Questions tagged [nt-use-of-hebrew-bible]

Questions concerning how authors and speakers in the New Testament books quote or use parts of the Hebrew Bible.

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14
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6answers
13k views

Why did Stephen give such a long speech?

Before he was stoned, Stephen gives a huge speech (Acts 7) going over Israeli history, from Abraham through Moses to David. I really don't understand the purpose of it. What is the overall message? ...
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4answers
3k views

In Ephesians what does Paul mean by "world without end"?

[Eph 3:21 KJV] 21 Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen. [Eph 3:21 mGNT] αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα ἐν τῇ ἐκκλησίᾳ καὶ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ εἰς πάσας τὰς ...
8
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6answers
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Does Jesus misquote Psalm 8:2?

But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying out in the temple, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were indignant, and they said to him,...
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1answer
51 views

Is the reference to "a name that doesn't disappear" in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4?

Is the reference to "a name that doesn't disappear" in Isaiah 66:22 an allusion, in contrast to Genesis 11:4? What does it promise to new covenant believers?: [Gen 11:4 NIV] (4) Then they ...
3
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3answers
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In Philippians 4:5, what does Paul mean by "the Lord is at hand"?

Phl 4:5 KJV - 5 Let your moderation be known unto all men. The Lord is at hand. Variants of the phrase appears also in multiple prophets: Isa 13:6 KJV - 6 Howl ye; for the day of the LORD is at hand;...
1
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1answer
140 views

In 2 Thessalonians 2:1-2 is Paul's reference to "our gathering with him" an allusion to Psalm 46:10 LXX?

Paul associates the coming of Christ with "our gathering together to him": [2Th 2:1-2 NASB] 1 Now we request you, brethren, with regard to the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our gathering ...
11
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4answers
9k views

How can Ephesians 4:8 be a quote/translation of Psalms 68:18?

In Psalms we have: You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the Lord God may dwell there. (Psalms 68:18, ...
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5answers
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Where is what Luke 24:46, 1Cor 15:4 states written in Heb Bible that Christ would rise from the dead on the Third Day?

[Luke 24:44-46 ESV] 44Then he said to them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms ...
5
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4answers
1k views

Is Jesus called YHWH in Joel 2:32/Romans 10:13?

In Romans 10, Paul is discussing the Lord Jesus, and in verse 13, he writes (NKJV, emphasis mine): For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.” The reason "LORD" is ...
0
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2answers
69 views

Why did Jesus say "in their law" (ἐν τῷ νόμῳ αὐτῶν) in John 15:25?

Jesus referred to his quote from Psalm 35:19 as "written in their Law" (ὁ ⸂ἐν τῷ νόμῳ αὐτῶν γεγραμμένος, NA28). Why did Jesus refer to the scriptures as their law instead of God's. But the ...
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2answers
81 views

Does Matthew 4:10 teach that only YHWH/Jehovah can be worshiped?

In Matthew 4, Satan shows Jesus "all the kingdoms of the world and their glory" (NKJV) and says that he'll give it all to Jesus if He would worship him (vv. 8-9). Jesus rejects this, saying, ...
15
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10answers
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"My son" in Hosea 11:1 quoted in Matt. 2:14-15

Matthew 2:14-15 (NASB) reads: 14So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. 15He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill ...
5
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1answer
102 views

What is the relationship between Sabbath 31a and Matthew 7:12? (Golden Rule)

In the Talmud, Sabbath 31 a it reads, among other things: [Hillel said] That which is hateful to you do not do to another; that is the entire Torah, and the rest is its interpretation. Go study. Now ...
8
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6answers
559 views

Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
3
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2answers
94 views

In Isaiah 1:3, what is the "master's crib"?

[Isa 1:2-4 ESV] (2) Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth; for the LORD has spoken: "Children have I reared and brought up, but they have rebelled against me. (3) The ox knows its owner, and the ...
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7answers
3k views

How does Jesus' being from Nazareth fulfill the prophets?

In Matthew 2:23 we read, "And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled: 'He shall be called a Nazarene.'" Since there doesn't seem to be a ...
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1answer
93 views

What is the reason behind the variations of quoting Deut 6:5 in Matt 22:37, Mark 12:30, and Luke 10:27? [duplicate]

In Deut 6:5 we read (ESV): You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. But in Matt 22:37 we read (ESV): And he said to him, “You shall love ...
1
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1answer
114 views

Is Luke 15 intended as an argument for, against or to qualify the idea of irrecoverable apostasy?

