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for the LORD has spoken: "Children have I reared and brought up, but they have rebelled against me. (3) The ox knows its owner, and the ...
Ruminator's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why did Jesus use the words "You have heard that it was said...?"

In Matthew Chapter 4 during the temptation of Jesus, Jesus uses the words "It is written..." when referring to God's word. In Matthew chapter 5 Jesus begins using the phrase "Ye have heard that it ...
Michael's user avatar
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In Acts 15:12-19 what in Amos convinces James about the gentiles not needing Torah?

[Act 15:12-19 CSB] (12) The whole assembly became silent and listened to Barnabas and Paul describe all the signs and wonders God had done through them among the Gentiles. (13) After they stopped ...
Ruminator's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Is Revelation 6:8 an allusion to Ezekiel 14:21-23?

[Eze 14:21-23 HNV] (21) For thus says the Lord GOD: How much more when I send my four sore judgments on Yerushalayim, the sword, and the famine, and the evil animals, and the pestilence, to cut off ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
284 views

Does Paul's allusion in Romans 15:20-21 to Isaiah 52:13-15 suggest that Paul considered himself to be the suffering servant of that passage?

[Rom 15:20-21 NIV] (20) It has always been my ambition to preach the gospel where Christ was not known, so that I would not be building on someone else's foundation. (21) Rather, as it is written: &...
Ruminator's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
334 views

When Jesus asked for a miracle to be kept secret, was he fulfilling any specific scriptures?

There's is an example of Jesus speaking in parables and his disciples ask him why he is speaking in parables, and Jesus says it is to fulfill a particular scripture (Matthew 13:10-17, Isaiah 6:9-10). ...
Michael's user avatar
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4 answers
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Is the "lambkin" of Revelation 13:11 the "little horn" of Daniel 7:8?

[Rev 13:11 ESV] (11) Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. [Rev 13:11 MGNT] (11) καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς γῆς καὶ ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
69 views

Is Luke 21:28 alluding to Job 10:14-17?

[Luk 21:28 ESV] (28) Now when these things begin to take place, straighten up and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near." [Job 10:14-17 ESV] (14) If I sin, you watch me and do ...
Ruminator's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
213 views

In Titus 2:13 is "that blessed hope" an allusion to Psalms 84:5?

Brenton Septuagint Translation Psalm 84: 1For the end, a Psalm for the sons of Core, concerning the wine-presses. How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosts! 2My soul longs, and faints ...
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-2 votes
3 answers
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What might be the symbolic significance of the "fig tree" in John 1:48-50?

John spills a bit of ink describing a seemingly pointless detail about a Jew climbing up a fig tree and Philip calling him from below his fig tree: [Jhn 1:48-50 KJV] (48) Nathanael saith unto him, ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
131 views

Is Luke 18:18 alluding to Exodus 2:2?

[Luke 18:18-20 NLT] (18) Once a religious leader asked Jesus this question: "Good Teacher, what should I do to inherit eternal life?" (19) "Why do you call me good?" Jesus asked him. "Only God is ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
229 views

What are John's sources for Revelation 10:7 and 22:10?

Disclaimer: I have no formal training in Biblical languages. In the Hebrew of Daniel 9:24 he is told that messiah was to חָתַם the vision and prophecy. As I have been told and have confirmed to the ...
Ruminator's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
175 views

What is the relationship between Sabbath 31a and Matthew 7:12? (Golden Rule)

In the Talmud, Sabbath 31 a it reads, among other things: [Hillel said] That which is hateful to you do not do to another; that is the entire Torah, and the rest is its interpretation. Go study. Now ...
Sola Gratia's user avatar
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3 answers
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In Philippians 4:5, what does Paul mean by "the Lord is at hand"?

Phl 4:5 KJV - 5 Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand. Variants of the phrase appears also in multiple prophets: Isa 13:6 KJV - 6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand;...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
5 answers
10k views

In Ephesians what does Paul mean by "world without end"?

[Eph 3:21 KJV] 21 Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen. [Eph 3:21 mGNT] αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ καὶ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ εἰς πάσας τὰς ...
Ruminator's user avatar
4 votes
5 answers
2k views

Is John 1:1-3 an allusion to Proverbs 8:22-31 LXX?

The idea of the LOGOS being with God and active in creation always seemed to me to be alluding to Genesis 1 where God creates the world by speaking, "Let there be..." and I think that's ...
Ruminator's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
95 views

Did Paul think that Isaiah was about the exile of the 6th century BC or that Isaiah intended it to be about the destruction of 70ad? [closed]

The question It might (or might not) be useful to review this related question before tackling this one. In this excellent but imperfect paper the author points to the many instances where Paul ...
Ruminator's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
882 views

Are Hosea 6:6 and Matthew 9:13 connected?

In some bibles, Matthew 9:13 Go and learn what the Scriptures mean when they say, 'Instead of offering sacrifices to me, I want you to be merciful to others.' I didn't come to invite good ...
Siju George's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
223 views

In 2 Thessalonians 2:1-2 is Paul's reference to "our gathering with him" an allusion to Psalm 46:10 LXX?

Paul associates the coming of Christ with "our gathering together to him": [2Th 2:1-2 NASB] 1 Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering ...
Ruminator's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
275 views

Is Matthew 13:47-52 an allusion to Habakkuk 1:13-17 and a clue to Jesus' use of the OT?

In Matthew 13:47-52 Jesus compares the kingdom of heaven to a large net cast into the sea which is a kind of "harvest" of mankind for destruction. In addition he seems to suggest : [Mat 13:47-52 ...
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