Questions tagged [nt-use-of-hebrew-bible]

Questions concerning how authors and speakers in the New Testament books quote or use parts of the Hebrew Bible.

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Who are the "gods" in "You are gods" in John 10:30-36?

In John 10:30-36 (NASB), Jesus responds to an accusation of blasphemy by quoting the Old Testament: 30I and the Father are one.” 31The Jews picked up stones again to stone Him. 32Jesus ...
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19 votes
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Where is the citation of John 7:38 taken from?

Whoever puts his trust in me, as the Scripture says, rivers of living water will flow from his inmost being!" (John 7:38 CJB) I always read John 7:38 as "If I believe like the scripture says...", ...
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19 votes
3 answers
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Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38?

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38? Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. The "just shall live by faith" part ...
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17 votes
8 answers
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How does Jesus' being from Nazareth fulfill the prophets?

In Matthew 2:23 we read, "And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled: 'He shall be called a Nazarene.'" Since there doesn't seem to be a ...
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16 votes
11 answers
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What does "The LORD said to my Lord" mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
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Why did Stephen give such a long speech?

Before he was stoned, Stephen gives a huge speech (Acts 7) going over Israeli history, from Abraham through Moses to David. I really don't understand the purpose of it. What is the overall message? ...
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15 votes
10 answers
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"My son" in Hosea 11:1 quoted in Matt. 2:14-15

Matthew 2:14-15 (NASB) reads: 14So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. 15He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill ...
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13 votes
5 answers
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How can Ephesians 4:8 be a quote/translation of Psalms 68:18?

In Psalms we have: You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the Lord God may dwell there. (Psalms 68:18, ...
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12 votes
3 answers
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Is Romans 1:17 ambiguous?

ESV: 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” The NIV and KJV read similarly. I have always understood the ...
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12 votes
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What does Romans 10 have to do with Deuteronomy 30?

Romans 10:6-7 But the righteousness based on faith says, “Do not say in your heart, ‘Who will ascend into heaven?’” (that is, to bring Christ down) “or ‘Who will descend into the abyss?’” (that is, ...
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11 votes
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In Romans 11:4 why did Paul use χρηματισμός to introduce his quotation from the Elijah narrative?

Romans 11:4 (NA28 | ESV): ἀλλὰ τί λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ χρηματισμός; κατέλιπον ἐμαυτῷ ἑπτακισχιλίους ἄνδρας, οἵτινες οὐκ ἔκαμψαν γόνυ τῇ Βάαλ. But what is God’s reply to him? (literally: what does the ...
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10 votes
10 answers
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What does Paul mean by allegory in Galatians 4:24?

Paul's method of interpretation in Galatians 4:21-31 seems a bit unusual as compared to most modern methods. He says these things may be "interpreted allegorically." What is his method of exegesis? ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’?

The allusions to Psalm 22 in the Gospel accounts of Jesus' crucifixion are well-known and have been discussed on BH.SE on several occasions. I recently ran across the claim (e.g. in a blog and a JETS ...
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9 votes
7 answers
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Where did James get the idea that breaking one commandment means breaking all?

James 2:10 (NIV) reads: For whoever keeps the whole law and yet stumbles at just one point is guilty of breaking all of it. Is it in the torah? So all sin are capital sin? No misdemeanor, no ...
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9 votes
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Psalm 34:20 applied to Jesus' crucifixion

When we read about the crucifixion in John 19:31-37, it is written that Jesus' legs were not broken to speed up his death. The author claims this fulfilled Psalms 34:20, which reads: he protects ...
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9 votes
4 answers
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Is it corruption of the LXX for adding Deut 32:43 or of the Masoretic for lacking it as quoted in Hebrews 1:6?

What passage is the author of "To the Hebrews" quoting in Hebrews 1:6?: Heb 1:6 And again, when he reintroduces the firstbegotten into the populated lands, he says, "And let all the angels of God ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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Peter's Psalm quotations in Acts 1:20

In Acts 1:20, Peter quotes Psalm 69:25 and Psalm 109:8: 20“For it is written in the Book of Psalms, “‘May his camp become desolate, and let there be no one to dwell in it’; and “‘Let ...
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9 votes
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Does Mark 5:27-28 contain an allusion to Malachi 4:2?