In Hebrews 12, the author argues from the account of Jacob and Esau to warn against apostasy. He suggests that if one sells their inheritance as Esau did, then there is no way to get it back, because ...
25
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7answers
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Who are the "gods" in "You are gods" in John 10:30-36?

In John 10:30-36 (NASB), Jesus responds to an accusation of blasphemy by quoting the Old Testament: 30I and the Father are one.” 31The Jews picked up stones again to stone Him. 32Jesus ...
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4answers
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What is Paul referring to in 2 Timothy 4:2?

What does Paul mean when he says "be ready whether it is convenient or not" or "Be ready in season and out of season" according to the translation in 2 Timothy 4:2? 2 Timothy 4:2 (NET) Preach the ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Is Revelation 13:4 an allusion to Job 40:19b?

[Job 40:19 NLT] (19) It [Behemoth] is a prime example of God's handiwork, and only its Creator can threaten it. [Rev 13:4 NET] (4) they worshiped the dragon because he had given ruling authority to ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Is there intended a relationship between Job 40:19, Proverbs 8:22 and Revelation 3:14?

[Job 40:15-20 CSB] (15) Look at Behemoth, which I made along with you. He eats grass like cattle. (16) Look at the strength of his back and the power in the muscles of his belly. (17) He stiffens ...
2
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4answers
440 views

In 1 Corinthians 7:8, is Paul intentionally undoing Genesis 2:18?

1 Corinthians 7:8 (NIV): Now to the unmarried and the widows I say: It is good for them to stay unmarried, as I do. Genesis 2:18 (NIV): The Lord God said, “It is not good for the man to be alone. I ...
5
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1answer
143 views

In Philemon 1:12, is Paul ignoring Deuteronomy 23:16?

[Deu 23:15-16 NLT] (15) "If slaves should escape from their masters and take refuge with you, you must not hand them over to their masters. (16) Let them live among you in any town they choose, ...
5
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4answers
253 views

Is John 8:58 an allusion to Psalm 90:2 LXX?

[Jhn 8:58 CSB] (58) Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, before Abraham was, I am." [Jhn 8:58 MGNT] (58) εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ἰησοῦς ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί [Psalm 90:2 ...
4
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5answers
819 views

Is John 1:1-3 an allusion to Proverbs 8:22-31 LXX?

The idea of the LOGOS being with God and active in creation always seemed to me to be alluding to Genesis 1 where God creates the world by speaking, "Let there be..." and I think that's ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Should any or all of the NT appearances of the designation, "My God," be seen as intentional allusions to Hosea 2:23?

There are many NT passages that use the phrase, "My God" (Mat 27:46 Mar 15:34;Jhn 20:17, 28;Rom 1:8;1Co 1:4;Phl 1:3;Phm 1:4;Rev 3:2, 12;Mat 5:11;Mat 26:28;Mar 10:40;Mar 14:24;Luk 1:47;Luk 13:...
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7answers
13k views

Where did James get the idea that breaking one commandment means breaking all?

James 2:10 (NIV) reads: For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it. Is it in the torah? So all sin are capital sin? No misdemeanor, no ...
2
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2answers
232 views

Does Mark 13:14 allude to the Hebrew or to the Greek of Daniel 9:27?

Daniel 9:27 reads differently in the Hebrew and in the Greek and Mark's saying is not an exact match to either version. Is Jesus, in Mark 13:14, referring to what appears in the Hebrew or the Greek OT?...
18
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3answers
3k views

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38?

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38? Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. The "just shall live by faith" part ...
0
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2answers
151 views

In Titus 2:13 is "that blessed hope" an allusion to Psalms 84:5?

Brenton Septuagint Translation Psalm 84: 1For the end, a Psalm for the sons of Core, concerning the wine-presses. How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosts! 2My soul longs, and faints ...
7
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3answers
12k views

Why is the dividing of clothes considered the fulfillment of scripture?

In John 19:24 it's written: “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They ...
2
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1answer
178 views

Is Matthew 13:47-52 an allusion to Habakkuk 1:13-17 and a clue to Jesus' use of the OT?

In Matthew 13:47-52 Jesus compares the kingdom of heaven to a large net cast into the sea which is a kind of "harvest" of mankind for destruction. In addition he seems to suggest : [Mat 13:47-52 ...
2
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1answer
43 views

In James 5:13-20, is James appealing to Job 33?

