Questions tagged [nt-use-of-hebrew-bible]

Questions concerning how authors and speakers in the New Testament books quote or use parts of the Hebrew Bible.

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25
votes
7answers
17k views

Who are the "gods" in "You are gods" in John 10:30-36?

In John 10:30-36 (NASB), Jesus responds to an accusation of blasphemy by quoting the Old Testament: 30I and the Father are one.” 31The Jews picked up stones again to stone Him. 32Jesus ...
17
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11answers
28k views

What does "The LORD said to my Lord" mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
15
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10answers
4k views

"My son" in Hosea 11:1 quoted in Matt. 2:14-15

Matthew 2:14-15 (NASB) reads: 14So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. 15He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill ...
11
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4answers
9k views

How can Ephesians 4:8 be a quote/translation of Psalms 68:18?

In Psalms we have: You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the Lord God may dwell there. (Psalms 68:18, ...
8
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6answers
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Does Jesus misquote Psalm 8:2?

But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying out in the temple, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were indignant, and they said to him,...
10
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10answers
16k views

What does Paul mean by allegory in Galatians 4:24?

Paul's method of interpretation in Galatians 4:21-31 seems a bit unusual as compared to most modern methods. He says these things may be "interpreted allegorically." What is his method of exegesis? ...
5
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4answers
251 views

Is John 8:58 an allusion to Psalm 90:2 LXX?

[Jhn 8:58 CSB] (58) Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, before Abraham was, I am." [Jhn 8:58 MGNT] (58) εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ἰησοῦς ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί [Psalm 90:2 ...
4
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2answers
194 views

Does τὸν ὄντα correspond to יהוה in Wisdom 13:1?

Wisdom 13:1-5 (translation mine) 1 Truly vain are all men by [their] nature in whom there is not the knowledge of God: who, though they have seen the good things [of creation], do not know him that is....
14
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6answers
13k views

Why did Stephen give such a long speech?

Before he was stoned, Stephen gives a huge speech (Acts 7) going over Israeli history, from Abraham through Moses to David. I really don't understand the purpose of it. What is the overall message? ...
0
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1answer
313 views

Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT is always the Father?

This question is about "interpretation of a specific Bible passage," Hebrews 1:1-2 and how it informs our view of Jehovah in the OT. Question: Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT ...
10
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2answers
3k views

Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’?

The allusions to Psalm 22 in the Gospel accounts of Jesus' crucifixion are well-known and have been discussed on BH.SE on several occasions. I recently ran across the claim (e.g. in a blog and a JETS ...
9
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3answers
945 views

Does Mark 5:27-28 contain an allusion to Malachi 4:2?

"Healing in his wings" is described in Malachi 4:2. In Mark’s Gospel, the woman with a "discharge of blood for twenty years" stated her belief that if she touched Jesus’ garment ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Understanding the appropriation of Psalm 22:2 in the Gospel crucifixion accounts

In Matthew 27:46, the author quotes Jesus, first transliterating his words with Greek letter (NA28 | ESV): ηλι ηλι λεμα σαβαχθανι; Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? He then translates into Greek: ...
1
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2answers
198 views

In 1 Peter 5:8 is "your adversary, the devil" a reference to persecuting Jews in cahoots with Rome?

Peter speaks of a "roaring lion" on the prowl. I don't think anyone thinks that an actual lion is the problem. Nor does the Satan eat humans that I'm aware of. [1Pe 5:8-11 CSB] (8) Be sober-...
12
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3answers
860 views

Is Romans 1:17 ambiguous?

ESV: 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” The NIV and KJV read similarly. I have always understood the ...
5
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4answers
1k views

Is Jesus called YHWH in Joel 2:32/Romans 10:13?

In Romans 10, Paul is discussing the Lord Jesus, and in verse 13, he writes (NKJV, emphasis mine): For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.” The reason "LORD" is ...
4
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5answers
815 views

Is John 1:1-3 an allusion to Proverbs 8:22-31 LXX?

The idea of the LOGOS being with God and active in creation always seemed to me to be alluding to Genesis 1 where God creates the world by speaking, "Let there be..." and I think that's ...
18
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3answers
3k views

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38?

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38? Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. The "just shall live by faith" part ...
11
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3answers
376 views

In Romans 11:4 why did Paul use χρηματισμός to introduce his quotation from the Elijah narrative?

Romans 11:4 (NA28 | ESV): ἀλλὰ τί λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ χρηματισμός; κατέλιπον ἐμαυτῷ ἑπτακισχιλίους ἄνδρας, οἵτινες οὐκ ἔκαμψαν γόνυ τῇ Βάαλ. But what is God’s reply to him? (literally: what does the ...
4
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1answer
212 views

Is Luke 21:24 an allusion to Daniel 7:25?

Both passages speak of the "trampling" of Jerusalem and both by gentiles and both for a specified, limited time period referred to as "times": [Luk 21:24 NIV] (24) They will fall ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Where is "They hated me without cause/reason" in John 15:25 within the Old Testament?

In John 15:25, it is written 25But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated me without reason.’ Where in the Old Testament (in the exact phrasing) was Jesus quoting from? ...
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3answers
613 views

Should Jehovah or Yahweh be the English text of the New Testament? [closed]

Should God’s name Jehovah or Yahweh appear in the English New Testament text were there is a quote from the Old Testament, for example at Matthew 22:44 & Romans 10:13? Roman 10:13 “For all ...
12
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7answers
5k views

What does Romans 10 have to do with Deuteronomy 30?

Romans 10:6-7 But the righteousness based on faith says, “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’” (that is, to bring Christ down) “or ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’” (that is, ...
7
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3answers
12k views

Why is the dividing of clothes considered the fulfillment of scripture?

In John 19:24 it's written: “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They ...
5
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1answer
531 views

Is the "Fear and trembling” in Philippians 2 related to the psalms?

Philippians 2:12b* reads: Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. I notice the same two concepts are given in Psalms 2 and 55. Psalm 2:11: Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice ...
4
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6answers
5k views

What is the connection between manna and living on the Word of God?

In Deuteronomy 8, Moses gives the theology of manna: And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know ...
3
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2answers
2k views

"for my thirst they gave me sour wine" and anything else?

He said, "I thirst". (John 19:28 ESV) They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink. (Psalm 69:21 ESV) So, now John compares "I thirst" with ...
3
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2answers
730 views

Does the Sadducees' question in Mark 12 imply polygamy was considered sinful?

The passage in question is Mark 12:18-23 (ESV): And Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no resurrection. And they asked him a question, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a man's ...
3
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4answers
755 views

Is the "lambkin" of Revelation 13:11 the "little horn" of Daniel 7:8?

[Rev 13:11 ESV] (11) Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. [Rev 13:11 MGNT] (11) καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς γῆς καὶ ...
2
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1answer
1k views

In what way has God been found by "those who did not seek" him (Romans 10:20)?

Then Isaiah is so bold as to say, “I have been found by those who did not seek me; I have shown myself to those who did not ask for me.” Romans 10:20 (ESV) According to Paul, in what way has ...
2
votes
1answer
535 views

Is there an allusion to Genesis 3:7 in Luke 24:31?

As I was thinking about the Lord's supper, and possible connections between "taking" and "eating" in Matthew 26:26 and Genesis 3:6, another possible connection occured to me. ...
2
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2answers
179 views

Are there any published works on the development of "satan/Satan" in the Hebrew Bible to the New Testament? [closed]

I was wondering if anyone knew of any published works (books or papers) that study the development of the hebrew word satan and particularly how it came to be associated in some places with the New ...