"Healing in his wings" is described in Malachi 4:2. In Mark’s Gospel, the woman with a "discharge of blood for twenty years" stated her belief that if she touched Jesus’ garment ...
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8 votes
5 answers
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Where is what Luke 24:46, 1Cor 15:4 states written in Heb Bible that Christ would rise from the dead on the Third Day?

[Luke 24:44-46 ESV] 44Then he said to them, “These are my words that I spoke to you while I was still with you, that everything written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms ...
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8 votes
3 answers
771 views

What hermeneutical approach does Hebrews use on the Old Testament

Psalm 2:7 is quoted in two different contexts in Hebrews, seeming to be used to support two vastly different arguments. In Hebrews 1:5, we read For to which of the angels did God ever say, “...
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8 votes
6 answers
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Does St. Paul refer to the Old Testament as 'the Old Testament' in 2 Corinthians 3:14?

The text is as follows (the context is the Jews who did not accept Christ had a spiritual veil over their eyes, which prevents them from recognizing and accepting the truths of the New Covenant): 2 ...
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8 votes
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Hosea 13:14 as quoted in 1 Corinthians 15

Hosea 13:14 reads in the ESV: Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? Shall I redeem them from Death? O Death, where are your plagues? O Sheol, where is your sting? Compassion is ...
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8 votes
3 answers
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Does Paul allude to the context of Psalm 19:4 in Romans 10:18?

In Romans 10:17, Paul says that hearing comes through the word of Christ. Then in verse 18, he quotes the Psalmist in response to the question, "But I ask, have they [the Israelites] not heard?" ...
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8 votes
2 answers
502 views

Does 1 Thessalonians 4:17 borrow from Daniel 7?

Paul writes to the Thessalonians: After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord ...
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7 votes
7 answers
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Does Jesus misquote Psalm 8:2?

But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying out in the temple, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were indignant, and they said to him,...
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4 answers
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Is Jesus called YHWH in Joel 2:32/Romans 10:13?

In Romans 10, Paul is discussing the Lord Jesus, and in verse 13, he writes (NKJV, emphasis mine): For “whoever calls on the name of the LORD shall be saved.” The reason "LORD" is ...
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To which scriptures of "the prophets" does Acts 10:43 refer?

Acts 10:43: "To him all the prophets bear witness that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name." (ESV) Here Peter, as recorded by Luke, indicates that “all the ...
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7 votes
3 answers
14k views

Why is the dividing of clothes considered the fulfillment of scripture?

In John 19:24 it's written: “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They ...
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7 votes
1 answer
726 views

Does the LXX of Proverbs 1:7 have influence on the use of εὐσέβεια in the NT?

Is there any New Testament text wherin an influence of this LXX expanded translation is of interpretive importance in the NT (esp. with regard to εὐσέβεια)? Edit (question clarification): I find this ...
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7 votes
3 answers
1k views

"I am the Christ" vs. "I am he" in the Synoptics (Matt 24:5 // Mark 13:6 // Luke 21:8)

In a prior Q&A, we discussed the Semitic background of Jesus' statements recorded in the Gospels as ἐγώ εἰμι (= I am [he]). My understanding based on the answer there and a follow-up Q&A was ...
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7 votes
2 answers
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In Matthew 5:33-35, did Jesus establish new law forbidding swearing?

We have established that Jesus fulfilled the law, and in Matthew 5:17-48 provided various interpretations of law that emphasized compliance of the heart as opposed to literal compliance of pharisaical ...
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6 votes
3 answers
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What scripture is the author of 1 Tim 5:18 referencing?

1 Timothy 5:17-18 states Elders who provide effective leadership must be counted worthy of double honor, especially those who work hard in speaking and teaching. For the scripture says, “Do not ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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Understanding the appropriation of Psalm 22:2 in the Gospel crucifixion accounts

In Matthew 27:46, the author quotes Jesus, first transliterating his words with Greek letter (NA28 | ESV): ηλι ηλι λεμα σαβαχθανι; Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? He then translates into Greek: ...
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6 votes
4 answers
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What is Paul referring to in 2 Timothy 4:2?