In Job 32, Elius is indignant that Job would suggest that he is suffering innocently: LXX2012(i) 1 And his three friends also ceased any longer to answer Job: for Job was righteous before them. 2 ...
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3answers
301 views

Is there a parallel between Luke 1:35 and Genesis 1:2?

NIV Luke 1:35 The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. NIV Genesis 1:2 Now ...
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11answers
28k views

What does "The LORD said to my Lord" mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
8
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3answers
723 views

What hermeneutical approach does Hebrews use on the Old Testament

Psalm 2:7 is quoted in two different contexts in Hebrews, seeming to be used to support two vastly different arguments. In Hebrews 1:5, we read For to which of the angels did God ever say, “...
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3answers
191 views

Is Paul's appeal to nature in his rejection of homosexual behavior an example and vindication of naturalism?

Prior to Paul, the only Jewish objection to homosexual behavior was penetration and ritual prostitution: [Lev 18:22 NKJV] (22) 'You shall not lie with a male as with a woman. It is an abomination. [...
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2answers
393 views

In John 13:23-25, is Jesus reclining at dinner cuddling with "the disciple that he loved" an intentional dismissal of Leviticus 18:22? [closed]

Is this behavior a dismissal of the proscription of Leviticus 18:22? [Jhn 13:23-25 NKJV] (23) Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of His disciples, whom Jesus loved. (24) Simon Peter therefore ...
0
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2answers
90 views

In Luke 2:21-24 what is the prophetic significance of Mary buying her firstborn son back from the LORD?

[Luk 2:21-24 NASB] (21) And when eight days had passed, before His circumcision, His name was then called Jesus, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb. (22) And when the days ...
0
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1answer
313 views

Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT is always the Father?

This question is about "interpretation of a specific Bible passage," Hebrews 1:1-2 and how it informs our view of Jehovah in the OT. Question: Does Hebrews 1:1-2 teach that Jehovah in the OT ...
3
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2answers
87 views

What are the benefits of "walking among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7?

What are the benefits of "walking among these that stand by" in Zechariah 3:7 King James Version (KJV) 7 Thus saith the Lord of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, ...
3
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3answers
174 views

When Jesus asked for a miracle to be kept secret, was he fulfilling any specific scriptures?

There's is an example of Jesus speaking in parables and his disciples ask him why he is speaking in parables, and Jesus says it is to fulfill a particular scripture (Matthew 13:10-17, Isaiah 6:9-10). ...
4
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6answers
6k views

What is the connection between manna and living on the Word of God?

In Deuteronomy 8, Moses gives the theology of manna: And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know ...
12
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3answers
862 views

Is Romans 1:17 ambiguous?

ESV: 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” The NIV and KJV read similarly. I have always understood the ...
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4answers
4k views

Is it corruption of the LXX for adding Deut 32:43 or of the Masoretic for lacking it as quoted in Hebrews 1:6?

What passage is the author of "To the Hebrews" quoting in Hebrews 1:6?: Heb 1:6 And again, when he reintroduces the firstbegotten into the populated lands, he says, "And let all the angels of God ...
3
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2answers
2k views

"for my thirst they gave me sour wine" and anything else?

He said, "I thirst". (John 19:28 ESV) They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink. (Psalm 69:21 ESV) So, now John compares "I thirst" with ...
3
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4answers
759 views

Is the "lambkin" of Revelation 13:11 the "little horn" of Daniel 7:8?

[Rev 13:11 ESV] (11) Then I saw another beast rising out of the earth. It had two horns like a lamb and it spoke like a dragon. [Rev 13:11 MGNT] (11) καὶ εἶδον ἄλλο θηρίον ἀναβαῖνον ἐκ τῆς γῆς καὶ ...
2
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3answers
3k views

Where is "They hated me without cause/reason" in John 15:25 within the Old Testament?

In John 15:25, it is written 25But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated me without reason.’ Where in the Old Testament (in the exact phrasing) was Jesus quoting from? ...
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2answers
1k views

In Matthew 8:17 is he saying that Jesus fulfilled Isaiah 53:4 by healing some people or by taking away all disease from his people?

Working only inductively from the text... In Matthew 8:17, is Matthew saying that as predicted Jesus healed some people in his ministry OR that Jesus dealt definitively with all human disease by "...