What does Paul mean when he says "be ready whether it is convenient or not" or "Be ready in season and out of season" according to the translation in 2 Timothy 4:2? 2 Timothy 4:2 (NET) Preach the ...
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6 votes
4 answers
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Was it Jesus' flight to or return from Egypt that fulfilled Hosea 11:1?

This question is related to this one about Matthew 2:14-15. So he got up, took the child and his mother during the night and left for Egypt, where he stayed until the death of Herod. And so was ...
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6 votes
0 answers
151 views

What hermeneutical principal did Matthew use in 2:15 when quoting the Tanakh? [duplicate]

When Matthew the Evangelist in 2:15 applied Hosea 11:1 to Jesus' return to Israel from Egypt after the death of wicked King Herod, he says, "This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Why did Jesus use the words "You have heard that it was said...?"

In Matthew Chapter 4 during the temptation of Jesus, Jesus uses the words "It is written..." when referring to God's word. In Matthew chapter 5 Jesus begins using the phrase "Ye have heard that it ...
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5 votes
4 answers
338 views

Is John 8:58 an allusion to Psalm 90:2 LXX?

[Jhn 8:58 CSB] (58) Jesus said to them, "Truly I tell you, before Abraham was, I am." [Jhn 8:58 MGNT] (58) εἶπεν αὐτοῖς Ἰησοῦς ἀμὴν ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί [Psalm 90:2 ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Was Paul identifying the Lord Jesus in 1 Corinthians 8:6 as the εἷς κύριος of Deuteronomy 6:4?

Was Paul identifying the Lord Jesus in 1 Corinthians 8:6 as the εἷς κύριος of Deuteronomy 6:4? 1 Corinthians 8:4-6 (NASB) 4 Therefore concerning the eating of things sacrificed to idols, we know ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Is the "Fear and trembling” in Philippians 2 related to the psalms?

Philippians 2:12b* reads: Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. I notice the same two concepts are given in Psalms 2 and 55. Psalm 2:11: Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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In Philemon 1:12, is Paul ignoring Deuteronomy 23:16?

[Deu 23:15-16 NLT] (15) "If slaves should escape from their masters and take refuge with you, you must not hand them over to their masters. (16) Let them live among you in any town they choose, ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What is the relationship between Sabbath 31a and Matthew 7:12? (Golden Rule)

In the Talmud, Sabbath 31 a it reads, among other things: [Hillel said] That which is hateful to you do not do to another; that is the entire Torah, and the rest is its interpretation. Go study. Now ...
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4 votes
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Who are the two “Lords” in Acts 2:34?

What does Peter mean by invoking Psalm 110 in his sermon in Acts 2? For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,      “‘The Lord said to my Lord, ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Did Luke intend the account of Ananias and Sapphira to be reminiscent of Achan?

I was thinking tonight about how the essential form of the story of Ananias and Sapphira in Acts 5 parallels the story of Achan in Joshua 7. Both stories feature people lying to the people of God in ...
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4 votes
6 answers
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What is the connection between manna and living on the Word of God?

In Deuteronomy 8, Moses gives the theology of manna: And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is Luke 21:24 an allusion to Daniel 7:25?

Both passages speak of the "trampling" of Jerusalem and both by gentiles and both for a specified, limited time period referred to as "times": [Luk 21:24 NIV] (24) They will fall ...
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4 votes
2 answers
235 views

Does τὸν ὄντα correspond to יהוה in Wisdom 13:1?

Wisdom 13:1-5 (translation mine) 1 Truly vain are all men by [their] nature in whom there is not the knowledge of God: who, though they have seen the good things [of creation], do not know him that is....
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4 votes
1 answer
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“Pangs of death” in Acts 2:24

In Acts 2:24a, Peter explains God’s plan for Jesus: ὃν ὁ θεὸς ἀνέστησεν λύσας τὰς ὠδῖνας τοῦ θανάτου God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death The phrase ὠδῖνες θανάτου seems to be a ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Is there a parallel between Luke 1:35 and Genesis 1:2?

NIV Luke 1:35 The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. NIV Genesis 1:2 Now ...
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4 votes
5 answers
1k views

Is John 1:1-3 an allusion to Proverbs 8:22-31 LXX?

The idea of the LOGOS being with God and active in creation always seemed to me to be alluding to Genesis 1 where God creates the world by speaking, "Let there be..." and I think that's ...
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